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30 May 2022 - NW1740

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Ismail, Ms H to ask the Minister of Police:

Whether, since the population for the Chief Albert Luthuli informal settlement is 17 718, he would consider establishing a satellite police station at the Chief Albert Luthuli informal settlement since the police station is at least 5km away and there is a no direct public transport to the police station; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant details?


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30 May 2022 - NW1773

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Bodlani, Ms T to ask the Minister of Police:

What is the status of criminal case number 772/8/2019 opened at Midrand Police Station (details furnished)?


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30 May 2022 - NW1756

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Van Minnen, Ms BM to ask the Minister in the Presidency

Whether, in view of the Auditor-General not enjoying unfettered access to the financial, procurement and performance activities of the State Security Agency (SSA), resulting in the Auditor-General being forced to automatically provide a qualified audit for the SSA each year, with the SSA now having been moved into the Office of the President, and given the recent allegations regarding the misuse of public funds and the alleged involvement of the SSA with party political funding irregularities, about which the President of the Republic, Mr M C Ramaphosa, denies any knowledge and that there are questions about the fact that the Office of the Auditor-General of South Africa did not pick up on these irregularities, what does he intend to do about improving the access of the Auditor-General to the financial records of the SSA so as to ensure proper financial oversight?


The current audit process is that the Office of the Auditor-General has access to Financial, Procurement and Performance matters. The only part of the financial information that the office of the Auditor-General does not have access to is source information that relates to the identity of sources and their specimen signatures. However, arrangements are in place to assure the office of the Auditor-General of controls in such cases in terms of the Audit Strategy. This implies Internal Audit will verify source-related financial and performance information. In the Audit Strategy for the financial year end 2021-2022, the following areas are included in the Internal Audit Plan that the Office of the Auditor General will rely on:-

  1. Operational expenditure and any other financial-statement line item that affects the covert expenditure e.g. Accounts Payable.
  2. Audit of performance information (Covert operations and others as agreed).

The automatic audit qualification relates to the high inherent risk due to the nature of the environment. This means that the level of assurance that can be given by the audit is lower than in the case of other audits due to the significant inherent risk relating to the sensitivity of the environment. The combined assurance between the Office of the Auditor-General and Internal Audit is aimed at improving the access of the Office of the Auditor-General to the financial records of the SSA so as to ensure proper financial oversight.

In terms of section 3(a) of the Intelligence Services Oversight Act, 1994 (Act 40 of 1994) the Joint Standing Committee on Intelligence (JSCI) receives reports from the Auditor-General  (AGSA) on the affairs of the State Security Agency and reports thereon to Parliament.  After obtaining such report from the AGSA, the JSCI considers the financial statements of the State Security Agency, any audit reports issued on those statements and any reports issued by the AGSA on the affairs of the State Security Agency. In order to perform its functions, the JSCI may in accordance with sections 3(i) – (l) of the Intelligence Services Oversight Act, 1994 (Act 40 of 1994):

(i) request the AGSA to explain any aspect of a report;

(ii) deliberate upon, hold hearings, subpoena witnesses and make recommendations including on the administration and financial expenditure of the State Security Agency;

(iii) consult with the Minister regarding the performance of the functions of the JSCI in terms of the above mentioned Act; and

(iv) consider and report on the appropriation of revenue or moneys for the functions of the State Security Agency.

Accordingly, the ambit of the oversight of the AGSA over the State Security Agency, and whether this is sufficient, is the subject of discussion between the Minister and the JSCI.

Yours Sincerely,


Mr Mondli Gungubele, MP,

Minister in The Presidency




30 May 2022 - NW1511

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Ngcobo, Mr SL to ask the Minister of Basic Education to ask the Minister of Basic Education

What (a) total number of schools in each province did not receive their Learning and Teaching Support Material allocation for the 2020-21 financial year and (b) are the reasons for this in each case?


(a) The provisioning of Learning and Teaching Support Materials (LTSMs) is a provincial responsibility. However, DBE guides provinces on the procurement processes which detail the activities and timeframes in line with the LTSMs sector plan.

Thereafter DBE monitors if provinces observe the timeframe set. According to the reports received from provinces, all schools received their LTSMs as per their orders for 2020/21 financial year. The Hounourable Member is requested to direct the question through the provincial legislatures, where there are province-specific questions or concerns.

(b) Provincial reports to DBE show that all schools received their ordered LTSMs. Provinces have assured the DBE that where there are shortages, the provinces are currently receiving requisitions from schools to address these shortages.

30 May 2022 - NW922

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Sukers, Ms ME to ask the Minister of Basic Education to ask the Minister of Basic Education

(1)       In terms of what statutory power(s) does she issue the Standard Operating Procedure for the Containment and Management of COVID-19 in Schools and School Communities (SOP); (2) what is the rationale for the SOP, given the context of the (a) low mortality rate caused by newer variants of the virus, such as Omicron, (b) high levels of immunity created by a combination of natural immunity and the national vaccination programme and (c) indication by the President of the Republic, Mr M C Ramaphosa, that the Republic is to exit the national state of disaster very soon; (3) how does clause 12.3 of the SOP regarding the prohibition of religious services serve to achieve the stated purpose of minimising the contamination of school facilities and observing the social gathering restrictions, given that (a) up to 1 000 indoor and 2 000 outdoor spectators are allowed at schools for various activities and (b) religious services are allowed, subject to strict sanitisation and social distancing protocols as per the Regulations and ministerial directive; (4) (a) by what date is it envisaged that the SOPs will allow for religious services and (b) if no such point is anticipated, what is the reason for this?


The question  has been addressed by the Revised Directions published in the gazette on 4 April 2022.

30 May 2022 - NW1726

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Majozi, Ms Z to ask the Minister of Police

(a) What are the full relevant details of the platforms, including social and traditional media, that are used to communicate the essential message to the public that there is no waiting period to report a missing person as there are misconceptions that there is an alleged 24-hour waiting period to do so (details furnished) and (b) how frequently is the message regarding a missing person relayed?


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30 May 2022 - NW1753

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Abrahams, Ms ALA to ask the Minister of Social Development

With the issue of abuse of the child support grant being prevalent throughout the provincial public hearings on the Children’s Amendment Bill, [B18-2020] and community members repeatedly indicating that the child support grant is often not used on the care of the child, but rather to purchase drugs and/or alcohol by the caregiver , but that this abuse is often not reported to the SA Police Service and the SA Social Security Agency (SASSA) and therefore goes undetected by the relevant authorities, how does (a) her department and (b) SASSA plan to ensure that the child support grant is in fact used for the child’s basic needs considering conditions such as school attendance and clinic visits are not applicable, enforced and/or monitored by SASSA and other government officials?


Anecdotal evidence often indicates that the Child Support Grant (CSG) may be abused by a few members within society, however research has shown, that in the vast majority caregivers generally prioritise the needs of their children. It is thus important for government not to over burden the poor, mainly women, who are doing an excellent task of taking care of their children with the very limited resources at their disposal.

Because CSG applies “follow the child” principle, the grant is allocated to the caregiver who is actually taking care of the child (which may not necessarily be the biological parent). This incentivises the actual caregiver of the child to apply for the grant, if the child is not being cared for by the biological parent. In such cases, SASSA will assess, often with the support of local social workers, who is responsible for the care of the child, and pay the grant accordingly.

Raising a child is a community effort, and neither DSD, SASSA nor government, on its own, can be responsible solely for a child’s wellbeing. The reporting of child neglect, and in particular, child abuse is mandatory for professionals (such as health practitioners, teachers, ministers, etc), and encouraged for other citizens and community members in terms of section 110 (1) and (2) of the Children’s Act (Act 38 of 2005). It is thus the duty of Members of Parliament to not only listen to community complaints about child neglect and abuse, but to actively record these and facilitate reporting to the relevant authorities.

30 May 2022 - NW1602

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Opperman, Ms G to ask the Minister of Social Development

What is the total number of (a) migrant, (b) refugee children and (c) undocumented orphans that has been helped with documentation through the R19 million programme called Children on the Move that she launched in December 2020 to assist undocumented minors in the Republic?


a) The total number of 10 migrant children have been assisted with documentation.

b) The Department of Home Affairs is better positioned to respond this question.

c) 38 037 undocumented children have been referred to the Department of Home Affairs for documentation by the Implementing partners on the Children on the Move Project.

It should be noted that the R19 million programme called Children on the Move that was launched in December 2020 with UNICEF is aimed at providing capacity in the department to support implementation of the Children on the Move Programme.

Furthermore, the funds support the establishment and sustenance of the coordinating and collaborative mechanisms which amongst others include the functioning of national steering committee on Separated and Unaccompanied Children; and the development of the Standard Operating Procedures across relevant government departments.

It also funds initiatives to promote the Best Practices for Children on the move, which is a multiregional project and has been implemented in Central America (Mexico, El Salvador) and Eastern & Southern Africa (Zambia, South Africa).

The duration of the project is 30 months, starting December 2020. The funds are administered by UNICEF.


30 May 2022 - NW1713

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Shembeni, Mr HA to ask the Minister of Police

What are the reasons that the Tactical Response Team was used to arrest Advocate Malesela Teffo in high court


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30 May 2022 - NW1724

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Groenewald, Dr PJ to ask the Minister of Police

(1) Whether air support was rendered by the SA Police Service during the floods in KwaZulu-Natal; if not, why not; if so, (a) what type of aircraft and/or helicopter was used, (b) on what date was each aircraft and/or helicopter used and (c) what was the nature of each specified application; (2) whether he will make a statement on the matter?


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30 May 2022 - NW1659

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Masango, Ms B to ask the Minister of Social Development

(1)Whether the move to the government precinct is still going to take place; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant details; (2) whether monies for transactional advisors were paid back; if not, why not; if so, on what date?


1. Yes, the department and its entities (SASSA and NDA) are planning to move to a new state-owned precinct, in Salvokop as part of the Tshwane Inner City Regeneration Programme. The plan is to permanently accommodate five state-owned government head offices as part of phase 1. These are Department of Higher Education and Training, Home Affairs, Correction Services, STASSA and the consolidated headquarters for DSD, SASSA and NDA.

The consolidated DSD/SASSA and NDA head office campus is anticipated to permanently accommodate DSD, SASSA and NDA within a state-of-the-art, custom-design, permanent facility enabling enhanced service delivery and efficient operations. This project is coordinated through a public-private partnership that is managed by National Treasury agency, the Government Technical Advisory Centre (GTAC).

2. DSD transferred R10 million, which is a portion of the transaction advisory fees to GTAC. The rest of the outstanding fees (R10 million) will be transferred once the transaction advisors have finalised the feasibility study – which is due later in the 2022/23 financial year.

30 May 2022 - NW1558

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Madlingozi, Mr BS to ask the Minister of Social Development

What was the vision and/or plan of the Government when it funded the studies of social workers at universities as the majority of social workers who have completed their studies are idling at home unemployed?


a) The Social Work Scholarship Programme was implemented to increase the human resource capacity of the social work profession employed to deliver developmental social welfare services.

b) The Scholarship Programme stipulated conditions for funding and employment of social work graduates where-

(i) Students were to serve the Department of Social Development, NGO or any department in any capacity for which the department concerned or NGO may consider suitable, for a continuous period of number of years sponsored plus one extra year.

(ii) The department did not guarantee employment of graduates upon completion of their studies.

(iii) Opportunities for employment within DSD were to be guided by availability of posts, funds and departmental recruitment processes for all employees.

c) In the event the Department failed to appoint students on its establishment within six (6) months after completion of their studies, students would be entitled to take any social work job offers available from sector employers.

30 May 2022 - NW1610

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Ismail, Ms H to ask the Minister of Police

Considering that the Crystal Park Police Station serves an extensive area of suburbs and sections (details furnished), what (a) is the (i) optimum number of policemen and police women that the Crystal Park Police Station should have and (ii) actual number of policemen and police women that the specified station currently has and (b) is the breakdown in terms of ranks?


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30 May 2022 - NW1706

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Arries, Ms LH to ask the Minister of Social Development

What (a) total number of public participation inputs was received by her department on amendments to the Social Assistance Act, Act 13 of 2004, regarding the Social Relief of Distress Grant and (b) was the time frame provided by her department for the specified inputs on changes in legislation?


In total (11) inputs were received from various organisations and individuals which included the following: South African Institute for Race Relations, BlackSash, Institute for Economic Justice, Children’s Institute, Stellenbosch University, Banking Association of South Africa, United Nations High Commission for Refugees, Department of Social Development Western Cape, Centre for Applied Legal Studies (WITS), Mr. T Brink and Mr. T Maphabela.

(b) The regulations were published on 22 February 2022 with a closing date of 13 March 2022.

30 May 2022 - NW1540

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Siwisa, Ms AM to ask the Minister of Police

What are the relevant details of the investigation report received from the SA Police Service (SAPS) in Kimberley pertaining to the suicide of an in-patient (name and details furnished) at the Kimberley Mental Health Hospital, after the SAPS initiated an inquest when the body of the specified person was discovered hanging in the shower rooms?


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30 May 2022 - NW1739

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Opperman, Ms G to ask the Minister of Social Development

(1)Whether, with reference to the fact that the Northern Cape has only eight victim support shelters with a bed capacity of 20 to cater for victims of gender-based violence and femicide (GBVF) in relation to the provincial number of reported GBV cases reported in the province, she has found that the bed capacity is sufficient to address this pandemic in the province; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, (2) whether she has found that the specified province has enough social workers rendering psychosocial support services; if not, what steps are being taken to rectify the situation; if so, (a) in what areas in the Northern Cape is GBVF more prevalent and (b) what has she found to be the reasons that the specified areas are hotspots? NW2067E


1. The Northern Cape Province has eight (8) Victim Support Centres, six (6) are operational and two are in a process of being finalized. The total bed capacity of the shelters is 40. The bed capacity is sufficient because the Province has never experienced a situation where there is no space to accommodate and provide services to victims in the shelters. Victims whose home environment is safe and conducive, are provided with services by Social Workers outside of the shelter, in their homes. Over and above the four districts in the Province has a Victim Support Centre while one district does not have a Centre, which is Namaqua District. In partnership with Namakhoi Municipality, the Department is in a process of establishing a centre in the outstanding district in the current financial year 2022/23.

2. The Province does have enough capacity to render psychosocial services and has appointed sixteen (16) GBV Social Workers who are responsible for GBV related cases only. There are two (2) Victim Empowerment Social Workers in Z.F. Mgcawu and Frances Baard District who are also responsible for GBV. In partnership with National Department, HWSETA, four (4) GBV Social Work Interns are appointed on contract to strengthen GBV services in the Province. Probation Officers are also responsible to provide GBV services.

a) According to SAPS Crime Stats 2021/22, Francis Baard District (Galeshewe, Roodepan, Pampierstad, Hartswater) are the Hotspots of GBV in the Province. Furthermore, the Departmental Social Work Performance Reports from the districts confirms the crime stats, Francis Baard has the most number of victims provided with psycho-social support services.

b) The areas are identified as hotspots due to the number of cases of GBV reported at SAPS ranging from rape, murder, assault etc.

30 May 2022 - NW1628

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Abrahams, Ms ALA to ask the Minister of Social Development

In view of the Social Assistance Act, Act 13 of 2004, making provision for a SA Social Security Agency caregiver, such as a parent, grandparent or any other adult person, to receive a Child Support Grant (CSG) for up to six children, what (a) support does her department provide to caregivers who have more than six children in their care who qualify for the CSG and (b) number of caregivers in each province have reached the threshold of six children receiving a CSG?


(a) The following are the programmes in place that the Department provides to caregivers of CSG beneficiaries with more than six children:

  • Participation and inclusion in Expanded Public Works Programme, poverty Alleviation Programme and Food Security.
  • Parenting programmes to empower caregivers on parenting skills.

(b) The number of care givers who have 6 children in their care, for whom they receive the Child Support Grant are indicated below:


Caregivers with 6 children by Province (Not biological parents)


No of care givers

Grand Total

Eastern Cape



Free State















Northern Cape



North West



Western Cape



Grand Total

1 373

1 373

30 May 2022 - NW1519

Profile picture: Majozi, Ms Z

Majozi, Ms Z to ask the Minister of Police

(1) In light of the If you See Something, Saying Something national campaign the SA Police Service is currently running via its social media channels; what are the relevant details of the planned duration of the specified campaign; (2) whether there has been an increase in the total number of crime reported since the campaign has started; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details?


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30 May 2022 - NW1827

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Shembeni, Mr HA to ask the Minister of Police

(1) What are the further developments in the case of the police officer who applied for a promotion to the rank of lieutenant-general un the technology management services division, who later disappeared with the state vehicle, office keys and phone when asked to present he qualification (2) whether there have been any arrests regarding the specified matter; if not, why not; if so, (a) who is the member and (b) what are the consequences of her actions to the SA Police Service ?


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30 May 2022 - NW1563

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Shembeni, Mr HA to ask the Minister of Police

What (a) number of police officers who are in senior management positions do not have the necessary qualifications to hold the position to which they have been appointed and (a) steps have been taken to rectify the situation?


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30 May 2022 - NW1769

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Masango, Ms B to ask the Minister of Social Development

What (a) total number of children were reported as abandoned in (i) 2018, (ii) 2019, (iii) 2020 and (iv) 2021, (b) programmes have been put in place to address abandoned children, (c) are the main reasons for child abandonment in the Republic and (d) total amount of the budget is allocated to addressing child abandonment?


(a) Total number of children reported as abandoned in (i) 2018, (ii) 2019, (iii) 2020 and (iv) 2021




(i) 2018

April 2017 – March 2018


(ii) 2019

April 2018 – March 2019


(iii) 2020

April 2019 – March 2020


(iv) 2021

April 2020 – March 2021


(b) The following programmes / interventions are put in place and provided in cases of abandoned children:

  • In the case of an abandoned child, the Children’s Act 38 of 2005 stipulates that a social worker must gather all necessary information and affidavit/s from person/s who found or reported the child as abandoned and to report the case to police for investigation.
  • The Department works with the South African Police Service (SAPS), to try and trace families of abandoned children.
  • The Act makes provision for abandoned children in terms of section 150 and these children are identified as children in need of care and protection. These children can be placed in appropriate alternative care, meaning temporary safe care whilst awaiting finalisation of court proceedings on the decision for placement in foster care or child and youth care centre. Another child protection measure is adoption of such children. Section 157(3) of the Act provides that a very young child who has been abandoned must be made available for adoption in terms of Regulation 56 of the Children’s Act. Adoption as a permanent placement option gives a child the chance of growing up in a permanent family.
  • Adoption services are promoted to address and sensitize communities on the dangers of child abandonment and made them aware of the available services such as counselling and support to biological parents with unwanted pregnancies and those who cannot care for their children. The service is also promoted to encourage communities to adopt children who are available for adoption and inform them of the benefits of adoption to the children and families.
  • In addition to the above, the Department also provides, a programme called Risiha, which is a Community-Based intervention programme that renders core package of services within communities.
  • Resiha programme is a prevention and an early intervention programmes that support families, parents and caregivers in distress, identifying risk factors that would put children’s lives in danger and further preventing vulnerabilities of children.

(c) The main reasons for child abandonment in the Republic are physio economic challenges, family breakdown and lack of family support.

(d) A total amount of R50 331 000.00 is allocated to the National Department’s Unit dealing with Children Services inclusive of child abandonment for this financial year 2022/2023.

30 May 2022 - NW1684

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Ismail, Ms H to ask the Minister of Police:

(1) What (a) total number of (i) doctors, (ii) paramedics and (iii) nurses have been reported to the SA Police Service (SAPS) as victims of a violent and/or non-violent crime in the workplace and (b) is the breakdown of the total in each province; (2) what (a) plans have been put in place by the SAPS to improve the safety of medical staff on duty and (b) has he found to be the highest and lowest risk areas in the Republic in this regard?


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30 May 2022 - NW1737

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Opperman, Ms G to ask the Minister of Social Development

(1)Whether children who are undocumented may not (a) attend school, (b) write matric exams and (c) get the SA Social Security Agency childcare grant in the Republic; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant details; (2) what is the total number of (a) children who were (i) turned away from schools due to not having the required documentation and (ii) refused the Child Care Grant due to no birth certificates in 2021 and (b) undocumented learners who wrote their matric exams in 2021 in the Republic? NW2065E


The matters related to data from the Department of Education need to be referred to the relevant department.

1 (c) Regulation 11(1) of the Social Assistance Regulations, allows for a caregiver to apply for a social grant without identity documents; therefore an undocumented child can apply and receive a Child Support Grant, or any other grant they may qualify for.

2 (a)(ii) SASSA does not turn anyone away if they do not have identity documents. At present SASSA has provided grants to just over 35 thousand children without identity documents. In the odd occurrence that this does occur, it should be reported to the office manager of the relevant local office where the incident occurred.

27 May 2022 - NW1698

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Tito, Ms LF to ask the Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy

What are the (a) reasons that mining communities such as (i) Sasolburg, (ii) Secunda, (iii) Witbank and (iv) Rustenburg are still largely underdeveloped after so many years of mining activities on their shores and (b) consequences for the mining houses that have failed to fulfil their responsibilities toward the specified communities?


a) Although Social economic development is the constitutional mandate of the Local Government, mining companies have to also contribute to the socio-economic development of the area they are operating through Social and Labour Plans. Mining companies around those areas have committed to contribute to the socio-economic development of the area in line with the IDPs of the municipalities.

b) The Department has a responsibility to monitor compliance. If non-compliance is detected, the Department issues a directive to remedy the non-compliance. If the non-compliance is not addressed, it may lead to a right being suspended or cancelled.

27 May 2022 - NW1868

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Weber, Ms AMM to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment:

With reference to the requirement to register breeding facilities, and noting the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna Resolution 12.5 (details furnished) that urge parties to ensure adequate management practices and controls to ensure tiger parts and derivatives do not enter the illegal trade, what (a) specified controls has her department implemented to ensure compliance with the resolution, (b) number of facilities have been audited in terms of the control and (c) were the results thereof?


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27 May 2022 - NW1687

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Madokwe, Ms P to ask the Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy

In light of the recent results of the Fraser Institute's Annual Survey of Mining Companies 2021, wherein the Republic was ranked as the world’s 10th least attractive mining destination, what (a) has he found to have been the reasons to influence this and (b) steps will be taken by his department to guarantee that the mining industry in the Republic remains lucrative and appealing to investors?


The Department gazetted the Exploration Strategy recently and key areas of influence were identified. Government and social partners will address these to improve the country’s investment attractiveness within the next five years.

There are logistical (rail and freight), regulatory (water and environmental licensing) and security challenges which fall outside the mandate of the DMRE.

27 May 2022 - NW1867

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Weber, Ms AMM to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment:

With reference to section 2(b) of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (NEMBA), Act 10 of 2004, that one of the objectives of NEMBA is to give effect to ratified international agreements relating to biodiversity which are binding on the Republic, and noting that it is the responsibility of her department to ensure compliance with NEMBA, with specific reference to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna Resolution 12.1 (details furnished) that required the registration of all commercial breeding facilities for Appendix 1 species, what number of (a) tiger-breeding facilities (i) has her department been informed of and (ii) is registered with her department and (b) tiger are held at each facility that is (i) registered and (ii) mot registered with her department


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27 May 2022 - NW1893

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Phillips, Ms C to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

(1) Whether all animal-related research and/or management projects within SA National Parks are subject to a review by an animal ethics review committee and/or any relevant committee; if not, why not; if so, (a) what is the composition of the committee in terms of (i) size, (ii) member affiliations and (iii) qualifications and (b) how often do the meetings of the specified committee take place; (2) what are the details of all animal-related research and/or animal management related projects approved in (a) 2017, (b) 2018, (c) 2019, (d) 2020 and (e) 2021?


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27 May 2022 - NW1894

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Phillips, Ms C to ask the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment:

Whether, in light of the fact that during November 2020, a survey was conducted by Lizette Moolman of SA National Parks to understand stakeholder expectations for a persistent elephant population in the Knysna forest and to collaboratively determined the desired management approach, (a) the results of the survey have been analysed and (b) a conclusion has been reached; if not, by what date is it envisaged that the analysis will be completed; if so, what are the further, relevant details?


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26 May 2022 - NW1482

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King, Ms C to ask the Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation

Whether Higher Health has released the regulations on COVID-19 protocol in the Post School Education and Training sector, considering the forced mandatory vaccination policy of some institutions; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details?


HIGHER HEALTH, with support from its Technical Scientific Team, the Department of Health and the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), has developed a comprehensive and clear set of PSET guidelines and protocols on managing COVID-19 in the sector which were formally released by the Minister of Higher Education, Training, Science and Innovation since 30 April 2020.  One of these guidelines is the GUIDELINE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF INSTITUTIONAL POLICIES ON COVID-19 VACCINE IN THE POST-SCHOOL EDUCATION AND TRAINING SECTOR that can be followed in producing institution-specific vaccine policies.  This guideline has been produced after extensive consultation with relevant stakeholders in the Post-School Education and Training (PSET) sector, including Universities South Africa, the South African Public Colleges Organisation, Community Education and Training (CET) College management, student bodies and student leadership, labour unions, public health experts and the HIGHER HEALTH Scientific Technical Task Team.

The guideline has been presented to the Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation.  The Minister referred the guideline to the COVID-19 Ministerial Task Team led by the Deputy Minister and comprise all stakeholders including unions and student formations.  The guideline is currently still under consultation with various stakeholders and has not been released in the PSET sector.  

At this stage the Department does not promote mandatory vaccine policies in institutions.

26 May 2022 - NW1453

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Abrahams, Ms ALA to ask the Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation

In light of the fact that once a child turns 18, they no longer qualify for a child support grant and foster care grant, unless still enrolled in schooling, what is the total number of youth who previously received a child support grant and foster care grant in the period 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2022, who have been awarded a National Student Financial Aid Scheme bursary in each tertiary institution?


The tables below provide an overview of the number of new applications, where the applicant was a SASSA beneficiary in the period 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2022, that were funded by NSFAS, per academic year and institution. Please note the 2022 funding cycle registration data exchange process between NSFAS and institutions is still ongoing and the 2022 information will be updated upon finalisation of this process.   The information has been provided per education sector (University or TVET College).


TVET Colleges:

26 May 2022 - NW1673

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Kruger, Mr HC to ask the Minister of Small Business Development

(1)Whether, in light of the President’s announcement of the Red Tape Unit during the State of the Nation Address, she has found that the President still has confidence in her department since it was established in 2014; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, (2) whether she has found that small, medium and micro enterprise owners in the Republic still have confidence in her department to reduce red tape; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, what are the relevant details?


1. The Presidential Red Tape Reduction Team, under the leadership of Mr Sipho Nkosi, is an important red tape reduction initiative and a centralised coordination office, whose task is to rally both the efforts and resources to deal with issues of red tape in government. It is by no means a vote of no confidence on the DSBD by the President and the SMMEs.

The DSBD views this development as a meaningful contribution particularly by the private sector in providing expertise to contribute to coordinating, aligning and unblocking channels to address long standing red tape and administrative challenges, that have plagued businesses and more especially small businesses and Co-operatives, but also large ones with start-ups, micro and informal sector even more vulnerable as participants in the economy.

The Department have engaged on numerous steps to ensuring a productive, goal orientated and positive working relationship with the Red Tape Office in the Presidency. The engagement with the Presidency through the Red Tape Office have decided to identify clear areas of collaboration. The details of all these proposals are being finalised and shall form part of the strategic engagement and focussed coordination channels between the DSBD and Mr Nkosi’s Office.

2. The Department understands that communication is a dynamic process of engagement on the needs of our SMMEs and through the Provincial Roadshows and Provincial Partnerships, the Department has proactively engaged SMMEs and Co-operatives in seven (8) provinces already. These engagements would often take place in rural and far-flung locations with the purpose of meeting, listening to and attending to SMMEs’ and Co-operatives’ needs. The range of inputs received from SMMEs have been constructive, which is evident that SMMEs still have the confidence in the DSBD to reduce red tape. There has been overwhelming attendance and participation in these roadshows.



26 May 2022 - NW1481

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King, Ms C to ask the Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation

(a) Which courses offered by the Walter Sisulu University (WSU) are not accredited, (b) what are the outcomes of deliberations between the WSU and the Council on Higher Education on the issue of accreditation and (c) which other institutions of higher learning have challenges with accreditation of courses they offer?


(a)    There are five programmes being offered at the institution, which are continuations of legacy qualifications which were formally accredited as aligned to the Higher Education Qualifications Framework (HEQF). These are:

  • Advanced Diploma in Internal Auditing; 
  • Advanced Diploma in Journalism; 
  • BSc Honours in Zoology; 
  • Master of Medicine in Obstetrics and Gynaecology; and
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Chemical Pathology. 

It should be noted that in 2013, a revised Higher Education Qualifications Sub-Framework (HEQSF) was gazetted as policy, replacing the HEQF, and all higher education institutions had to align their legacy qualifications to the HEQSF. New student registrations could only be taken into the legacy qualifications until 31 December 2019, after which the programmes had to be taught out or a new programme put in place that enabled continued offering in the area. 

The five qualifications listed above fall within this category and should be in teach-out until new replacement programmes are accredited and registered. In the case of the Walter Sisulu University (WSU), there were new student registrations after 31 December 2019.

There is a sixth qualification, i.e. the Postgraduate Diploma in Library and Information Services, which also has legacy roots and has not been offered since 2019.

(b)    The Higher Education Quality Committee (HEQC) of the Council on Higher Education (CHE) approved that the following processes should be undertaken:

  • Appoint an evaluator to review the HEQSF alignment processes for the five programmes. Once the report of the evaluator has been compiled, the HEQC will consider the report and recommendations. This process is underway.
  • A full audit of all the programmes WSU is offering will be undertaken to confirm that all programmes being offered meet the compliance requirements of the three regulatory bodies, i.e. Department, CHE and South African Qualifications Authority. This process has also already commenced.

(c)     There are no further cases that have come to the attention of the CHE or Department. A Data Validation Project is underway by the CHE which is intended to validate the HEQSF alignment data to ensure the accreditation record at the CHE is an accurate reflection of what the institutions can offer. If/when discrepancies are identified, the CHE will deal with them in a similar manner to the processes described above.

25 May 2022 - NW1784

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Breytenbach, Adv G to ask the Minister of Justice and Correctional Services

With reference to the fact that he authorised Morné Harmse’s release on parole in March 2022, after the specified person served the minimum period of incarceration for his 20-year sentence for a murder committed in 2008, despite the expert consensus being that the person still had serious psychological deviations and serious aggression issues, on what basis did he ignore and/or overrule the expert opinion?


The placement on parole of offender Morné Harmse’s was not approved by the Minister of Justice and Correctional Services as the Minister is responsible for parole consideration of offenders that are sentenced to life imprisonment (lifers). Offenders serving determinate sentences are considered by the Case Management Committees and the Correctional Supervision and Parole Boards (CSPB) without the intervention of the Minister of Justice and Correctional Services.

Offender Morné Harmse was first considered on 16 November 2019, by the CSPB for possible placement on parole after completion of his minimum detention period on 09 June 2019, and was found not suitable for placement. Subsequently five (05) further profiles were approved by the CSPB and he was referred for further interventions.

Offender Morné Harmse was reconsidered by the CSPB on 24 February 2022, and this time parole placement was approved effective from 03 March 2022, subject to compliance with parole conditions. The decision to place offender Morné Harmse on parole was taken after considering multi-disciplinary reports including the Social Work report. Offender Harmse still continues with rehabilitation efforts under the system of Community Corrections. The offender is complying with his placement conditions since he was placed out.


25 May 2022 - NW1450

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Van Minnen, Ms BM to ask the Minister of Home Affairs

In light of the fact that every single week brings more written complaints about the Home Affairs Branch located in Main Road of Somerset West, wherein persons have to queue for hours multiple times to get access to services and have to return several times to no avail, and in view of the fact that one of the problems is that the computer system takes an inordinately long time to process every single transaction and is regularly offline, what (a) steps has he taken to improve the computer and software package system in order to deliver services and (b) are the time periods with this?


(a&b) According to the SITA e-Health report the network reachability and availability was 100% for this office. See the attached bandwidth utilisation report. All the functional workstations within the Somerset West Office are equipped with computers with the required software to run the Modernisation system. This office is part of dataline upgrades for the Live Capture project for 2022/23 which is already in process with SITA SCM.


25 May 2022 - NW1986

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Macpherson, Mr DW to ask the President of the Republic

Whether the Coronavirus Command Council has been disbanded now that the State of Disaster has ended; if not, what is the (a) purpose of the continued existence of the specified Council and (b) legal basis is relied upon for its continued existence in the period after the State of Disaster; if so, on what date was the council officially disbanded?


The National Coronavirus Command Council (NCCC) was established as a committee of Cabinet by the Cabinet in its meeting of 15 March 2020 to coordinate government’s response to the coronavirus pandemic. The NCCC makes recommendations to Cabinet on measures necessary to manage the pandemic.

The NCCC continues to perform this function since, although the national state of disaster has been lifted, the COVID-19 pandemic is unfortunately not yet over.

As a Cabinet committee – which, like all other Cabinet Committees, was established to support the work of Cabinet in whichever form the Executive deems most practical or useful – the existence of the NCCC is not dependent on a national state of disaster being in operation.

25 May 2022 - NW1793

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Steenhuisen, Mr JH to ask the President of the Republic

With reference to his address to the nation on Monday, 18 April 2022, following the devastating floods of April 2022, wherein he announced a national state of disaster and the fact that the primary responsibility to co-ordinate and manage the disaster is assigned to the national sphere of government and committed to a three-phase response, namely, immediate humanitarian relief, stabilisation and recovery, and reconstruction and rebuilding, (a) what are the details of the implementation plan for the first two phases, (b) who has he assigned to lead each of the first two phases and (c) how will the public be updated on progress of the first two phases?


Phase 1 on provision of immediate humanitarian relief focuses on addressing the immediate needs within affected communities. This includes search, rescue and recovery operations, burial assistance, death certificates, post-mortems, health services, psychosocial support, temporary shelter, food, personal essentials and emergency water supply.

Phase 2 on stabilisation and recovery interventions focuses on short term measures to repair and rebuild public infrastructure and facilities. This includes water, sanitation, stormwater and drainage infrastructure, electricity infrastructure, roads and bridges, rail networks, telecommunications infrastructure, health facilities, solid waste infrastructure, school infrastructure and human settlements. It also includes the provision of housing support and provision of social relief of distress grants.

For the details of the implementation plans, I refer the Honourable Member to the presentation by the Department of Cooperative Governance to the Ad Hoc Joint Committee on Flood Disaster Relief and Recovery on 23 May 2022.

The coordination of efforts by relevant stakeholders is the responsibility of the Minister of

Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA) as per the Disaster Management Act, 2002 (Act No. 57 of 2002). Each organ of state is responsible for interventions across the phases as per their respective mandates.

The Communication and Community Mobilisation Task Team led by the Government Communications and Information System (GCIS) is responsible for communicating progress to the public. Updates are also being provided through existing platforms across the spheres of government.

25 May 2022 - NW1485

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Tambo, Mr S to ask the Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation

What are the reasons that the National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) has refused to fund the studies of certain students (names furnished), who are first-year students at the University of Cape Town, despite the fact that their father, who is the sole breadwinner at home, is a retired public servant whose annual income is far less than the required threshold for NSFAS funding?


During the financial eligibility evaluation of the students the entity found that the father earned more than the R350 000 threshold as per the SARS 2021 Tax Assessment. The students were not funded for this reason.

25 May 2022 - NW1535

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Ceza, Mr K to ask the President of the Republic

Whether he intends signing a proclamation to direct the Special Investigating Unit to launch an investigation into the alleged R480 million that was spent purchasing municipal cars, which were unused for four years, in the Rustenburg Local Municipality; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant details?


No motivation for a proclamation has been submitted to the Presidency by the Special Investigating Unit (SIU). The SIU has indicated that it has not received any allegations on this matter, and will follow-up with the Municipality for details and to assess if the allegations fall within its mandate.

25 May 2022 - NW1778

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King, Ms C to ask the Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation

What (a) was the purpose of the trip that he and the Director-General of his department took to the United States of America on 22 April 2021, (b) total amount did the trip cost his department and (c) are the outcomes of engagements emanating from the trip?


(a)-(c) Neither myself, nor the Directors-General, Drs Phil Mjwara or Nkosinathi Sishi were on an official trip to the United States of America on the said date.

25 May 2022 - NW1507

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Groenewald, Dr PJ to ask the Minister of Justice and Correctional Services

Whether, with reference to his reply to question 1789 on 21 October 2021, any progress has been made with the disciplinary hearing against the KwaZulu-Natal Regional Court President, Mr Eric Nzimande, in 2018; if not, why not; if so, what was the finding; 2) whether he will make a statement on the matter?


1. I have been informed by the Magistrates Commission that its Executive Committee (EXCO) resolved to appoint two (2) private practitioners to lead the evidence on behalf of the Commission. This resolution was taken with consideration of the duration of the hearing/inquiry, and the fact that if magistrates were to lead the evidence, those magistrates would have to be replaced in their courts. The two private practitioners were duly appointed as Persons to Lead the Evidence (PLEs) on 23 September 2021.

I have further been informed that dates have been proposed for early in the 2nd half of 2022 to commence with the Inquiry.

2. No. The Magistrates Commission is an independent statutory body and any requests for statements should be referred to the Chairperson of the Magistrates Commission.

25 May 2022 - NW1501

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Herron, Mr BN to ask the Minister of Human Settlements

With regard to the apartheid era migrant labour hostels, what (a) total number of privately-owned hostels (i) have been abandoned and/or (ii) are no longer managed and/or maintained by their private owners and (b) does her department intend to do with the privately-owned hostels?


(a) Government has no legal authority/jurisdiction over privately owned hostels and as such information/statistics required is not held by any sphere of government, instead, the government’s authority is limited only in respect of public hostels which are owned by provincial human settlements departments or municipalities.

(b) The Department is currently consulting stakeholders to solicit inputs for the regulations that must inform norms and standards that will apply to privately and publicly-owned rental accommodation.

25 May 2022 - NW1356

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Madokwe, Ms P to ask the Minister of Human Settlements

With regard to the Vrede area and the eMawageni informal settlement in the Phumelela Local Municipality which are prone to flooding, lacks basic utilities and have been disregarded by the authorities for decades, what steps has her department taken to ensure that the families are placed in well-equipped human settlements with schools, clinics and reliable transportation?


A feasibility study completed by Phumelela Local Municipality in Mavageng informal settlement in Vrede indicated that the area is prone to a hundred year flood-line and therefore inhabitable. The municipality advised the residents of Mavageng informal settlement that they would be relocated to Thembalihle Ext 14. There was resistance from the residents and therefore could not be relocated. Thembalihle Ext 14 has since been fully allocated to other beneficiaries.

The municipality has since resolved to make provision for these residents to be allocated sites in an approved township named Thembalihle Ext 8 which consists of 1400 erven allocated as follows:


Number of Erven







Light Industrial






Public Open Space






The municipality is yet to consult the occupants with this alternative relocation site. It is important to also note that the alternative Ext. 8 currently does not have municipal engineering services however, in this financial year (i.e., 2022/23) the Free State Department of Human Settlements has been made provision for the reticulation of this area. A project has been registered in this regard with the registration number F21080058/1 and is included in the 2022/23 FS Informal Settlements Upgrading Partnership Grant’s Business Plan.

25 May 2022 - NW1580

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Mabika, Mr M to ask the Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation

Whether (a) his department and/or (b) entities reporting to him concluded any commercial contracts with (i) the government of the Russian Federation and/or (ii) any other entity based in the Russian Federation since 1 April 2017; if not, what is the position in this regard; if so, for each commercial contract, what are the (aa) relevant details, (bb) values, (cc) time frames, (dd) goods contracted and (ee) reasons that the goods could not be contracted in the Republic?



a) South Africa has a bilateral science and innovation partnership agreement with the Russian Federation in science and technology signed in October 2014. The partnership is of mutual benefit to both countries which advances internationalisation of science and innovation.

b) Regarding the question on commercial projects with the Russian Federation –the Department of Science and Innovation has no known commercial contracts with the Russian Federation and to the best of the Department’s knowledge, its entities also do not have commercial contracts with the Russian Federation.

(i) None.

(ii) None.

(aa) n/a

(bb) n/a

(cc) n/a

(dd) n/a

(ee) n/a

c) Should there be commercial contracts of mutual interest the general government procurement and contract management processes will be followed also informed by our national interest and foreign policy imperatives.


The Department of Higher Education and Training does not have any commercial contracts with the Government of the Russian Federation or any entity based in the Russian Federation. The Department mainly cooperates with the Russian Federation in human capital development in the form of scholarships. Tuition and accommodation is paid by the Government of the Russian Federation. The Department covers return flight tickets and top-up stipends provided by the Russian Federation. The monies are disbursed to students by the South African Embassy in Moscow.

A consolidated response for both the Department and the Public Entities accordingly reporting to it is also attached for convenience.

25 May 2022 - NW1792

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Steenhuisen, Mr JH to ask the Minister of Finance

With regard to the address by the President of the Republic, Mr M C Ramaphosa, to the nation on 18 April 2022 after the devastating floods in KwaZuluNatal, wherein the President commented that the Minister of Finance, Mr E Godongwana, had said that R1 billion is immediately available and Parliament will be approached for the appropriation of additional resources, (a) how has the R1 billion been spent and (b) what are the details of the additional resources that will be made available for relief and recovery?


a) The R1 billion mentioned by the President refers to funds that are provided for in the 2022 Division of Revenue Bill (and are not new monies), namely disaster relief funds (for immediate response) through the Provincial Disaster Response Grant and the Municipal Disaster Response Grant. These grants are allocated R144 million and R371 million respectively in 2022/23. A further R501 million is available for this financial year in the form of provincial and municipal Emergency Housing Grants. These funds, amounting to just over R1 billion, are available shortly after Treasury receives an application from the National Disaster Management Centre (NDMC) and / or the national Department of Human Settlements (DHS), which are responsible for administering these grants. NDMC and DHS submit their applications to National Treasury once they have verified the submissions received from the province(s) and municipality(ies) concerned. To date, National Treasury has not received any applications from the NDMC or DHS.

b) In addition to immediate relief grants, state organs can reprioritise their budgets and existing conditional grants for emergency relief, reconstruction and recovery. For example, the Human Settlements Development Grant to provinces already allows for the construction of houses. Additional resources are also available through the contingency reserve, which will become available after the Appropriations Bill is passed. Another option is to use the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) fund, which mainly consists of donor disbursements through various financing agreements, plus interest accrued on capital of related development projects. Therefore, since the full cost of emergency relief, reconstruction, and recovery is yet to be determined, it is difficult to determine whether the sources discussed above are adequate.

25 May 2022 - NW1744

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What measures did his department put in place to ensure that there is transparency in the entire recruitment and appointment process for heads of departments?


The prescripts and accompanying norms and standards issued by the MPSA remain the mechanisms established to ensure that recruitment and selection is fair, transparent and are in line with Section 195 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996.

Section 12 of the Public Service Act, 1994 provides for the appointment of Head of Department which gives the President such power at National Government and the Premier such power within the relevant province.

The Minister for the Public Service and Administration (MPSA) issued the Executive Protocol: Principles and Procedures for the Employment of Heads of Department (HoDs) and Deputy Directors-General (DDGs) Nationally. This was to support the President and Ministers with regard to HoD posts (recruitment, selection, appointment and other career incidents) at National Government.

The Department of Public Service and Administration provides support to the MPSA regarding the processing of Cabinet Memoranda on appointments of Heads of Department to Cabinet. The process of quality checking aims to ensure that the relevant prescripts (Public Service Act, 1994, Public Service Regulations, 2016 and relevant Directives, Determinations, Guides as issued) were followed. In the event that prescripts were not followed, such Cabinet Memoranda are referred back to the relevant delegated Minister with regard to the filling of a Head of Department post and do not serve before Cabinet until issues of concern are resolved.

If the issue of noncompliance impacting the fairness and transparency of the process, are not addressed, the relevant Executive Authority would be advised to re-advise the post and ensure compliance with relevant prescripts and prescribed policies.

The Minister for the Public Service and Administration has also issued a capacitation guide to all Premiers regarding the recruitment of Heads of Department and the required processes to follow. The Premier of the relevant province is the relevant Executive Authority for purposes of such appointments.


24 May 2022 - NW1891

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Marais, Mr S to ask the Minister of Defence and Military Veterans

(1) Whether, given the budget constraints and the current cost of employees to reach 79% of the approved budget for the 2022-23 financial year, she has considered the total freeze and salary increase similar to what was announced by the Commissioner of the SA Revenue (SARS) with regard to remuneration increase of SARS employees, even a cost of living increase; if not, why not; if so, what (a) remuneration increases have been agreed to, (b) are the merits and justification of the increases and (c) are the gross financial implications of the increases; (2) (a) from which allocated and approved budget expenses will the reported R3 billion shortfall of cost of employees be funded, (b) what will the practical consequences of the increase be to the state regarding the Republic’s defence capabilities and readiness and (c) how does she justify the increase?


Attached find here: Reply

24 May 2022 - NW1889

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Marais, Mr S to ask the Minister of Defence and Military Veterans

In light of the fact that it was reported that her department is retaining 44 Defence Attache missions abroad, (a) in which (i) countries and (ii) missions are they based, (b) what are the total costs for each mission, (c) what are the strategic and other benefits of the Defence Attache missions in the specified countries and (d) given the reduced defence budget and increased strategic and military demand for financial resources, (i) what are the reasons she values the Defence Attache presence and costs as a higher priority than Goal 1 and Goal 2 of her department’s Annual Performance Plan and (ii) how does she justify the costs?


Attached find here: Reply

24 May 2022 - NW1504

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Jacobs, Mr F to ask the Minister of Human Settlements

(1) Given the recent fires in Joe Slovo informal settlements in Langa, which is an annual occurrence over the past 10 years in the City of Cape Town, what total number of informal settlements are recorded in the City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality; (2) what steps has her department taken to upgrade informal settlements in the past 10 years; (3) whether her department allocated any monies for the upgrade of informal settlements in the City of Cape Town in the past 10 years; if not, why not; if so, what is the (a) reason that the settlements have not been upgraded and (b) plan of her department to deal with the crisis of informal settlements and backyard dwellers in Cape Town?


1. The total number of Informal Settlements:




Backyarder Settlement


1 419

Informal Settlement


201 151

IDA/TRA/ Re-blocked


12 361

Rental Stock Settlements


9 478

Small Farmers/ Rural Settlement


2 863

New settlements (i.e. Land invasions March 2020 to October 2021)


59 192



286 464

The data is collected form aerial photography or drone footage with individual structure counts, physical surveys in some instances and solid waste door to door survey information. Data is updated on an annual basis.

2. The analysis of each settlement resulted in the most likely development pathway for that specific settlement. The steps taken can be one of the following options:

Basic Access Improvement: Rolling out of basic access frameworks (i.e. improved roads & pedestrian movement) as part of the basic service package to informal settlements.

De-densification: Settlements which will be required to be de-densified prior to any in-situ (UISP or Superblock) development can be implemented. Basic services provided in interim.

Superblock: Provide formal access roads with formal services infrastructure but no individual serviced sites and only shared services – no or minimal relocation initially required. Settlement is suitable for a superblock approach which can comprise of residential blocks of approximately 90m x 30m with the provision of shared water (1:25 ratio) and sanitation (1:5 ratio), door-to-door waste collection and individual electrification. All roads, storm water and pedestrian access ways to be developed to an “A-Grade” standard.

UISP: Provide every household in informal settlement with own individual serviced site when upgrading to formality – no top structures provided and no or limited relocation required. Settlements which will be developed as a UISP type of project with individual erven with each erf having its own water and sanitation points (1:1 ratio), waste collection, formal roads, storm water management and electrification.

Re-blocked & Enhanced Re-blocking: Settlements which can potentially be Re-blocked where it meets the density and settlement size criteria. Those settlements where the city has established and confirmed the interest and willingness from the community to participate and support a re-blocking type of project.

Managed Settlement Programme: Greenfield site prepared for rapid occupation with shared services initially but with potential to upgrade to individual serviced sites over time & owner construction of top structure.

Total Relocation: Certain settlements will be required to be relocated in totality due to various factors such as location in areas prone to flooding, under power lines in road reserves and located on landfill sites. The locational risk factors of the settlement require relocation to a safer environment. Basic services is provided in interim.

3. Yes, the following budget allocations were received for the upgrading of informal settlements:




R316 521 045


R242 535 817


R204 423 506


R159 409 166


R194 899 707


R117 546 392


R58 600 165


R85 917 567


R97 658 338


R27 654 000

a) The funding received for the upgrading of informal settlements were utilised for settlements where planning approvals were obtained, de-densification could be achieved for in-situ upgrading as per the UISP approach. Not all settlements are suitable for upgrading and a vast number is inappropriately located e.g. in rail reserve, over bulk infrastructure line, under ESKOM power lines or in flood prone locations. These types of settlements will need to be relocated in totality. The other factor is to find well located land suitable for residential development which is not necessarily located on the outskirts of the city far away from any job opportunity of social facility.

b) The growth in informality is part of the urbanisation process taking place across all urban centres in the country. The growth in the demand for housing in the City of Cape Town outstrip the production of housing opportunities by the city, province and the private sector. Lastly the negative economic conditions, such as the increase in job losses under Covid 19 the country has been experiencing has led to more people not being in a position to pay rent for formal or informal locations and thus resulting in growth of informal settlements.

23 May 2022 - NW1832

Profile picture: Montwedi, Mr Mk

Montwedi, Mr Mk to ask the Minister of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development

What (a) invader species and/or trees that take up grazing spaces have been identified in each province and (b) plans have been put in place to deal with the identified invader species in each province?


a)  Invader species in terms of the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act No 43 of 1983 (CARA), refers to both indigenous and alien invader species which have beneficial properties that warrant continued presence under certain circumstances. The objective of the Act with respect to invaders species that may lead to bush encroachment (indigenous species) on grazing areas, is not always aimed at eradication but the focus is on thinning and reducing them to normal and acceptable levels. Invader species that occur outside the demarcated areas are however eradicated to minimise undesirable species which may degrade the veld. The type of problematic invader plants that are found across the country covers the whole spectrum of declared species in terms of the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983 (Act No. 43 of 1983). The occurrence of these species varies from province to province due to various factors including climatic conditions.

The invader species identified as dominant include the following:

Table 1: List of invader species per province:




Stoebe vulgaris (Bankrupt bush-indigenous), Acacia mearnsii (Black wattle), Lantana camara (Lantana), and Opuntia species (prickle pear) and blue bush (recently identified and more work is being done to acquire information on this plant)


Stoebe vulgaris (Bankrupt bush-indigenous), Lantana Camara (Lantana), Silver dealbata (Silver wattle) and Acacia mearnsii (Black Wattle)


Stoebe vulgaris (Bankrupt bush - indigenous), Lantana Camara (Lantana), Silver dealbata (Silver wattle) and Acacia mearnsii (Black Wattle) and Dichrostachys cineria (Sickle bush-Indigenous).


Stoebe vulgaris (Bankrupt bush-indigenous), Dichrostachys cineria (Sickle bush-Indigenous), Silver dealbata (Silver wattle) and Acacia mearnsii (Black Wattle) and Cereus Jamacaru (Queen of the night)–Bio control agent has been released on it and it is found to be under control.


Dichrostachys cineria (Sickle bush-Indigenous), Prosopis spp. (Mesquite) in communal grazing areas and Lopholaena coriifolia (small-leaved fluff-bush).


Seriphium plumosum-Stoebe vulgaris (Bankrupt bush - indigenous), Acacia Mellifera (Swarthaak) indigenous and Prosopis spp. (Mesquite).


Seriphium plumosum - Stoebe vulgaris (Bankrupt bush), Cestrum laevigatum (Inkberry), Acacia mearnsii (Black wattle) and Opuntia species (Prickle pears)


Acacia Mellifera (Swarthaak) and Prosopis spp. (Mesquite), Rhigozum trichotomum (Driedoring)


Acacia mearnsii (Black wattle), Acacia saligna (Port Jackson), Eucalyptus spp (Blue gum)

Hakea spp and Pinus spp

b) The Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD) has put in place the following measures to manage and control invader species and/or trees in all Provinces:

  • A dedicated resource monitoring unit that audits veld infested by invader species in terms of the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983 (Act No. 43 of 1983), CARA is in place. The mandate of the team is to assess the status of veld in collaboration with provinces to identify invader species that threaten the productivity of grazing areas. The team also provides advice on control measures to land users. Directives are only served to land users as a last resort to facilitate compliance with CARA legislation;
  • Through its Landcare programme, the Department collaborates with relevant research institutions to support control of invader species across the country. Provincial Departments of Agriculture are also involved. Collaboration includes provision of technical and governance advice in areas affecting veld management for improved grazing and livestock production;
  • Where applicable, partnership with relevant stakeholders are put in place to facilitate the control of Bankrupt Bush and Prosopis in various communities through the Landcare programme;
  • Awareness campaigns have been conducted and DALRRD has coordinated the development of a database to record bush encroacher species in the veld. To date, surveys have been conducted where bankrupt bush encroachment was dominant in grazing areas. The strategy on management of invader indigenous species is currently being developed; and
  • DALRRD will continue conducting capacity building sessions for land users and farmers on management of invader species per biome during the 2022/23 financial year. Guidelines on possible management of invader species and veld improvement will be developed and shared with relevant stakeholders.