Hansard: NA: Unrevised hansard
House: National Assembly
Date of Meeting: 13 Mar 2014
No summary available.
THURSDAY, 13 MARCH 2014
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
The House met at 14:06.
The Speaker took the Chair and requested members to observe a moment of silence for prayers or meditation.
ANNOUNCEMENTS, TABLINGS AND COMMITTEE REPORTS – see col 000.
NOTICES OF MOTION
Mr M S F DE FREITAS: Hon Speaker, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House I shall move on behalf of the DA:
That the House debates the measures put in place to ensure that the 2014 elections are free and fair with political tolerance.
Mrs M V MAFOLO: Hon Speaker, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House I shall move on behalf of the ANC:
That the House debates the high turnover and corporate governance challenges in key institutions and government departments.
Mr J F SMALLE: Hon Speaker, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House I shall move on behalf of the DA:
That the House debates the impact of President Jacob Zuma’s leadership on the accountability of public representatives.
Mr S G MMUSI: Hon Speaker, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House I shall move on behalf of the ANC:
That the House debates the centrality of constituency work in linking Parliament to the people.
Ke a go leboga, motlotlegi. [Thank you, Speaker.]
Mrs D A SCHÄFER: Hon Speaker, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House I shall move on behalf of the DA:
That the House debates the efficacy of fire-pools in combating runaway fires in rural South African context.
Mrs T M A GASEBONWE: Hon Speaker, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House I shall move on behalf of the ANC:
That the House debates the role of Parliament in defining the national transformation agenda.
Ms D O CHILI: Hon Speaker, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House I shall move on behalf of the ANC:
That the House debates improving the literacy and education empowerment of rural women in order to improve the quality of their lives.
Thank you. [Applause.]
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: Mr Speaker, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House I shall move on behalf of the DA:
That the House debates the possible causal link between the purchase of Christian Laboutin shoes and rampant corruption in government departments.
Nkul X MABASA: Mutshamaxitulu, ndzi nyika xitiviso xa leswaku eka ntshamo wa siku leri landzelaka wa Yindlu ndzi ta susumeta hi ku yimela vandla ra ANC:
Leswaku Huvo yi njhekanjhekisana hi ku endla tioditi ta vutshila leti landzelaka tisisitime na switandati eka swiyenge hinkwaswo swa mfumo ku ya hi swilaveko swa mfumo.
Ndza khensa. (Translation of Xitsonga notice of motion follows.)
[Mr X MABASA: Chairperson, I hereby give notice that on the next sitting day of the House, I shall move on behalf of the ANC:
That the House debates conducting regular, systematic and standardised skills audits across all spheres of government in line with the demands placed on the state.
I thank you.]
CONDOLENCES ON PASSING AWAY OF MARTHA MAHLANGU
The DEPUTY CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Speaker, I move without notice:
That the House -
(1) notes with sadness the passing away of Mama Martha Mahlangu, mother of Solomon Mahlangu, on 12 March 2014 at the Steve Biko Academic Hospital in Pretoria at the age of 89;
(2) further notes that Mama Mahlangu was a freedom fighter, a patron for the Zakheni Women Organisation, and an affiliate of Fedtraw and the UDF;
(3) remembers that she triumphed over extreme humiliation, police harassment, before and after the execution of her son Solomon Mahlangu in 1979, and supported families of many freedom fighters who were facing execution;
(4) recalls that Mama Mahlangu recently graced Parliament during the state of the nation address last month as a presidential guest of honour;
(5) recognises that on Friday, 14 March 2014, the President will launch the Solomon Mahlangu Scholarship Fund which aims to avail financial support to deserving South African youth, especially from the rural areas; and
(6) extends its condolences to her family, relatives and her loved ones during their bereavement.
CELEBRATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS DAY ON 21 MARCH 2014
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Chief Whip ... I mean, Speaker. [Laughter.] Yes!
The SPEAKER: Keep going! Keep going! [Laughter.]
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: I have been reminded that I am the Chief Whip. [Laughter.] I hope you realise that was deliberate. Speaker, I move without notice:
That the House -
(1) notes that on 21 March 2014, South Africans will celebrate Human Rights Day;
(2) further notes that on this day in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 South Africans taking part in a demonstration against the apartheid pass laws in Sharpeville;
(3) acknowledges that the world will celebrate the United Nation’s International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination on the same day;
(4) further acknowledges that the United Nations declared this an International Day in 1966 in honour of those who so tragically lost their lives during the Sharpeville massacre;
(5) calls on South Africans to commemorate this significant day and to promote, develop, protect and strengthen our human rights and freedoms; and
(6) further calls on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination in the world.
CALL ON GOVERNMENT TO BAN “CANNED” LION HUNTING
Mr J H VAN DER MERWE: Speaker, I move without notice:
That the House -
(1) acknowledges the unified voice and will of the South African people and people in 46 cities around the world who, on 15 March 2014, will petition the South African Government to ban the practice of “canned” lion hunting;
(2) agrees that trophy hunting which has been accurately described by the Kenyan democratic government as “A barbaric relic of colonialism” is correct;
(3) deplores the manner in which the king of apex predators in Africa has been reduced to a “wall hanging” souvenir for foreign pseudohunters;
(4) believes that African wildlife, and in particular our lion, rhino and elephant, deserve the highest and most stringent measures of protection; and
(5) implores Government to immediately amend our laws to give effect to such measures.
COMMEMORATION OF UN INTERNATIONAL DAY OF REMEMBRANCE OF VICTIMS OF SLAVERY AND THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE
The DEPUTY CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Speaker, I move without notice:
That the House -
(1) notes that 25 March marks the annual commemoration of the United Nations International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade;
(2) recalls that the tragic transatlantic slave trade, which was one of the darkest chapters in human history, lasted for 400 years, despite a spirited resistance by millions of enslaved peoples;
(3) further recalls that between 15 to 20 million people, - men, women and children - were deported from their homes and sold as slaves in the different slave trading systems;
(4) believes that the yearly remembrance of this darkest chapter in world history should serve as an opportunity to reflect on those that suffered and perished at the hands of slavery; and
(5) calls upon South Africans of different persuasions to use this occasion to raise awareness among the world’s youth about the dangers of racism and prejudice.
SUSPENSION OF RULE 253(1) TO CONDUCT SECOND READING DEBATE ON DIVISION OF REVENUE BILL
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Speaker, I move the draft resolution printed in my name on the Order Paper, as follows:
That the House suspends Rule 253(1), which provides inter alia that the debate on the Second Reading of a Bill may not commence before at least three working days have elapsed since the committee’s report was tabled, for the purposes of conducting the Second Reading debate today on the Division of Revenue Bill [B 5 - 2014] (National Assembly – sec 76).
ABOLITION OF PARLIAMENTARY INTER-FAITH COUNCIL
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Speaker, I move the draft resolution printed in my name on the Order Paper, as follows:
That the House -
(1) notes that on 10 March 2010, the National Assembly passed a resolution to the effect that Parliament would establish a Parliamentary Inter-faith Council (“the Inter-faith Council”) and set out the objectives of the Inter-faith Council;
(2) further notes that on 12 May 2010, the National Assembly adopted a further resolution, subject to the concurrence of the National Council of Provinces, establishing the Inter-faith Council and stipulating the composition and mandate of the Inter-faith Council;
(3) recalls that on 26 August 2010, the National Council of Provinces adopted a resolution concurring with the establishment of the Inter-faith Council;
(4) recognises the need for a platform for an activist Parliament that would advance nation-building and social cohesion;
(5) believes that Parliament has the necessary mechanisms in place to ensure that this objective is met; and
(6) resolves, subject to the concurrence of the National Council of Provinces, to abolish the Inter-faith Council.
LAUNCHING OF IKAMVA NATIONAL E-SKILLS INSTITUTE
Moh S R TSEBE (ANC): Mmusakgotla, a ke tseye tšhono eno go leboga mokgatlho o o busang wa ANC le go akgola Lefapha la tsa Ditlhaeletsano fa ba ne ba thankgolola kago ya bosetšhaba ya Ikamva, ka 21 Tlhakole 2014 kwa Durban. (Translation of Setswana member’s statement follows.)
[Ms S R TSEBE (ANC): Speaker, let me take this opportunity to thank the ruling party, ANC, and to congratulate the Department of Communications on launching the Ikamva National e-Skills Institute on 21 February 2014 in Durban.]
The institute is well positioned to play the much needed national catalytic and supporting role at local, provincial, national and international levels to develop the e-skills required to live and function in a broadband-empowered society.
Functionally the institute will be virtually located in co-labs, in Thusong Service Centres, Universal Service and Access Agency of South Africa centres and other community centres to enable them to reach a wide stakeholder spectrum. The institute aims to reach 10 million users, especially in rural communities, within the next five years. Ke a leboga. [Thank you.]
ANC NOT SERIOUS ABOUT FIGHTING CORRUPTION
Ms A M DREYER (DA): Mr Speaker, President Zuma’s ANC has now demonstrated once and for all that it is not serious about fighting corruption. The ANC’s party list for the National Assembly contains many candidates who should rather be in court, and are grossly unsuitable for public office. [Interjections.]
These include the former Minister of Communications, Dina Pule, who was found guilty of unlawful, unethical and improper conduct; the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Mrs Tina Joemat-Pettersson, who was implicated in the unlawful awarding of an R800 million vessel contract to Sekunjalo, the distribution of food parcels during workers’ strikes and the unauthorised funding of the Black Association of the Wine and Spirit Industry, Bawsi. [Interjections.]
Mrs M T KUBAYI: Speaker, the hon member is making reference to members who are serving in this House without a substantive motion. [Interjections.] If she has issues and feels that these members need to be summoned, there are procedures to be followed. That statement is out of order and shouldn’t be read in the House. [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order, hon members! That is correct. There has to be a substantive motion, hon member, before you can make such a statement.
Ms A M DREYER: I will just continue then with the rest. Pule Mabe was arrested and appeared in court ... [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order, hon member! You can’t continue with the rest. We have told you that you need a substantive motion; this is unprocedural.
Ms A M DREYER: I am not talking about the others any more.
The SPEAKER: Which other things are you talking about? Please take your seat, hon member!
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Hon Speaker, may I address you?
The SPEAKER: Yes, please proceed, sir.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: The statement read out by my colleague is not a motion against an individual, it’s a motion about the list of the ANC. It is not a substantive motion or even a normal motion against a person. [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Hon member, it’s about members in the House and I’ve made a ruling on this point. I would like us to proceed.
FAREWELL SPEECH OF MS B D FERGUSON, MP
Ms B D FERGUSON (Cope): Hon Speaker, this day is one of many finer moments in Parliament. For some it is a certainty that they will be back, and for many more there is hope that they might come back to serve. To be a Member of Parliament is a very rewarding experience, but in another sense a very insecure and tough life.
Let’s remind ourselves that it is always a privilege to serve in this institution, and we should never take that for granted. Whilst we all depart to campaign or retire, let’s put South Africa first and devote our time to and energy on building this nation. We do not spend enough time and energy on reconciliation. South Africa is a better place after 20 years, but we can make it even better if we take the time to reconcile and build towards achieving a common patriotism.
So, as we take our leave today, let us remember the wise words of our beloved Madiba:
There is no passion to be found by playing small - in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.
Today, therefore, let us go forward with a passion for our country. Go well and God bless you all. Thank you. [Applause.]
SCHOOL FOR VISUALLY AND HEARING IMPAIRED RECEIVES SPECIALISED COMPUTER LAB
Ms P MADUNA (ANC): Hon Speaker, the ANC believes that whilst there is progress in addressing the challenges people with disabilities face in society, there has been a lack in providing facilities to support their needs. Thus, the ANC welcomes the donation of a specialised computer laboratory that has 31 advanced specialised computers, and a printer, which is connected to all the computers, to meet the needs of the pupils with disabilities at the Bosele School for the Blind and Deaf in Mosterlus, outside Groblersdal in Limpopo, by the partnership between the MTN Foundation and the ANC government. That is a good story to tell.
The school was identified as one of the schools for the visually impaired in need of a computer lab. This was due to the fact that the school lacked the specialised resources that are required to provide an effective and efficient learning environment that prepares the learners for the digital world. This is another good story to tell. Now pupils will be able to use the computers that have Job Access with Speech and also a printer that can convert normal words into Braille, thus improving their learning in class.
The ANC believes that the laboratory will accelerate changes in improving the quality of education of pupils with disabilities at the school and assist in developing their potential. That is again a very good story to tell. Working together, we will move South Africa forward. Thank you. [Applause.]
SEVERE FLOODING IN SOUTH AFRICA
Mrs C N Z ZIKALALA (IFP): Hon Speaker, the IFP conveys its deepest sympathies to those South Africans who have found themselves victims of the recent severe flooding in many parts of our country. We take this opportunity to salute the men and women of our disaster management services in various provinces for the sterling work they are doing and the countless lives they have saved.
We call on our government to extend every possible form of logistical support to communities that are hit by these floods and, if necessary, to declare the worst hit regions disaster areas. We also call on the communities that are affected to work together with the government to rebuild their areas and re-establish their lives. Thank you. [Applause.]
VIOLENT STUDENT PROTEST AT UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN CAPE
Adv A D ALBERTS (FF Plus): Speaker, we unfortunately have a bad ANC story to tell.
Hierdie week was daar by nog ’n universiteit in Suid-Afrika ’n voorval wat al die elemente gehad het om die voorblaaie van koerante te haal en waartydens die ANC en die Minister van Hoër Onderwys en Opleiding persoonlik kon ingryp, maar dit het nie gebeur nie.
Net soos in Potchefstoom was daar ook studente betrokke, maar wat hier gebeur het, was baie erger. Dit was egter nie net ’n saluut wat die studente as deel van ontgroeningspret gebruik het nie, maar dit was studente wat aggressief alle reëls van die universiteit en die samelewing oortree en gebreek het. Hulle het medestudente aangeval, eiendom beskadig, klasse ontwrig en alle bedrywighede tot stilstand laat kom, maar die media en die regering het geswyg.
Ek wonder of die Minister ooit van die voorval weet. Dit het hier reg onder ons neuse by die Universiteit van die Wes-Kaap gebeur, Dinsdag hierdie week. Dit was studente wat glo ontevrede is omdat hulle medestudente nie registrasiegelde kan betaal nie. Hulle het ’n staking gereël en dit het heeltemal handuit geruk.
Die rede vir die stilswye is moontlik omdat die studente wat die chaos veroorsaak het t-hemde van die ANC en dié van die EFF aangehad het. Dit is heel moontlik die rede vir die tydelike blindheid, maar ek is seker dat die sig weer helder en duidelik sal terugkom wanneer daar iets by ’n tradisionele Afrikaanse universiteit gebeur.
Die ANC moet wakkerskrik en besef dat dit nie net die ANC alleen is wat regte en voorregte in hierdie land het nie. Dit is al sy inwoners - swart, bruin en wit - elke minderheidsgroep, elke student en elke skoolkind. Dankie. (Translation of Afrikaans paragraphs follows.)
[This week there was an incident at another university in South Africa that contained all the elements for reaching the front pages of newspapers and for the ANC and the Minister of Higher Education to intervene personally, but this did not happen.
Just as in the case of Potchefstroom, there were also students involved, but what happened here was much worse. However, it was not only a salute that the students used as part of initiation fun, but it was students who aggressively violated and broke all the rules of the university and of society. They attacked fellow students, damaged property, disrupted classes and brought all activities to a standstill, but the media and Government were silent.
I wonder whether the Minister even has any knowledge of the incident. It happened here, right under our noses, at the University of the Western Cape on Tuesday this week. These were students who were apparently dissatisfied because their fellow students were unable to pay registration fees. They arranged a strike and matters got completely out of hand.
The reason for the silence is possibly because the students causing the chaos were wearing ANC and EFF T-shirts. This is quite possibly the reason for the temporary blindness, but I am sure that vision will return once again bright and clear when something happens at a traditionally Afrikaans university.
The ANC must wake up and realise that it is not only the ANC that has rights and privileges in this country. This applies to all its residents – black, brown and white – every minority group, every student and every school pupil. Thank you.]
SERVICE DELIVERY PROTESTS THAT UNDERMINE DEMOCRACY CANNOT GO UNCHALLENGED
Ms M C PILANE-MAJAKE (ANC): Hon Speaker, through the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa we continue to reaffirm that civil protest is an important tool to enforce access to rights, without violating the rights of others. However, service delivery protests that undermine the democracy enshrined in the Constitution cannot go unchallenged.
A clear message needs to be sent to South African citizens who do not have respect for the rule of law that they will be held accountable and will be prosecuted through the courts of law. South Africa cannot tolerate any intention to loot and steal from others under the pretext of engaging in service delivery protests. Political parties that use the same tactic in their campaign strategy to gain cheap political mileage by trying to mislead the public by means of claims of a country on fire should be held accountable and reported to the Independent Electoral Commission.
We call on all patriotic South Africans to continue to promote social cohesion principles towards the integration of South Africans to build a better life for all in the diverse society we live in. It is also incumbent upon all progressive citizens to articulate the transformation that has taken place this far in a manner that outlines the benefits enjoyed by the masses of South Africa’s people. I thank you. [Applause.]
DA’S GOOD STORY OF GOVERNING THE WESTERN CAPE
Mrs D A SCHÄFER (DA): Mr Speaker, allow me to take my leave of this House today by telling you the real good story, that of the DA’s success in governing the Western Cape.
At the end of 2013, the Western Cape’s broad unemployment rate was 22%, the lowest in the country. While South Africa lost 122 000 jobs since President Zuma has taken office, the number of the unemployed shrank by 48 000 in the Western Cape. The Western Cape has the highest access to water, at 99,1%, flush toilets, at 90,5%, and electricity, at 93,4%.
In our first year in government, all 13 Western Cape departments received unqualified audits. Our Enterprise Development Fund has committed R20 million in loan funding to black-owned businesses, of which 52% are owned by women. That is real empowerment.
An amount of R1,7 billion was spent on skills development programmes to provide training opportunities to over 98 000 people. A total of 76% of the Western Cape’s budget is spent in poor communities - 76%. Despite the increase in the population, the highest proportions of households receiving free basic water, electricity, and free basic sewerage and sanitation services are in the Western Cape.
In 2009 the ANC left the province with over 6 000 vacancies in the Department of Health. The vacancy rate for nurses was 34%. By 2014 the DA has brought this down to 1%. Under a national DA government, this could be the South African story. The choice is yours. [Interjections.] [Applause.]
COURT DISMISSES DA’S E-TOLL CASE
Ms N P KHUNOU (ANC): Speaker, the ANC welcomes the dismissal of the DA’s case against the passing of the e-tolls Act by the Western Cape High Court’s judgment. [Interjections.] The Act will provide for a more effective ...
The SPEAKER: Order, order!
Ms N P KHUNOU (ANC): ... collection of tolls, and seeks to amend the Cross-Border Road Transport Act 4 of 1998, and to empower the Cross-Border Road Transport Agency to collect tolls on behalf of the SA National Roads Agency Limited, Sanral.
We must note that the noncollection of tolls may impact negatively on the ability of the other state-owned enterprises to raise capital for their infrastructure programmes, and thus the need for this law must also be seen in the context of government's plan to fund its envisaged infrastructure programme. In essence, this facilitates the upgrading and development of transport infrastructure and public transport in the Republic.
The responsibility of tolling is a national competency and therefore the legislation that legalised e-tolling is valid. The DA’s claim that this legislation was unconstitutional is more a matter of grandstanding than anything else, and was thus summarily dismissed by the High Court. I thank you. [Applause.]
SOME INTERNSHIP STUDENTS IN GAUTENG NOT RECEIVING ALLOWANCES
Mr A M MPONTSHANE (IFP): Hon Speaker, since October 2 700 graduates in Gauteng have been in an internship programme in government departments to gain work experience. Since then very few of them have received their monthly allowances, and some of these graduates have been forced to leave the programme because they did not receive the money they were entitled to. Even though they were told that they would receive their allowances in December, nothing has happened as yet.
The Minister of Higher Education and Training and the Premier of Gauteng cannot claim to have a good story to tell while the welfare of these graduates has been neglected. The situation must be rectified immediately, otherwise it will be clear that the only story to be told here is the inability of a government to fulfill its promises. I thank you.
FAREWELL SPEECH OF MR M A NHANHA, MP
Mr M A NHANHA (Cope): Speaker, I guess I have a very good story to tell. I’m rising to say my final thank you and goodbye to all of you in this House, for the journey I walked with you was worth every mile.
Only a handful of us are fortunate to be elected to serve our people as lawmakers of our country. For this reason I have been truly honoured and exceptionally privileged to serve in the fourth democratic Parliament with all of you.
When we met in 2009, we were strangers and political opponents, but today I am leaving as a friend and comrade of many of you. I would like to thank Cope for the confidence they have shown in me and my abilities, and for having deployed me to Parliament.
To all my colleagues in the Portfolio Committees of Public Enterprises and of Defence and Military Veterans as well as in the Joint Standing Committee on Defence, I want to say that our robust and sometimes rough deliberations in committees have, in many respects, made me a better person. I will truly miss you.
A special word of gratitude goes to all the staff members who had to contend with my rather unpleasant attitude at times, and for providing me with support at all possible times.
Xhamela, egameni losapho lwakowethu, amaMpondomise, ooJola, abazukulwana benkwakhwa, amathole omthwakazi, amaKrancolo, ooMgebe, ooMsizi, ooMbuyeni, sithi maz’enethole, sibamba ngazo zozibini. Inga iinkomo, iibhokhwe neegusha zakowenu zinga zingazala amathokazi. Enkosi. [Kwaqhwatywa.] (Translation of the isiXhosa paragraph follows.)
[Xhamela (clan name), on behalf of our family, amaMpondomise, ooJola, abazukulwana benkwakhwa, amathole omthwakazi, amaKrancolo, ooMgebe, ooMsizi, ooMbuyeni, (praise-singing particularly for and/or of the Mpondomise clan), we thank you. May you prosper abundantly. [Applause.]]
ANC’S ELECTION LIST PRAISED
Ms N GINA (ANC): Speaker, allow me to congratulate the ANC on the submission of a list of capable and competent persons for election to Parliament in 2014. The ANC has full confidence in the candidates and believes that they will advance the democratic transformation and development of South Africa and Africa as a whole.
The ANC’s list shows that the ANC is a home for all and that it remains the most strategic and important force for change in South Africa. Indeed, the list that has been submitted by the ANC to the Independent Electoral Commission shows that together, we move South Africa forward. Thank you very much. [Applause.]
DA LEADER CHALLENGES PRESIDENT JACOB ZUMA TO PUBLIC DEBATE
Dr W G JAMES (DA): Mr Speaker, today Helen Zille has written to President Jacob Zuma to challenge him to join her in a nationally televised presidential debate on the state of our economy and our country, particularly in relation to jobs. Since President Zuma took office ... [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order, hon members!
Dr W G JAMES (DA): ... unemployment has grown from 30% to 34% and, using the narrow definition which excludes discouraged job seekers, from 23% to 24,1%, despite the recent claims he made to the contrary.
My friends and colleagues, today there are 1,4 million more South Africans who are unemployed than the day he became President. That means that one out of every three South Africans, one out of every three South Africans today, is unemployed - without a job.
This would be an opportunity to openly debate these issues together and to directly answer questions from the public on this matter of national importance. A television debate would strengthen our democracy and it would strengthen our public discourse. Live presidential candidate debates are becoming commonplace across Africa. In 2012, Ghana, Kenya and Sierra Leone held their first televised presidential debates. It is vital that South African voters should not be denied the opportunity of interrogating party-political positions through live television debates.
We are therefore looking forward to hearing whether President Zuma will take up this challenge or whether he will simply keep on hiding. I thank you. [Applause.]
MRs H H MALGAS (ANC): Mr Speaker, the ANC welcomes the measures that are being taken by the Department of Basic Education in introducing a system that will curb teacher absenteeism.
A study by the Human Sciences Research Council found that on any one day between 10% and 12% of teachers are not in school, amounting to about 30 000 absent teachers every day. The recent steps of considering the introduction of a biometric system to monitor teacher absenteeism as part of ensuring accountability in the system is welcomed. The ANC President made it clear from the beginning of this term that:
Teachers should be in school, in class, on time, teaching, with no neglect of duty and no abuse of pupils. The children should be in class, on time, learning, be respectful of their teachers and each other, and do their homework.
The department is considering expanding the system that is currently being utilised by the Northern Cape’s education department with a view to rolling it out to other provincial departments, and incorporating a biometric facility in the future. [Laugter.] [Interjections.]
The ANC identified ... [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order, order!
Mrs H H MALGAS (ANC): ... education as a key priority and as an important area of our 2030 vision, as defined in the National Development Plan. The education system plays a greater role in building an inclusive society ... [Time expired.] [Interjections.] [Applause.]
TEXTBOOKS NOT DELIVERED TO SOME LIMPOPO SCHOOLS
Mr K J DIKOBO (Azapo): Hon Speaker, we are approaching the end of the first term of the academic year and some schools in Limpopo are still waiting for books to be delivered. The Department of Basic Education issued media statements and even reported to the portfolio committee that books had been delivered.
I was on constituency work in the Schoonoord and Malegale Districts of the Sekhukhune District and what I found was shocking, to say the least. Before we get denials, I invite the Minister to visit the following schools: Namadzavho Secondary School, Kgagatlou Secondary School, Makatane Secondary School, Tshehlwaneng Senior Secondary School, Tshabadietla Secondary School, Lerato Secondary School, Legare Senior Secondary School, and others.
For many learners the dream of a better life has turned into a nightmare. The dream of the liberation struggle has been betrayed by an uncaring government. Children of the poor are made to pay for the downright incompetence of those in charge. Principals have been intimidated and threatened, and are afraid to speak about the plight of their schools. This is not a good story, and as we speak the children of Limpopo are facing the prospect of a strike next week that is being threatened by teachers because they have not been paid their marking salaries. Thank you.
DA LEADER CHALLENGES PRESIDENT JACOB ZUMA TO PUBLIC DEBATE
The MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS: Speaker, I think now that the DA has found that they can’t rent a black President, they’ve suddenly decided that Ms Zille is their candidate for president. And, in order for her to have some platform, they wish to set about this shadow chase of seeking a debate with the President ... [Interjections.] Rubbish to you, too! [Applause.] [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order! Order!
The MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS: The President will not have to debate this person. Our President was elected by our members as the candidate of the ANC. We didn’t have to go and rent anybody. We don’t need showboat cases and requests for debates. We are debating them in the public space ... [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order! Order, hon members!
The MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS: ... and they must engage with us in that space. We will join them to discuss the economy when they have spoken to their close friends, the private sector, to invest in South Africa and the people of South Africa. [Applause.]
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: Mr Speaker, on a point of order: The Rules of Parliament insist that members in the gallery are not allowed to participate in the debate. Perhaps you ... [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order, hon members! Order!
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: ... could share with the ANC rent-a-crowd, in the gallery, to please not clap their hands.
The SPEAKER: Please take your seat, sir. Yes, members of the gallery, you are more than welcome in Parliament. It’s your Parliament, but please don’t participate in the activities of Parliament, including clapping hands.
The MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS: Speaker, on a point of order: I would like to ask that we respect the people of South Africa. Many of them are visiting Parliament for the first time and they may not know the Rules. So, to call them a “rent-a-crowd of the ANC” is, I believe, insulting to those visitors. [Applause.]
The SPEAKER: Order! Order, hon members! You can’t call the audience rent-a-crowd. It’s clearly not acceptable.
SERVICE DELIVERY PROTESTS THAT UNDERMINE DEMOCRACY CANNOT GO UNCHALLENGED
DA LEADER CHALLENGES PRESIDENT JACOB ZUMA TO PUBLIC DEBATE
The MINISTER OF POLICE: Hon Speaker, the Constitution’s Bill of Rights, the Regulation of Gatherings Act, Act 205 of 1993 and the Dangerous Weapons Act, Act 15 of 2013, guarantee people the right to demonstrate peacefully and unarmed. What the member has said is what all of us should say and emphasise, namely that people should exercise their rights, but that they should do so while understanding the obligations that go with those rights.
Furthermore, just to add to what Minister Pandor has said, we can easily accept a debate with the DA. We have Deputy Minister Marius Fransman here; we have many other premiers, who are ready to debate Premier Zille any day. She can come; we are waiting for her. Thank you. [Applause.]
DA LEADER CHALLENGES PRESIDENT JACOB ZUMA TO PUBLIC DEBATE
The DEPUTY MINISTER OF PUBLIC WORKS: Speaker, further to these allegations about the performance of our economy which were raised by the hon James, the DA likes to pretend that the world has not been living through the worst economic and financial crisis since the 1930s. They want to blame everything on the current administration here in South Africa as if the rest of the world has not also been massively impacted, and as if this administration has not performed remarkably well in the face of this grave global crisis.
For instance, the auto sector in Australia has just moved out. In Brazil, according to the most recent Economist, the auto sector is in grave trouble. Here in South Africa, as a result of government initiatives, the incentive grants to the auto sector as well as procurement policies have saved auto sector jobs. In fact, 9 500 extra auto sector jobs have been created in the midst of a global economic crisis.
What the DA has to offer is simply the market, and it’s the markets that have failed gravely. It is through the active intervention of the President Zuma-led administration that we have seen at least some stabilisation. Indeed, we lost a million jobs in 2008-9, but we’ve regained those million jobs. Of course, more people have come into the market.
It is true that we are suffering, but we are not in denial about this serious unemployment crisis. We are determined to address it and we are doing so confidently on the basis of the interventions that this Zuma administration has carried forward in the midst of a grave crisis. Thank you, sir. [Applause.]
DA’S GOOD STORY OF GOVERNING THE WESTERN CAPE
The MINISTER OF STATE SECURITY: Speaker, let me comment on the perceived delivery of the DA in the Western Cape. Our response, Speaker, is that, yes, the DA has delivered to the posh suburbs of Cape Town, but the poor and the majority of the people of Cape Town remember that the DA can only deliver open toilets ... [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order, hon members! Order!
The MINISTER OF STATE SECURITY: What we know with regard to the economy is that the poor people who come to seek job opportunities here in this city and in this province are told ...
Mrs S V KALYAN: Speaker, may I address you on a point of order? You made a ruling last week in the House that the Minister can respond to one statement. Now, in this case, three Ministers have responded to the same statement and I ... [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: They are not responding to the same statement. It is not one statement, hon member. Proceed, hon Minister.
The MINISTER OF STATE SECURITY: Speaker, what the member forgot to say is that those who look for opportunities ... [Interjections.]
Mrs S V KALYAN: Speaker, the Minister is responding to hon James’ statement on the economy. Hon Cronin also responded to that statement.
The MINISTER OF STATE SECURITY: No, it’s not James’ statement.
The SPEAKER: Hon member, please let the Minister continue. He is not speaking on the same statement. Continue, hon Minister!
The MINISTER OF STATE SECURITY: Thank you, hon Speaker, for the protection. What we want to say is that the majority of the people here in this province know that when they look for opportunities, be it jobs, be it schooling opportunities, they are called refugees in their own country, because they are disturbing the posh suburbs. Thank you. [Applause.]
SCHOOL FOR VISUALLY AND HEARING IMPAIRED RECEIVES SPECIALISED COMPUTER LAB
The DEPUTY MINISTER OF WOMEN, CHILDREN AND PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES: Hon Speaker, we want to thank the hon Peters for the statement she made regarding access to computers for disabled children. We believe that the earlier they have access to computers the more advanced their opportunities and performance when they go to higher education institutions.
As the Department of Women, Children and People with Disabilities, we would like to thank the responsive private sector companies for the partnerships that we have established with them, as well as for their vision to move South Africa forward by establishing these computer labs. We have established more than 25 computer labs now and we will be handing over 15 computer labs. That continues to give children with disabilities and teachers with disabilities an opportunity to function.
Lastly, we congratulate the MTN SA Foundation for complying with their licensing obligations and for going beyond the obligations, which were put in place by this very ANC-led government. Together, we are moving South Africa forward. [Applause.]
LANGUAGE USED BY HON MOSS RULED NOT UNPARLIAMENTARY
The SPEAKER: Hon members, I now want to talk about the rulings that I promised to make in this House. Hon members, on Tuesday, 18 February 2014, during the debate on the state of the nation address, the hon S V Kalyan rose on a point of order, contending that the remarks made in Afrikaans by the hon Moss from the podium were unparliamentary. Hon Kalyan indicated that, translated into English, the remarks meant, and I quote, “Shut up”. Having had the opportunity to study the Unrevised Hansard and the English translation of the remarks originally made in Afrikaans, my Afrikaans being not particularly great, I now wish to rule as follows:
According to Hansard, the hon Moss said:
We have a good story to tell. The situation in South Africa today is better than it was under apartheid.
There were then interjections, and she said, “You can keep your mouths shut, please.” Whereas the words “shut up” have previously been ruled unparliamentary, the remarks of hon Moss do not translate into this phrase. The member made a general appeal for members to keep quiet while she proceeded with her speech. [Applause.] The remarks are therefore not unparliamentary. [Interjections.] Order!
STATEMENT BY HON BHOOLA NOT UNPARLIAMENTARY
The SPEAKER: Hon members, during the debate on the state of the nation address on 19 February, hon A Watson rose on a point of order, alleging that a statement by Mr R B Bhoola was, and I quote, “racist”. He asked me to rule on the matter. I undertook to study the Hansard and return to the House with a ruling. Having had an opportunity to do so, I wish to rule as follows.
Hon Bhoola said, and I quote from the English translation of isiZulu in the Unrevised Hansard:
Mr President, the people support you and like you. They understand that white people would never do anything for their benefit. What would happen to them would be a complete fiasco, as the one that happen to Ramphele.
It is clear from the translation that the hon Bhoola, at most, could be accused of perpetrating a broad generalisation and perhaps even stereotyping, but I do not find his statement racist or derogatory of another ethic group. His remarks were therefore not unparliamentary. [Applause.]
However, having said that, I do want to sound a word of caution. Shortly after the aforementioned statement, hon Bhoola said, with reference to the hon Leader of the Opposition, and I quote, “I wonder if hon Mazibuko is black enough?” That is clearly a remark that is not characteristic of the tone we want to prevail in this House. Understandably, members are in electioneering mode, but we call on everyone to refrain from making remarks that could be construed as personal and divisive. I thank you.
LAND AUDIT REPORT
(Statement by the Acting Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform)
The ACTING MINISTER OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM (Mr L S Tsenoli): Hon Speaker, hon members, Ministers and Deputy Ministers, I thank you for the opportunity to address the House on this very important matter of the land audit. We do so because the land reform agenda of the democratic government rests on a series of actions that we have to take, and these actions must be seen together and not in isolation.
In the recent past, for example, this House passed the Restitution of Land Rights Act, which is an important pillar of the reform agenda of this government. In addition to that, the department has been working systematically in consultation with people affected by these measures, who informed this agenda and reached conclusions and agreed with proposals to create, for example, a Valuer-General and, in addition, institutions such as the Land Management Commission that would have a major impact once in place and operational. Thus ... [Interjection.]
Mr J H VAN DER MERWE: Deputy Speaker, on a point of order: I have noticed that the hon the Minister has his glasses on his head. What is he looking at? [Laughter.]
The ACTING MINISTER OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM (Mr L S Tsenoli): Hon Van der Merwe ...
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Hon Minister, can you wait a bit? Hon Van der Merwe, it would be a sad day if I chucked you out before the farewells. [Laughter.] I forgive you for now. Continue, hon Minister.
Mr J H VAN DER MERWE: Madam Deputy Speaker, I know that you like me. [Laughter.]
The ACTING MINISTER OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM (Mr L S Tsenoli): Deputy Speaker, to Mr Van der Merwe, it’s for me to have a clearer vision of the people in the gallery. I can see you clearly.
These measures are crucial to the land reform project, but we cannot do it successfully if we do not have an accurate reflection of the land audit in our country. This is one of the attempts that the department is undertaking. It was done as a result of our inherited legacy of the problems of different countries in one country, so to say, and therefore, different ways of measuring and recording things. Putting them together into a coherent system has proved to be a very daunting task. In fact, the work that has been done facilitated the process of eliminating these problems by useful analysis of all of this information and putting them together.
The focus of the audit is to enhance the compilation of a complete, accurate, comprehensive and reliable database of registered land parcels, thereby improving the integrity of a comprehensive land register and facilitating the update of asset registers of all organs of state. In other words, all departments at the national, provincial and local levels will now have a better picture, and where the absence of a land register created reasons for the Auditor-General’s concerns, these will be dealt with effectively once this process is over. It also serves as a basis for enhanced planning and administration, including other functions relating to property portfolio management and improved delivery of services. The Department of Public Works, for example, is already creating structures that will more effectively deal with the portfolio of properties.
Due consideration was given to, amongst others, the government’s programme of action and the objectives of the 18 key targets of the National Development Plan. The project is aligned with the following objectives of Chapter 8 of the National Development Plan, namely Spatial Justice: a strong and efficient spatial planning system, well integrated across the spheres of government; upgrading of all informal settlements on suitable, well-located land by 2030; enabling more people to live closer to their places of work; having a better quality public transport; and more jobs in and close to dense and urban townships.
The enhancement of the land register would be an invaluable linkage between, and repository of land information to, various strategic interventions currently under formulation, like the Land Management Commission as well as the Office of the Valuer-General and the implementation of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act.
This work is crucial for these programmes. To make our land reform a success depends on us improving this. One of the difficulties was the physical verification of the land parcels. The previous regime created serious difficulties, not only in who had it given land to, but also under what name and for what purpose. The physical verification, sending people to each part of the country and to each specific parcel of land, has been part of the process that was undertaken to do this verification. It has proved to be very useful and it has given us more or less the results that we would have liked to see.
Ironically, it is because of our intention to move away from racial classification that has created problems. In the registration of people and their acquisition of land, there has been no indication of whether people are black or white. This created an obstacle for us in verifying who actually owns land in our country. It is also important for members to remember that, as a result of weak regulatory systems in place, there are, amongst others, huge land grabs that are taking place globally and on our continent. We do not know whether foreigners own land in our country, how much land, and to what extent can we effectively protect land and ensure that most land is in the hands of the state and its people so that our development is not compromised by the inability of an ineffective land management system.
We say these things because our process would have been faster and quicker had we not been cautious and reconciliatory. We were mindful of the condition in our country that created a situation where, if we moved any faster, we might have compromised some of the successes we have gained in building social cohesion in our country and in creating conditions for people to accept the bona fides of all of us in a single united nonracial and democratic country.
Those processes were important. It is therefore absolutely crucial that once fully completed, we will have a very useful audit in our hands that will inform our planning processes and enable us to implement the National Development Plan effectively. These are some of the seeds that we are planting with a view to harvesting what we have outlined in the goals of the National Development Plan. There is no doubt that, taken good care of and nurtured appropriately, we will make the implementation very successful.
The information and the details hereof are available on the department’s website and members can visit it freely to inform themselves. The usefulness of knowing fully is that we will know what to change and how quickly we can move. This is the purpose of this statement and we hope that members will support it and make sure that wherever we are located, we are able to remove all obstacles towards its completion. I thank you.
Mr K J MILEHAM: Deputy Speaker, the State Land Audit was intended to address concerns over who owns what land in South Africa, who uses it and for what purpose. Unfortunately, it falls far short of that. The audit fails spectacularly to identify ownership patterns and whether or not there has been a positive transformation since 1994. In other words, we cannot use this audit at all to determine whether land reform targets are being met.
However, what it does tell us is that there are large tracks of land in state ownership, at least 14% of South Africa’s total land area, which could be utilised in a relatively short timeframe to address land reform concerns. So, if the State Land Audit fails to tell us who owns what, what we can use?
There are various independent studies that have been conducted which show that black ownership ranges from 15% to 28% of all privately owned agricultural land in municipalities to as high as 40% in some instances. According to the 2013 South Africa Survey conducted by the SA Institute of Race Relations, SAIRR, landownership estimates in KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and North West show that approximately 76% of the total land area is owned by black people and the respective provincial governments. This significantly contradicts the repeated statements of the ANC that the willing-buyer, willing-seller model is somehow hindering transformation.
I have previously raised the issue of the 8,4 million ha of land unaccounted for. It is not inconceivable or even improbable that the entirety of this land is also owned by the state, and that would raise the state’s ownership of land to some 21% of the country. Acting Minister, if there is any hold-up in land reform and the transformation of ownership demographics, it lies with the department. Acting Minister, the land you seek is to a large extent held by the state.
Now let me say this slowly so that there is no misunderstanding. The DA supports a land reform process that achieves redress in rural communities; that promotes economic inclusion to lift rural people out of poverty; and that supports growth and prosperity in the agricultural sector. We acknowledge that land reform is a moral and constitutional imperative and represents an opportunity to invigorate rural economies by giving rural dwellers greater access to productive assets.
But to date the restitution and reform process has been far too slow. It has not provided support for reform and restitution beneficiaries to build livelihoods on the land, and the money allocated to reform programmes has not been utilised effectively. We need a fresh approach, an approach that makes the agricultural sector a partner in rural transformation and an approach that addresses real land needs, like urban tenure.
Urban tenure remains a pipe dream for many South Africans, yet over 60% of our population is urbanised. It should be abundantly obvious that the starting point for land reform in South Africa must be to provide those living and working on the land with title deeds to their properties, and in many instances it is only the sheer inefficiency and maladministration of the Zuma administration that is preventing this from happening.
Twenty years of failed land reform is too much. By the Minister’s own admission, 90% of land reform projects have failed and the blame for that must be laid squarely at the door of the department. Until you implement proper pre- and post-settlement support for land reform beneficiaries, these projects will be white elephants. Examples of this include the Kangela Citrus Project and the Magwa Tea Plantation.
The DA’s position is clear. The property rights of any person dispossessed, whether under apartheid or through more recent expropriation, are of equal importance and cannot be divorced from each other. We need to respect the constitutional rights of all South Africans and treat them fairly.
A vibrant and inclusive rural economy can contribute to economic growth, create jobs and help alleviate poverty in South Africa. It speaks to the essence of the DA’s vision of an open opportunity society for all and will remain a key priority of all DA governments. Thank you, Deputy Speaker. [Applause.]
Ms S R BEREND: Hon Deputy Speaker, according to phase one of the desktop analysis on state land carried out by the Chief Surveyor-General for the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, and as presented to the parliamentary committee on 31 March 2011, the purpose of the project was to compile a comprehensive, accurate, complete and reliable database of all land parcels registered in the name of the government of the Republic of South Africa.
In September 2013 Mmuso Riba, the Chief Surveyor-General, reported that 96 million ha of land were in the hands of private owners and trusts, whilst the state remained with only 17 million ha.
In reality, the democratic state of an apartheid- and colonial-free South Africa owns only 14% of land. It was determined, however, that not all of the records in the state land database could be reconciled accurately.
In essence, we as indigenous or naturalised South Africans effectively do not own much of our own land. We are South Africans by name, but landless in reality. This is a serious indictment on our sovereignty.
On the crucial land issue, the final Constitution of 1996, emanating from the relevant section 28 in the interim Constitution, reads as follows:
Every person shall have the right to acquire and hold rights in property, and to the extent that the nature of the rights permits, to dispose of such land.
No deprivation of any rights in property shall be permitted otherwise than in accordance with a law.
It is widely accepted that section 28 represented a compromise that has left the people of this country poorer. This has affected the development of housing in municipalities, the distribution of services and the allocation of land and resources to the previously disadvantaged. South Africa has to own up to this reality.
We look forward to the new administration in the next Parliament to treat this matter with urgency and to give it the legitimacy it deserves. I thank you. [Applause.]
Mr R N CEBEKHULU: Deputy Speaker, this Land Audit Report has many issues, flags and gaps in information. Of particular concern are the millions of hectares that remain unaccounted for. However, this remains a reasonable starting point, which the department can use as a guide to begin its constructive reform of land ownership patterns and to develop sustainable rural communities.
Land reform in South Africa is still in its infancy. It is a sensitive subject and one we must address cautiously and with full information if we wish to enhance the effectiveness and success of the Land Reform Programme. State failures to account for land must be rectified. We would support calls for an external and independent assessment of land ownership. Such an independent third-party approach would ensure greater credibility.
We have heard many irresponsible statements made on land and land reform. The report should pave a way for government to take active steps in acquiring not only land, but also in ensuring that there is equitable redistribution. Lastly, tenure reform and administration must be done in such a way that it supports local community initiatives when it comes to land usage and give communities the freedom to truly be responsible for their own livelihood. Hon Deputy Speaker ...
... ngifisa ukuveza lokhu noma ukusho lokhu kule Ndlu. Umlando uthi, izwe lathathwa emakhosini nemiphakathi yabo. Baphucwa umhlaba babekwa ezintabeni, ezindaweni eziwugagadu, ezingalimeki abangekwazi ukuthi bangasebenza kuzona baphile. Ngakho-ke masikhuluma ngodaba lo mhlaba kuzofuneka kubukwe, kucatshangisiswe ukuthi leyo miphakathi yamakhosi eyaphucwa umhlaba ononileyo yahlaliswa ezintabeni iyahlinzekelelwa ekutheni inikezwe umhlaba. Lowo mhlaba osetshenziswa ngokwabelana ngumphakathi wonke kunokuthi kukhuthazwe ubunini bomhlaba emntwini ngamunye okuyolimaza isizwe ngakusasa nxa ngabe sithi: bonke abantu kufuneka baphathe amatatiyela ngoba abanye babo abayikukwazi ukugcina umhlaba ezandleni zabo ukuze begcinela izizukulwane kodwa uzogcina uhamba kushintshwana ngawo ngoba kuyobe sekuphethwe izimali. Ngiyabonga. (Translation of isiZulu paragraph follows.)
[... I wish to point this out in this House: History says land was taken away from traditional leaders and their communities. It was forcibly taken away from them and they were relocated to mountains and barren land that they could not cultivate in order to make a living from it. Therefore when we discuss land reform, we should consider that and allocate land to those communities that were dispossessed of their fertile land. That land must be shared by communities, and we should not encourage individual ownership, which would be a disadvantage for the future of the country. No individual title deeds should be issued for fear that some of the owners would not be able to maintain the land for their future generations. They would instead be tempted to sell it to make a profit for themselves. Thank you.]
Mr S Z NTAPANE: Madam Deputy Speaker, hon members, the UDM welcomes the State Land Audit. We commend the hon Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform for taking such an important decision, because it is only through this newly created department that we now know the extent of land that belongs to the state.
Hon Deputy Speaker, it is worrisome to learn that the state owns such a small portion of land in this country. This is indeed instructive for land restitution. It is also worrying to learn that in the small amount of land the state owns there is 6,4% that is not classified.
Hon Minister, what the UDM wants to know, in the category of private land ownership, is how much is owned by whites and how much by blacks in this country? I am asking this question because there is the task to reverse the legacy of the Natives Land Act.
Hon members, how I wish you could see the consolidated land ownership. It is shocking; the province with the highest extent of land owned by the state is KwaZulu-Natal, with 50%. In the Free State, 91% is privately owned; in the Northern Cape, 94% is privately owned; in the Western Cape, 89% of the land is privately owned. Overall, my dear colleagues, the state owns 14% of the land in this country, while 79% is privately owned. Therefore, this is what makes the UDM keen to know how much of this private land is owned by blacks and how much by whites.
Madam Deputy Speaker, the UDM welcomes the audit report. I thank you. [Applause.]
Dr P J GROENEWALD: Agb Adjunkspeaker [Hon Deputy Speaker], I want to say to the hon Minister: Minister, you came to this podium and you spoke a lot of nonsense! You said nothing! You were supposed to make a statement on the Land Audit Report, but all you came here to say is, we are busy with the land audit. The FF Plus ... [Interjections.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: There is a point of order, hon Groenewald.
Mr L SUKA: Madam Deputy Speaker, is it parliamentary for the hon member to say the Minister spoke nonsense, and saying emphatically so?
Dr C P MULDER: Hon Deputy Speaker, before you make a ruling, may I address you? I am of the view that it is not unparliamentary to say that a member speaks nonsense, definitely not.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Hon Groenewald, even if it is not unparliamentary, “nonsense” is “nonsense”. You can’t say in this Parliament the Minister came here and spoke nonsense. [Interjections.]
Dr P J GROENEWALD: Deputy Speaker, if “nonsense” is “nonsense” then the Minister is speaking nonsense! I can’t say something else if he speaks nonsense. Nonsense is nonsense! Thank you.
Mr J H VAN DER MERWE: Deputy Speaker, if the hon member cannot say “nonsense”, is he allowed to say “balderdash”? [Laughter.]
Dr P J GROENEWALD: Hon Deputy Speaker, it seems it is going to become unparliamentary to say anything else.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Hon Groenewald, there is a point of order. And I hope you will have order at that podium.
The MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS: Deputy Speaker, I believe it is parliamentary for us to talk to each other with respect, whether or not we are going into an election, in order to represent and act on the points Minister Manuel put so clearly before this House just two days ago, a sentiment I thought we all agreed with. Just a day or so ago, the Chief Whip of the Opposition drew our attention to the Rule on offensive and unbecoming language.
I think to refer to the Minister as having spoken “nonsense” is offensive language and is not acceptable in this House. [Interjections.] There are ways in which an hon member can convey their disagreement, either vehement or otherwise, with statements made by members of this House, but to use a pejorative such as was used, I believe should be ruled unparliamentary. However, it is your ruling, Deputy Speaker. Thank you.
Dr C P MULDER: Deputy Speaker ...
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Deputy Speaker, may I address you?
Dr C P MULDER: Deputy Speaker, may I address you on ...
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: No, I am not going to allow anybody to address me. You have already spoken. I‘m not going to allow you. [Interjections.] Hon Groenewald!
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Madam Deputy Speaker, I have not spoken, and I have a right to address you.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: On the same issue?
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Deputy Speaker, on that issue, I wish to address you. I have not spoken before.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Is it a point of order or are you telling me what to rule?
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Deputy Speaker, I don’t want to tell you what to rule. I want to address you in terms of what the Rules allow me to do.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Okay, let me hear it.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Madam Deputy Speaker, my point is that I think what we have here is a problem with the English language, because “nonsense” means “nonsensical”; it means what the Minister is saying does not make sense. That is not derogatory. [Interjections.] [Applause.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: However, hon Groenewald, it is offensive language. [Interjections.] It is offensive language, and taking into account ... [Interjections.] Are you all hon Groenewald? It is offensive. You can say that in a shebeen, but this is not a shebeen; this is a Chamber.
Dr P J GROENEWALD: Hon Deputy Speaker, if I may, I want to say to the hon Minister: Minister, if a Minister comes here and talks sense, I have respect for that Minister, but if a Minister comes here and talks nonsense, I don’t have respect for him, and I will not withdraw that.
The MINISTER OF HOME AFFAIRS: Deputy Speaker, I would like to remind the hon member that he has to address himself to the Chair. I also wish to confirm to the hon Watson that I know English very well and I know what is offensive and unbecoming in terms of the Rule that he drew our attention to just two days ago. I would suggest to the colleagues over there, whose mouths unfortunately are unable to close, that they should from time to time select a moment for their lips to be still.
Unfortunately for them, I will not join them in being insulting, as they are doing to me. [Interjections.]
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Deputy Speaker, that is not a point of order. You have ruled that you would not allow any more points. You have allowed the Minister to speak at length twice now!
Dr C P MULDER: Hon Deputy Speaker, may I address you? You have allowed the Minister to have a second speech. I will do exactly the same if it is fine with you. May I just, for the sake of clarity, say you have not ruled that it is unparliamentary, so, in that case, the hon member has nothing to withdraw. I would request you to allow the member to continue with his speech. Thank you.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: You are right. Sit down, hon Groenewald, please. You are correct. I said to hon Groenewald that it was offensive language – maybe it is not to you – that should not be used in the Chamber. He repeated the word and said he was not going to withdraw it, even though I was cautioning him. You are right; I did not say he must withdraw the word, but now he repeated that word and said he was not going to withdraw it, which compels the Chair to ask him to withdraw it.
Dr C P MULDER: Hon Deputy Speaker, are you now ruling that it is unparliamentary? Is that your ruling?
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: I’m saying it is offensive. That is my ruling. [Interjections.]
Dr C P MULDER: No, hon Deputy Speaker, I need to understand. Are you ruling it is unparliamentary? [Interjections.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Yes, I’m saying that. That is what I am saying.
Dr C P MULDER: Thank you.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: That is what I’m saying. Hon Groenewald, will you withdraw it?
Mr M WATERS: Deputy Speaker, may I address you as an English-speaking person? The word “nonsense” is not offensive; it is not. [Interjections.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Can we have order in this House! Hon Chief Whip, is that a point of order?
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Deputy Speaker, yes, please. Hon members on the other side ... [Interjections.] ... are defying your instruction for hon Groenewald to continue to speak. They disrupted and stopped him. They are going against your ruling.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Thank you, hon Chief Whip.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: You are out of order! [Interjections.] Hey, you are out of order! [Laughter.] [Interjections.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Hon Groenewald, I want to give my ruling again, and you listen carefully.
Dr P J GROENEWALD: I am listening.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: While the word “nonsense” has maybe in the past not been ruled unparliamentary, it is really offensive. When adult people are speaking, nobody can stand up and say you are talking nonsense. I have ruled and I expect the members to respect my ruling. I have asked you to withdraw that word.
Dr P J GROENEWALD: Agb Adjunkspeaker, laat ek dan in my moedertaal praat. Ek is nie Engelssprekend nie. My moedertaal is Afrikaans. Ek het gesê: Die agb Minister praat twak. Sy twak is nat. [Tussenwerpsels.] Hy weet nie waarvan hy praat nie. Dit is so eenvoudig soos dit. Ek sal dit nie terugtrek nie. Ons is politici en daar is baie mense wat partymaal ook vir my sê dat ek nonsense praat, en ek moet dit kan hanteer. (Translation of Afrikaans paragraph follows.)
[Dr P J GROENEWALD: Hon Deputy Speaker, let me speak in my mother tongue. I am not an English-speaking person. Afrikaans is my mother tongue. I said: “Die agb Minister praat twak. Sy twak is nat.” [The hon Minister is talking nonsense. His powder is damp.] [Interjections.] He does not know what he is talking about. It is as simple as that. I will not withdraw it. We are politicians, and sometimes other people also tell me that I am talking nonsense, and I have to be able to deal with it.]
Mr K J MILEHAM: Deputy Speaker, if may address you on a point of order: What the hon Groenewald has said, is exactly the same as he said in English. However, Deputy Speaker, if I may address you on a further point of order: While you were speaking just now making your ruling, the hon Waters was sitting on that side and kept on saying that you were talking nonsense. Deputy Speaker, I would like to say that I think it is discourteous and disrespectful to you as a Deputy Speaker. I would like to ask that the hon Waters withdraw that remark, please.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Hon Groenewald, if you decide not to withdraw, you leave me no option but to ask you to leave the Chamber. [Applause.]
Dr P J GROENEWALD: Hon Deputy Speaker, I must say that I have been in this House for more than 20 years, and what I cannot understand is that you say it is not unparliamentary to use the word or the term “nonsense”, but you ask me to withdraw it. I will not withdraw it and I will leave the Chamber. [Applause.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Okay, you can leave the House, sir.
Whereupon the member withdrew from the Chamber.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Can we proceed with the debate? [Interjections.] Is that a point of order?
Nksz T B SUNDUZA: Njengomntwana okhule ethetha i-Afrikaans ngokubangelwa yimvelaphi yam yezeelwimi, eli gama lithi ‘twak’ lithetha enye into endingenakuyibiza apha kule Ndlu. Ngoko ke, ndicela uyijonge loo nto. Enkosi. (Translation of isiXhosa paragraph follows.)
[Ms T B SUNDUZA: As a child who grew up speaking Afrikaans, and because of my background in languages, the word “twak” means something that I cannot even mention in this House. I therefore ask you to investigate that. Thank you.]
Dr C P MULDER: Hon Deputy Speaker, may I address you on that?
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: No, I’m pointing at ...
Dr C P MULDER: Hon Deputy Speaker, I have to address you.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Hon Swart, come to the podium, please! I’m not entertaining any debate. Anybody who wants to talk about nonsense or anything else will have to say that another time. Continue, hon Swart.
Mr S N SWART: Deputy Speaker, I undertake not to speak any nonsense today. [Laughter.] According to the 2013 Land Audit Report, 14% of the land is held by the state. Some 79% is held by citizens, trusts and companies, and the remaining 7%, or 8,4 million hectares, is unregistered or unrecorded in the Deeds Office.
We, in the ACDP, fully appreciate that the land issue is very emotional and must be addressed in a responsible manner to the satisfaction of all parties concerned. In view of the fact that almost 21% of the land is either unregistered or in the hands of the state, we believe that there is some responsibility on the part of the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform for the slow rate of land reform that we have seen. We do believe that this can be improved upon. Clearly, resolving the land issue is a complex issue, where aspirations for land must be balanced against existing property rights, agriculture and food security within the constitutional order.
We know that agriculture is the primary source of income for as many as 5 million people and their dependants, and we know, therefore, that finding solutions to this very contentious issue is in the best interests of the country’s political and social stability and its economic future. Sustainable growth is what is required, and that requires a thriving rural and agricultural sector. What we need is rural development and the productive usage of land. We need far better support for emerging farmers, mentorships and partnerships.
The issue of land should not now be a political football used during the campaigning, as unrealistic expectations can be created which, if unfulfilled, will create even greater tension in society. We in the ACDP implore all leaders to be cautious in the language we use, in the promises we make. We are shocked at some of the outrageous claims that are being made by a certain party that is not represented in this House, but which wear red berets. We, as leaders, must be dealers in hope, and also be peacemakers. Are we not taught, “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called the sons of God?”
Let us campaign responsibly, but let us also stand for justice and righteousness. I thank you.
Mr R B BHOOLA: Madam Deputy Speaker, former President Nelson Mandela spoke brilliantly about land during the Rivonia Trial. He said, “I am without land because the white minority has taken the lion’s share of my country.” Unfortunately, the DA is not here to hear that. That is absolute sense.
Can we honestly say, 50 years later, that things have changed? Today, 70% of the population still lives on less than 10% of the land. Apartheid has left terrible scars in the lives of ordinary South Africans and, as a country, we must do more to rectify the injustices of the past. This is totally unethical and smacks of opportunism.
Through the visionary foresight of President Zuma, the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform was formed in 2009. This will forever be one of the President’s greatest achievements.
Land is crucial to self-determination, the sustaining and building of our country and the sovereignty of our people. We cannot let the legacy of apartheid determine our future. Land is a sensitive and emotional issue. The task of redistribution is massive. This must be achieved at all costs.
The MF lauds the department for not only focusing on land redistribution, but also on the development of vibrant and sustainable communities though our job creation and through provision of infrastructure. We must be wary of simply redistributing land so that we can boast about progress. Advancement will be when we create integrated communities, where all our people have security of tenure, released from the shackles of poverty and given proper, sustainable jobs, marching forward, living in harmony, united in our diversity.
This audit lays the foundation for achieving the target of restoring ownership. It delineates that 79% of our land is privately owned, which I have previously said, while the state owns only 14%. This provides us with a framework and lays the foundation for achieving the target of restoring ownership to those who have been forcefully dispossessed of their land.
Phase 2 of this audit will be crucial. It will give us a clear understanding of who owns what. I have a nagging suspicion that if we do a land audit in respect of all the hon DA members here on my left, it will show that they own more land than the whole of this House combined. [Applause.] [Interjections.]
Like any good doctor, you cannot treat a patient without a thorough diagnosis. Therefore, we welcome this report as a stepping stone to creating a platform for greater land distribution. Once again, the MF reiterates a 2030 vision of creating a property-owning democracy for all our people. The MF welcomes and supports the report. [Applause.]
Mr K J DIKOBO: Hon Deputy Speaker, hon members and guests in the gallery, land was the primary reason our people waged the liberation struggle. The struggle was a direct response to decades of land dispossession and conquest, where people were forcefully removed from their ancestral land. The so-called land reform was meant to reverse that and to change ownership patterns. The process was supposed to return land to the rightful owners.
Azapo does not understand how government could conduct an audit that did not ask whether the people who owned land were black or white. How do we hope to evaluate changes in ownership patterns if we do not want to ask that question?
Let us talk about the 14% of the land in state hands, and I want to be very clear. Azapo believes that the land, the sea and air space, and minerals, must belong to the people, with the state holding it in trust. So, in our view, it is 100% of the land that must be in the state’s hands, as a trustee, on behalf of the people.
Government tied itself into knots, however, with the so-called property clause. Guaranteeing property rights meant guaranteeing the poverty and landlessness of the people. So, as we receive the report today, Azapo’s cry and clarion call is, Mayibuye i-Afrika. [Let it return, the Africa we have lost.] We thank you. [Interjections.] [Applause.]
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: Madam Deputy Speaker, I certainly find some affinity with what the hon Groenewald had to say. I certainly found no sense in what was spoken in the statement. It has, however, solved a very big mystery in this Parliament. Since his appointment as the Minister of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs, Minister Tsenoli has not attended a single committee meeting! [Interjections.] I see what has happened. He has obviously missed the right room and has gone and sat in Rural Development and Land Reform’s committee meetings, and that is why we haven’t seen him. Perhaps he would give those glasses, if he would be so kind, to Minister Nkwinti, because Minister Nkwinti needs those glasses to find all the land that has been disbursed and which government does not have in its records and has no record of who it has been given to. [Interjections.] If it wasn’t impolite, I would say, “Keep your mouth shut”, seeing as it is now parliamentary to say that. [Interjections.]
I want to turn to this issue as well, because there is a lot of double-speak in this Chamber. We have just had the hon Bhoola up here, who is the king of double-speak. The hon Bhoola comes and sits in the DA offices with the hon Selfe and the hon Hoosen, and desperately wants to join the DA. [Interjections.] He then comes to this House and pretends to be the biggest ANC supporter. [Interjections.] A few days ago, the hon Bhoola stood at this podium ...
Mr R B BHOOLA: Madam Deputy Speaker, on a point of order: Is it parliamentary for an hon member who cannot keep his mouth shut, to come and lie here in the National Assembly under false pretences? [Interjections.]
Mrs S V KALYAN: Madam Deputy Speaker, may I address you on a point of order? Is it parliamentary for one member to say that another member is lying? [Interjections.] The hon Bhoola said that the hon Steenhuisen is lying. That is unparliamentary. [Interjections.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Yes, all right. Continue, hon Steenhuisen. I will talk about that. Continue.
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: Thank you very much. The hon Bhoola, a couple of days ago during the debate on women’s empowerment and gender equality, stood at this podium and said that he was all for women’s empowerment and how women must take the lead in the country
Mr R B BHOOLA: Madam Deputy Speaker, will the hon Steenhuisen take a question?
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: No! He stood here and said ...
Mr R B BHOOLA: He’s afraid of me ...
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: No.
Mr R B BHOOLA: ... because I will make him dance on my little finger. [Laughter.]
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: I’m sure. [Applause.] I’d hate to know what’s been there before. [Laughter.] He stood here and said he’s all for women’s empowerment, but he’s spent the last two years of his life trying to get a woman out of her job in his own party! [Interjections.] He goes to Chatsworth and says: “We will stand up for the minorities.” He comes to this House and votes for a Bill that will ensure that South Africans of Indian origin will not find work for the next 15 years! [Interjections.] That is why the people have seen through him.
Mr R B BHOOLA: Madam Deputy Speaker, on a point of order ...
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: No, it’s interfering with my time. This is harassment. [Interjections.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: No, hon Bhoola, can’t you allow the hon member to finish attacking you so that we can come back to the point? Can’t you do that?
Mr R B BHOOLA: Madam Deputy Speaker, I will certainly sit and listen to his nonsensical issues.
Mr J H STEENHUISEN: We learnt it from you. That is why the people have seen through you and gave the MF a thrashing in Chatsworth, in their old backyard. The people are tired of stories in South Africa. They want delivery, and that is why they are going to vote DA on 7 May! [Interjections.] [Time expired.]
Mrs S V KALYAN: Madam Deputy Speaker, I had ...
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Yes, I haven’t attended to that yet.
Mrs S V KALYAN: All right. Thank you.
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Proceed, hon Thibedi.
Mr J D THIBEDI: Hon Deputy Speaker, hon Ministers, Deputy Ministers, my colleagues, at the 2005 National Land Summit, the critical issue of the National Land Audit was debated and it was resolved that the state should undertake this exercise. This call was informed by the fact that what can’t be measured cannot inform a process of transformation, reconstruction and development. Numerous structures of the ANC debated this matter.
In the evaluating process of progress of the 4th National Policy Conference of the ANC in June, the ANC re-affirmed its position of fast-tracking land redistribution to the landless people, stating that the audit should be completed by December 2012. The directive was that the audit should cover the survey of state land together with the former Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei, TBVC, states.
The policy conference further agreed that in August 2012 a meeting of all custodian departments should be held to take stock of the progress made in the surveying of the state land portfolio under custodianship and to table a complete register of immovable assets. The reversal of the 1913 Natives Land Act legacy has everything to do with ensuring the completion of a comprehensive land audit.
The state land audit must be seen in the context of the transformation of both the urban and rural economies, and the implementation of agrarian transformation leading to a rapid and fundamental change in relation to production, ownership and control of land.
Land is a finite resource. It sustains our country, determines our sovereignty as a nation and is the foundation of our diverse culture, which is at the heart of who we are. The state land audit constitutes a matter of strategic national importance. In addition, the purpose of the audit of state land was to determine how much land is owned by the state, what is it used for and who its occupants or users are.
It also had to compile an accurate land register that provides detailed information about what rights exist over the land and which state structure holds the title deed of the land. In terms of the process, the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform was tasked with the executive responsibility to conduct this audit and the Office of the Chief Surveyor-General was commissioned to conduct such audit.
The audit was conducted onsite by state officials with the assistance of contract workers employed by the department. The work began in essence in December 2009, when the Office of the Chief Surveyor-General was tasked by the Minister to compile a comprehensive, accurate, complete and reliable database of all land parcels registered in the name of the government of the Republic of South Africa across all spheres of government, former TBVC states and state-owned enterprises.
The audit was conducted in phases. Phase one was a study of the deeds offices conducted in 2010 in order to identify all pieces of land registered in the name of the state. The second phase was conducted by identifying every piece of state land during site visits, gathering all information relating to occupants or users, occupation agreements, existing infrastructure and services, and establishing whether it was, in fact, state or private land.
The findings showed that the state owns 14% of the country’s land, with 79% of land in private hands, as was already alluded to by my colleagues who spoke before me. In the Eastern Cape there are a huge number of hectares which are unaccounted for. In Gauteng the largest percentage of land is in private hands and also reflects the largest percentage of land owned by foreign nationals. The lowest percentage of land that is uncounted for is in the Northern Cape and the Free State. Currently, the state-owned land constitute just over 17 million hectares, with more than 96 million hectares in private hands.
Hon Deputy Speaker, the hon Mileham of the DA came to this podium and told South Africans that the DA supported the process of land reform. I must, however, remind him that the DA refused to support the Restitution of Land Rights Amendment Bill; they voted against it. They also voted against the Property Valuation Bill just yesterday.
Hon Ntapane reminded us that 89% of private-owned land is here in the Western Cape. [Interjections.] I think that in debating this issue of land, hon members, it becomes very clear that the politics of blacks and whites play themselves out loud and clear. The whites who are privileged to have owned this land are consistently refusing to have an honest discussion about how this land can be returned to its rightful owners.
Let me remind them that their stance is not sustainable, because there are many people in this country who endorse the Constitution, which is the driver that actually compels or propels us to drive this process. We are not driving the process of land restitution simply because we have lost something in our heads, but because we know that the land was taken from our people in 1913, and therefore there is a need for a democratic government to take the land back.
He speaks about the willing-buyer, willing-seller principle, and he is fully aware that the willing-buyer, willing-seller model, as far as the National Assembly is concerned, is replaced by the principle of just and equitable compensation. I do not know what he is talking about; he lives in the past. He reminds me of someone who continues to sing the song, “Bring back my yesterday”.
The Constitution of this country is a guarantee that the past is gone, and it will never come back again. In terms of rural economy, as he was explaining here, we must remind him that we have what is called a Comprehensive Rural Development Plan, CRDP, which is aimed at making sure that our economy in the rural areas is vital.
The CRDP compels the state to pump in infrastructure money to ensure that rural areas are developed. I don’t know in which country he is living; maybe he lives in another country. But let me say to the hon members in the House who still believe that they can hold onto this land that the process is moving. Hon Nkwinti told us that, siyaqhuba [we are moving]; we are not going to stop. You better join us, because what we are doing is legal. So, you better join us.
What I like about South Africa is that our people are still full of hope and patience that we will resolve this matter, and I can assure you that the ANC is going to address this matter, with or without some of you on my left. The good thing is that the majority of members in this House are in support of this process.
I feel only pity for my African colleagues who are trapped in the politics of the party on my left, because they know that the land we are talking about is the land their grandfathers and grandmothers lost at the hands of some of these people who are sitting on my left. [Applause.] But they can’t stand up and break ranks and say, enough is enough, because the dispossession of land was the genesis of poverty in this country for African people.
We are not going to sit back. We have the majority, which we are going to use, but we will follow the Constitution to ensure that the land is constitutionally returned to its rightful owners. Thank you. [Applause.]
The DEPUTY MINISTER FOR CO-OPERATIVE GOVERNANCE AND TRADITIONAL AFFAIRS: Deputy Speaker, on a point of order: In the course of the hon Steenhuisen’s speech, he launched a personal attack on the hon Bhoola. In the course of that attack, he proceeded to impute political positions to a group of South Africans based on their racial classification or the origins of their ancestors.
I would ask you to rule whether that is the parliamentary way of conducting debate in the South African Parliament 20 years after the advent of democracy under the Constitution that we have fought so long and hard for. [Interjections.] [Applause.]
The DEPUTY SPEAKER: Thank you, hon Deputy Minister. I take note of that point of order, including the hon Kalyan’s point of order. I will study the Hansard and come back with a ruling. [Interjections.]
DIVISION OF REVENUE BILL
(Consideration of Report)
There was no debate.
Mr G D SCHNEEMANN: Speaker, on behalf of the Chief Whip of the Majority Party, I move:
That the Report be adopted.
Motion agreed to.
Report accordingly adopted.
DIVISION OF REVENUE BILL
(Second Reading debate)
Mr E M SOGONI: Hon Deputy Speaker, hon colleagues of the ANC and hon members, the overview of the National Development Plan, NDP, quotes the Reconstruction and Development Programme as follows:
No political democracy can survive and flourish if the mass of our people remain in poverty, without land, without tangible prospects for a better life. Attacking poverty and deprivation must therefore be the first priority of a democratic government.
The 2014 Budget Review acknowledges the progress that has been made in improving the lives of the people. However, there remains a high level of poverty, inequality and unemployment, especially amongst the young people of our country. It acknowledges that in many parts of our country, public services are uneven or of poor quality, and that our economy is not growing fast enough to meet the challenges we face.
Therefore, the 2014 Budget and this Division of Revenue Bill address these challenges over the mediumterm in line with South Africa’s long-term framework for economic growth and social development – the NDP. This signals the beginning of the implementation of the NDP across government.
The NDP Vision 2030 clearly states that the fiscal policy would be expected to play a central role in influencing the pace at which the economy will grow and its capacity to deal with key challenges that will arise over the next two decades. Domestic challenges include poor education and health outcomes, the challenges of coping with rapid urbanisation, infrastructure capacity weaknesses coupled with inadequate investment levels as well as household and spatial inequalities.
The inadequacy of infrastructure, particularly with respect to port facilities, roads, rail, energy, water and sanitation can hamper the long-term growth potential. The other challenge identified refers to low expenditure of conditional grants intended to address national policy priorities.
But how does the government propose to respond to these challenges? Firstly, to address low spending on infrastructure, the 2013 Division of Revenue Act implored any provincial department or municipality intending to undertake any infrastructure project to submit a detailed plan two years prior to the year of proposed implementation. Secondly, in the event of the funds being stopped as a result of slow spending, the receiving officer must submit a report explaining why those funds were stopped; in other words, the receiving officer is given the responsibility of explaining why those funds were not spent.
A new sanitation grant has been introduced to eradicate the bucket system in the country over the next two years. This grant will be administered by the Human Settlements department in conjunction with the Department of Water Affairs and the Department of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs. However, I am sure the next Parliament will have to review in the next two years whether these objectives have been achieved.
A new clause 14 of the Division of Revenue Bill institutionalises the Built Environment Performance Plan, BEPP, as a tool for changing the spatial development patterns of our cities. The BEPP bridges the gap between the IDP and the Budget, giving effect to the Spatial Development Framework. This is a very detailed programme designed, amongst others, to support integrated city development.
The NDP says, and I quote:
Urban sprawl should be contained and possibly reversed as denser forms of development are more efficient in terms of land usage, infrastructure usage and environmental protection. The major concentration of urban poor should be spatially linked into the mainstream of city life through investments in transport infrastructure and the connecting corridors of development.
This Division of Revenue Bill seeks to address this programme. The ANC-led government strengthened the social infrastructure by consolidating the health infrastructure grants into one in order to improve the efficacy and value for money, improving oversight of the education infrastructure grant and ensuring that resources were put aside for maintenance.
Hon members, this budget provides more resources to the poorer municipalities so that those municipalities can deliver free basic services such as water, refuse removal and electricity to the poor municipalities, especially to the 23 indentified poor districts that have been prioritised, to ensure that there is running water in every household in the rural areas of our country. The DA rejects the extension of all services to the poor. [Interjections.] Yes, that’s why yesterday you opposed the fiscal framework and today you will oppose the Division of Revenue Bill. So, it is simple. It means that you don’t want the poor people of our country to receive services, otherwise you would not oppose the Division of Revenue Bill.
The DA fails here in Cape Town to provide these services to poorer communities. They want the national government in turn to deprive our people of these basic services. The poor people should know by now that the DA has no interest in providing them with these services. All they need is their vote. You will not fool our people in Manenberg, Mitchell’s Plain, Khayelitsha and Nyanga. [Interjections.] No wonder crime is so high in those places. This government is committed to fighting crime and corruption and this Division of Revenue Bill provides for services to fight corruption by strengthening the Office of the Procurement-General. However, the DA rejects this.
Again, yesterday, the DA voted against the Public Service Administration and Management Bill because it proposes to professionalise the Public Service in agreement with the unions. What does the DA do? It rejects the Bill so that it can cling to the past and continue to complain about services that are not being rendered.
The DA in the past few weeks opposed all the laws that aim to improve the lives of the poor. The DA in the Western Cape, for example, refuses to allow children from poor communities to be sent to Cuba to be trained as doctors. Yet, all the other provinces send the children to Cuba so that they can be trained as doctors. It is the only province that refuses to allow children to be sent to Cuba to be trained as doctors. All it wants is to supply the poor people with blue t-shirts. The ANC uses this budget as a tool to improve the lives of the poor, but the DA says no, that’s not their constituency.
The DA opposes hon Swart’s attempts through the ANC to provide universal access to health, which is the National Health Insurance, NHI. What do they want from the people? They want their votes, because if the NHI is provided, they will lose profits derived from their private health services. They fear a lot of people might be treated at these facilities. They reject all programmes intended to improve the lives of the poor.
Our manifesto says we must implement the NDP. The ANC government established the National Planning Commission and commissioned it to come up with the NDP. We are implementing the NDP, and not because the DA all of a sudden chooses to become the champions of the NDP as if they were implementing it in their own province. [Interjections.] No, you are not.
The Division of Revenue Bill enjoins the Department of Human Settlements to devolve the powers to deliver houses to the six metropolitan municipalities. Initially, as we know, some metros do not have the capacity to deliver houses ... [Interjections.] ... including Cape Town. The other metros are better off, because they are at level 2. I am not sure if Cape Town is at that same level. [Interjections.] I know it is not.
The government has created a capacity-building grant of R900 million over the MTEF period in order for the municipalities to receive a human settlements grant to be able to deliver houses. This process will accelerate the delivery of houses as most bulk infrastructure planning takes place at the local government level.
The ANC welcomes steps taken by the National Treasury in creating direct grants that are ring-fenced for a specific purpose. The indirect grants are meant to support those municipalities that may not have sufficient capacity to deliver those services. This requirement is in line with section 154 of the Constitution which enjoins the national and provincial government to support local government to deliver services.
In conclusion, may I take this opportunity to thank the ANC for giving me the opportunity to be in this Parliament. Without the ANC, I would never have been able to speak on this podium. I would also like to thank my colleagues for the support they have given me over the years, especially my colleagues in the financial cluster, Comrade Mufamadi, the Chairperson of the Standing Committee on Finance, Comrade Charel De Beer, the Chairperson of the Select Committee on Finance, and Comrade Tebogo Chaane, the Chairperson of the Select Committee on Appropriations, as well as the study group led by the Whip, hon Mashigo.
I would also like to extend my sincere thanks to all the members of the committee with whom we have worked over the past five years, including the DA members, who have been very supportive in this work, though they change when they come to this House. I don’t know whether they have two mandates, one mandate for the committee and one for the House. However, I thank you for your support over the years.
I would like to thank the staff for their hard work in ensuring that the work of the committee was achieved, and also my secretary, Mrs Kakaza. The ANC supports the Division of Revenue Bill. Thank you, Deputy Speaker. [Applause.]
Mr T D HARRIS: House Chairperson, for a chairperson of the appropriations committee, the hon Sogoni has an alarmingly poor grasp of numbers, the Western Cape’s delivery numbers in particular. Here are the numbers, hon Sogoni: 76% of our provincial budget of the Western Cape is spent in poor areas. The Western Cape has the highest access to water, flush toilets and electricity of any province ... [Interjections.] There is access to free basic sanitation, water and electricity. [Interjections.]
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mr C T Frolick): Order, hon members! Order!
Mr T D HARRIS: We have reduced the number of underperforming schools, under the ANC, from 85 to 23 today. When we took over the provincial government there was a shortage of 6 000 nurses; a vacancy rate of 34%. Today that vacancy rate is 1%. Those are the numbers of the DA’s record in government, hon Sogoni. [Interjections.]
Turning now to the Division of Revenue Bill, the memo to the Bill says it is focused on promoting economic development, investing in infrastructure, and creating jobs. Unfortunately, like the fiscal framework, this Division of Revenue Bill is too conservative to achieve these objectives.
On Tuesday the Minister wondered whether the DA had suddenly became a radical party. The answer to that question, hon Minister, is no. We have always been a radical party. [Interjections.] Radical reform is the only way to tackle our economic problems and achieve our country’s great potential. Radical reform is the only way to help the private sector to create the jobs we need. The agenda for that reform is contained in the DA’s manifesto. This would set us on the path to drive growth up to 8% and help the economy create 6 million jobs, hon Minister. Those are not the DA’s numbers, they come from a working paper written by Treasury’s own researchers and published by the Reserve Bank last year.
This document shows our policy agenda. This document – our alternative budget – shows how we can afford to implement it within the fiscal constraints that this government has left us. I encourage all members to download the DA’s alternative budget from the website, because it contains R8,7 billion’s worth of tax cuts, R2 billion more spent on job creation, R9 billion more spent on education, R3 billion to put more capital in the hands of poor South Africans and R4,5 billion to secure our communities.
That doesn’t mean that the DA believes we should live beyond our means. We cannot allow the Budget deficit number to run higher. But the good news is that we can afford all of this and still reduce the Budget deficit to 4%. [Interjections.]
Ms Z S DUBAZANA: Hon Chairperson, on a point of order!
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mr C T Frolick): Yes, hon member?
Ms Z S DUBAZANA: Chairperson, on a point of order: Is it parliamentary for an hon member to debate an item that is not on the Order Paper, because what is on the Order Paper is the Division of Revenue Bill, not the Budget Speech. Thank you.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mr C T Frolick): Hon Harris, let’s stick to the topic at hand, although we should also keep in mind that this is a broad political debate. Nevertheless, stick to the item on the Order Paper, please.
Mr T D HARRIS: Chair, the question is, what would the DA do if we were passing this Division of Revenue Bill? I’ll tell you what we would do.
We would streamline government by shutting down and integrating certain government departments and programmes, reducing the budget for the Presidency, and disband the National Youth Development Agency. By so doing, we would save more than R10 billion.
We would stop corrupt public servants from doing business with the state and would introduce a no-frills ministerial handbook – that’s R13 billion.
We would introduce real cost-saving measures like we have done in the Western Cape government, where we reduced ANC spending in the provincial government on catering by 28%, on venues by 29%, on consultants by 38% and on advertising by 52%.
If this whole government operated like the DA does in government, we would save R5,8 billion on those noncore expenditure items. That is how the DA would afford to implement our policies. It would be the radical change that South Africa needs to create jobs and grow the economy. It would be the opposite of this conservative Budget that we have before us today.
If this is really Minister Gordhan’s last term as Finance Minister, then I need to end by thanking him for his openness in working with Parliament and his respect for our oversight role here. Our debates, I am sure you will all agree, have been robust, but were focused on policy, as they should be. Although we disagree on how to fix South Africa’s economic problems, I know that National Treasury and the finance family is dedicated to the Constitution and has the best interests of South Africans at heart.
This Minister is a man of integrity who lives by the standard that he sets. If he leaves, he will leave big shoes to fill. I thank you. [Applause.]
Ms B D FERGUSON: Hon Chairperson, hon Ministers, hon members, Cope rises in this debate to offer some comment and support for the Division of Revenue Bill for government to continue in its functions.
I am not a member of the appropriations committee. However, my esteemed colleague, hon Leonard Ramatlakane, on whose behalf I speak, is and he has participated in the public hearings with institutions and some departments of the Division of Revenue Act.
The committee was briefed and was particularly interested to see how the Budget is aligned to the National Development Plan, NDP, process. The building blocks for the alignment of the Budget and the NDP exist, but more detailed work is required in the departmental strategic plans and the annual performance plan. The incoming committee’s MPs need to pay attention to the details that link the Budget to the NDP. As is always the case, the Division of Revenue Bill sees 47,5% allocated to national government, 43,5% to provincial government and 9% to local government.
We raised some concerns about the exchangeability between conditional grants. We are concerned that departmental capacity continues to be a moving target year on year. We are warned that the programme to build departmental capacity is not yielding positive results. Much work must be done to build departmental capacity and to stop relying on the capacity of consultants as this does not come cheaply.
It was revealed to the committee through the SA Local Government Association, Salga, presentation that much work needs to be done to ensure that the Intergovernmental Relations Framework works. We cannot, year after year, have the story of the unfunded mandates whilst the Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act empowers local and provincial government to jointly plan projects and developments.
We are concerned that the housing subsidy does not produce the desired results. We want to see the government act to resolve this.
We sincerely encourage the incoming committee members to take heed of these concerns that have been raised. Cope supports the Division of Revenue Bill. I thank you. [Applause.]
Mr N SINGH: Hon Chairperson, is a pleasure to follow the hon Ferguson. She said that she does not serve on the committee, but I hope that next time round she will do so on behalf of Cope.
For me it has been a real pleasure to serve on the appropriations committee. It’s remarkable that this committee deals with wide-ranging budgetary issues across all spheres of government. I want to thank the chair and all the colleagues in the committee for their collegiality at all times.
My humble suggestion to all parties here is that all new MPs should serve a stint on the appropriations committee for three to six months, because the committee allows one to have a broad view of what exactly is happening in government as far as expenditure is concerned. I think it will do all members good, even if they serve on portfolio committees. This is a committee that gives one a broad view.
The IFP will support this particular Bill. It is a constitutional requirement. But we have some suggestions, moving forward into the Fifth Parliament. I trust that the committees that will interrogate the budgets – the parliamentary committees and the Standing Committee on Appropriations – will vigorously interrogate spending patterns in all spheres of government. I know the Constitution makes provision for three spheres of government, but what we need to know is that 52,5% of the R1,4 trillion that is being appropriated, is appropriated to provinces and municipalities, with 43,5% going to provinces and 9% going to municipalities.
So, we in this House have a responsibility to interrogate very carefully the spending patterns within the provinces and respective municipalities. I say this because, when we read the Auditor-General’s report and findings, it’s shocking to see that only six or eight municipalities out of a possible 260 received clean audits. That is quite an alarming statistic.
Furthermore, the Fifth Parliament and the committees need to make efficient use of the Parliamentary Budget Office. We do know that it has been established under the Money Bills Amendment Procedure and Related Matters Act, Act 9 of 2009. Professor Jahed heads it and he works with some very capable staff who have been employed. We must use the Parliamentary Budget Office – the portfolio committees and the Standing Committee on Appropriations – to get advice at all levels to exercise our right to effect amendments to the Budget. Over the past 20 years, up till now, there haven’t been any amendments to the Budget that was tabled by National Treasury in this House.
Moving forward, we need to make sure that we really serve the needs of the people out there. I am not saying this to suggest that the National Treasury is not doing its job, but the 400 members of this Parliament have to have their feet on the ground and be able to use provisions of this Act to make amendments to the Budget.
Other concerns include the issue of procurement, the capacity to deliver at different levels of government, conditional grants and the nonspending of conditional grants. The clauses in this Bill are welcome to the extent that national government will now be able to ring-fence amounts for conditional grants, and will also be able to intervene when provinces and municipalities are not spending.
But, what does sometimes happen is that money is taken away from municipalities that do not spend. This is not fair, because the people in those areas deserve to receive good services. If the cause of the nonspending is mismanagement within the municipality, which results in services not being delivered, then we certainly need to intervene.
Lastly, I do trust that the hon Minister and the National Treasury take seriously the recommendations of the Financial and Fiscal Commission, FFC. We had a very interesting presentation by the FFC and we hope that the hon Minister and the National Treasury take those recommendations seriously.
In conclusion, I want to say that we support the Division of Revenue Bill. I want to wish all my colleagues in this House everything of the best. Unfortunately I can’t say, have a restful time with your family, because that’s going to be the last thing on our minds for the next two months. Thank you. [Applause.]
Mr N L KWANKWA: House Chairperson ...
Mandiqale ndithethe isiXhosa. [Let me kick off by speaking isiXhosa.]
Firstly, providing statistics without context can be misleading ...
... kuba umngeni apho ukhoyo usekubeni abantu bavele bafune sikholelwe ukuba apha eKapa kwakungekho nendlu phambi kokuba baphathe, nto leyo engekhoyo, kungekho nendlu yangasese. Yintsomi kamlengana ke leyo. (Translation of isiXhosa paragraph follows.)
[... because the challenge is when people want us to believe that in the Western Cape there was not a single house or a single toilet before they came to power, which is not true. That is a myth.]
House Chairperson and hon members, we are gathered here to once more undertake the important task of dividing revenue between the three spheres of government to enable them to provide basic services and discharge their constitutional mandate. This exercise is critical in bringing the means for service delivery close to the people.
We are, however, faced with the challenge of spheres of government that either lack or do not have the capacity to spend the allocated funds. Even those that do spend their budget allocations have a tendency to waste it.
Even more worrisome is the fact that, generally, the provincial governments and municipalities that either waste or fail to spend allocated funds are the ones responsible for providing basic services to the poorest regions of our country. For these reasons, we look upon this Division of Revenue Bill with some trepidation, but to disagree with it just for the sake of disagreeing would be irresponsible. Yet, we have serious reservations about the ability of this division of revenue to result in the same proportion of delivery. There is no point in a division of revenue that is wasted, appropriated for private use or is returned to the national government unspent.
We call on government to develop and implement strategies to ensure that the funding that is spent is for the benefit of the people. The UDM supports the Division of Revenue Bill. [Applause.]
Phambi kokuba ndihlale phantsi, ngemvume yakho, Sihlalo weNdlu, apha bekumana kuphazanywa kuba ooNqaba baninzi, kucingwa ukuba ndingulo uye kwi-DA. Ndiba ngathi hayi ndihleli, babe abantu besithi hay’ khona ungulo uhambileyo. Hayi, andihambanga. Kodwa ke omnye umntu ucebise ukuba ndifanele ndiphuze ohloniphekileyo uMnqasela njengophawu olubonisa ukuba ndiya phaya ... (Translation of isiXhosa paragraph follows.)
[Before I take a seat, with your permission, House Chairperson, I want to point out that there was some heckling directed at me here because it was thought that I was the Nqaba who went to join the DA, out of the many Nqabas here. Despite my protestations to the contrary, some people still think that I am that person. Someone advised me to kiss hon Mnqasela as a gesture that I am going to join the DA ...]
... and then I said to him, well, if there was any person that I would kiss, as a symbolic gesture, it would be the hon Tim Harris, but the challenge is that, before I can do that, I would need a step ladder, because he is quite tall. Thank you very much and best wishes for the elections.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mr C T Frolick): Hon members, just leave the kissing for outside the Chamber, please. [Laughter.]
Mr S N SWART: House Chairperson, nationally raised revenue is apportioned between national, provincial and local government in the Division of Revenue Bill, with provinces and municipalities receiving equitable shares as a general allocation and conditional grants to achieve specific outputs. The ACDP supports this Bill.
In the past, however, we have seen National Treasury intervening in a number of provinces to address financial mismanagement that seriously undermined service delivery. Whilst the ACDP fully supports those interventions, particularly in Limpopo, the question arises as to how these provinces were allowed to reach those shocking degrees of mismanagement. We learned, for example, that in Limpopo the 27 forensic investigations have led to more than 300 cases being opened. We also share concerns about municipalities in provinces not being able to fully spend their capital budgets, with local government only spending 84,6% of their infrastructure grants for the 2012-13 financial year.
While we appreciate that National Treasury will continue to build capacity in provinces and municipalities, clearly more needs to be done. Municipalities are meant to generate their own working capital from rates and levies, but require a bigger share of national revenue, namely R90 billion - well up from last year’s R83,6 billion. Obviously it is in this sphere where service delivery is affected the most and where we have protests. So, we understand that increase, but financial mismanagement at those levels must similarly be addressed.
In this regard, we would enquire as to what progress is being made to strengthen those internal audits of municipalities. Clearly, we in Parliament need to exercise greater oversight to assist the National Treasury in addressing wasteful, irregular and corrupt expenditure. It is also apparent that long-term remedial action is required across the board to improve financial management and address wayward spending patterns. Although some progress has been made in this regard, there is still a long way for us to go to find the right balance between supporting national departments, provinces and municipalities, while at the same time holding them accountable.
We in the ACDP commend the Minister and national treasury for the initiatives already in place to address the concerns we have already raised and we will support the Division of Revenue Bill.
In conclusion, I would like to state that although I am not a member of the appropriations committee, I have the highest regard for Mr Sogoni and wish him and the members of this committee well. My thanks also to Mr Thaba Mufamadi of the finance committee and the members of the finance committee with whom I have served. It has been an honour to serve with you.
Minister, we wish you everything of the best. I have enjoyed engaging with you, I have enjoyed having you as a captive audience for two hours on the plane during the time around last year’s budget. We wish you well. You have indeed been a good and faithful servant of South Africa.
Mr G T SNELL: Hon House Chair, comrades, it is a pity that we could not come to this podium today and announce that the appropriations committee has unanimously supported the Division of Revenue Bill. It is one thing to come here and grandstand and pretend to the populace of the Western Cape that you actually do not want to take the budget that is going to be appropriated for them. How do you expect to run the province? How do you expect to subsidise municipalities?
In this 20th year of our democracy, the Division of Revenue Bill is substantially different to when it was first introduced in this House, both in content and in the amounts that provinces will receive in equitable shares and grants to those of municipalities. This can be attributed to the formidable growth seen in the economy prior to 2008 and the prudent fiscal and economic policies implemented by the ANC subsequent to the global financial meltdown of 2008.
Broken down into the most simplistic definition, a budget is an expression of legislation or policy objectives in numerical form.
As we are celebrating two decades of democracy and paying homage to the liberation of our beloved country, we as the ANC reinforce and reemphasise our commitment to democracy. However, beyond that, our commitment is to create a better life for all in a South Africa in which all her citizens can live a dignified, safe and healthy life, free from the clutches of oppression and poverty, one in which every citizen can awake every day in their cities and rural areas to a job and with the knowledge that they will provide education for their children.
At this point, I am reminded of a poem in the late Oliver Tambo's biography, which says:
Because my mouth is wide with laughter
And my throat is deep with song,
You do not think I suffer
After I have held my pain so long?
Because my mouth is wide with laughter,
You do not hear my inner cry?
Because my feet are gay with dancing,
You do not know I die?
For too long prior to 1994 the dignity of our people was undermined. In the past 20 years, recognising this, the ANC government has through the allocation of budgets delivered services that gave form to the policy and legislation that we spoke about previously. Amongst others, the following had been achieved since 1994: only 2,6 million social grants were allocated to a select few, but now in 2014 almost 16 million South Africans receive social grants; only 5,5 million households had access to electricity, but now in 2014 more than 41 million people have access to electricity, and approximately 3 million housing units and more than 855 000 serviced sites have been delivered.
In 1994 only 5 million people had access to sanitation, whereas by 2012 11,5 million households had access to toilets. In 1994 there was no free education for the majority of the schools in the country, but now in 2014 more than 80% of the schools are no-fee schools. In 1994 only 10% of families had access to safe water, whereas now in 2014 more than 92% have access to safe water.
In the history of our country there has never been a period where more people have been employed.
We recognise that the budget is a tool of transformation directed, inter alia, at addressing the triple challenge of poverty, unemployment and inequality. The budget is growing significantly each financial year and, consequently, so too are the resources allocated by the Division of Revenue Bill. The Division of Revenue Bill continues to advance the revolutionary gains that we have made over the past 20 years.
Amongst its primary aims, the objectives outlined in the National Development Plan, NDP, are to increase employment and reduce inequality by 2030, which are evident in the provisions of the Bill, thus creating the foundation for this long-term planning objective and the socioeconomic transformation of society. Allocations to give effect to the NDP are welcomed.
Furthermore, equitable share allocations that are to be appropriated to the provinces, and the various direct and indirect grants contained in the Bill, speak directly to the ANC's commitment to build on the progress made and its continued commitment to the creation of more jobs.
The past five years were focused on creating decent work opportunities and sustainable livelihoods for inclusive growth, rural development, land reform and food security, education, health and fighting crime and corruption. This budget continues to give effect to these priorities, and so too this division of revenue.
It cannot be denied that remarkable progress has been made in transforming the lives of millions of South Africans through the utilisation of prudent expenditure of budgets at our disposal. Of course needs currently exceed the demands placed on the fiscus, especially in a society that has been so unjustly skewed by historical institutionalised socioeconomic deprivation of the majority of its citizens.
Besides the social policy and legislative interventions aimed at creating a fair and just society, the ANC's economic plan for transforming the economic landscape in the form of the New Growth Path, the National Infrastructure Plan and the Industrial Policy Action Plan will contribute to expanding economic growth and, in turn, revenue collection by the state. In short, it will result in a better life for all through integrated strategies, plans and larger budget allocations.
We do not claim that we are not faced with challenges in transforming South Africa into a nonracist, nonsexist, democratic and prosperous society. Therefore, in the words of Amilcar Cabral, who said, “Tell no lies, and claim no easy victories”, I need to point out certain structural challenges that face us as a government. What has become evident in the implementation of the National Health Insurance pilot projects are the varying degrees to which provinces are appropriating funds to construct and maintain their health infrastructure. This is particularly evident in the backlog in health infrastructure.
With stringent requirements that have been established by the National Health Service pertaining to the quality of infrastructure and the services they deliver, there are challenges inherent in the relationship between the national department and provincial departments in the alignment of budgets appropriated by provincial legislatures to achieve a common national objective. This example will be the same for most departments that have concurrent functions. This is something that we would like the Minister to apply his mind to in an effort to find a solution to this challenge.
In a similar vein, indirect conditional grants that are administered by the national department for implementation in provinces and the municipalities can pose an implementation challenge, as the national government departments are currently structured in a more focused way on policy development and monitoring rather than being structured in a manner to implement and operationalise projects on the ground, such as the sister departments in the provinces. We foresee that at a later stage this may pose an implementation challenge that the Minister may consider resolving.
In conclusion, the allocations made in the 2014-15 Division of Revenue Bill continue to build on the unparalleled advancements made by this government over the past 20 years. These advancements continue to build confidence in those who were previously marginalised to believe that today is indeed better than yesterday and tomorrow will be better than today. Together, we are moving South Africa forward. Thank you. [Applause.]
Mr D C ROSS: Thank you, Madam Chair, for this opportunity. Minister, the Budget for 2014 emphasises the need to maintain costs and improve efficiency across all spheres of government. But the reality is that we face a lack of consequences for poor performance and transgressions.
At 59% of departments and 45% of entities the root cause of poor audit outcomes is the lack of consequences. There are no consequences for corruption and maladministration, and municipal managers and managers at provincial level know this. We recommend that the year 2014 be the year of consequences for poor performance and transgressions.
The Standing Committee on Appropriations and the Select Committee on Appropriations have made several recommendations to the National Treasury and the Department of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs with regard to intensifying measures towards realising Operation Clean Audit so that there is value for money. Only when this goal becomes reality will South Africa see the much needed improvement in service delivery levels. This reality, however, seems bleak noting the latest Auditor-General’s report. It is quite clear that this report deprives poor people of services and there are no consequences for poor performance and transgressions.
The Auditor-General recently said that the lack of committed leadership lies behind the sharp decline in financial management in municipalities. Total irregular expenditure amounted to R9 billion, while fruitless and wasteful expenditure reached R568 million, more than double that of the previous year. His finding on local government audit outcomes in the 2011-12 financial year are in conflict with the message that the ANC has been crafting ahead of this year’s general elections.
Clean audits have remained at the low level of 5% out of 278 municipalities for the past three years and the overall audit outcomes have regressed, as indicated by the Auditor–General. We therefore note with concern that the constitutional interventions in terms of section 216(2) of the Constitution and 139 (1) (b) and (c) in terms of interventions at provincial level in municipalities to ensure that there is an adequate supply of essential services to residents were not mentioned in the budget.
There is a lack of adequate measures to address dysfunctional municipalities. These have not been announced, and government is vague on the exact consequences for transgressing officials. National Treasury support to municipalities is noted in terms of the S15 Gazette and the setting up of the Office of the Chief Procurement Officer is, I believe, a step in the right direction.
We share the concerns of the Financial and Fiscal Commission with regard to the growing trend of indirect grants. These grants should be coupled with a clear phase-out strategy and capacity-building of undercapacitated provinces and municipalities.
We also note with concern that the FFC was not consulted before many indirect grants were instituted. It is regrettable that the previous provision in the Act, that a portion of the grant must be used to build capacity at this level of government, has now been taken out. I believe that we should look at those aspects.
The division of revenue allocates 43,5% to provinces and 9% to municipalities, that 9% being about R90 billion. Efforts to reduce corruption in provinces and at local government have not yielded results to stop corruption and maladministration. I think that we need to come up with concrete steps with regard to this.
The Auditor-General has conducted numerous forensic investigations into irregularities and financial misconduct in the Public Service. There were 27 forensic investigations in Limpopo, whilst in the Free State, where there is a dysfunctional provincial administration, only 5 officials were suspended. We believe that Treasury ... Thank you. [Time expired.] [Applause.]
Mr R B BHOOLA: Hon Chairperson, the national Budget is, of course, the vehicle we use in order to achieve political goals and at the forefront of this is a better life for all our citizens. We note the increase in allocations to all spheres of government and welcome the benefits this will bring to the poor and the marginalised.
The demonic alliance, sorry, I mean the Democratic Alliance ... [Laughter.] ... likes to constantly boast about the good story in the Western Cape. Everyone knows that this is absolute hot air, without any substance, just like the claims made by the hon Ross and hon Steenhuisen, who deliberately lied on national television in order to score cheap political points. Their throats are an open grave. They use their tongues to deceive.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Madam Chair, may I address you on a point of order?
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Yes.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: It is a well-known rule that on this podium you do not refer to a member as having lied deliberately.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): I didn’t hear that.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Ask him to withdraw that, please.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON: Hon Bhoola, if you actually said that, could you please retract it.
Mr R B BHOOLA: Chairperson, I withdraw it. Their throats are an open grave. They use their tongues to deceive. The venom of asps is under their lips. Perhaps hon Steenhuisen and hon Ross should go and ask their very own leadership, who came begging with a bowl for my membership. [Interjections.] [Laughter.] [Applause.]
You see, the DA wants to transplant people of colour so that they can hoodwink the masses. They tried to hire a black leader, now they want to hire an Indian leader. [Laughter.] [Applause.] I am reminded of the words of Mahatma Gandhi, who said that South Africa ... [Interjections.]
Mrs S V KALYAN: Madam House Chair, may I address you on a point of order? [Interjections.]
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Order! I can’t hear. Will you all settle down, please. Yes, hon Kalyan.
Mrs S V KALYAN: It would appear that the hon Bhoola is smoking something. [Laughter.] He is misleading the House by saying that the DA came to him with a begging bowl. I have the e-mail to prove that he came to the DA. [Interjections.]
Adv J H DE LANGE: Chair, that is not a point of order. [Interjections.]
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Please settle down. Order! Whether he came or you came, I was not there. So I am not saying ... [Interjections.]
Mrs S V KALYAN: He is misleading the House. [Interjections.]
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): I cannot rule on that because I was not there. Please take your seat. Continue, hon Bhoola.
Mr R B BHOOLA: It was the DA who deliberately tried to divide the MF. I am reminded of the words of Mahatma Gandhi, who said, “South Africans of Indian origin should not bow down to oppression and lose their self-respect.” I certainly will not deviate from that course. The DA simply does not understand real transformation. [Interjections.]
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Madam House Chair, may I ask, through you, if the member will take a question? [Interjections.]
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Hon members, will you please be quiet!
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: I just want to find out which half he is. [Interjections.]
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Hon Bhoola, are you prepared to take a question from the DA?
Mr R B BHOOLA: Madam Chairperson, I certainly will take it. I hope it is not nonsensical. But in true Bengal Tiger style, I maintain that I will and shall not work with dissidents of democracy who advance their own vindictive opportunistic agenda. [Interjections.] Whilst I raise issues, the DA prefers to make a personal attack on me. Why don’t they release the land ... [Interjections.] ... so that we can go and build homes for the Indians, the coloureds and the African communities from whom they lobby for votes?
It is quite interesting to note – and why is this? – that DA Members of Parliament and councillors from all ranks throughout the country are running to join the ANC. The focus on planning and performance ... [Interjections.]
Mrs S V KALYAN: Madam House Chair, may I address you on a point of order? Earlier on in the debate, the hon Harris was asked to stick to the topic at hand and a ruling was made by hon Frolick that we are debating the Division of Revenue Bill. So will you please ask the hon Bhoola to do what we are supposed to be doing instead of ranting and raving like a lunatic?
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): I got your point, please sit down. Hon Bhoola, could you please stick to the topic. You have 32 seconds left.
Mr R B BHOOLA: The focus on planning and performance-based grants set out by this Bill is ... [Interjections.]
Adv J H DE LANGE: On a point of order: Firstly, is it correct that the Deputy Chief Whip of the DA calls the hon member a lunatic? I suggest that that is unparliamentary. Secondly, I would suggest that every frivolous point of order being made by the DA is a waste of time. Could the Chair please be more firm in order to stop those points of order.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): To the members of the DA, can whoever said that hon Bhoola is a lunatic, please withdraw that, because it is unparliamentary.
Mrs S V KALYAN: Yes, I said it and I stand by it, but in the interest of the debate I withdraw it.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Thank you. Hon Bhoola, you have thirty seconds left.
Mr R B BHOOLA: The DA is intimidated because they know that I will make the entire ... [Inaudible.] [Interjections.] ... dance on my little finger ... [Interjections.]
The MINISTER FOR THE PUBLIC SERVICE AND ADMINISTRATION: Chairperson, on a point of order.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): There is a point of order. Hon member, just hold on.
The MINISTER FOR THE PUBLIC SERVICE AND ADMINISTRATION: We did not hear the withdrawal by the hon member. We didn’t.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Minister Sisulu, she did withdraw the remark, albeit softly, but she did withdraw it.
The DEPUTY MINISTER FOR CO-OPERATIVE GOVERNANCE AND TRADITIONAL AFFAIRS: House Chairperson, the hon Kalyan did not withdraw it.
Mrs M T KUBAYI: House Chairperson, she didn’t.
The DEPUTY MINISTER FOR CO-OPERATIVE GOVERNANCE AND TRADITIONAL AFFAIRS: She did not withdraw it unconditionally.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): I heard her.
The DEPUTY MINISTER FOR CO-OPERATIVE GOVERNANCE AND TRADITIONAL AFFAIRS: She said, “... in the interest of the debate I withdraw it”. She did not withdraw it unconditionally.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): All right. Hon Bhoola, you have 21 seconds.
Mrs M T KUBAYI: House Chairperson, the hon Kalyan did not withdraw it. She said that she stood by her decision. That was not a withdrawal. It can’t be conditional. A withdrawal has to be a withdrawal completely without conditions.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Hon Kalyan, can you please just simply say, “I withdraw” it.
Mrs S V KALYAN: I withdraw it.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Thank you. [Applause.]
Mr R B BHOOLA: The MF welcomes the eradication of the bucket system; we must stop treating our people like second class citizens. This is relevant right here in the Western Cape, where the DA thinks that it is humane to give people open toilets. Our citizens deserve more. Treat them like humans with dignity and respect.
The coloured community in the Western Cape continues to be marginalised by this white supremacist party. I thank you. [Time expired.] [Applause.]
Mr M SWART: Madam Chair, I have never seen the hon Bhoola in any meeting of the appropriations committee and I would like to suggest to him that he reads the reports by the Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation as well as Administration so that he can learn what is going on in government and that the Western Cape is the best-run province. [Applause.] [Interjections.]
Let me bring some calm. Today I deliver my maiden farewell speech, because I will never have the opportunity to do so again; so, no interruptions, please. [Interjections.]
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Order! I can’t hear the speaker.
Mr M SWART: I am supposed to debate the Division of Revenue Bill, but you have already heard the reasons advanced by my colleague the hon Harris on why the DA will not support the fiscal framework or this Bill. There is therefore no need for me to further dwell on the matter.
Since Tuesday morning very little serious business was in any case discussed in this House. The only matters of concern seem to be what positions members obtained on the party list and who is crossing the floor from which party to which. I could obviously not understand the concerns in this regard as I placed my name on the list and made it very easily to an elected position - that is, by simply putting my name on the pensioners’ list.
To those of you who will not make it back to Parliament because you are badly placed on the list, I express my sincere sympathy as you had to go through strenuous processes to get onto the list, only to find out that you are also now on the pensioners’ list. My advice to you is to take the direct route next time, like I did. Retiring members should please note that, as retirees, we will only receive pay until the 6th of May, so please do not moan about the fact that your work on election day will be unpaid.
During my time in Parliament I was fortunate enough to accompany the hon Speaker on an overseas trip. I asked the Speaker whether he could perhaps arrange a diplomatic posting for me when I retire. He replied that he has noticed my love for alcohol and females and he would therefore recommend me for a posting in Saudi Arabia. No, thank you, Mr Speaker, any another place will do.
On a more serious note, I am sorry to leave Parliament, because I learnt a lot whilst being here and made good friends across all political divides. [Interjections.]
Ms M T KUBAYI: House Chair, on a point of order.
Mr M SWART: I served on the appropriations committee for a long time and my thanks go towards Ministers Manuel, Gordhan and ...
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): One moment, please, hon member.
Ms M T KUBAYI: While I sympathise with the member, who is leaving the House, he is totally out of order. There is an item before the House that is for farewell speeches. Surely he should have negotiated with his party to put him on that list. [Interjections.] We are dealing with a different matter and he is therefore confusing the House. Can members of the DA ... [Interjections.] I ask that you call hon Dianne Kohler-Barnard for misconduct. She is disrespectful to other members. If she does not respect her colleagues, then I demand that she respects me as a member of this House. I will not have her showing those signs to me; I am not her maid. [Applause.]
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Thank you, hon Kubayi. Hon members, I must ask you to moderate your language and debate the issue at hand. I also request that all members conduct themselves with the decorum befitting this House. I know that everybody is in a very robust mood, this being the last day of this Fourth Parliament. However, it does not mean that you can misbehave. Hon Swart, you have 37 seconds to finish off.
Mr M SWART: Madam Chair, may I again thank the chairman of the appropriations committee as well as Ministers Manuel, Gordhan and Deputy Minister Nene, as well as chairperson Sogoni and fellow committee members for their collegiality, as well as the staff for their hard work. I will miss Parliament in general.
I bid you farewell with the words of civil libertarian P J O’Rourke, when he said that giving money and power to government is like giving whiskey and car keys to your teenage boys. Remain vigilant therefore.
Returning members should ensure that their decisions, actions and general behaviour are of such a standard that the public out there maintains their faith in us as politicians and in Parliament as an institution. I thank you and bid you goodbye. [Applause.]
Ms R M MASHIGO: Chairperson, hon Ministers and Deputy Ministers, and Members of Parliament, the division of revenue reflects the progress we have made over the past 20 years as a result of conscientious planning and economic management, informed by the ANC’s economic policy and appropriate fiscal and monetary policy.
These financial principles have led to our international recognition as having one of the best managed financial sectors in the world as well as a comprehensive and sophisticated legislative framework for management of the economy and comprehensive regulatory financial management. This financial system is underpinned by, amongst others, the ANC and constitutional imperatives to achieve an inclusive society through an efficient developmental state that builds the capabilities of the society and the economy and, in doing so, robustly intervenes to redress past imbalances.
The ANC’s 53rd National Conference in Mangaung in December 2012 resolved to strive for an economic outcome that, amongst others, supports industrialisation, is biased towards job creation and ensures long-term stability, sustainable growth and development. In other words, the conference strengthened the resolve towards the New Growth Path that pursues economic growth through job creation, in line with the ANC’s priority to create decent jobs and sustainable livelihoods.
The division of revenue is a financial instrument to ensure that policy programmes are brought into effect through the provision of the necessary financial resources across the three spheres of government. Health, education, social development services, housing and local amenities remain the largest categories of spending. For the 2014 Medium-Term Expenditure Framework, MTEF, period R147,6 billion is allocated through the direct and indirect grants for infrastructure, mainly in education, health, roads and housing. This is a significant increase in indirect grants to allow government to spend on behalf of other spheres of government. The Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation as well as Administration is defining performance indicators for each and every area of expenditure to improve and align spending plans with priorities.
I will discuss the areas where we feel a lot has been done and where a good story is to be told. We all know that we have the National Health Insurance, NHI, programme, which is known as universal health care coverage by the World Health Organisation. The purpose of this National Health Insurance programme is basically to meet the health needs of all the people and reduce the financial burdens encountered in health care. It also facilitates the attainment of the agreed millennium development goals, MDGs.
There are already 11 NHI pilot districts in the country to prepare the environment for its implementation. The department reported that there were 872 health facilities in these pilot districts – what a good story to tell, a better life for all. A strong health system, as well as infrastructure, is crucial as a precondition of this. We, as the leading party that consults with the people, have consolidated the grants, after reviewing them.
The national health grant caters for three major areas. These are the following: the health facility revitalisation, for which R3,1 billion has been allocated over the MTEF period; the family health care approach to primary health care, under the NHI, for which R1,2 billion has been allocated over the MTEF period; and the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, a new vaccine for cervical cancer among women, which will be funded for 2014-15 and 2015-16 at R200 million per year, and which will thereafter be incorporated in the provincial equitable share. Planning for the phasing in is very important. In other countries, like Kenya, the vaccine is funded through public-private partnerships.
In education, we have the new occupation specific dispensation grant for therapists in education, amounting to R280 million. It will continue for the next two years, and thereafter it will be phased into the provincial equitable share. The National Student Financial Aid Scheme is very important, as it will lead to better jobs - decent jobs - for the youth of our country. It has spent R18,6 billion over the past five years. An amount of R19,4 billion is allocated for the MTEF period and will assist 500 000 students per year. Money is also set aside for the administration of this fund.
I would also like to address the bucket eradication programme. This has been on the government’s agenda, but without any dedicated funding. An amount of R1,9 billion over the next two years has been made available from the Human Settlements development grant for bucket eradication. The regional bulk infrastructure grant and municipal infrastructure grant will fund the bulk infrastructure in terms of decisions taken at several meetings between the Ministers of Human Settlements, of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs and of Water and Environmental Affairs.
The ANC deplores the inhumane and undignified ways used by the DA to address toilet problems in the Western Cape, which is also wasteful expenditure. More dignified ways can be learnt from other provinces. A total of R108 million is also set aside to upgrade the informal settlements.
With regard to security and agricultural grants, the ANC programme of rural development, land reform and agrarian change is based on the provision of social and economic infrastructure, land ownership redistribution, and agrarian support for subsistence farmers to upgrade them to a higher level of the competitive market. The Comprehensive Agricultural Support Programme, Casp, has received increased funding of R209 million for the implementation of the Fetsa Tlala strategy. The intention is to create 300 000 jobs by 2019, utilising the available productive land. Challenges in underspending have been identified and are being addressed in the form of proper training and skills development of all the personnel.
Food security is important for both household use and economic development of the country. Land restoration and success in land claims must be implemented for this programme to succeed. The people of Motlhabatse in Thabazimbi are grateful, hon Nkwinti, for getting their land back and are looking forward to support from Casp to banish famine and land hunger.
We will further strengthen the anticorruption measures to ensure that the division of revenue is strengthened with regard to the quality of spending. The ANC supports the Division of Revenue Bill.
Hon members, hon Harris and hon Ross should learn to consult with their members in the committee, who know that the Financial and Fiscal Commission consults the Minister on each and every part of the division of revenue, on each and every financial matter. It is just that they undermine the members in our committee. Maybe it is because they do not trust them. Maybe it is because the members who serve in the committee will tell the truth about what is happening in the committee. That is why they come here and talk of their dreams, when they are already ruining their dreams about the division of revenue. Keep your dreams to yourselves. You will never rule this country! [Interjections.]
Fix everything that is in the Western Cape. You are so pathetic. You do not even know what to say when you stand here. You take a manifesto that you copied from us. [Interjections.] All of the things in the manifesto, you copied from the ANC. You did not even go to the extent of trying to modify it. What a shame! [Interjections.] You talk of decent jobs. You take the jobs that we supply through the Expanded Public Works Programme, EPWP. [Interjections.] Then you say, “Decent jobs, decent jobs”! You hire poor blacks to march for jobs. You take them from their EPWP jobs! [Interjections.] You take them out and tell them to go and march for better jobs ...
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Hon member! Hon member!
Ms R M MASHIGO: ... when you are actually referring to the EPWP! [Interjections.] What a shame! The ANC supports the Division of Revenue Bill.
The HOUSE CHAIRPERSON (Mrs F Hajaig): Hon member, your time has expired! Hon members! Order, please. Can we have some order? Before I request the Minister to come to the podium – I ask his indulgence – I wish to make a short statement.
RETIREMENT MESSAGE BY HOUSE CHAIRPERSON MRS F HAJAIG
Hon comrades and colleagues, I am retiring from Parliament at the end of this Fourth Parliament. I have served in this august House for 20 years, since the inception of our democracy in 1994. Those first years were a challenge and a sharp learning curve for me. Moving from being a political activist into governance of a democratic dispensation was not easy.
There were good years, because it brought to near fruition the goals and vision of our remarkable Constitution. I say near fruition, because we have some serious work to complete in the second phase of our fledgling democracy. That is, firstly, achieving the social cohesion of our people, so that we can indeed become a united nation. Secondly, the economic transformation of South Africa is a fundamental requirement if we truly believe that every citizen of South Africa can have a better life, where people live in houses, not shacks, where there is potable water for everyone, where every child can sleep with the belief that his or her dreams can come true, where youth and women do not become frustrated and demoralised because they cannot find jobs. The dignity of all our people must be respected at all times.
I want to sincerely thank all hon members that I have worked with, Ministers, Speaker Sisulu, departmental officials, parliamentary officials, and my loyal staff. I want to thank my family for supporting me in conducting my work here. It will not be easy for me to leave 20 years of my life in this institution. I wish this House every success for the future. I thank you.
I am very pleased now to call our Minister of Finance. [Applause.]
The MINISTER OF FINANCE: House Chairperson, may I first take the opportunity to wish you well in your retirement, as I do to Mr Marius Swart as well. We are going to miss his nonpartisan approach to many issues in the committee. I’m sure the committee members would acknowledge that.
What is this debate on the division of revenue about? It is about saying, having presented the Budget, that there are three key pillars to our Budget. The first is the fiscal framework which asks, how much revenue do we collect; how much are we going to spend; how much are we going to borrow; what is our debt looking like; and how do we make all that sustainable?
The second pillar, having decided on how much are we going to spend, is asking how much do we allocate in terms of our Constitution to each sphere of government - national, provincial and local.
Thirdly, having decided on what goes to the national government, we also determine through the Appropriation Bill - which the next administration and next Parliament will deal with - how much is going to each Vote that we have in our current system. I now come to the answer to the question: How much does each sphere get? To put it plainly, R489 billion goes to the core level, national, in terms of this Division of Revenue Bill; provinces get R444 billion and local government R90 billion.
The next thing that happens, in addition to the equitable share, is that provinces and local government or municipalities also receive conditional grants. There have been many contributions today about the nature of these grants, the conditionalities, whether they are direct or not direct. Some of them are direct and some are not. Direct means the recipient of the grant, in terms of the broad mandate, can determine how that grant is actually spent. Indirect means that the national department will spend the money on behalf of the municipality or province, because that particular entity does not have the capacity. However, at the same time, as several members have said, the national department must build the capacity of that particular entity.
So, in designing a new set of grants and a new way in which these grants will be assigned, there is a balance between the direct and the indirect conditional grants. A particular flexibility has been introduced, which we will experiment with for the next few years. The best example is in the health area, where three different grants have been brought together, without the necessity to go through all sorts of rigorous processes, and the national department can transfer money from one area to the other. There are also provisions for service delivery agreements between national and provincial governments.
In addition to these factors, the Division of Revenue Bill provides for institutional liaising and better planning in provisional infrastructure programmes. We want to move towards multiyear planning, as has been correctly pointed out, to a situation where provinces and municipalities submit plans two years ahead of their actually wanting to spend the money so that we don’t run into this perpetual problem of not having a plan nor the money.
However, more importantly, we must also improve the rate of delivery and better use of money, and better value for money as well. Secondly, we laid the foundation for faster and more inclusive growth in municipal economies, particularly the bigger municipalities, but also the rural municipalities. The hon Sogoni has referred to the built environment performance plan, which is one of the elements that we are trying to institutionalise within the planning system of municipalities.
Thirdly, there is the growing role of indirect grants. As I pointed out, whereas in the past we gave repeated opportunities to provinces or municipalities to come up with ways of delivering services, now we are saying national departments must take some responsibility for this area. A valid point has been made by hon Snell, namely that national departments are often policy-orientated. What they have to learn, firstly, is to monitor; secondly, what delivery actually means; and, thirdly, to develop the capacity themselves, if they lack it, in order to undertake the delivery.
Another key programme that many hon members made reference to is the prioritisation of the eradication of the bucket sanitation challenge that we have. Lots of money has been assigned, and Human Settlements and other departments are working co-operatively in this area. One of the things we need to recognise is that when we have such rapid migration to the cities as we do, this problem becomes more and more accentuated over the years, and future administrations will have to take care of that.
There is also a new set of grants that have been introduced in this Medium-Term Expenditure Framework: grants in respect of substance abuse treatment centres; a new grant for education sector therapists; and a municipal human settlements capacity grant to enable municipalities, particularly Metro municipalities, to deliver better.
Having said that and laid out that framework, let me firstly thank hon Sogoni, Chaane and the members of the appropriations committee for their excellent contributions over the years. As has been correctly pointed out, the appropriations committee has a vital role to play, but it still inadequately plays that role either because we have limited resources or that role is not properly played out.
One hopes that in future Parliaments, the appropriations committee will be properly resourced and will be able to examine more rigorously the expenditure that each department and indeed each sphere undertakes. I also want to thank provincial members of executive councils, MECs, and officials, because a Division of Revenue Bill involves a long process, which involves a great deal of consultation, including the Financial and Fiscal Commission, FFC - and I want to come back to Mr Ross’s point on this - before we can actually produce that Bill before Parliament.
Mr Harris, thank you for your very gracious remarks in respect of myself. However, let me point out, unfortunately, that when you say the Western Cape spends at a 76% level, our records show that that is the lowest amongst the provinces. So, we should share the facts in that particular regard. I’m sure there are areas in which the Western Cape does well, but clearly there are areas where the Western Cape doesn’t do so well. [Interjections.]
Mr T D HARRIS: Hon Speaker, may I rise on a point of order?
The SPEAKER: Sorry, hon Minister. What point are you rising on, sir?
Mr T D HARRIS: Hon Speaker, the Minister of Finance is misquoting my speech. I said the DA spends 76% of its budget in the Western Cape in poor areas.
The SPEAKER: That is a point of information, sir, not a point of order. Continue, Minister.
The MINISTER OF FINANCE: Thank you, Mr Speaker, but we can debate that a little later, when you provide us with water at the reception.
Now, the second major point he makes is about being radical or conservative. If you consult the Oxford dictionary, you will see radical is about getting to the root of a matter. It is about tackling something at a very fundamental level. I would submit that what we have - unfortunately that’s the nature of politics in South Africa, and I imagine in most democracies as well - is a very conservative populism which actually masks a neoliberal core and a very laissez faire approach to our politics and our economy. I think I would submit that that is, in fact, a precise description of what we have in the DA manifesto and elsewhere.
I now come to the repeated reference to this so-called paper of the National Treasury. It is not a Treasury paper, but a paper of three individuals. The Governor of the Reserve Bank has issued a clear, categorical denial that this is the official position of the Reserve Bank. Yet, hon members come to this platform with the repeated idea that this is something that we have actually issued as a formal paper and belief.
Remember that, like many things in politics, many of these areas rely on a whole lot of ifs and buts. If one can do x, then one will get y. The difference between us and that “if” proposition is that we actually do it; we actually deliver and we actually spend money. [Applause.] We understand that in the process of delivery one has successes, challenges and even failures, but it only apply to people who do it and confront those challenges. So, Mr Ross, the point that you made about audits is a welcome one. [Interjections.]
The SPEAKER: Order! Order!
The MINISTER OF FINANCE: I want to suggest, though, that as Parliament we need to more carefully interrogate this concept of a clean audit. I think we misdirect it. The audit profession does not know anything about clean audits. In the private sector one does not have clean audits. One either has audit opinions that are qualified, unqualified or -there is another word, which I just forget at this point in time - when there is no evidence available that auditors can actually work with. So, if we stick to the facts, one will find on page 101 of the Budget Review, Chapter 7, marginal improvements in audit outcomes for municipalities. The improvement is from 117 in 2011-12 to 122 in 2012-13. If one wants to look at issues about reducing corruption, one will find that on page 101 of the Budget Review.
Other hon members, I think hon Singh among them, made a valid point about amending the Budget, but I think we do take the FFC seriously. Let me say emphatically that, if the FFC is not happy, my doors are open; they must come along and say what their problems are and we will deal with them. However, there are long processes, of which the FFC is, in fact, a full part.
I am afraid that I can’t specifically address the other contributions that hon members have made, because of limitations of time. But, may I wish you all well, particularly those who are not returning to Parliament. I wish you well in your future careers or in your retirement. I thank everyone concerned for their co-operation during these five years. Thank you very much. [Applause.]
Bill read a second time (Democratic Alliance dissenting).
NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT AMENDMENT BILL
(Consideration of Bill as amended by NCOP)
There was no debate.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Hon Speaker, I move:
That the House refuse to pass the Bill.
The SPEAKER: Are there any objections to the motion to refuse to pass the Bill? No objections. You caught everybody by surprise, Chief Whip.
Motion agreed to.
Bill, as amended, accordingly rejected.
ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF MEDIATION COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT AMENDMENT BILL
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Hon Speaker, I move:
That the House -
(1) notes that the National Assembly has refused to pass the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Amendment Bill [B 8D – 2013] (National Assembly – sec 76); and
(2) elects the following members, as nominated by their respective parties, as the Assembly representatives to the Mediation Committee on the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Amendment Bill:
(a) Adv J H de Lange (ANC);
(b) Ms L N Moss (ANC);
(c) Mrs X C Makasi (ANC);
(d) Mr M M Dikgacwi (ANC);
(e) Ms A van Wyk (ANC);
(f) Mr J P Gelderblom (ANC) as an alternate member;
(g) Adv A H Gaum (ANC) as an alternate member;
(h) Mr F A Rodgers (DA);
(i) Ms B D Ferguson (Cope);
(j) Mrs C N Z Zikalala (IFP);
(k) Mr L W Greyling (ID).
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON JUSTICE AND CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT - PROVISIONAL SUSPENSION FROM OFFICE OF MAGISTRATE M J KGOMO
Mr L T LANDERS: Hon Speaker, I present to you the report of the Portfolio Committee on Justice and Constitutional Development on the proposed provisional suspension of Magistrate M J Kgomo. Mr Kgomo was appointed to the magistracy in July 2000. He is at present an additional magistrate at the Randburg District Court. On the afternoon of 5 December 2013, Mr Kgomo was arrested and appeared in the Randburg Regional Court the following day on a charge of corruption.
It is alleged that Mr Kgomo demanded and received an amount of R150 000 in exchange for positively influencing the outcome of an appeal against extradition brought by a complainant in a particular matter. In the matter referred to, the complainant faces charges of corruption in another country amounting to R20 million.
It is further alleged that the amount of R150 000 was recovered from Mr Kgomo’s briefcase in his office, in his presence. Mr Kgomo was afforded an opportunity to comment on the desirability of his provisional suspension from office by the Magistrates’ Commission. Having considered Mr Kgomo’s response on 4 February 2014, the commission resolved to recommend that he be provisionally suspended from office in terms of section 13(3)(a) of the Magistrates Act, Act 90 of 1993, pending the Magistrates’ Commission’s investigation into his fitness to hold office.
The Magistrates’ Commission is of the view that the charge against Mr Kgomo is of such a serious nature as to make it inappropriate for him to perform the functions of a magistrate whilst the allegations are being investigated. It is also the commission’s view, which we share, that it is inappropriate for any judicial officer appearing as an accused before a court of law on a charge of corruption to still sit on the Bench.
Whilst Mr Kgomo has not been found guilty in any court of law or in any disciplinary hearing, the charge and existing evidence against Mr Kgomo are of such a serious nature that they would justify his removal from office should he be found guilty of the misconduct charges preferred against him. For all these reasons, the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development decided to provisionally suspend Mr Kgomo as a magistrate with immediate effect, with the retention of his remuneration, pending the outcome of the investigation into his fitness to hold office. The portfolio committee agrees with the hon Minister’s determination.
Having considered the request by the Magistrates’ Commission to provisionally suspend Mr Kgomo from office, the Portfolio Committee on Justice and Constitutional Development therefore recommends that the National Assembly confirms Mr Kgomo’s provisional suspension. I thank you, Mr Speaker.
There was no debate.
The SPEAKER: Hon members, are there any objections to the adoption of the report of the committee, including the recommendation that the provisional suspension from office of Magistrate Kgomo be confirmed?
Question put: That the Report of the committee be adopted, including the recommendation that the provisional suspension from office of Magistrate M J Kgomo be confirmed.
Question agreed to.
Report adopted and provisional suspension from office of Magistrate M J Kgomo confirmed.
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF JOINT RULES COMMITTEE - POLICY FOR ATTENDANCE OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT (FIRST REPORT FOR 2014)
There was no debate.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Hon Speaker, I move:
That the Report be adopted and referred to the National Assembly Rules Committee for the drafting of the relevant Rules, where applicable.
Motion agreed to.
Report accordingly adopted and referred to the National Assembly Rules Committee.
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF STANDING COMMITTEE ON AUDITOR-GENERAL - STRATEGIC PLAN AND BUDGET FOR 2014-17 FINANCIAL YEARS
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON HUMAN SETTLEMENTS - HOUSING DEVELOPMENT AGENCY REGULATIONS
There was no debate.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Hon Speaker, I move:
That the reports be adopted.
Motion agreed to.
Report on Strategic Plan and Budget for 2014-17 financial years accordingly adopted.
Report on Housing Development Agency Regulations accordingly adopted.
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON POLICE - PROCLAMATIONS MADE IN TERMS OF SECTION 25 OF PROTECTION OF CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY AGAINST TERRORIST AND RELATED ACTIVITIES ACT
There was no debate.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Hon Speaker, I move:
That the Report be adopted and the proclamations approved.
Motion agreed to.
Proclamation No 22, published in the Government Gazette No 36689, dated 23 July 2013, accordingly approved.
Proclamation No 23, Proclamation No 24, Proclamation No 25, Proclamation No 26, Proclamation No 27, Proclamation No 28, Proclamation No 29, Proclamation No 30, Proclamation 31 published in Government Gazette No 36689, dated 23 July 2013, accordingly approved.
Proclamation No 40, Proclamation No 41, published in Government Gazette No 36857, dated 20 September 2013, accordingly approved.
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT - 2012/13 ANNUAL REPORT OF SOUTH AFRICAN SOCIAL SECURITY AGENCY (SASSA)
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT - NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY 2012/13 ANNUAL REPORT
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON COMMUNICATIONS - FOLLOW-UP OVERSIGHT VISIT TO EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE FROM 28 JANUARY TO 1 FEBRUARY 2013
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON COMMUNICATIONS - OVERSIGHT VISIT TO GAUTENG PROVINCE FROM 19 TO 22 JUNE 2012
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON BASIC EDUCATION - ENGAGEMENT ON INFRASTRUCTURE WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF BASIC EDUCATION AND PROVINCIAL EDUCATION DEPARTMENTS IN PRETORIA
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON BASIC EDUCATION - OVERSIGHT VISITS TO FARM SCHOOLS IN THE FREE STATE AND WESTERN CAPE PROVINCES
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON BASIC EDUCATION - OFFICIAL RELEASE OF THE NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE RESULTS FOR 2013
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON BASIC EDUCATION - COUNCIL FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN GENERAL AND FURTHER EDUCATION AND TRAINING (UMALUSI) AND DEPARTMENT OF BASIC EDUCATION (DBE) STANDARDISATION OF 2013 NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE (NSC) EXAMINATION MARKS MEETING
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON CORRECTIONAL SERVICES - JUDICIAL INSPECTORATE FOR CORRECTIONAL SERVICES AND HOW ITS EFFECTIVENESS MAY BE MAXIMISED
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON LABOUR - OVERSIGHT VISIT TO EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE
CONSIDERATION OF REPORT OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON LABOUR ON OVERSIGHT VISIT TO NORTHERN CAPE PROVINCE
There was no debate.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Hon Speaker, I move:
That the reports be adopted.
Motion agreed to.
Report on Social Development on 2012/13 Annual Report of South African Social Security Agency (Sassa) accordingly adopted.
Report on National Development Agency 2012/13 Annual Report accordingly adopted.
Report on Follow-up oversight visit to Eastern Cape Province from 28 January to 1 February 2013 accordingly adopted.
Report on Oversight visit to the Gauteng Province from 19 - 22 June 2012 accordingly adopted.
Report on Engagement on Infrastructure with the Department of Basic Education and Provincial Education Departments in Pretoria accordingly adopted.
Report on Oversight visits to farm schools in the Free State and Western Cape Provinces accordingly adopted.
Report on Official Release of the National Senior Certificate Results for 2013 accordingly adopted.
Report on Council for Quality Assurance in General and Further Education and Training (Umalusi) and Department of Basic Education (DBE) Standardisation of 2013 National Senior Certificate (NSC) Examination Marks Meeting accordingly adopted.
Report on Judicial Inspectorate for Correctional Services and how its effectiveness may be maximised accordingly adopted.
Report on Oversight Visit to Eastern Cape Province accordingly adopted.
Report on Oversight Visit to Northern Cape accordingly adopted.
Mr A MLANGENI: Hon Speaker, hon Deputy President in absentia, hon Members of Parliament, our guests in the gallery and my family up there, thank you for coming. [Applause.]
Let me begin by extending my heartfelt gratitude to our glorious movement, the ANC, and to our people for affording me the opportunity to serve our country in this our tribune, indeed the activist Parliament, of a democratic South Africa. It is a choice our people made, after careful consideration, to consciously build a South Africa that belongs to all who live in it.
Our forebears did not only seek to eradicate apartheid, but above all they sought to build a society that is based on humane values, yes, the values of ubuntu.
The Constitution, which is the product of serious negotiations, is a testament to and an embodiment of the aspirations of our people. Human dignity, equality and freedom are not only values that underpin our Constitution and are therefore couriers of the spirit of our Constitution, but they are also the direct antithesis of apartheid’s values of racial discrimination, economic exclusion and gender oppression.
It therefore remains our mission to obliterate from our society not only the acts of discrimination, but also the effects thereof. Therefore, it is unconscionable for anyone, for any political party and for whatever reason, to persist with the fallacious argument that the pursuit of formal equality through equal opportunities can eliminate poverty, inequality and unemployment. These challenges require that we pursue equality of outcomes, even substantive equality, through affirmative action and employment equity, and anything short of this is but a mirage and fiction.
Our forebears and posterity alike have imposed on us the responsibility to reverse the legacy of apartheid. From this responsibility we should not shrink. This responsibility we must take on with zeal and tenacity. My dear colleagues, from this responsibility we cannot be released. We dare not fail our forefathers, and yes, we cannot fail our children, either.
Our electoral system has been designed to ensure a multiparty democracy that includes even small parties. However, I must mention that democracy is nothing if it does not ensure that the voice of the minority is heard, but, even greater, that the will of the majority prevails.
The double-pronged nature of democracy obligates both sides of this House to promote the fulfilment of the whole and not only a part thereof. As much as the majority party must ensure that the voice of the minority is heard, even more so, the opposition as well as the ruling party have the responsibility to build our nation and society. [Applause.] The point I am making is that nation-building and social cohesion are not only the responsibility of the ANC, but of all Members of Parliament and other leaders in society. [Applause.]
Let me illustrate my point through an anecdote that was related by King Sabata Dalindyebo. According to the story, two men were fighting. It was a stick fight. These men were very angry and their wives were urging them on. The wife of man A shouted:
What’s the matter, my husband? You are much stronger than him and a better fighter, but he is defeating you. You are losing because you only have a stick in one hand, while the other hand is useless for fighting because it is stupidly holding a blanket to cover your nakedness.
Drop the damn blanket ...
... forget your nakedness and fight with both hands!
I want to urge Members of Parliament to mind both the stick and the blanket. [Laughter.] Debates may be hot, contradictions may sharpen and interests may collide, but we should at all times preserve the integrity of this House ... [Applause.] ... the integrity of our people and the integrity of our country. Yes, we should criticise, but constructively. We should never ever seek to demean others or border on using backward tactics, like exploiting the genuine fears of some of our people in order to score narrow political points and advance selfish interests.
This is an era in which all of us must join hands together as one to move South Africa forward to a future in which one’s skin colour, sex, culture or religion shall have no bearing on the heights to which we can ascend.
Come on! Come, my dear colleagues or, shall I say, my dear children. Your country, South Africa, needs you. Let us go to our people and tell them the truth about their country. Let us be truthful to ourselves and to our people.
The democratic project to transform our society and liberate our people from the legacy of apartheid and colonialism continues. Remember, as we do so, that the blanket matters as much as the stick does. The end should never justify the means. The journey is as important as the destination.
To all of you, my colleagues, at the end of the 20 years I have been mandated to serve our people, I wish you all the best in your future endeavours.
Ho ya ka makgoro ha se ho lahlana. Tselatshweu. [Going our separate ways does not mean we will never meet again. Go well.]
I think I am fortunate in that I did not create enemies here - on both sides of the House. [Applause.] I have good friends among the opposition members as well as in my own organisation. I am not aware of any enemies from the opposition. One of my best friends whom I have been working with for 20 years is hon Donald Lee, a great friend of mine, and Dr Pierre Rabie. Where is he? I don’t see him.
Anyway, thank you very much, comrades and Mr Speaker. I hope members who are coming back will continue to work together harmoniously. Remember that when you do criticise, please let your criticism be constructive. We should not just criticise for the sake of criticising as that won’t help us, but if you say, “I don’t like this, because of this and that, and a better method of doing it is this way”, that is what I call constructive criticism. Thank you very much. [Applause.]
The SPEAKER: I thank our hon veteran Bab’uMlangeni. We want to say to the family that now we can release him. He can go home. If in future he comes home late and he says he is from Parliament, that would not be true. [Laughter.]
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE OPPOSITION: Hon Speaker, it is indeed a great honour, as a last duty in this House, to take part in these farewell speeches. I think it is my eleventh farewell speech, considering that in some years we have two farewells. However, this is, indeed, a last farewell and not just a goodbye, as most of the other farewells have been.
This year marks my 50th year in active politics ... [Interjections.] ... so it is about time for me to bow out gracefully. Of these 50 years, I spent 14 years in local government and, since 1994, as a Member of Parliament, initially representing the National Party for five years and, for the past 10 years, as a very proud member of the DA.
During those many years as a representative and as an activist, my path crossed those of thousands, who are obviously too numerous to mention in person. They included not only many important and high-placed people, but also thousands who sought no compensation, no recognition or glory, but who steadfastly worked for a better society and a truly democratic political dispensation. It is them that I wish to applaud today, because, even though it is a proverb based on communist beliefs, I believe it is true that it is not the hero, nor the personality, but the people who are the moving force of history.
I do, however, also wish to acknowledge that in my time here in Parliament, especially these last past years in the National Assembly, many individuals have made lasting impressions on me and certainly played a role in the way in which I traversed the rough and sometimes slippery roads of the political landscape. I salute all those individuals, but in particular I wish to pay tribute to the hon M J Mahlangu, Chairperson of the NCOP, with whom I worked for many years and, of course, to you, hon Speaker, for your impartiality, wise leadership and your wisdom in considering matters that were brought to your attention. I thank you for that, I wish you well and, as so many other speakers have said, I think you should carry on to be President one day.
I also wish to thank your support staff, the other leaders and particularly the staff in both Houses. The support staff sometimes have the most thankless jobs, but they never let us down. I thank them sincerely. [Interjections.] Cheers! I have always wanted to say “Cheers!” at the podium and now I have had the chance.
In the past few weeks, we have had the unfortunate incidents where my party has had to show their protest by walking out in reference to events that had taken place. Please do not take that as disregard for this House, but as an action of our right to a democratic protest. That, however, does not take away from us and, particularly from me, the reverence with which we regard this august House, its leadership and particularly those who sit in the Chair. I thank you, hon Speaker, in particular.
This is not only my farewell speech. Quite a number of my colleagues are also retiring and I would like for them to join me in this farewell speech. I am referring to the hon Ian Davidson, who left earlier because of the impact of the terrible capping of long-service members in respect of their pensions. I also refer to the hon Dene Smuts, who has contributed immensely in this House. [Applause.] Yes, you may applaud her. [Applause.] I also refer to my great friend and colleague, the hon Stuart Farrow ... [Applause.] Clap at the end, you’re using up my minutes!
I also refer to my dear friend, Donald Lee, with whom I have had many, many years of interaction. [Applause.] Unfortunately, I haven’t got the time to go into details, but I did tell my colleagues the other day that there was a time when I was the leader of the back bench and he was my Chief Whip. I didn’t think I would come back to be a real Chief Whip.
I also refer to the hon Pierre Rabie and Marius Swart, who have already said their farewells, and to our great friend and hard worker in the community – nobody has ever worked like her, to my knowledge – Helen Lamoela ... [Applause.] ... as well as to Butch Steyn, the doyen of housing, to Marti Wenger, who has done so much, not only for her home town as the mayor there, but also in this Parliament, to Manie van Dyk, to my friend Donald Smiles, to Patty Duncan, George Boinamo, Deetlefs du Toit, Dr Ena van Schalkwyk and Dr Lourie Bosman.
I have asked some of those who haven’t said goodbye yet to share a message, which I can share with you, and I do so with pleasure. Stuart Farrow, at the end of his 15 years of collegiality, as he calls it, has asked me to thank in particular Jeremy Cronin, Chairperson of the Portfolio Committee on Transport before becoming Deputy Minister, with whom he had a good rapport and who had always been willing to listen to his differing viewpoints.
I shall have to shorten some of these messages, unfortunately, colleagues, because time is running out. He also wishes to thank the current Chairperson of the Portfolio Committee on Tourism, Donald Gumede. He says that with chairpersons like those, who are always prepared to hear an alternate voice, it gives one hope for the future of our multiparty democracy. [Applause.]
The very same Dene Smuts, who departs after 20 long years of devoted service in this Parliament ... [Interjections.] I am sorry, it is 24 years – oh, she was somewhere else for four years; I didn’t know. I have only been here for 20 years. She has asked me to say that it is no fault of hers that she is so annoyed and furious today, because the committee reports on her very important private member’s constitutional amendments Bill have been kept below the line for more than a month now. She is furious and totally disappointed about that. However, she says that parliamentary friendships forged in spite of, or during our fights, outlast everything and she is actually very, very fond of the ANC Justice MPs. She said that friendship is sometimes forged in fury. [Interjections.]
Pierre Rabie has said his goodbyes, but he also asked me to add that it is important for him to say that he departs not as an enemy, but as a friend of everybody. Helen Lamoela has had long and distinguished service outside Parliament and has been here for the past 10 years, first in the NCOP and now here. She has added her words of thanks. I am sorry, the time is running out. Marti Wenger has added her message. It will be captured in the Hansard, I am sure. So have Donald Smiles and Patty Duncan.
Dr Ena van Schalkwyk het ook haar woorde hierby gevoeg. [Dr Ena van Schalkwyk also added her words to this.]
For myself, I wish to thank my own party and colleagues most sincerely for their collegiality, friendship and support.
Die uitsonderlike ondersteuning tydens my afwesigheid die afgelope twee weke tydens my vrou se ernstige siekte het weer bewys dat ons inderdaad ’n familie is wat vir mekaar omgee. [The exceptional support during my absence the past two weeks due to my wife’s serious illness proved once more that we are indeed a family who cares about one another.]
I particularly wish to thank the parliamentary leader, Lindiwe Mazibuko, who is absent because she has been quite ill. She had a very serious operation, but we thank the Lord that she is progressing very well.
I particularly want to thank the chairperson of our party, nationally, and also the chair of our caucus, Dr Wilmot James, for his guidance and his help; and also Sandy Kalyan, my Deputy Chief Whip, and all the hardworking Whips. I thank all the colleagues for their collegiality. [Applause.]
I want to end by saying I have an admission to make. I don’t have a good story to tell ... [Laughter.] ... because we, in the DA, don’t tell stories. We stick to the facts! I thank you. [Laughter.] [Applause.]
Mr T BOTHA: Hon Speaker, hon members of this august House, Deputy Speaker, honourable presiding officers and hon Ministers, allow me to thank first of all the staff members that are serving this House. I think many people would have choked here at the podium if there was no water. So, the staff members have been very useful in providing an essential service to members of this House.
I also want to recognise MaNjobe who is a veteran of this House and the struggle for liberation. [Applause.] I’m glad I am finishing five years in this House. I was first sworn in, in this House, as a member of the ANC in 1994. I only stayed here for three weeks, because it was not my intention to be a Member of Parliament. I wanted to go to the Public Service, and I still wish to go back there. I therefore want to let you know that I am also leaving Parliament for that purpose.
Hon Speaker, allow me to thank all of you for the sterling work you have done in the past five years. I further wish to single you out, hon Speaker, for the outstanding performance in the execution of your task, in allowing debates on controversial and contentious issues, like the one on the Marikana killings and the debate we had yesterday on the use of marijuana as a possible cure for cancer. You and the Deputy Speaker, together with the House Chairs, have played a significant role in maintaining the dignity and the decorum of this House.
The political parties that make up this House, although they arrive here carrying their specific mandates, based on their election manifestos, when they sit within these walls, symbolise a diverse but unified voice of the people of South Africa. They tacitly or expressly surrender their individuality to the Rules governing this institution which, of necessity, limit their unfettered freedom. The manner in which and the extent to which they perform their functions within this House are circumscribed by the Rules regulating the behaviour of hon members, regardless of their party affiliation.
The issue of poor attendance by members on both sides of the House gave rise to the development of the attendance policy by the Joint Whips’ Committee. This policy, without negating the rights of parties to discipline their members, places the ultimate responsibility for ensuring the discipline of members on this House.
Hon Speaker, this House is tasked, among other things, with passing legislation, and performing oversight over the executive. It cannot be seen to be legislating for others if it cannot apply the same rules to itself. For this institution to preserve its dignity and for the public to respect its members, it must abide by the same standards it expects others to abide by.
In addition, hon Speaker, whilst the rights of political parties to engage in rigorous debates in this House should never be undermined, this has to be done in the spirit of patriotism and in defence of the common good. The notion of unity in diversity must assume political, social and economic meaning for the country to move forward. Members of political parties come to this House with mandates from their caucuses to debate difficult issues that affect the nation. They present positions to this House in the belief that they will be able to persuade other political parties to move to their position. They too should expect that other parties are determined to persuade them to move to their own position. This is the essence of democracy. If you are not ready to persuade and be persuaded, there is no justification for you to be in the House. Individuals and political parties come and go, but this institution will remain in place for generations to come.
In conclusion, I must confess that I came to this House with less knowledge than that with which I leave. I now feel better equipped to face the world and to continue putting building blocks in the development of our nascent democracy.
I wish all those members of this House who are not coming back good luck in their endeavours. To those hoping to come back, good luck in the forthcoming elections. I thank you. [Applause.]
Mrs M M MAUNYE: Hon Speaker, hon Ministers, hon Deputy Ministers, comrades, and hon Members of Parliament, I stand here before you feeling fulfilled and humbled to have been favoured with the opportunity to serve our people in a representative capacity. Indeed, the 18 years I have spent within these august walls will remain etched in my memory.
I will always recall that the ANC worked hard to transform an institution that was legally legitimising a system which the United Nations declared a crime against humanity. I will recall with fulfilment that the representatives of the aspirations of our people did not only repeal laws that were inconsistent with our Constitution, but passed laws which not only freed our people from the shackles of apartheid, but also restored the dignity of the downtrodden and empowered the vulnerable.
Hon members, I shall never forget how I was part of the team in the history of our people, the team that ensured that South Africa, our beloved country, became much better than it was before 1994. Yes, I agree with the President that it is a good story to tell. [Applause.] It is a story we shall continue to tell our people, the story of how taking electricity to rural areas has freed our women from taking their precious time to hew wood, many of whom had to balance logs of wood on their heads.
Ba ile go rwalela dikgong kwa nageng. [They went to hew wood in the veld.]
These women have gradually been released from the burden of cooking outside under harsh conditions. The ANC has, through using its position as a governing party, built houses for the homeless and brought potable water to our people.
Ha re sa ya dinokeng re ilo kga metsi. [We no longer fetch water from the rivers.]
The dignity of our people has been restored and women released to pursue more fulfilling ventures.
Hon Speaker, what brings joy to us is to have been part of a team that worked hard to extend access to permitting documents. We have witnessed the joy of people receiving smart identity document cards for the first time. [Applause.] Our government is now rolling out the smart identity document cards, beginning with our senior citizens, many of whom had been dehumanised by the apartheid government by forcing them to carry “dompasses” and “specials”, and virtually turning them into pariahs in their own land. The roll-out also begins with the young who, though affected by the harsh legacy of apartheid, have been spared its direct indignities.
Hon members, our democracy demands of us to be in contact with the people we represent. It is therefore necessary that we strengthen our constituency work. We should also dedicate more quality time to oversight work, because theory cannot be divorced from practice, and knowledge without experience is always at the risk of being irrelevant. In the period I have been in Parliament, I have to say that the people’s Parliament under the leadership of the ANC has done a lot to reverse the legacy of apartheid, yet more still needs to be done.
Let me take this opportunity to wish all hon members well in their future endeavours. In particular, I want to thank the ANC for affording me the golden opportunity to serve our people. I also thank the members of the Portfolio Committee on Home Affairs and the staff; the office of the Minister, the Deputy Minister and the Department of Home Affairs; the office of the Chief Whip and the Deputy Chief Whip for their support; and lastly, I thank the entire ANC family here in Parliament. It was warm to be in the ANC. [Applause.]
Ho lona bohle ke re di sa kopaneng ke dithaba. [I say to you all, till we meet again.]
Ntumelele Mmusakgotla ke re: Gape nna ke motlhakola o montsho wa mampa’Modise, more mophyegisa manong. Magodi ga a akelwe. Ke motho yo o ntseng a re tlou, tlou. Ee, le e bone e tlhaga e tshaba eng? Ke setlogolwana sa Bakwena. Ke a leboga, Mmusakgotla. [Legofi.] [Praise poem]
Mr J H VAN DER MERWE: Mr Speaker, I want to say to Baba Mlangeni ...
Oom Andrew, u het baie mooi gepraat. U moet mooi loop! [Uncle Andrew, you spoke very well. Do take care of yourself!]
I want to thank all people who have helped to make a success of our Parliament and who have been kind to me. I also want to pay tribute to my colleague, Mr Peter Smith, who is retiring. He was a brilliant politician. He is a very intelligent person and it is a pity that we are losing him.
Mooi loop, ou Peter! [Applous.] [Go well, old Peter!] [Applause.]
Today is a historic day in my life. In fact, it is the last time that I will be speaking in Parliament as I am retiring. [Applause.] [Interjections.] There is another highlight in my life. Today, as my sons and my wife are celebrating birthdays, I promised them that I will refer to them in my speech. Please, allow me to do so.
Aan my seun Jacobus Hercules van der Merwe, wat vandag 48 word, baie geluk, Jaco! Aan my kleinseun Jacobus Hercules van der Merwe, wat vandag 18 word, geluk, klein Jaco! Aan my ander kleinseun Andries Hendrik van der Merwe, wat op 10 Maart 16 geword het, baie geluk, Anri! En aan my vrou Annette, wat op 17 Maart verjaar, baie geluk! Sy en ek is vanjaar 55 jaar gelukkig getroud! [Applous.] (Translation of Afrikaans paragraph follows.)
[To my son Jacobus Hercules van der Merwe, who turns 48 today, congratulations, Jaco! To my grandson Jacobus Hercules van der Merwe, who turns 18 today, congratulations, young Jaco. To my other grandson Andries Hendrik van der Merwe, who turned 16 on 10 March, congratulations, Anri! And to my wife Annette, who will be celebrating her birthday on 17 March, congratulations! This year she and I have been happily married for 55 years!] [Applause.]
Yes, I am retiring. I have come to the end of more than 60 years of being an activist. With Watty it was 50 years, and I have been one for 60 years. I remember that I was distributing pamphlets and putting up posters during the elections in 1948. However, I have been in Parliament for 37 long years ... [Interjections.] ... but they went past like a bullet. I will be writing about my life in Parliament, from the days of apartheid until now, because I have seen the whole movie.
I was privileged to have served under seven heads of state: Mr Vorster, Mr P W Botha, Mr F W de Klerk, Madiba, Mr Mbeki, Mr Motlanthe and President Zuma. I also served for 18 years on the Judicial Service Commission. For me as a lawyer, this was a pinnacle of my legal career, the one I am most proud of, assisting to build a solid South African judiciary.
I wish to pass one or two pieces of advice to our members. Always be respectful to your parents, your grandparents, your teachers, your employers and the elderly. Be respectful. Discipline is the second one. You must always arrive on time, properly prepared so as to make meaningful contributions. In short, the main one is to be humble, as humility is the road to political success.
I want to thank the Almighty for granting me the privilege to have served so long in Parliament.
Mhlonishwa Somlomo, ngiyambonga uNkulunkulu ngaleli thuba. [Hon Speaker, I thank the Almighty for giving me this opportunity.]
Ke leboha Modimo ka monyetla wa ho sebetsa mona Palamenteng. [I thank God for an opportunity to work in Parliament.]
Hemelse Vader, ek dank U vir die voorreg wat U my gegun het om byna 40 jaar lank lid van dié Parlement te wees. [Heavenly Father, I thank You for the privilege You have granted me to have served for almost 40 years as a member of this Parliament.] [Applause.]
It is time for me to say goodbye. Goodbye! Tsamayang hantle! Nihambe kahle!
Fluit-fluit, my storie is uit! [Well, that’s the end of my story!] [Applause.] [Laughter.]
The SPEAKER: I wish to thank hon Van der Merwe. We will definitely miss you! [Interjections.] [Laughter.] Thank you very much, hon Koos van der Merwe.
Mr S Z NTAPANE: Hon Speaker, hon members, we have been meeting in committees and coming to this House for the past five years. We have learnt to understand each other as family members do. It is therefore indeed very emotional to stand here knowing well that I am seeing some of these faces for the last time in my life.
I am short of words in thanking the UDM for deploying me in this Parliament to represent the people of South Africa, a duty I am satisfied I have done to the best of my ability. I am also grateful for having had the opportunity to meet these wonderful people.
My gratitude goes to all the chairpersons of the committees in which I served. They created platforms that enabled greater convergence and coherence of our best intellectual resources, contributing to more far-sighted legislation and effective implementation. In all the committees that I served in, we were like family members tolerating each other. An outsider would not even notice that we came from different political parties.
Mr Speaker, I do not know how Parliament was in the previous terms because this is my first term. However, one thing that I am sure of is that you made this term a very interesting one. You maintained your neutrality as a presiding officer right through, and you also maintained the quintessence of politeness even in trying times. You have the patience of Job. This also goes for your Deputy Speaker and the House Chairs. They did a very good job. I commend them for that. [Applause.]
Hon members, my dear colleagues, regardless of what may happen to us in the next term, let us thank our parties for choosing us amongst all their members to come and represent South Africans here. This is an enormous and valuable experience that we could not have gotten anywhere else except here. Nobody will ever take it away from us. To those members who are not coming back, but are willing to come back, do not despair. This is not the end of the world. To frustrate yourself with something that you cannot change is very unfair to yourself. There is a proverb that says, “The die is cast.”
Kwatshiwo emyezweni kwathiwa siza kufa ngokufa. Ayisoze itshintshe ke loo nto! [It was said from the garden of Eden that man will die and turn into dust. That can never be changed!]
I am not saying “niza kufa” [you will die]; all that I am saying is: Do not frustrate yourself with something that you are not going to change. You must always try to maintain a positive attitude even when things get tough. This reminds me of a quotation from the great Mahatma Gandhi:
Keep your thoughts positive because your thoughts become your words. Keep your words positive because your words become your behaviour. Keep your behaviour positive because your behaviour becomes your habits. Keep your habits positive because your habits become your values. Keep your values positive because your values become your destiny.
Your destiny is in your hands and not in anybody else’s hands. If there are any who say, “We will see”, prove them wrong! From the bottom of my heart, I would really love to see you in life after Parliament, the same people that you are now, of course, with reasonable wear-and-tear, because the age is catching up. Thank you. [Applause.]
Prof B TUROK: Mr Speaker, many years ago, Mark Twain said the following: “Reports of my death are grossly exaggerated.” [Laughter.]
I want to say that the reports of my retirement are also “grossly exaggerated”. [Laughter.] I find it very difficult to retire. So, what I am going to do – indeed, I wrote to you this morning, Mr Speaker –as I leave the seat here, is that I would like you to reserve a seat for me up there! [Interjections.] [Applause.] Then, I shall be looking down on the House and exercising my right of oversight. [Laughter.] [Applause.] So, be careful, I shall be around!
You see, Mr Speaker, it is rather difficult to get rid of me. I live in Cape Town. I have an office across the road in Plein Street, and I shall be working on the journal, New Agenda, that I have been editing for 10 years. That journal is going to keep me very busy. That is why the word “retirement” does not fit nicely in my mind. As I am here and across the road, I shall be exercising oversight and monitoring this House. So, please pay attention, because I shall be sitting up there across the road keeping an eye on everybody.
I need to say a few words about my experience in this House. I enjoy speaking; I do not enjoy listening. So, I found a trick to use when I speak here at the podium. The trick is this: When you see that the House is not paying attention, all you have to do is to provoke the DA. [Laughter.] And as you provoke them, they rise like fish to the bait. [Interjections.] [Laughter.] They attack you! And as they attack you, the whole House listens! [Laughter.]
I want to confess that I have used that trick many times, especially in the days of the hon Mike Ellis. [Applause.] [Laughter.] Mike was really a fish who rose to the bait. [Laughter.] If I called him a capitalist, he would call me a communist. Then the whole House would be in a furore! [Laughter.] So, I want to thank the DA for this entertainment. [Laughter.] [Applause.]
I want to say a few words about the ethics of the House. This morning the Joint Committee on Ethics and Members’ Interests met. We passed the new code of ethical conduct. If I look back on my period of 20 years in the House, I think I am going to be very proud of the fact that this committee has set a new standard for behaviour in this House. I want to thank all the members of that committee for their co-operation. [Applause.]
To get cross-party co-operation and participation in this House is not easy. You have got some troublesome people on both sides. We managed to bring them all together. We have passed this code of conduct, and I am very pleased about that. I think it will act as a beacon for future conduct here.
I also want to say a few words about how I see the politics of this place and indeed of the country. Let me confess that when I was a young student and a young militant, I was very radical. What we talked about in the struggle, led by the ANC, to which I committed myself as a student and a young radical, was taking power. The ANC and the liberation movement had the vision that we had to take power. I think we have matured a little bit. What we see now is that we have a multiparty democracy in this House, which is very important and vibrant.
The taking of power is now really in the background, because we are here to share the power of this House and of this country across party lines. I think that is very important. As for myself, let me say that I no longer think in terms of taking power. I think in terms of developing a consensus across the country, a consensus which is a multiparty consensus and which deals with the basic issues facing the country.
I have been working with economic policy for many years. I see that the challenge for us in this House is to focus on economic development, and not only growth. Growth in itself – I see the Minister of Finance is here – is not enough. It has to be not only inclusive, but also developmental. I want to put that as the basic issue which should unite the House, because it is really noncontentious. It means that we should develop the country as a whole.
We have complex challenges for this country which cannot merely be handled in simple financial terms, because the social consequences of all our policies should be before us all the time.
My final message to the House is this: I shall be watching from there, but you have a huge responsibility of developing this country for all our people. You must take account, not only of the mechanics of making money and of running the system, but also of the social consequences of our decisions. We have, all of us, a huge responsibility before history.
Finally, I would like to give advice to all the veterans who have been talking here, and talking about retirement. My advice to you is: You may leave the House, but don’t retire. There is a lot to be done! Thank you all. [Applause.]
Dr C P MULDER: Hon Speaker, hon colleagues, we have come to the end of another term. Five years have gone, and we are all going to leave rather soon to go back to our constituencies and our electorate for the next election. I want to start off by saying on behalf of my party and all of us, a word of sincere thank you to all the people who are working in this parliamentary precinct and this institution to make it possible for us as members to do our work.
Baie keer word daardie werk nie raakgesien nie. Dit is werk wat in stilte gedoen word en ons aanvaar dit as vanselfsprekend, maar ons moet opreg daarvoor dankie sê.
Ek kyk vandag in die Huis rond na al die verskillende politieke partye soos hulle hier sit. In elke party sien ek kollegas wat vandag hier gestaan en gesê het dat hulle uittree. Ek sien ook kollegas wat ons weet wat uittree uit die politiek, maar wat nie vandag noodwendig gepraat het nie. Ek sien hulle in alle politieke partye. Hulle is kollegas wat oor die jare heen vriende geword het. Baie van ons mense daar buite verstaan nie die dinamiek wat in hierdie Huis heers nie, waar ons aan die een kant politieke opponente is, maar aan die ander kant ook individue en mense wat vriende van mekaar word, wat mekaar se harte kan verstaan en wat saam ’n sekere pad kan loop in belang van waarmee ons besig is.
Ek wil vandag vir elkeen wat uittree, sê sterkte en baie dankie vir die bydrae wat u gemaak het. Ek is bly die Speaker het nie na my verwys as ’n veteraan nie. Ek dink nie dit sou gepas gewees het nie! Die feit dat daar aan vandag se debat soveel veterane deelgeneem het wat totsiens gesê het, moet ook vir ons ’n boodskap deurgee. Daar is iets in die lug, en u moet dit kan aanvoel. Dis ’n gevoel wat vir my baie dieselfde is as dié van 1994, toe ons vir die eerste keer hier gekom het. Dis ’n gevoel wat sê dat wat in hierdie verkiesing gaan gebeur ’n totale nuwe spel gaan meebring. Dit gaan ’n nuwe spel wees wat tot ’n groot mate met nuwe kollegas wat nog moet kom, gespeel gaan word, wat ’n groot verandering gaan meebring, en waarvoor ons gereed moet wees om dit op die regte manier te hanteer ná die verkiesing.
Ons as Parlementslede moet een ding besef: Elkeen van ons wat hier is, is nie hier om vir onsself op te tree of te dien nie. Ons is selfs – al is ons politici – nie eens hier om noodwendig ons partye te dien nie. Die Grondwet sê ... (Translation of Afrikaans paragraphs follows.)
[That work is often not recognised. It is work that is done in silence and we take it for granted, but we have to express our sincere gratitude for it.
I look around the House today at all the political parties as they are seated here. In each party I see colleagues who have stood up here today and announced that they will be retiring. I also see colleagues whom we know will be retiring from politics, but who did not necessarily speak today. I see them in all political parties. They are colleagues who have become friends as the years have passed. Many of our people out there don’t understand the dynamics that are at play in this House, where, on the one hand, we are political opponents, but, on the other, also individuals and people who become friends, who understand one another’s hearts, and who can traverse a specific road together in the interest of that which we are busy with.
Today, I would like to wish everyone who is retiring all the best and say thank you for the contribution you have made. I am glad that the Speaker did not refer to me as a veteran. I don’t think it would have been appropriate! The fact that so many of the veterans have participated in today's debate and said goodbye should also send us a message. There is something in the air, and you should be able to sense it. To me, it bears a strong resemblance to that feeling in 1994, when we came here for the first time. It is a feeling that is indicating that whatever is going to happen in these elections is going to bring about a whole new ball game. It will be a new ball game that, to a large extent, will be played with new colleagues who are yet to arrive, which will bring about an enormous change that we have to prepare for in order to manage it in the correct manner after the elections.
As Members of Parliament we have to realise one thing: All of us here are not here to act on our own behalf or to serve ourselves. Actually, we are not even here - although we are politicians - necessarily to serve our own parties. The Constitution states that ...]
... we are here to represent the people of South Africa, all the people, not this group or that group. We represent all the people and because of that, we have a very huge responsibility. So let us go out to campaign and to take our message to the people so that they will decide on 7 May who to vote for.
From the FF Plus point of view, I want to say thank you to each and every one of you. We are not saying goodbye; we will be back - most of us will be back - and then we will take our responsibility further to serve our country and the people of South Africa. Thank you. [Applause.]
Mrs C DUDLEY: Hon Speaker, I heard a conversation in the House yesterday that went something like this, “She insults us for five years, then, with a smile and no further thought, she thinks she can become one of us.” Now, who could they have been referring to? It was Harold Wilson who was famously quoted as saying, “A week in politics is a long time.” That was back in the 1960s. I think most of us may be tempted to make that a day or even an hour.
What stayed in my mind was, however, the word “insults”. As we know - and saw today - often these words fly around the House, usually leaving the one doing the insulting looking smaller in everyone’s eyes. So, I wondered what we would say to each other if we were back in the day when insults said in the English language had a little more class, before the days of four-letter words, etc.
Let me start with the ACDP. Winston Churchill might have said, “They have all the virtues I dislike and none of the vices I admire.” But then, of course, we could have said the same about him, too.
We know the FF Plus has a sense of humour, so I will interrupt my train of thought with a story about my sister’s grandson. On his first day of school not so long ago, he told the teacher: “My father is Afrikaans, and my mother is normal.” [Laughter.] Yes, good! I also found that funny!
This is something that MPs can all identify with, because we have the privilege of being sought out by people who insist that we read or hear every thought that crossed their minds throughout their entire lives. If we were Moses Hadas, we could genuinely say to them, thank you for sending me a copy of your book, I’ll waste no time reading it.
Andrew Lang could have insulted us all so nicely with these words he spoke in the 1800s, “They use statistics as a drunken man uses a lamp post - for support rather than illumination.” [Laughter.] Oscar Wilde is a personal favourite of mine and this is probably how most politicians feel at party listing time. But I am thinking of hon Lekota right now, I am not sure why. Wilde said, “He has no enemies, but is intensely disliked by his friends.” [Laughter.]
Because we become addicted to people, even obnoxious and insulting ones, this is definitely what the ANC members will say when some of the DA members do not return, “I feel so miserable without you, it’s almost like having you here.” [Laughter.]
If the hon Watson had given as horrendous a farewell speech this year as he did last year, I was determined to quote Samuel Johnson, who said, “He is not only dull himself, he is the cause of dullness in others.” [Laughter.] But after your singing at hon Skosana’s memorial service, all is forgiven.
I know from where I sit that the ANC has a great sense of humour, but I am not keen to test whether they are up to laughing at themselves just yet. So, I will pick on the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. She doesn’t listen anyway. [Laughter.] Walter Kerr puts it like this, “She had delusions of adequacy. Fortunately - and I must say this - she is the exception and not the rule.” So that I do not suffer serious self-doubt over the lack of laughter on that particular comment, I will quote myself, ”I have a great sense of humour; it is just different to everyone else’s.” [Laughter.]
Hon Kenneth Meshoe, hon Steve Swart and I - you may have noticed - expect to be back here very soon, so we’re not being as sentimental about this farewell as we might otherwise have been.
You know we love you all and really appreciate everything you have brought to our lives, the good, the bad and the amazing. I could single out so many people who have impacted my life, but it would not be fair to my colleagues as they will not get the chance to do the same. I will just say that so many of you, like hon Ben Turok, have been my teachers and mentors, though you may not have any idea that you were. Others have been like brothers and sisters, especially those who have seriously given me a hard time. I have loved you all and I hope I have stretched you a little, too.
To the officials and staff of Parliament, we thank you sincerely for all you have done to assist us in our work. You are a blessing and we are grateful for you.
Finally, I hope these words of Oscar Wilde will never be said about any of us, “Some cause happiness wherever they go, others whenever they go.” [Laughter.]
The ACPD is working hard and praying for a peaceful 2014 election. I am praying for grace and a heightened sense of humour for us all. God be with you till we meet again. Thank you. [Applause.]
Nksz J MANGANYE: Somlomo, mandithathe eli thuba ndiyibulele kakhulu inxaxheba i-ANC ethe yandinika yona yokuza kusebenzela uluntu lwesizwe sethu. Kananjalo ndibulela namaLungu ePalamente onke ngenkxaso athe andinika yona ukufika kwam ngowama-2009. Ndifike apha ndingazi nto kwaphela ngezinto zomthetho, ndingazi nokuba xa ndiqala ndiza kuqala phi na, kodwa ngoku ndiphuma ndiyingcaphephe kwezomthetho. [Kwaqhwatywa.] (Translation of isiXhosa paragraph follows.)
[Ms J MANGANYE: Speaker, let me take this opportunity to express my greatest gratitude to the ANC for the opportunity it has given me to come here and work for society. I also thank all Members of Parliament for the support they gave me when I arrived here in 2009. When I arrived here I knew nothing about legal matters, and I didn’t even know where to start in dealing with them, but now I am a legal expert. [Applause.]]
Hon Speaker, the profound change of the past 20 years made the distance traversed seem so short and the end sudden. Yet with the epoch-making progress that has been made, this period could have been decades. South Africa is in a momentous process of change, blazing a trail towards a secure future, as opposed to what the prophets of doom are saying.
We came here today to bid farewell to one another, and as you are all aware, some of us, after the 7 May election, willingly or reluctantly will not be able to return to this august House as our political parties will be deploying us somewhere else or at branch level. We will remain focused. We will still serve the community with humility and modesty in every corner of our beloved country where we will be deployed.
Go maloko a Ntlo eno, nko ya kgomo mogala tshwara ka thata e se re go utlwa sebodu wa kgaoga. Ke lebisitse ditebogo go modulasetilo yo ke ne ke dira ka fa tlase ga gagwe e leng, Rre Johnny de Lange. O nthusitse thata gore fa ke emeng teng fano ke bo ke itse mosola wa gore metsi ke eng. Ke tlile fano ke itse gore metsi ke a a nwa a le mo lebotlolong, fela ke ne ke sa tlhaloganye. Jaanong, ke a go leboga Johnny, le kwa o tla yang teng, Modimo a go thuse.
Ke leboga le banka e e kwa morago ele ya bana ba bannye bao ke ne ke nna le bona, ba tlhola ba tlhodiile, ka re le ithute ka thata bongwanake le sa ntse le le bannye. Mokgatlho o wa rona o rata go bona ditiro tse dintle tse di dirwang ke lona le le bokamoso jwa rona jwa setšhaba, gore batho ba rona le ba bangwe ba ba le latelang ba bannye ba gole ba bona metlhala ya lona. Ka Setswana re a re: Dintšwanyana di bonwa mabotobotong. Ngwana o mmona go sa le gale gore a o phuthetse kgotsa a ka phuthela. Ka jalo, ka re le dire ka thata bongwanake le tle le re goge kamoso, e sere re ntse kwa gae ra eletsa gore nkabo re ntse fa godimo fano re ntse re le konopa ka sengwenyana go le gopotsa gore ga se ka mokgwa o mokgatlho o re romileng ka teng. A re direng ka thata.
Ke rata go raya maloko otlhe, Ntlo ka fa lethakoreng la ANC le ka fa makokong a boganetsi, ke re ke le eleletsa matlhogonolo a gore ditlhopho tse di tlang di se nne le dikgogakgogano. Jaaka mekgatlho ya dipolotiki, re na le gore fa re kopana re ile go ngoka batlhophi, re bo re lwa. A re direng ka naatla gore re neelane ka serodumo gonne mafatshe a a kwa ntle a lebeletse gore batho ba Aforikaborwa ke batho ba ba ntseng jang. Ga go na mokgatlho wa sepolotiki o o tla itsholeletsang kwa godimo o re ona ka kwa ntle o buiwa sentle. Fa ba bua ANC maswe, go raya gore le lona lotlhe ka fa, le tla bo le le maswe. Re tshwanetse go dira mmogo go bipa boatla jwa rona. Go teng fa re tshwanetseng go ngapana gona. Re ka ngapana fa re ntse ka fa Ntlong ka fa, mme re ngapanela go tsweledisa bokamoso jwa batho ba ba re romileng fano pele. Ga re a tla re rwele dibaki tsa rona re tla fano, re tlile re romilwe ke maloko kgotsa baagi. Ka jalo, a re direng gore se baagi ba re romileng sona, re kgone go se diragatsa.
Ke akgola mokgatlho wa gaetsho wa ANC o e rileng fa o simolola ka 1994 wa bo o na le moono o o reng: Together we have won the right for people to vote. Ka 1999 wa boa gape o re: Together in every sector fighting for change. Ka 2004 ra re: A people’s contract; e e leng gore re ne re bua gore re tla tlisa ditiro re bo re lwantsha le bona bohuma. Re tla gape monongwaga mme re a re: Together, we move South Africa forward.
Fa ke laela, Modulasetilo, ka re, Motswana wa maloba fa a bua a re: Moremogolo go betlwa wa taola, wa motho o a ipetla. Ke a leboga. [Legofi.] (Translation of Setswana paragraphs follow.)
[To the members of this House, I would like to say that no matter how difficult things may be, never give up. I would like to pass a word of thanks to my former chairperson, Mr Johnny de Lange. He helped me a lot and it is because of him that today I know the importance of water. I came here only knowing about water in the bottle that I drink, but I did not understand. I thank you, Johnny, wherever you are, may God bless you.
I would also like to thank the back bench of the youth brigade I always sit with. They always make noise, but please learn while you are still young. Our party loves the good work you are doing as our nation’s future, so that other youth that follow you should grow seeing your footprints. You can spot early whether a child has a bright future or not. Therefore, I would like to say, please work hard so that you can lead us in the future. When we are at home we do not want to wish we were still leading to remind you of the party’s mandate. Let us work hard.
To all members, on the ANC’s side and the oppositions’ side of the House, I wish you all the best on the upcoming elections and hope there will be no controversy. As political parties, we have a tendency of being violent to each other when we are campaigning for elections. Let us work hard to have smooth campaigning and elections so that other countries can see how good South Africans are. There is no political party that will present itself as the only good one to other countries. When they talk bad about the ANC, it means all of you here are bad. We should work together to cover our recklessness. However, there are moments when we fight each other. We can fight here in the House, and we fight for the progress of the people that mandated us. We did not come here by ourselves, but we were mandated by members of the public. Therefore, let us ensure that we do what the public mandated us to do.
I would like to compliment our party, the ANC, which when it started in 1994 said: Together we have won the right for people to vote. In 1999 it said: Together in every sector we are fighting for change. In 2004 we said: A people’s contract; in which we said we will provide jobs and fight poverty. This year we are saying: Together, we move South Africa forward.
As I depart, Chairperson, I would like to say: Masterpieces can be created, but human beings create their own destiny. Thank you. [Applause.]]
Mr S A MPETHI: Mohl Spikara, Ditona tše di lego gona mo, Maloko a Palamente kamoka go tšwa mekgatlong ye e fapanego, ke a le tamiša, ke re khutšo ga e be le lena. [Greetings to you, hon Speaker, hon Ministers and all members from the various political parties. May peace be with you.]
It is a great honour to be placed in the position of serving the people, especially when those people come from slavery, dispossession and marginalisation, and are now free and looking forward to a great life for themselves and their progeny.
This has been a fruitful session for me personally and the Pan Africanist Congress, PAC, of Azania. The co-operation I have enjoyed and the friends I have acquired are an indication that the next session will be a friendlier one. Gone are those days when a party like ours would be booed and degraded in this House. Our Parliament is truly coming to maturity and the PAC will continue with efforts to build co-operation and friendliness in this House.
Although we are composed of several parties, we are, in fact, representatives together of all the people of South Africa, making one set of laws for the people of South Africa. For this reason, we cannot afford to show division amongst ourselves. We must inspire our people with a common vision, as that will generate social cohesion, without which the unity of a country such as ours, coming from violent divisions, cannot be sustained.
Politically we have differences, of course, but socially we need to encourage cohesion even among ourselves as role models.
We are approaching a different set of circumstances after the elections. In the next session, there will be a new advent of political realignment right across the board. We therefore have to change our mindsets, knowing that there will be new opportunities to build new friendships and a more compact shared vision.
I wish you all a fruitful time during the elections and call not only for tolerance, but also for acceptance of one another as compatriots.
Ka mantšu ao, ke re a re yeng go šoma. Mokgatlo wa PAC o tla šoma le lena, bjale ka ge le tseba gore selokene sa rena se re: “Khutšo gare ga MaAfrika, ntwa kgahlanong le lenaba!” [Let us go and work. The PAC will work with you, as you know our slogan of “Peace among the Africans, fight against the enemy”.]
Mr R B BHOOLA: Mr Speaker, firstly I would like to extend my sincere gratitude for the opportunity to express a few words of farewell to my colleagues, friends and the support staff of Parliament in both Houses. It has indeed been a privilege to serve the MF, my community and all minority groups in this august House.
I want to take this opportunity to pay tribute to my mentor and role model, the former leader of the MF, Mr Amichand Rajbansi, who elevated me to the position of a national Member of Parliament in 2004. I had become his prodigy and he hand-picked me to lead the fight for minority rights on a national level.
He was a man who played an integral role in the transition to democracy through his participation in the Convention for a Democratic South Africa, Codesa, talks. He was an inspiration to us all. He has worked with great leaders like Inkosi Albert Luthuli, Moses Mabhida and the great giant, Nelson Mandela. To Mr Rajbansi, the Bengal tiger, I owe a huge debt of gratitude for the faith and guidance he always gave.
I also want to say thank you to the ANC that, under the stewardship of the great Madiba, gave us political freedom. [Applause.]
Today, we can all hold the highest office in this country, which is certainly a mammoth achievement, and all this has come about because of Madiba’s incarceration of 27 years on Robben Island. When I met Tata Madiba, I was humbled by his spirit of humility. Because of his sacrifices, we can all serve our country in Parliament unfailingly, uncompromisingly and unyieldingly.
In this House, we do not represent ourselves, but rather the people of this country. This is and should always be the centre of what we do.
I also want to thank all the support staff of Parliament, from all walks, from the NA Table to the cleaning staff. They have made it easy for us to be responsible, respectful and dignified leaders.
I now turn to the DA, and believe me I do this on a light note, so please, don’t raise a point of order. [Laughter.] I think the DA should change their name to the point of order party. [Laughter.] If I got through one day without a point of order from them, it was a great achievement. [Laughter.]
I think that we all realise that we stand here as representatives of the masses out there. They have entrusted us with the responsibility to fully represent them, so things were never personal, just political. Of course, that does not mean to say that the MF won’t give you a thrashing at the polls on 7 May! [Laughter.]
As we break for elections and intensify our campaigns, let us be mindful of those serious levels of unemployment, poverty and inequality. And when some of us come back rejuvenated, let us take the mandate of our people from where we have left off.
We must always remember that the fragrance of a flower blows in the direction of the wind, but the good we do unto mankind will spread in all directions. I want to leave you with the beautiful Zulu proverb, “Umuntu ngumuntu ngabantu.” We are who we are, because of other people. In the Indian language it’s all about:
roti, kapra, makaan, paani aur bijli. [bread, clothing, housing, water and electricity.]
Namal ke mukke maanam paro vele vedu tanni saapede velichen. [There must be bread, work, water, homes and electricity for all.] Until we meet again, goodbye. Thank you. [Applause.]
Mrs D M RAMODIBE: Hon Speaker, hon Ministers and Deputy Ministers, hon Members of Parliament, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, it is with humility and honour that I stand before you and bid farewell to everyone. We served this Fourth Parliament with diligence and integrity. We argued and shared the views of our different political parties. I want to thank the ANC for what I am today and I also want to thank it for bringing life to so many of our people.
We had heated debates, to the extent that we sometimes even pointed and howled, but all that ended in this House. When we meet outside this House, we are different people, who carry no grudges. This will always remain vivid in our minds, especially those of us who are retiring.
It has been a pleasure working with you and serving in different committees with different characters. What an experience! Hon Speaker, I will certainly miss your saying, “Order! Order, hon members!” [Laughter.] I will also miss, “Point of order, Mr Speaker” and, lastly, “Mr Speaker, the DA calls for a division.” [Laughter.]
Let me take this opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to the Speaker and all other presiding officers, Ministers, Deputy Ministers and hon Members of Parliament. It has been a pleasure working with you.
There just doesn’t seem to be an easy way for me to say goodbye to you. Goodbyes are not forever. They are not the end. I will miss you until we meet again. [Applause.] To those who are coming back, continue representing our people, because they do have confidence in us.
It is extremely joyous and easy to meet, but hard to say goodbye. Allow me to quote William Shakespeare when he said, “Farewell, thou art too dear for my possessing.”
Let me end by saying: Follow your dreams, work hard, practice and persevere. Make sure you eat a variety of food, get plenty of exercises ... [Laughter.] ... and maintain a healthy lifestyle. I want to say that, whilst I am retiring from Parliament, rest assured that I am not retiring from ANC politics. I thank you. [Applause.]
Mr K J DIKOBO: Hon Speaker, hon members, guests in the gallery, I came to Parliament in the middle of 2010, following the retirement of the hon Dr Mosibudi Mangena. By the time I arrived, other members had been here for more than a year. Comrade Mangena did his best to show me around and orientate me. He spent the whole week with me, making sure that I settled in.
My first priority was locating the venues of meetings. I had difficulty knowing what each letter before a room number meant – NCOP, Old Assembly or New Wing. On more than one occasion I had to abandon the search and go back to the office. With time I settled in. In this House and in the committees on which I served, I met strangers who later became friends, comrades and, in some cases, brothers or sisters. I have enjoyed my time here. I am grateful to Azapo for giving me this opportunity and privilege. This is not a task I took lightly.
I want to extend my thanks to the parliamentary staff for the support that they render to all members. I extend special thanks to the staff in our parliamentary office, Miss Nomgcobo Soxutywa and Comrade Nkutshweu Skap Motsawa, and to the staff in our constituency offices. Some of you may not know that Skap Motsawa was involved in an accident that rendered him a quadruplegic, but he continues to serve the party with distinction.
On behalf of Azapo, I thank the people of our land for the mandate. We hold the view that we did our best in everything we did and that at all times Azapo always punched above its weight. Azapo has been faithful in the small things given to it and we believe that our people will give us a bigger responsibility.
I say thank you to the chairpersons in the committees on which I served, the hon Peter Maluleka, the hon Hope Malgas and the hon Adv Malale, and former chairpersons the hon Chohan and the hon Fransman. To all members, thank you very much for your friendship. Thank you for being who you were in my life.
I want to end by also quoting Shakespeare: “Fare thee well. If we meet again, we shall smile. If we don’t, it was a parting well made.”
Re a le boga Afrika borwa. [Thank you, South Africa.] Thank you. [Applause.]
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: Hon members, the farewell speeches we give today at the end of this Fourth Parliament call for us to be gracious in bidding farewell to all members, yet also expect us to be circumspect when looking back on the past five years.
It seems as if much time has passed since we hosted the very successful 2010 Fifa World Cup tournament. Indeed, we had a good story to tell then, and we could say proudly that South Africa was a better place in 2010 than it was in 1994.
In 2011 we hosted the successful 17th Conference of the Parties climate change talks in Durban, and we said then that we had a good story to tell and that the country was a better place than it was in 1994.
In 2012 Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, this country’s former Minister of Home Affairs, was the first woman to be appointed to the critical post of Chairperson of the African Union Commission. Who could argue against this good story? And we all felt extremely proud that we had come so far since 1994.
Last year we hosted the fifth Brics Summit, Brics being the Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa group of nations, under the theme: “Brics and Africa: Partnership for Development, Integration and Industrialisation”. This summit completed the first cycle of Brics summits and was the first time that the summit was hosted on the African continent. This had specific relevance, given that it coincided with the 50th anniversary celebrations of the Organisation of African Unity, which is now the African Union. Again, we can take pride in the path we have travelled since 1994. These achievements and many others are proof that we have many good stories to tell and that we have progressed as a nation in the past 20 years.
The story of this institution is also one in which many changes have been effected to bring this institution closer to the people. A critical question we must ask, though, as we move into the third decade of our democracy and into the Fifth Parliament is: Has the transformation of this institution given effect to our national democratic revolution and become responsive to the needs of our people?
The ANC-led government has always been guided by the need to transform Parliament by developing more efficient political structures and by ensuring that all Members of Parliament are more actively involved in, and empowered by, the transformation process. The strategic goal of the building of an activist and people-centred Parliament has been entrusted to the capable hands of all ANC deployees in Parliament, who have been tasked with defining the national transformation agenda.
These past five years have seen many key pieces of legislation being passed, much monitoring and evaluation of implementation through oversight visits, constituency work and committee work. The able leadership of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly, of the Chairperson and the Deputy Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces, of the House Chairpersons of both Houses and of the Secretary and Deputy Secretary to Parliament has steered us through some very contentious waters, and we would like to express our deep gratitude to them. [Applause.]
We commend Parliament for the advances that were made during this term and in taking forward the vision to build an effective people’s Parliament that is driven by the ideal of realising a better quality of life for all the people of South Africa. We commend it in particular for launching the campaign to get the public involved in crafting the Public Participation Framework to ensure that public participation is meaningful and not confined only to providing the public with avenues to express their views on specific issues.
The successful hosting of the Globe International World Summit of Legislators on Climate Change in December 2011, which was held for the first time in South Africa, focused on climate change-related legislation in Globe’s 17 partner countries. By all accounts that forum concluded on a positive note.
The sectoral Parliaments were hosted in this institution. In this regard, the Women’s Parliament generated ground-breaking resolutions in 2012 in favour of mainstreaming gender equality. Another ground-breaking act was the establishment of the Budget Office in February last year, which will help to build the capacity of members to engage on economic and budget issues through regular training and workshops and to ensure that their work in overseeing the Budget is much more effective.
The latter part of this term saw us embark upon a review of the Rules of Parliament. This has been long overdue, given the fact that over the 20 years of democracy Parliament’s Rules and lessons learnt along the way necessitated a review. More recently, we adopted Parliament’s leave and attendance policy. Here, again, the issue of discipline, particularly in this term of Parliament, rose to the fore because of a lack of discipline of members from all parties. We hope that in the Fifth Parliament the issue of attendance does not rear its head.
The same can be said of the code of ethics, which required the urgent attention of all political parties during this term. The ethics committee tabled the revised code of ethics document for discussion. This revised version has been given to all political parties.
In as much as these and many other developments speak to the strengthening of this institution, we should be frank in where they have not done so. In bidding goodbye to this term, we are aware that it would be remiss of us not to assist in constructively calling for improvement.
The issue around the quality of legislation and law-making gained prominence during this term, particularly when the weaknesses in many pieces of legislation were pointed out. We implore the next Parliament to invest more resources in developing law-making processes. In addition, the quality of committee reports must also be reviewed. The standard of the drafting and recording of all committee reports and minutes should be elevated, as the poor quality of these reports gives rise to many inaccuracies.
I cannot finish my speech within my given time. Thank you very much to you, the DA. It doesn’t matter how hard you fought, it was a good fight in your own opinion. We respect the fact that you are not a sweetheart opposition. You are a good fighter. Thank you very much. [Applause.]
To my colleagues, thank you very much for entrusting me with the task of guiding members who go astray. Thank you very much. [Applause.] To the ANC, thank you, my organisation, for making me what I am. Thank you very much. [Applause.]
The SPEAKER: Chief Whip, you still have a couple of minutes left.
The CHIEF WHIP OF THE MAJORITY PARTY: [Inaudible.]
The SPEAKER: Hon members, I would like to thank on your behalf and my behalf the Chief Whip of the Majority Party. I would also like to announce that while we are saying goodbye to each other, I wish to remind members that in terms of section 49 of the Constitution, the National Assembly remains competent to function until the day before polling day. This effectively means that this might not be the last sitting of the term.
If necessary, we might have to sit to consider matters that are returned to us by the National Council of Provinces. Technically, today is the last sitting day, but in reality it is not going to be the last day, which also means that I will reserve my farewell speech for that occasion, because I will be the only speaker and I will be the last speaker on that occasion. [Laughter.] [Applause.] Thank you for your understanding.
On a good note, members are reminded of the cocktail function. Is the Minister of Finance here? No. Members are reminded of the cocktail function which the Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces and I are hosting immediately after this sitting. You are all invited to proceed to the Old Assembly dining hall for the function. I bid a very good evening to you all.
The House adjourned at 19:02.
ANNOUNCEMENTS, TABLINGS AND COMMITTEE REPORTS
National Assembly and National Council of Provinces
The Speaker and the Chairperson
1. Bill to be referred to Mediation Committee
(1) Bill, as amended by National Council of Provinces, and rejected by National Assembly on 13 March 2014, to be referred to Mediation Committee in terms of Joint Rule 186(1)(b):
(a) National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Amendment Bill [B 8D – 2013] (National Assembly – sec 76).
1. Bill placed on Order Paper
(1) The National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Amendment Bill [B 8D – 2013] (National Assembly – sec 76), as amended by the National Council of Provinces and returned to the Assembly for concurrence, has been placed on the Order Paper for debate and decision in accordance with Rule 274(1)(a).
2. Membership of Mediation Committee
Members appointed to Mediation Committee in respect of the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Amendment Bill [B 8D – 2013] (National Assembly – sec 76).
(a) Adv J H de Lange (ANC);
(b) Ms L N Moss (ANC);
(c) Mrs X C Makasi (ANC);
(d) Mr M M Dikgacwi (ANC);
(e) Ms A van Wyk (ANC);
(f) Mr J P Gelderblom (ANC) as an alternate member;
(g) Adv A H Gaum (ANC) as an alternate member;
(h) Mr F A Rodgers (DA);
(i) Ms B D Ferguson (Cope);
(j) Mrs C N Z Zikalala (IFP); and
(k) Mr L W Greyling (ID).
National Assembly and National Council of Provinces
1. The Speaker and the Chairperson
(a) Strategic Plan of the Financial and Fiscal Commission (FFC) for 2014 - 2019 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014 - 2015.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the Public Service Commission (PSC) for 2014/15.
(c) Strategic Plan of the Electoral Commission (IEC) for 2014/15 - 2018/19.
(d) Annual Performance Plan of the Electoral Commission (IEC) for 2014/15.
2. The President of the Republic
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Presidency for 2014/15.
3. The Minister of Arts and Culture
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Arts and Culture for 2014/15.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the Afrikaans Taal-museum and Monument for 2014/2015.
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the Iziko Museums of South Africa for 2014/15 – 2018/19 [RP 31-2014].
(d) Annual Performance Plan of the National English Literary Museum for 2014/2015 [RP 334-2013].
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the Kwazulu-Natal Museum for 2015-17 [RP 21-2014].
(f) Annual Performance Plan of the Msunduzi/Voortrekker and Ncome Museums for 2014-2015 [RP 05-2014].
(g) Annual Performance Plan of the National Museum – Bloemfontein for 2014 – 2015 [RP 06-2014].
(h) Annual Performance Plan of the Ditsong Museums of South Africa for 2014 – 2015 [RP 20-2014].
(i) Annual Performance Plan of the Robben Island Museum for 2014-15 [RP 58-2014].
(j) Annual Performance Plan of the War Museum of the Boer Republics for 2014/2015 [RP 07-2014].
(k) Annual Performance Plan of the William Humphreys Art Gallery Kimberley Northern Cape for 2014-15.
(l) Annual Performance Plan of the Freedom Park for 2014 – 2015 [RP 09-2014].
(m) Annual Performance Plan of the National Heritage Council for 2014 - 2015 [RP 19-2014].
(n) Annual Performance Plan of the National Film and Video Foundation for 2014/15.
(o) Annual Performance Plan of the South African Heritage Resources Agency (SAHRA) for 2014-2015 [RP 18-2014].
(p) Annual Performance Plan of the South African Library for the Blind for 2014/15 [RP 22-2014].
(q) Annual Performance Plan of the National Library of South Africa for 2014 – 2015.
(r) Annual Performance Plan of Artscape for 2014/15 [RP 27-2014].
(s) Annual Performance Plan of the Performing Arts Centre of the Free State for 2014/15 [RP 13-2014].
(t) Annual Performance Plan of the South African State Theatre for 2014 – 2015 [RP 11-2014].
(u) Annual Performance Plan of the Playhouse Company for 2014 – 2015 [RP 10-2014].
(v) Annual Performance Plan of the Windybrow Theatre for 2014-15.
(w) Annual Performance Plan of the Market Theatre Foundation for 2014 – 2015.
(x) Annual Performance Plan of the Luthuli Museum for 2014/2015.
(y) Annual Performance Plan of the National Arts Council for 2014/15 [RP 57-2014].
(z) Annual Performance Plan of the Nelson Mandela Museum for 2014/15 [RP 61-2014].
(aa) Annual Performance Plan of the Pan South African Language Board for 2014- 2015 [RP14-2014].
4. The Minister of Basic Education
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Basic Education for 2014 – 2015.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the South African Council for Educators (SACE) for 2014/15.
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the Quality Council for General and Further Education and Training (UMALUSI) for 2014 – 2015.
(d) Annual Performance Plan of the Education Labour Relations Council (ELRC) for 2014-15.
5. The Minister of Correctional Services
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Correctional Services for 2014/2015.
6. The Minister of Defence and Military Veterans
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Military Veterans for 2014.
(b) Executive Authority Overarching Annual Strategic Statement for 2014 [RP 339-2013].
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the Defence Secretariat for 2014 [RP 340-2013].
(d) Annual Performance Plan of the Castle Control Board for 2014 [RP 83-2014].
(e) Strategic Plan (Corporate Plan) of the Armscor (Armaments Corporation) for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
7. The Minister of Economic Development
(a) Economic Development Department Annual Performance Plan for 2014/15.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the International Trade and Administration Commission of South Africa for 2014-15.
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the Competition Tribunal for 2014 – 2015.
8. The Minister of Energy
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Energy for 2014/15.
(b) Strategic Plan for 2014 – 2019 and Annual Corporate Balanced Scorecard and Annual Plan for 2014 – 2015 of the National Nuclear Regulator.
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI) for 2014/15.
(d) Strategic Plan for 2012/13 – 2016/17 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/15 – 2016/172-2017 of the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA).
9. The Minister of Finance
(a) Municipal Budgets for the 2013 and 2014 Medium Term Revenue and Expenditure Framework (MTREF), tabled in terms of section 24(3) of the Local Government: Municipal Finance Management Act, 2003 (Act No 56 of 2003).
10. The Minister of Home Affairs
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Home Affairs for 2014 – 2015 [RP 70-2014].
(b) Annual Performance Plan and Updated Strategic Plan for 2015 – 2019 of the Government Printing Works (GPW).
(d) Strategic Plan of the Film and Publication Board for 2013/14 – 2017/18.
11. The Minister of Health
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the National Department of Health for 2014/15 - 2016/17 [RP 37-2014].
(b) Strategic Plan of the National Department of Health for 2014/15 - 2018/19 [RP 37-2014].
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) for 2014 - 2015.
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the Compensation Commissioner for Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works (CCOD) and the Medical Bureau for Occupational Diseases (MBOD) for 2014 – 2015.
(d) Annual Performance Plan of the South African Medical Research Council (MRC) for 2014/2015.
(e) Strategic Plan of the South African Medical Research Council (MRC) for 2014/15 – 2018/19.
(f) Strategic Plan and the Annual Performance Plan of the Council for Medical Schemes for 2014/15.
12. The Minister of Higher Education and Training
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Higher Education and Training for 2014 – 2015 [RP 43-2014].
(b) Strategic Plan of the Department of Higher Education and Training for 2011/11 – 2014/15 [RP 55-2012].
(c) Strategic Plan of Agricultural Sector Education and Training Authority (AGRI-SETA) for 2011 – 2016.
(d) Annual Performance Plan of Agricultural Sector Education and Training Authority (AGRI-SETA) for 2014-15.
(e) Annual Performance Plan and (MTEF) Budget for 2014/15 – 2016/17 of the Council on Higher Education (CHE).
(f) Strategic Plan of the Construction Sector Education and Training Authority (CETA) for 2012 – 2013 and Annual Performance Plan for 2011 – 2016.
(g) Annual Performance Plan of the Construction Sector Education and Training Authority (CETA) for 2014/15.
(h) Strategic Plan of the Energy and Water Sector Education and Training Authority (EWSETA) for 2011/12 – 2015/16.
(i) Strategic Plan of the Education Training and Development Practices Sector Education and Training Authority (ETDP) for 2012/13 – 2016/17.
(j) Annual Performance Plan of the Education Training and Development Practices Sector Education and Training Authority (ETDP) for 2014 – 2015.
(k) Strategic Plan of the Financial and Accounting Services Sector Education and Training Authority (FASSET) for 2011 – 2016.
(l) Annual Performance Plan of the Financial and Accounting Services Sector Education and Training Authority (FASSET) for 2014 – 2015.
(m) Annual Performance Plan of the Food and Beverages Manufacturing Sector Education and Training Authority (FOODBEV-SETA) for 2014 – 2015.
(n) Strategic Plan of the Food and Beverages Manufacturing Sector Education and Training Authority (FOODBEV-SETA) for 2014/15 (Fiscal years 2011-2016).
(o) Annual Performance and Five Year Plan of the Health and Welfare Sector Education and Training Authority (HW-SETA) for 2013 – 2017.
(p) Strategic Plan of the Chemical Industries Education and Training Authority (CHIETA) for 2013/14 – 2017/18 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014 – 2015.
(q) Strategic Plan for 2014/15 – 2016/17 and Annual Performance Plan of the Transport Education Training Authority (TETA) for 2014/15.
(r) Annual Performance Plan of the Public Service Sector Education and Training Authority (PSETA) for 2014-2015.
(s) Strategic Plan of the Public Service Sector Education and Training Authority (PSETA) for 2011-2016 (2014/15 Update).
(t) Strategic Plan of the Insurance Sector Education and Training Authority (INSETA) for 2011 – 2016.
(u) Annual Performance Plan of the Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services Seta (MER-SETA) for 2014/15.
(v) Strategic Plan of the Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services Seta (MER-SETA) for 2014/15 – 2018/19.
(w) Strategic Plan of the Mining Qualifications Authority (MQA) for 2014 – 2015 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/15.
(x) Strategic Plan of Safety and Security Sector Education and Training Authority (SAS SETA) for 2013/14 – 2015/16.
(y) Annual Performance Plan of Safety and Security Sector Education and Training Authority (SAS SETA) for 2014 – 2015.
(z) Annual Performance Plan of the Services Sector Education and Training Authority for 2014 – 2015.
(aa) Strategic Plan of the Services Sector Education and Training Authority for 2011/12 – 2015/16.
(bb) Strategic Plan of the Wholesale and Retail Sector Education and Training Authority (W&R-SETA) for 2011 – 2016.
(cc) Strategic Plan of the Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LG-SETA) for 2011 – 2016.
(dd) Annual Performance Plan of the Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LG-SETA) for 2014/15.
(ee) Strategic Plan of the Fibre Processing and Manufacturing Sector Education and Training Authority (FP&M SETA) for 2011 – 2016 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014 - 2015.
(ff) Revised Strategic Plan of the Quality Council for Trades & Occupations for 2012/13 – 2016 /17.
(gg) Annual Performance Plan for 2014 – 2015 and Strategic Plan of the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) for 2012 – 2017.
(hh) Strategic Plan of the National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) for 2012 – 2017.
(ii) Annual Performance Plan of the National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) for 2014 – 2015.
(jj) Strategic Plan of the Culture, Arts, Tourism, Hospitality and Sport Sector Education and Training Authority (CATHSSETA) for 2014/15 – 2018/19.
(kk) Annual Performance Plan of the Culture, Arts, Tourism, Hospitality and Sport Sector Education and Training Authority (CATHSSETA) for 2014/15.
(ll) Strategic Plan and Annual Performance Plan of the Banking Sector Education and Training Authority (BANKSETA) for 2014/15.
(mm) Strategic Plan of the Media, Information and Communication Technologies Sector Education and Training Authority (“MICT SETA”) for 2014/15.
(nn) Strategic Plan of the National Skills Fund (NSF) for 2011/12 - 2015/16.
13. The Minister of International Relations and Cooperation
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of International Relations and Cooperation for 2014 – 2015.
(b) Strategic Plan for 2014 – 2017 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014 – 2015 of the African Renaissance and International Cooperation Fund.
14. The Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development
(a) Annual Performance Plan for 2014/2015 of the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development.
(b) Strategic Plan for 2014 - 2019 of the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA).
(c) Annual Performance Plan for 2014 - 2015 of the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA).
(d) Report and Financial Statements of the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development on the Third Party Funds for 2010-11, including the Report of the Auditor-General on the Financial Statements for 2010-11.
(e) The 3rd Consolidated Annual Report on the Implementation of the Child Justice Act, 2008 (Act No 75 of 2008).
15. The Minister of Labour
(a) Strategic Plan of the Department of Labour for 2014 - 2019 [RP 41-2014]
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Labour for 2014 – 2015 [RP 44-2014].
(c) Strategic Plan of the Compensation Fund for 2014/2015 – 2018/2019.
(d) Annual Performance Plan of the Compensation Fund for 2014 – 2015.
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF) for 2014/15.
(f) Strategic Plan of the Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF) for 2011/12 – 2015/16.
(g) Strategic Plan of Productivity SA for 2014/15.
(h) Annual Performance Plan of the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) for 2013 - 2018 and Annual Performance Plan for 2013/14.
(i) Strategic Plan of the National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) for 2014/15.
(j) Annual Performance Plan of the National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) for 2014 – 2015.
(k) Strategic Plan of the National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) for 2013/14 – 2014/15.
16. The Minister of Police
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the South African Police Service for 2014/15 [RP 89-2014].
(b) Strategic Plan of the Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID) for 2014 - 2019 [RP 55-2014].
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID) for 2014-2015 [RP 56-2014].
(d) Strategic Plan of the Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority for 2014/2015- 2018/2019. (No letter attached to this report)
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
(f) Annual Performance Plan of the Civilian Secretariat for Police for 2014/15.
17. The Minister of Science and Technology
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Science and Technology for 2014/15.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the South African National Space Agency (SANSA) for 2014- 2015. (no letter attached)
(c) Strategic Plan of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
for 2014/15 - 2018/19 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
(d) Strategic Plan of the National Research Foundation (NRF) for 2015.
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the National Research Foundation (NRF) for 2014/15 -2016/17.
(f) Strategic Plan of the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) for 2014/15 – 2018/19 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/15.
(g) Annual Performance Plan of the Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAF) for 2014/2015.
(h) Annual Performance Plan of the National Advisory Council on Innovation for 2014/15.
(i) Annual Performance Plan of the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA) for 2014/15.
18. The Minister of Social Development
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Social Development for 2014-2015 [RP 88-2014].
(b) Strategic Plan Plan of the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) for 2014/2015 – 2018/2019 [RP 76-2014].
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) for 2014/2015 [RP 77-2014].
(d) Strategic Plan of the National Development Agency for 2014/15 – 2018/19 [RP 34-2014].
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the National Development Agency for 2014/15[RP 33-2014].
19. The Minister of Sport and Recreation
(a) Strategic Plan of the Department of Sport and Recreation South Africa for 2014 – 2019.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Sport and Recreation South Africa for 2014/15.
(c) Strategic Plan of the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport for 2013 – 2018.
(d) Annual Performance Plan of Boxing South Africa for 2014/15.
20. The Minister in The Presidency: Performance Monitoring and Evaluation as well as Administration
(a) Strategic Plan of the Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation for 2014/15 – 2018/19.
(b) Annual Performance of the National Youth Development Agency (NYDA) for 2014 – 2015.
(c) Annual Performance Plan / Business Plan of Brand South Africa for 2014-15.
(d) Medium Term Expenditure Framework and Annual Performance Plan of the Media Development and Diversity Agency (MDDA) for 2014 – 2019.
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the Government Communication and Information System (GCIS) for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
21. The Minister of Tourism
(a) Strategic Plan (Updated - Final) of the Department of Tourism for 2014/15 – 2018/19 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014-15.
22. The Minister of Trade and Industry
(a) Strategic Plan of the Department of Trade and Industry for 2014/19 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/17.
(b) Strategic Plan of the Small Enterprise Development Agency (SEDA) for 2014/15 - 2018/19.
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the Small Enterprise Development Agency (SEDA) for 2014/2015 - 2016/2017.
(d) Strategic Plan of the National Empowerment Fund (NEF) for 2014/15 – 2019.
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the National Empowerment Fund (NEF) for 2014/15 - 2017.
(f) Strategic Plan of the Export Credit Insurance Corporation of South Africa SOC Limited (ECIC) for 2014/15 - 2016/17.
(g) Strategic Plan of the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission (CIPC) for 2014/15 – 2018/19.
(h) Annual Performance Plan of the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission (CIPC) for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
(i) Strategic Plan of the Company Tribunal for 2014/15 – 2018/19.
(j) Annual Performance Plan of the Company Tribunal for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
(k) Strategic Plan of the National Consumer Commission (NCC) for 2014/15 - 2018/19.
(l) Annual Performance Plan of the National Consumer Commission (NCC) for 2014/15 - 2016/17.
(m) Annual Performance Plan of the National Consumer Tribunal (NCT) for 2014/15 -2016/17.
(n) Strategic Plan of the National Consumer Tribunal (NCT) for 2014/15 -2018/19.
(o) (Five Year) Strategic Plan of the National Credit Regulator (NCR) for 2014/15 - 2018/19 and (Three Year) Annual Performance Plan for 2013/14- 2015/16.
(p) Strategic Plan of the National Gambling Board (NGB) for 2014 /2019.
(q) Annual Performance Plan of the National Gambling Board (NGB) for 2014 /2015.
(r) Attachment A: Fraud Prevention Plan of the National Gambling Board (NGB).
(s) Attachment B: Risk Register of the National Gambling Board (NGB).
(t) Attachment C: Profile of Performance Indicators of the National Gambling Board (NGB).
(u) Annual Performance Plan of the National Lotteries Board for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
(v) Strategic Plan (Corporate) of the National Regulator for Compulsory Specifications (NRCS) for 2014 – 2019.
(w) Annual Performance Plan for the Fiscal Years of the National Regulator for Compulsory Specifications (NRCS) for 2014 - 2016.
(x) Strategic Plan of the South African National Accreditation System (SANAS) for 2014/15 - 2018/19.
(y) Annual Performance Plan of the South African National Accreditation System (SANAS) for 2014/15 - 2016/17.
(z) Corporate Plan of the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS) for 2014/15 - 2016/17 and Business Plan for 2014/2015.
(aa) Strategic Plan of the National Metrology Institute of South Africa (NMISA) for 2014 - 2018.
(bb) Annual Performance Plan of the National Metrology Institute of South Africa (NMISA) for 2014 - 2018.
23. The Minister of Transport
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Transport for 2014/15-2016/17.
(b) Strategic Plan of the Road Traffic Infringement Agency for 2014 – 2019.
(c) Annual Performance Plan of the Road Traffic Infringement Agency for 2014/15.
(d) Strategic Plan of the Cross-Border Road Transport Agency (C-BRTA) for 2014 - 2019.
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the Cross-Border Road Transport Agency (C-BRTA) for 2014 - 2015.
(f) Annual Performance Plan of the Driving License Card Account Trading Entity for 2014/15-2016/17.
(f) Strategic Plan of the South African National Roads Agency SOC Limited (SANRAL) for 2012/2013 – 2016/2017.
(g) Annual Performance Plan of the South African National Roads Agency SOC Limited (SANRAL) for 2014/2015 - 2016/2017.
(f) Strategic Plan (Corporate and Budget Plan) of the Airports Company of South Africa SOC Limited (ACSA) for 2015 - 2017.
(g) Revised Strategic Plan of the Road Accident Fund (RAF) for 2013 – 2017.
(h) Annual Performance Plan of the Road Accident Fund (RAF) for 2014 – 2015 .
(h) Corporate Plan (Final) of the Air Traffic and Navigation Services Company Limited (ATNS) for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
(i) Strategic Plan of the Railway Safety Regulator (RSR) for 2014/2019 [RP 335-2013].
(j) Strategic Plan (Corporate Plan) of the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
(k) Strategic Plan of the South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA) for 2013-14 – 2017 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/2015.
(l) Revised Strategic Plan of the Road Traffic Management Corporation for 2014-2019.
(m) Annual Performance Plan of the Road Traffic Management Corporation for 2014/15.
24. The Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs
(a) Strategic Plan of the Department of Water Affairs for 2014/15 - 2018/19.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Water Affairs for 2014/15 – 2016/17.
(c) Strategic Plan of the Department of Environmental Affairs for 2014/15 - 2018/19 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/15.
(d) Strategic Plan (Final Corporate Plan) of the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) for 2014 – 2019.
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) for 2014/ 2015.
(f) Strategic Plan of the South African Weather Service for 2014/15 - 2018/19 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/15.
(g) Strategic Plan of the South African National Parks for 2014/15 - 2018/19
(h) Annual Performance Plan of the South African National Parks for 2014/15.
(i) Strategic Plan (Corporate Strategy) of the iSimangaliso Wetland Park Authority for 2015 - 2019.
25. The Minister of Public Works
(a) Strategic Plan of the Department of Public Works for 2014 – 2019.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Public Works for 2014 -15.
(c) Strategic Plan of the Agrément South Africa (ASA) for 2014/2015 - 2018/2019.
(d) Annual Performance Plan of the Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) for 2014/15.
(e) Annual Performance Plan of the Council for the Built Environment for 2014 – 2015.
(f) Strategic Plan of the Independent Development Trust for 2014/15 - 2018/19 and Annual Performance Plan for 2014/15.
26. The Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform
(a) Strategic Plan of the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform for 2014 – 2019.
(b) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform for 2014 – 2015 [RP 82-2014].
27. The Minister of Women, Children and People with Disabilities
(a) Annual Performance Plan of the Department of Women, Children and People with Disabilities for 2014 – 2015.
1. The Speaker
(a) Report of the Public Service Commission (PSC) on the Fact Sheet on the Financial Disclosure Framework for the 2011- 2012 financial year – October 2012 [RP 174-2013].
1. PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON CORRECTIONAL SERVICES
MAY 2009 TO MARCH 2014
1.1 Parliament is established in terms of Chapter 4 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (“the Constitution”), and comprises the National Assembly (NA) and the National Council of Provinces (NCOP). Chapter 4 of the Constitution establishes the National Assembly which comprises public representatives elected to “ensure government by the people” through “choosing the President of the RSA, providing a national forum for public consideration of issues, by passing legislation and by scrutinizing and overseeing executive action.”
1.2 Portfolio committees are established, and function in terms of National Assembly Rules 199 to 203, are charged with amongst others, monitoring the financial and non-financial performance of government departments and their entities to ensure that national objectives are met; processing legislation; facilitating public participation in relation to the above-mentioned processes; and maintaining oversight of Executive and Constitutional organs falling within its portfolio.
1.3 The NA’s Portfolio Committee on Correctional Services, and the NCOP’s Select Committee on Security and Constitutional Development are responsible for oversight of the Department of Correctional Services (DCS) as well as the Judicial Inspectorate for Correctional Services (JICS).
1.4 The Portfolio Committee on Correctional Services (the Committee) elected its chairperson on 28 May 2009. At the start of its term the Committee identified seven areas it would focus on during its five-year term.
1.5 This report provides an account and assessment of the Committee’s activities between May 2009 and March 2014. It is aimed at informing the incoming Committee of developments relating to key challenges the current Committee had identified during its term, and which should be pursued in the 5th parliamentary term. The report also contains the Committee’s recommendations for the strengthening of the administrative systems that support the committee’s functions and responsibilities.
2. DEPARTMENTS AND ENTITIES REPORTING TO THE COMMITTEE
Only the DCS, and the JICS report to the Committee. Although established in terms of the Correctional Services Act (No 111 of 1998), correctional supervision and parole boards (CSPBs), the National Council for Correctional Services (NCCS), the Correctional Supervision and Parole Review Board, and the Medical Parole Advisory Board are not accountable to the Committee.
2.1 Department of Correctional Services
2.1.1 According to its mission and vision statements, the DCS provides correctional services, and contributes to a just, peaceful, and safer South Africa through the effective and humane incarceration of inmates, and the rehabilitation and social reintegration of offenders.
2.1.2 The DCS’s activities are prescribed in the Correctional Services Act (No 111 of 1998) and the Correctional Services Amendment Act (No 5 of 2011). Legislation relevant to the DCS include, the Criminal Procedures Act (No 51 of 1977), Criminal Law (Sexual Offences And Related Matters) Amendment Act (No 32 of 2007), and the Child Justice Act (No 75 of 2008).
2.1.3 There are approximately 241 correctional and remand detention facilities across the country that cater to male and female, juvenile and adult, sentenced and unsentenced, as well as medium and maximum security inmates. The management of correctional centres is decentralised to six regions i.e. Free State/Northern Cape; Western Cape; Eastern Cape; Limpopo/Mpumalanga/North West; Gauteng and Kwazulu Natal. In addition to these, the DCS also manages two training colleges in the Free State and Gauteng.
2.2 Judicial Inspectorate for Correctional Services
2.2.1 The JICS was established in terms of section 85 of the Correctional Services legislation, and is charged with inspecting correctional and remand detention centres in order to monitor and report on conditions of incarceration and the treatment of offenders.
2.2.2 The JICS’s Head Office is situated in Cape Town, and the Inspecting Judge’s Office in Durban. Its recently established regional offices are situated in Bloemfontein, George. Durban and Centurion.
2.2.3 The JICS is headed by the Inspecting Judge who is appointed by the President, on recommendation of the Minister of Correctional Services, and usually serves a three-year term. Its CEO is appointed by the National Commissioner for Correctional Services upon recommendation of the Inspecting Judge. The CEO is accountable to the Inspecting Judge.
2.2.4 The JICS has an extensive independent correctional centre visitor (ICCV) system which ensures that it has a presence at most correctional and remand detention centres. The ICCVs are appointed in terms of section 92 of the Correctional Services legislation and are charged with handling inmate complaints. Matters that cannot be resolved by ICCVs are referred to Visitors Committees for resolution or escalation to the Office of the Inspecting Judge.
2.3 National Council for Correctional Services
2.3.1 The NCCS was established in terms of sections 83 to 84 of the Correctional Services legislation, and advises the Minister of Correctional Services on matters related to correctional policy, issues related to sentencing as well as on the parole applications of those serving life sentences.
2.4 Correctional Supervision and Parole Boards
2.4.1 CSPBs are established in terms of section 75 of the Correctional Services legislation, and are charged with considering parole applications by all offenders who are serving sentences of 24 months or longer, and eligible for parole consideration.
2.4.2 Although independent, CSPBs work closely with case management committees (CMCs) to ensure efficient parole administration.
2.5 Correctional Supervision and Parole Review Board
2.5.1 The Correctional Supervision and Parole Review Board was established in terms of sections 76 and 77 of the Correctional Services Act, and considers parole matters referred to it for review by the Minister, National Commissioner or Inspecting Judge.
2.6 Medical Parole Advisory Board
2.6.1 The Medical Parole Advisory Board was established in terms of section 3(a) of the Correctional Matters Amendment Act (No 5 of 2011) and provides independent medical reports to the Minister, National Commissioner and/or CSPBs to support medical parole applications.
3 MANAGEMENT AND EXECUTION OF COMMITTEE ACTIVITIES
3.1 Focal Areas
3.1.1 At the start of its term the Committee identified seven focal areas to be pursued during its five-year term. Oversight activities were therefore focussed on ensuring: steady progress towards the DCS’s stability at senior management level, and improved financial management; better management of the inmate population through improved remand detainee-management in particular; appropriate, safe and secure inmate incarceration through improved facilities management and procurement; a reduction in recidivism through improved rehabilitation, care and development programmes; better reintegration through improved community awareness of the DCS’s rehabilitation and reintegration efforts and improved parole administration; that inmate-rights and –privileges contribute to their rehabilitation and reintegration; and ensuring that the DCS met its obligation in terms of the Justice Crime Prevention and Security (JCPS) cluster efforts to streamline the justice system.
3.2 Committee planning
3.2.1 Although no annual plans were developed, all term programmes were designed to meet the above-mentioned objectives. The Committee did not establish a sub-committee for the planning and management of committee activities. The Committee Secretary and Chairperson were responsible for the planning and coordination of committee activities. Proposed programmes and activities were presented to the Committee for consideration and approval.
3.3 Committee meetings
3.3.1 Between May 2009 and March 2014 the Committee held 152 meetings which included quarterly and annual report briefings by the DCS and JICS, stakeholder interactions, briefings by government entities and government departments impacting on the DCS’s effectiveness and institutions supporting constitutional democracy.
3.3.2 In exercising its oversight responsibility several meetings were held with the DCS and JICS on its strategic and annual performance plans and budgets, and the execution of these plans.
3.3.3 Recognising that other government departments impacted on the DCS’s effectiveness too, the Committee interacted with the departments of Public Works, Health, Basic Education, Higher Education and Training, Justice and Constitutional Development and Police.
3.3.4 In addition to the above, the Committee also received reports from other state entities that delivered services to the DCS i.e State Information and Technology Agency (SITA), Independent Development Trust (IDT) and Legal Aid South Africa (Legal Aid SA).
3.3.5 To assist it in its oversight duties, the Committee met with institutions established in terms of Chapter 9 of the Constitution and charged with supporting constitutional democracy e.g. the Auditor General of South Africa (AGSA), the South African Human Rights Commission and the Commission for Gender Equality (CGE).
3.4 Site visits
3.4.1 The Committee undertook 42 oversight visits, across all nine provinces, in the period under review. These were to the DCS’s correctional and remand detention centres, training colleges, certain correctional centre construction sites, the DCS and JICS’s head office, and to the office of the Inspecting Judge, and the JICS’s regional offices.
3.5 Budgetary Review and Recommendation process
3.5.1 The Money Bills Amendment Procedure and Related Matters Act (Act 9 of 2009) provides for, amongst others, a parliamentary procedure to amend Money Bills, thus granting parliamentary committees greater opportunity to influence the allocation of funds to the departments they oversee. Section 5 of the Act compels the NA, through its Committees to submit annual Budgetary Review and Recommendation (BRR) reports on the financial performance of departments accountable to them. Essentially, the BRR report is a committee’s assessment of the efficiency with which a department spent its allocation budget, and whether it succeeded delivering services in line with its strategic and annual plans. The BRR process was introduced in 2009, and the Committee’s first BRR report was published in October 2011.
3.5.2 The BRR report must be informed by a Committee’s interrogation of, amongst others, national departments’ estimates of national expenditure, strategic priorities and measurable objectives, National Treasury-published expenditure reports, annual reports and financial statements, and all other oversight activities undertaken in the period under review. BRR reports are adopted after the adoption of the Appropriations Bill, and prior the adoption of reports on the Medium Term Budget Policy Statement (MTBPS).
3.6 International Study Tours
3.6.1 Although the Committee had submitted several applications to undertake a study tour, these were not successful for reasons including changes to the parliamentary programme, countries not being able to host the Committee in its allocated study tour slot, and lack of funding.
3.6.2 As the Committee had not been permitted to undertake a study tour in at least two parliamentary terms, it should be treated as a priority in the in 2014-2019 term. It is advised that the incoming Committee should use the first year of its term to acquaint itself with South Africa’s correctional system through consideration of the outgoing Committee’s reports, introductory briefings by the DCS and JICS, and orientation workshops by correctional-services experts, as well as the Committee’s content and research support. It is proposed that a study tour be prioritised as early as possible in its second year in office, so as to ensure that recommendations emanating from it may still be pursued and possibly implemented by the Committee and/or the DCS and/or JICS.
3.7 Stakeholder/Public participation
3.7.1 The Committee established close working relationships with research, non-governmental and academic institutions as well as labour organisations. These institutions regularly commented on annual reports, strategic plans, policy developments, legislation and any other matters the Committee sought more information on. This did not only ensure that the Committee received views from a broad a spectrum of commentators as possible, but also served to supplement its research support.
3.7.2 The following stakeholders were regular contributors during public hearings, and other interactions: Public Service Association; Police and Prisons Civil Rights Union; Institute for Security Studies; Civil Society Prison Reform Initiative; Wits Justice Project; National Institute for Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders; Just Detention; and Sonke Gender Justice Network.
3.7.3 The public participation process should be reconsidered and broadened to ensure that all those likely to be affected by legislative and policy developments especially, are adequately informed of their impact, and afforded opportunity to participate in the relevant processes. Given the DCS and JICS’s commitment to corrections being a societal responsibility, more should be done to involve ordinary citizens so as to ensure that challenges they experience in relation to the correctional system are taken into consideration when decisions are taken.
3.8 Complaints processing
3.8.1 In the period under review the Committee processed in excess of 400 complaints/queries from inmates and their families, as well as from DCS officials. In the majority of cases matters were referred to the JICS for further handling, or to the DCS for response. Complaints were handled almost exclusively by the Committee Secretary, who consulted with the Chairperson where necessary.
3.8.2 Although the Committee had attempted to establish formal processes for the handling of complaints, the volume of complaints received combined with the Secretariat’s capacity constraints made it difficult to do so.
4. NOTEWORTHY ACTIVITIES
4.1 Policy Reforms
White Paper on Remand Detention
4.1.1 The legislative provisions relating to the management of the remand population which are mentioned in paragraph 4.2.1 are outlined in the White Paper on Remand Detention which was presented to the Committee for its consideration in February 2014.
4.1.2 Although the Committee welcomes and supports the policy, concerns were raised about the fact that the legislation was amended prior to the finalisation of the policy underpinning it.
4.1.3 The implementation of the White Paper on Remand Detention, and the sections of the principal legislation which is informed by it, should be closely monitored.
White Paper on Corrections in South Africa: Review
4.1.4 In February 2013 the Committee, DCS and stakeholders agreed that the 2005 White Paper on Corrections in South Africa should be reviewed to assess its effectiveness in the approximately 10 years since its introduction, to determine whether it was still relevant and whether implementation was financially viable. The review was to take into consideration too whether the policy provided for the impact of sentencing reforms that took place after 2005.
4.1.5 The DCS had intended for the review to have been completed by the end of 2013, but at the time of reporting no outcome was available yet, largely owing to the service providers employed to perform the review not having adhered to the terms of reference provided by the DCS.
4.1.6 The incoming Committee is advised to scrutinize the reasons for the delay in the completion of the review, and to emphasise the need for its finalisation. The DCS should provide clarity on how much the review has cost, and how the losses incurred would be recouped.
4.2.1 The Correctional Matters Amendment Bill [B41-2010] was referred to in late 2010. The bill was aimed at firstly amending the Correctional Services Amendment Act of 2008 in order to repeal provisions establishing an incarceration framework; and secondly amending the Correctional Services Act (1998) in order to insert new definitions; provide for a new medical parole system; strengthen the parole system; provide for the management and detention of remand detainees; and provide for matters connected therewith. The Committee completed its processing of the bill which included public hearings, and several briefings by the DCS, in March 2011.
4.2.2 The legislative amendments necessitated amendments to the Correctional Services Regulations of 2004; amendments were tabled on 15 August 2011. Although the Committee considered all the amendments to the regulations, it was only required to approve regulations 29A and 29B which related to the medical parole process, and the establishment and composition of the medical advisory board.
4.3 Statutory appointments
4.3.1 Section 83(2)(h) of the Correctional Services Act requires that the relevant parliamentary committees should be consulted in the appointment of the four or more persons not in full-time service of the State, and who will represent the public on the NCCS.
4.3.2 The Committee considered the shortlist of candidates on 28 January 2010, and approved the appointment of eight public representatives on 9 February 2010.
4.4.1 It is strongly advised that as soon as possible upon taking office, the incoming Committee should undertake a workshop to familiarise itself with the DCS’s principal legislation, the Correctional Services Regulations, and all other pieces of legislation relevant to the DCS.
4.4.2 The workshop could also include a session on international norms and standards governing the humane detention.
4.4.3 The medical parole, and remand detention management processes which were first introduced in 2011, should be closely monitored.
5. PROGRESS MADE IN RESOLVING KEY CHALLENGES IDENTIFIED BETWEEN MAY 2009 AND MARCH 2014
5.1.1 In the 2008/09 financial year the DCS received its 11th qualified audit report. At that time the DCS was heavily reliant on external service providers for its internal audit and IT functions in particular. At that time it had no chief financial officer (CFO), no chief audit executive (CAE) and the National Commissioner appointed in 2008 was its third in a four-year period. By the end of the 2009/10 financial year she too had resigned.
5.1.2 In that year the Auditor General concluded that although the DCS had reached a level of maturity in terms of its financial management, focus had to shift to the implementation of adequate financial reporting systems and the drafting, approval and implementation of policies and procedures if the DCS were to continue its progress towards adequate financial management and internal controls.
5.1.3 In November 2013 the DCS reported that it was in the process of finalising its organogram, which now provided for three core units. Given the inmate population, staffing ratios had to be amended to ensure safe incarceration, and safe working conditions. Organised labour had been invited to provide input, and would have done so by the end of December 2013.
Financial management and internal controls
5.1.4 At the time of reporting the CFO and Chief Deputy Commissioner: Strategic Management posts had been vacant for longer than 12 months.
5.1.5 Towards the end of the 2013/14 financial year, and despite concerted efforts by the Committee to increase the monitoring of financial and administrative performance through the introduction of quarterly reports, the DCS has made little progress as far as its financial management and internal controls.
5.1.6 At the time of reporting the DCS’s internal audit unit was still under-resourced, and largely managed by an external service provider. Little evidence could be found that the service provider was compelled to ensure that the necessary skills were transferred to officials, or that the DCS had a long-term plan for reducing its reliance on consultants. In February 2014 the acting CFO confirmed that the DCS’s internal audit capacity did not meet minimum standards.
5.1.7 The Committee had welcomed the appointment in 2011 of a Chief Audit Executive, but his resignation less than a year later, and the sudden termination of the audit committee chairperson, and two other audit committee members’ contracts at more or less the same time, imply that the internal audit environment had not yet stabilised.
5.1.8 As stated in our most recent BRR report, the Committee remains concerned about the integrity of the information contained in the DCS’ planning documents. We agree with the Auditor General that the lack of proper risk assessment processes resulted in poor internal controls, which in turn compromises the integrity of performance information.
5.1.9 In its most recent BRR report, the Committee states that an urgent intervention was required to ensure that combined efforts to create a correctional environment built on good governance, accountability and a shared commitment to rehabilitating offenders, are successful.
5.1.10 The incoming Committee is encouraged to meet with the DCS’s National Commissioner and Executive Authority as soon as it takes office, to clarify its expectations, and agree on the manner in which its oversight responsibility should be executed e.g. preparation for interactions, and honouring scheduled activities.
Information Technology management
5.1.11 The Committee had at the start of its term emphasised the important role IT-infrastructure would play in the management of the inmate population, in ensuring that the DCS would contribute to the overall more efficient management of the criminal justice system, and especially in improved performance monitoring and reporting.
5.1.12 Having taken heed of the Committee’s concerns, the DCS appointed a Government Information Technology Officer (GITO) at deputy-director general level in 2012. By February 2014 it reported that it had reduced its IT-consultants from 180 in 2008/9 to 31, and only in areas requiring specialist skills. The IT-related shortcomings reported in the 2012/13 financial year, related to transversal systems mainly, and could therefore not be ascribed to the DCS entirely.
5.1.13 Although the relationship between the SITA and DCS is not yet ideal, the Committee’s focussed attention on the challenges in the relationship had resulted the development of a service level agreement being accelerated, and unresolved billing-related challenges receiving the necessary attention. The agreement that the DCS could henceforth procure IT-services itself, provided that the Minister of Public Services and Administration’s approval was sought in each instance, is welcomed and we hope that this will alleviate some of the challenges that could not be resolved.
5.1.14 It is believed that the weaknesses associated with offender management, as well as with performance reporting and monitoring will be addressed should the DCS’ long-standing IT-related challenges be resolved, therefore the Committee welcomes that over the medium term, much focus will be on providing ICT services.
5.1.15 The DCS has a long history of procurement irregularities, and the incoming Committee may wish to pay special attention to monitoring the DCS’ adherence to the applicable processes when procuring the services and equipment necessary to improve its IT environment.
Seven Day Establishment
5.1.16 Given the nature of the DCS’ work it was impractical and costly for it to operate on a five-day work week, relying on skeleton staff at weekends and on public holidays. The implementation of the Seven Day Establishment in 2007 (7DE) was intended to ensure that the DCS would be able to guarantee delivery of services to inmates at all times. The DCS’ severe challenges as far as determining suitable shift systems that could address centres’ specific needs, has proven a major stumbling block. The challenges have resulted in shortcomings of both security and service delivery.
5.1.17 The Committee in its most recent BRR report expressed concern that the DCS’ senior management appeared unable to develop strategies to ensure the effective implementation of the 7DE, whereby to improve both the working conditions of officials, and the treatment of offenders.
Ministerial Task Team established in 2013
5.1.18 The focus the Committee had placed on human-resource related matters and quarterly performance reports, contributed to the decision to establish a ministerial task team (MTT) in 2013 to find mutually agreed upon solutions to the human resource-related challenges that have plagued the DCS, and are well-documented in the Committee’s oversight reports. The Committee is concerned however that in the absence of agreements formalising them, the decisions taken by the MTT might not be implemented.
5.1.19 The incoming Committee is advised to request the DCS to update it on progress made in the development of implementation plans for those matters that had been reported, and updates on those matters that at the time of reporting were still subject to negotiations.
5.1.20 The above-mentioned concerns are intensified by the DCS’s high staff turnover at its senior management level, and the impact this has had on leadership stability. At the time of reporting, and despite commitments to fill critical vacancies by January 2014, a key deputy director general-, the chief financial officer-, and the national commissioner-posts were vacant.
5.1.21 Between 2009 and 2013 the DCS pursued several initiatives which were aimed at, for example, establishing appropriate conditions of incarceration for women offenders, the establishment of a DCS trading entity, the implementation of a more efficient organisational structure, and better asset management and internal controls. The Committee has however noted with concern that many of these appeared to have been abandoned when the individuals who had driven them left office. The DCS should be held to ensuring that all activities undertaken are aligned to what is contained in its strategic and annual performance plans.
5.1.22 The incoming Committee is advised to follow up on the filling of all critical senior management posts, and to ensure that if not yet filled, the relevant authorities act with the necessary urgency to fill vacant posts, preferably with candidates with proven track-records for turning-around departments/institutions facing the challenges the DCS has been faced with for several years.
5.2 Inmate Management
5.2.1 South Africa’s correctional centres can accommodate just under 120 000 inmates, and according to International Centre for Prison Studies statistics accommodated 156 370 in August 2013.
5.2.2 In 2009/10 the JICS reported that although the level of incarceration had dropped to 139%, considerably lower than the 170% recorded at the end of the 2002/03 financial year, South Africa’s incarceration rate remained the highest in Africa and one of the highest in the world. At that time nineteen of South Africa’s 239 operational correctional centres recorded levels of overcrowding greater than 200%. The JICS reported that, as is to be expected, conditions of incarceration at these centres were inhumane and did not comply with constitutional requirements governing detention.
Remand Detention management
5.2.3 The Committee had from the start of its term emphasised that the inmate population had to be reduced through better management of the remand detainee-population especially. It therefore welcomed the above-mentioned amendments to the Correctional Services legislation which introduced a system for managing remand detention, that is aimed at, amongst others, ensuring shorter periods in remand.
5.2.4 By the end of the Committee’s term the DCS reported that cooperation between JCPS cluster departments under the coordination of the Criminal Justice Review Committee had already resulted in improvements in the management of the remand population: between 2007/08 and 4 February 2014 the population had been reduced from 54 000 to 46 000. It is hoped that the White Paper on Remand Detention will result in greater efficiency, and consistent improvements.
5.2.5 The Committee had placed much focus on the need for the finalisation of the remand detention and offender management system (RDOMS) project which was introduced as early as 2006, but which at the time of the Committee’s coming into office had grinded to a halt. At the time of reporting the DCS was able to confirm that the system would be implemented in November 2014 at the latest.
5.2.6 During all the Committee’s oversight activities inmates complained about the services provided by Legal Aid SA. Although Legal Aid SA had during previous interactions vehemently denied allegations of poor service delivery, the Committee believes that the volume of complaints received at every visit, suggests challenges in the manner in which services were being delivered.
5.2.7 In our most recent oversight visit report the Committee recommended that the DCS and Legal Aid SA should collaborate to ensure that consultation times were maximised. General information about legal processes should be made accessible in the form of pamphlets, posters etc.
5.2.8 The incoming Committee is advised to, as early as possible in its term, meet with the Criminal Justice Review Committee, and the National Efficiency Enhancement Committee to ensure that it is abreast of the latest developments in relation to efforts to streamline the criminal justice system especially in relation to those areas that impact on the DCS. Per the Chairperson of the Criminal Justice Review Committee’s suggestion the incoming Committee should ensure that provincial efficiency enhancement committees participate in oversight visits to remand detention centres in particular.
5.2.9 Paragraph 5.1.1 of the White Paper on Corrections states that offender management is based on “the principles of restoration or corrections, unit management, and secure, safe and humane custody and supervision”. The vast majority of correctional centres date back to the Apartheid-era, and therefore their outdated infrastructure made it impossible to adhere to the above-mentioned principles.
5.2.10 With the Committee’s encouragement and consistent monitoring the DCS and DPW made steady progress towards the conclusion of a service level agreement, formalising their working relationship.
5.2.11 The Committee’s concerns about the DCS and DPW’s working relationship remain however, mainly because there appears to be little improvement in the DPW’s ability to respond to the DCS’s needs. The Committee acknowledges that slow progress in addressing major maintenance work was beyond the DCS’s control, but is of the view that more should be done to ensure that centre managers responded better to minor maintenance needs.
5.2.12 The Committee consistently highlighted the impact continued weaknesses in the DPW tender processes, and project management has had on projects. Three projects in the Western Cape suffered major delays for this reason. At the time of reporting the DPW was in the process of appointing a new contractor to complete the two of the projects because the original service provider had been liquidated. The DPW’s failure to appoint qualified contractors and to manage projects in such a manner that potential risks were identified early, have resulted in already poor conditions of incarceration, becoming worse.
5.2.13 The Committee had recommended that, as inmate-labour was being utilised in large construction and maintenance projects forming part of the DCS’s community outreach efforts, alternatives to the DPW being solely responsible for major repair and maintenance projects could be explored. The incoming Committee is advised to follow-up on the feasibility of the recommendation.
Public Private Partnership Correctional Centres
5.2.14 The Committee had from the start of its term voiced its concerns about the appropriateness of outsourcing security operations to private companies, and called for a review of the PPP funding model through which the Mangaung and Kutama Sinthumule correctional centres were procured. It welcomed the 2010 Cabinet decision that the four correctional centres that would have been procured via this model had been abandoned.
5.2.15 Unrest and security breaches have been reported at both centres. The most recent incidents at Mangaung Correctional Centre had resulted in the DCS having to take over security operations at the centre. The serious allegations of ill-treatment of inmates had been investigated, but the Committee had not yet been provided with the findings at the time of reporting.
5.2.16 The incoming Committee is advised to establish how it will manage oversight of the two PPP correctional centres for the remainder of their contracts. This would be essential as far as ensuring that the rights of those incarcerated at these semi-private institutions are not violated, and to ensure that the relevant legislation and regulations are adhered to.
5.3 Security operations
5.3.1 Although much success could be reported as far as the management of remand detainees, much more needs to be done to improve the management of the sentenced inmate population, and to ensure their safe and secure incarceration.
Abuse of authority
5.3.2 The correctional environment should be safe for both inmates, and the officials working in correctional centres. In Paragraph 5.4.5 of the White Paper on Corrections the DCS acknowledges that because correctional centres operated within a “closed” system, they were more vulnerable to abuses of authority. Although the nature of the environment necessitated its occasional use, the use of force should be governed by clear and transparent procedures, and should only be resorted to “when order has completely broken down”. The security breaches reported, specifically those in which officials have been implicated, were of serious concern. They point not only to centre-level officials’ failure to understand their roles and the limitations to their powers, but also to the culture of inappropriately responding to blatant abuses of power. The DCS’s staff shortages and inappropriate shift systems led to increased opportunities to abuse authority, and increased security breaches. These placed both officials and inmates at risk.
5.3.3 Although the Committee recognises the risk the environment poses to officials, it has and continues to emphasise that the regulations and provisions governing the use of necessary force must be adhered to at all times. The DCS’s apparent lack of cooperation to ensure that inmates who have been assaulted by officials laid criminal charges, and the often too sporadic, and often too lenient outcome of internal disciplinary proceedings, draw into question the DCS’s ability to ensure humane incarceration.
5.3.4 The ease with which prohibited items such as cellphones, drugs and cash enter and circulate within facilities, suggests official-collusion and poor implementation of search procedures.
5.3.5 In 2013/14 the DCS intended to reduce the number of inmates assaulted in its centres to 2%. The DCS had ignored previous recommendations that “assaults” should be disaggregated to differentiate between general cases of assault and sexual assault. The DCS did not deny that sexual assaults took place in correctional centres, but stated that such incidents were under-reported. At the time of reporting the DCS had not yet given any indication of efforts to create awareness of sexual assault in correctional centre so as to address the stigma associated with it and thereby hopefully encourage victims to report such incidents.
5.3.6 The DCS had reported that it had, in partnership with stakeholders, developed a policy framework for creating awareness of, and managing sexual assaults. At the time of reporting the policy was in the final stages of approval. Although the policy had not been referred to in planning documents, it is hoped that the strategy, to be implemented with the assistance of stakeholders, will result in victims’ increased reporting of sexual assaults, the DCS’ improved monitoring and reporting on the prevalence of sexual assaults, and ultimately, in a reduction in sexual assaults. The incoming Committee may wish to receive a briefing on its finalisation, content and implementation.
5.3.7 The numerous allegations of violence, assault, failure to act when inmates’ safety was in danger, and other abuses of power by officials illustrate just how vulnerable the entire inmate population, and those working within correctional centres became when officials were not vetted, and adequately assessed and/or trained to ensure their suitability to work in the correctional environment.
5.3.8 The incoming Committee is advised to follow-up on the implementation of previous recommendations related to the vetting of officials, as well as on progress made by the DCS and National Intelligence Agency (NIA) as far as solving challenges impeding efforts to vet officials.
Technological interventions to curb security breaches
5.3.9 Although the suggestion had initially met with resistance, the Committee remains steadfast in its belief that technology such as cellphone signal blocking devices, and CCTV-cameras should be more extensively employed to ensure a secure incarceration. Every effort should also be made to ensure that an electronic access control system be implemented across all correctional centres.
5.3.10 Although little success has been reported in relation to this objective, the Committee is confident that the restructuring of the Judicial Inspectorate for Correctional Services, and the recommendations it has made with regard to its strengthening will lead to greater monitoring.
5.4 Rehabilitation and Reintegration
5.4.1 As all committee reports revealed, the small budgets allocated to rehabilitation and reintegration-focussed programmes, and the DCS’s perennial under-spending in relation to rehabilitation efforts in particular, remain a cause for concern. Focussed attempts to attract and retain relevant professionals remain inadequate and/or non-existent. Given the Committee’s position regarding who should qualify for parole consideration, much more should be done to ensure that the DCS is able to provide the rehabilitation and reintegration services that would reduce recidivism.
5.4.2 The Committee in all its oversight reports highlighted that much of the frustration surrounding parole was the result of a lack of information, poor public awareness and inefficient administration. Unfortunately it had not had sufficient time to conduct a review of the parole system so as to assess the effectiveness with which it was administered, and to propose specific recommendations for its improvements.
5.4.3 The Committee had at the beginning of its term met with a cross section of CSPB chair- and vice-chairpersons. During the interaction the representatives raised a series of challenges impacting on their efficiency e.g. slow filling of vacancies, poor attendance by members, ineffective and poorly-resourced case management committees, and the impact of the social worker and psychologist-shortage.
5.4.4 The Committee had consistently advocated that parole should only be granted to those offenders who, in addition to the compulsory rehabilitation programmes, have participated in development and/or education programmes. It welcomed the introduction in 2013/14 of compulsory education services to inmates with only a very low level of basic education.
5.4.5 Stakeholders had during recent interactions highlighted challenges associated with the manner in which the DCS involved victims in the parole process. Concerns were raised about the criminal justice system’s inadequate implementation of the Victims Charter, and poor management of the Victim’s Roll. While the DCS could not be held responsible for these efficiencies, care should be taken that its efforts to allow victim participation in the parole process were in line with international best practices, and did not unfairly disadvantage offenders, or traumatise victims.
5.4.6 The incoming Committee may consider prioritising a review of the parole system so as to establish its effectiveness and suitability. If necessary legislative amendments should be considered to ensure greater efficiency.
5.5 Judicial Inspectorate for Correctional Services
5.5.1 The Committee considered the effectiveness of the JICS in 2012 and 2013, and have reported that certain legislative amendments may be required to ensure the JICS’s independence and effectiveness. The Committee’s recommendations should be considered, and if necessary further consultation may be undertaken, and amendments to the legislation effected as soon as possible. The Report on the Strengthening of the Judicial Inspectorate for Correctional Services may be referred to for the detail of the Committee’s observations, concerns and recommendations.
6 CHALLENGES EXPERIENCED WITH REGARD TO THE ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM SUPPORTING COMMITTEES
6.1.1 The Minister in the Presidency, Mr Trevor Manuel, in a debate on the 2013 State of the Nation Address (SONA) emphasised the importance of accountability in a democracy, stating that “it is crucial that society is able to look to the skills and competencies of Parliament to safeguard their interests. Good technical skills of parliamentarians backed by solid research teams are critical to stronger parliamentary oversight”. In May of the same year he elaborated on this theme in a speech on the role of parliaments in long term sustainable growth. The Minister then identified “vigilant Members and a strong administrative system” as essential to parliamentary oversight that took a broad, long-term view of the impact of Executive actions especially in relation to planning and budgeting.
6.1.2 Paragraphs 6.1.3 to 6.1.12 below highlight challenges the Committee had experienced in relation to administrative systems and support, as well as suggestions for how they may be addressed.
Parliamentary programme and the scheduling of committee activities
6.1.3 Frequent changes to the parliamentary programme, and the overly bureaucratic management of committees impacted negatively on the Committee’s activities. The processes that have to be followed to be granted permission to undertake oversight activities should be developed in consultation with committee chairpersons, should be more efficient and should be consistently applied.
6.1.4 As the Committee had not been permitted to undertake a study tour in at least two parliamentary terms, it should be treated as a priority in the in 2014-2019 term. It is advised that the incoming Committee should use the first year of its term to acquaint itself with South Africa’s correctional system through consideration of the outgoing Committee’s reports, introductory briefings by the DCS and JICS, and orientation workshops by correctional-services experts, as well as the Committee’s content and research support. It is proposed that a study tour be prioritised as early as possible in its second year in office, so as to ensure that recommendations emanating from it may still be pursued and possibly implemented by the Committee and/or the DCS and/or JICS.
6.1.5 Although its Secretariat attempted to ensure that the Committee was adequately prepared for all its oversight activities, more focussed support is required.
6.1.6 It is essential that each committee support staff member’s role is adequately explained to ensure their individual accountability to the Committee, in relation to their different areas of responsibility i.e the coordination/facilitation of the Committee’s activities, and procedural support (Committee Secretary), content and research support (Content Advisor and Researcher), logistical support (Committee Assistant), and administrative support in the office of the Committee Chairperson (Executive Secretary).
6.1.7 The Committee adopted minutes and reports as and when they were provided by the Committee Secretary. The Committee Secretary should be held to distributing draft minutes and reports within seven days of a committee meeting, and committee reports within a period not exceeding 30 days after the end of an oversight visit.
6.1.8 The Committee had little success in receiving formal responses to recommendations contained in reports adopted by the National Assembly (NA). The Committee Secretary, as the co-ordinator of the Committee’s activities and the official person responsible for maintaining a reliable and up to date commitment register and Committee records, should establish a sound working relationship with the relevant officials in the Office of the Speaker as well as the relevant Parliamentary Liaison Officers, aimed at improving mechanisms whereby responses to recommendations may be monitored followed-up on.
6.1.9 The Committee has had little success in receiving written responses to questions which could not be responded to during oversight activities committee briefing. Where responses were received the Committee’s programme, and inadequate support made the consideration of the written responses challenging at best. It is recommended that, instead of requesting written responses, the incoming Committee should, at the end of each term, schedule a separate feedback session during which those who are required to do so must is provided with an opportunity to respond to outstanding matters.
6.1.10 The incoming Committee should consider establishing a standard for content and research support. Content and research support should enhance Members’ scrutiny of department-produced and other documents/information. It is essential that Members are given an opportunity to scrutinise research documents to ensure that research papers are useful, enhance the Committee’s preparation, and contribute to the Committee’s greater body of knowledge.
6.1.11 Reliance on information submitted to the Committee by those appearing before it, and accounting to it by the Department should be reduced, and officials responsible for research and content support should ensure that a database of credible and current sources of information and expertise is maintained.
6.1.12 While summaries of presentations are useful, especially given the volume of information provided to committees, summaries of presentations and documents referred to the Committee should not be a substitute for critical analysis.
The Committee wishes to express its appreciation to the all those who have participated, and supported us in the execution of our activities. Special mention goes to our regular stakeholders whom we could rely on for independent input, and insight into the correctional system.
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3. Report of the Portfolio Committee on Energy roundtable discussion on co-generation and tri-generation of electricity on 30 January 2014, dated 12 March 2014
1.1. Subject of the report
The subject of this report is to report back to the National Assembly (NA) on the Portfolio Committee on Energy’s findings after scheduling a roundtable discussion on: Co-generation and tri-generation of electricity.
Improving the energy efficiency of our manufacturing facilities, buildings and homes can help us meet our energy challenges affordably. It can save consumers money of their energy bills, drive business competitiveness and economic growth and jobs, enhance grid reliability and flexibility, and help protect public health and the environment. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems are strong examples of how energy-efficiency technologies can help achieve these significant benefits for end-user facilities, utilities and communities.
Co-generation or CHP is the simultaneous generation of both electricity and heat from the same fuel, for useful purposes. The fuel varies greatly and can include coal, biomass, natural gas, nuclear material, the sun or the heat stored in the earth. In the South African context, cogeneration also refers to the production of electricity and useful heat from a fuel/energy source which is a co-product, by-product, waste product or residual product of some underlying industrial process. It differs from conventional generation in that it is coupled to an industrial process of the host plant.
Co-generation is attractive to policy makers and private users and investors because it delivers a range of energy, environmental and economic benefits, including:
* Dramatically increased energy efficiency.
* Reduced CO2 emissions and other pollutants;
* Increased energy security through reduced dependence on imported fuel;
* Cost savings for the energy consumer;
* Reduced need for transmission and distribution networks; and
* Beneficial use of local energy resources (particularly through the use of waste, biomass and geothermal resources in district heating and cooling systems), providing a transition to a low carbon future.
Just over 40 people, representing Parliament, Industry, Academia, Municipalities and Financial institutions attended the Roundtable on Co-generation and Tri-generation, organised by the PCE at the South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI) offices in Sandton on Thursday, 30 January 2014.
Members who formed part of the delegation included: Mr SJ Njikelana (Chairperson of the PC on Energy and Leader of the delegation), Mr S Radebe, Ms B Tinto, Ms N Mathibela and Mr L Greyling. The delegation was supported by the following staff members: Mr A Kotze (Committee Secretary), Mr P Rampersadh (Content Advisor), Mr S Maboda (Researcher) and Mr M Dodo (Committee Assistant).
Stakeholders who were invited to attend the roundtable discussion included:
* City of Johannesburg
* Chamber of Mines
* Energy Intensive User Goup (EIUG)
* Industrial Development Corporation (IDC)
* National Energy Regulator of SA (NERSA)
* SA Local Government Association (SALGA)
* Tongaat Huletts
* SA Sugar Association
* Vuselela Energy
* Department of Public Enterprises
* MaPS Engineering (UNISA)
* Banking Association of SA (BASA)
* ArcellorMittal – Saldanha
* Pulp and Paper Manufacturers Association of South Africa (PAMSA)
The objective of the report is as follows:
* Provide an overview to members of the Portfolio Committee on Energy of the implications and impact of a carbon tax in the South African context;
2. Opening remarks by the Chairperson of the Portfolio Committee on Energy, Hon SJ Njikelana
The Chairperson, the Hon. Sisa J. Njikelana welcomed everyone and indicated the reason for the roundtable.
Subsequently thereafter various industrial players were invited to discuss their successes and issues related to their experiences with co-generation and tri-generation.
1. Industry input
a. Telecommunications Industry
The telecommunications industry, represented by Vodacom and MTN indicated that they have focused on Solar and gas generation options to reduce their demand on the grid and to ensure energy security. In terms of their industry, they have successfully introduced solar and tri-generation into their energy mix but some challenges remains, these were listed as:
* The price of methane gas
* The availability of gas
* The small incentives to reclaim heat
* The above solutions reduce the energy load but cannot take them off grid as yet.
b. Bio Co-generation Industry
Next, broadly speaking, the bio fuel industry, represented by the sugar, pulp and paper and sawmilling industry presented their viewpoints. They indicated that these industries have been producing co-generation power for years as there is ample availability of “fuel” being the by-products of their industries. The industries utilizes not only the electricity, but also the heat generated within their processes and have an over capacity that can be fed into the grid. The sugar industry indicated that they have 14 mills that utilize less than 10 MW each and hence can export 700 to 1000MW to the grid. Pulp and Paper, and indicated that they each can generate an additional 300MW for export. These industries indicated that they are looking for a procurement programme, similar to the REIPPP, and that barriers be removed, for them to re-invest in generation capacity. This industry indicated that there are issues with wheeling charges and Nersa was engaged on this in November 2012 with no outcome to date.
The coal mining industry also indicated that there is massive potential to generate electricity from coal fines that are discarded by the mining industry. Most mines have a lifespan for 20 to 40 years, producing this waste and hence have the potential to generate power for this period. In summary, coal mines can generate power from:
* Coal fines
* Low grade waste (coal)
* Methane exhausted from coal mines
* Hydro (by dropping water down mineshafts.
Points raised that are a concern for the industry to invest in generation capacity include:
* Wheeling costs
* Regulatory issues
* Market structure
It was indicated to the Portfolio Committee that in India, coal mines are not allowed to discard coal hence they have invested in generation capacity, to utilize the waste. The Ferrochrome industry also indicated the potential to generate power and can generate power at below Eskom’s rates. At lease 200MW can be generated from waste gas and a further 180MW from thermal power (steam). This can be installed at a cost of R18m per MW and the projects need about eight years to break even.
d. Energy Intensive User Group (EIUG)
The Energy Intensive User Group raised the following issues that affect investment in co-generation:
* A secure supply of gas is required, process gas can be utilized but a secure supply, e.g. from Mozambique is required.
* The period offered by the Municipalities for the Power Purchase Agreements, e.g. three years, is not acceptable for companies to raise finance for own generation
* The EIUG also indicated that there are problems with grid connections and wheeling.
2. Government Input
a. Local Government
Local government, represented by SALGA, had the following input. SALGA agreed there are challenges around the PPA’s with Municipalities, however there are also some success stories and some players in the sugar industry in KZN are beneficiaries of this. They also indicated that it is not the intention of Municipalities to frustrate industry. Some industries, watching developments in the REIPPP programme, have been moving the goalposts making it difficult for municipalities. Municipalities also indicated that, contrary to belief that Municipalities will lose out if industry starts co-generating, it is not the case. Municipal tariffs for electricity are made up of tariff costs and infrastructure costs. The tariff costs are mostly the Eskom costs and as such are of no benefit to Municipalities, whereas the infrastructure costs will need to be paid by co-generators when using the grid. This is utilized to maintain the grid. In conclusion, Municipalities indicated that they are willing to negotiate and discuss challenges with industry. The telecommunications industry indicated that this is already happening, at the request of Municipalities.
Eskom indicated that they have contracted in 400MW of co-generation (this has been there for eight years) but indicated that there is no market for co-generation currently. The demand for co-generation will increase and industry needs to study the IRP documentation carefully as Nersa will only licence what is in this document. Further, if DoE makes a declaration, Eskom will purchase that power as specified in the declaration. Industry needs to note that there needs to be a willing buyer buyer-willing seller within an acceptable policy environment for this industry to succeed. Eskom also indicated that the MYPD3 cycle has funded co-generation till the cycle is completed and hence cannot purchase co-generation for the next four years. Hence industry needs to deal with the policy environment, to bring in more co-generation. Further, industry needs to note that there will be wheeling charges and these will be cost reflective.
c. Department of Energy
The DoE indicated that the REIPPP is a new programme in SA and hence there were a fair degree of permutations and problems that needed to be managed down. Further SA has a vertically integrated utility and this posed further challenges. This was a steep learning curve for them and hence although government agreed that co-generation should be part of the energy mix, the roll out of policies has been slow. DoE also indicated that some policies reside outside the DoE, making the policy environment more difficult. The DoE indicated that it aims to have some of the policy documentation ready by March and requested that all players involve themselves in the process and issues at hand.
3. GIZ (German Society for International Cooperation)
On an international perspective, GIZ Germany, did an assessment of the co-generation market in SA and indicated that they were not convinced that this was required as SA does not have cold winters. Hence SA needs to look into the market and potential for co-generation in large industries. GIS Germany feels that Eskom should fund co-generation but that there should be incentives from industry also. Institutions like SANEDI can play a role by addressing the skills shortage issue and setting up training programmes.
4. Financial Institutions input
The Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) indicated that they do have an appetite for these types of investments but the Power purchase investment periods need to be long enough. Further, there needs to be a fair and consistent market, for them to finance projects. There also needs to be a market and if one is not available, it should be created.
5. Discussion and Outputs
* With regard to generation of power from the coal, Members indicated environmental concerns but the industry responded indicating that environmental issues can be managed.
* Members also indicated that the DoE needs to push this forward and ensure delivery of the appropriate policy documents, as changes are required to enable supply options, not making it onto the grid.
* The Members strongly supported the call that the participants submit comments on the draft IRP document that was recently released for public comment
* The roundtable supported the proposal that a meeting/conference be held soon so as to ensure issues raised be addressed.
* The Members further indicated that Development Financial Institutions and SALGA need to assist the industry by addressing their concerns.
6. Closing remarks by the Chairperson
In Conclusion, the Chairperson indicated that a keenness and willingness of all parties to engage, as well as an adequate skills base, is required, to ensure success of this industry. This must be through a national platform to ensure commitment from all.
* The Speaker’s office endorses the facilitation of a national symposium by the Portfolio Committee on Energy, assisted by any relevant body/ies that will create a National Platform for commitment and promotion of co-generation and tri-generation.
* In the interim, the South African Local Government Association (SALGA), the Department of Energy, the Development Financial Institutions and those businesses who are affected, convene meetings to address concerns that have been raised during the discussions.
* The Speaker’s office endorses commissioning of in-depth research on comparative analysis on legislation that enables co-generation and tri-generation.
Report to be considered.
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7. Report of the Portfolio Committee on Energy on its oversight visit to KwaZulu-Natal, Free State and Gauteng on 27 – 31 January 2014, dated 12 March 2014
1.1. Purpose of the report
The purpose of this report is to report back to the National Assembly on the findings of the Portfolio Committee on Energy’s oversight visit to KwaZulu-Natal, Free State and Gauteng.
Poor rural households have least access to electricity and provisioning it to them is a great challenge. Extending the grid to every household in the country is not feasible now for technical and financial reasons. The solar home system (SHS) programme was designed to give more rural people access to limited electricity until such a time that they get grid connections.
The solar water heater programme is one of the benchmark renewable energy projects that are managed by the Department of Energy in its pursuit to ensure SA has an energy mix that includes clean energy. In 2009 the Minister of Energy stated that “The Department will ensure that one million solar water heaters are installed in households and commercial buildings over a period of five years”. In the 2012/13 Annual report of the DoE, it was reported that to date 350 000 solar water geysers have been installed to date. In terms of the Integrated National Electrification Programme, it was reported that close to a million new connections were achieved over the past four years increasing access to electricity to over 84%. Various challenges and successes were noted here and the PCE planned to engage with both the beneficiary communities and concessionaires/service providers to gain an overview of both successes and challenges.
In terms of our renewable energy programme, “Amongst the G20 countries, South Africa is now recognised as the 9th most attractive investment destination for the green economy and our programme was voted by the Global Leadership Infrastructure Programme in New York as the best green energy infrastructure programme in the world in 2012.” In this regard out of the 93 bids received, 17 renewable energy programmes were granted preferred bidder status in round three of the REIPPP. This follows up on the successful financial closure of round one, where 1 416MW of projects from 28 bidders are currently under construction and round two where a total of just over 1000 MW was approved. In terms of cogeneration, the Minister has made a determination in December 2012 that 800 MW of cogeneration power will be implemented in South Africa and the DoE has as its target in this area, to develop a strategy and plan for the introduction of economic infrastructure as per the IEP/IRP.
Purpose of the oversight visit
The Portfolio Committee on Energy will conduct oversight on various energy related projects in a number of provinces. The Committee plans to firstly visit solar home systems that have been implemented in KZN. Further, the committee will visit an area in the Free State where the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REIPPP) is being implemented, In Gauteng; the PCE will be holding public hearings on “Transforming the gas industry through partnerships” and will further have a roundtable discussion focusing on “Cogeneration and tri-generation power initiatives and partnerships”. The week will end with a visit to Integrated National Electrification Programmes (INEP) (and solar water heater programmes) in Gauteng
1.3 SA Parliament Delegation
Hon Sisa Njikelana - Chairperson and Leader of the delegation
Hon GS Radebe
Hon N Mathibela
Hon B Tinto (joined delegation on 30 January 2014)
Hon B Ferguson (joined delegation on 30 January 2014)
Hon L Greyling (joined delegation on 30 January 2014)
Mr A Kotze (Committee Secretary)
Mr S Maboda (Researcher)
Mr P Rampersadh (Content Advisor)
Mr L Dodo (Committee Assistant)
Mr T Gubula (Media - Parliament)
Ms K Barlow (Media - Parliament)
2. 27th and the 28th of January 2014 - KwaZulu-Natal visits
On the 27th and the 28th of January 2014, the Committee visited non-grid electrification projects in Ndwedwe Municipality and Msinga Local Municipality. The aim was to visit four Municipalities including Nquthu and Maphumulo; however, this became impossible due to time constraints. A summary of the visits is provided below.
It should be noted that Mr. Diana – an engineer from UKZN – was part of the delegation at the invitation of the Chairperson.
2.1 27th January 2014 Msinga Local Municipality – meeting with stakeholders and beneficiaries
The Mayor of Msinga was present and was requested by the Chairperson to welcome all present. After the welcoming, the Department of Energy and Ukukhanya Energy Services (KES) briefed the Committee as well as the various stakeholders present on the non-grid electrification programme prior to the oversight visits.
2.1.1 Briefing by the Department of Energy
The Department of Energy (DoE) gave an overview of the Non-grid Electrification Programme indicating that the project started in 2001 and the DoE is responsible for the project. The Department highlighted the following regarding the project:
In 2001, DoE appointed KES to install solar home systems. There are more service providers, other than KES, in various other regions within KZN. However, KES has been appointed to provide solar home systems (SHS) specifically to the Msinga area. SHSs is installed in areas where there are challenges with grid electrification in the medium to long term.
When providing SHSs, the DoE looks at the plans of Eskom and the Municipality. If a municipality is at the far end of the grid electrification plans of the Eskom and Municipality – such a municipality qualifies for non–grid electrification (in this case, a SHS).
The Department emphasised that a SHS is a temporary measure – while waiting for grid electricity.
The DoE has a 20 year contract with KES. The reason for the 20 year period is to ensure the sustainability of the project. Another reason for the 20 year period is that the installation fee that is given to KES by the DoE is 80 percent of the total budget. The remaining 20 percent is from KES investments. The Department also confirmed that they work very closely with Msinga Local Municipality.
It was further explained that when the project started in 2001 – the system had the capacity to provide for four lights, charging of cells phones as well as the use of a black and white television – and this is the system used at Msinga. However, the DoE has since increased the capacity of the system – the only change is that one can plug in a colour television and can connect 8 lights instead of 4.
With regards to the financing of the project one has to apply for the solar home system and pay an application fee of R110.00. On a monthly basis one pays a service fee of R89.00. The reason for paying the R89.00 service fee is for KES to do maintenance – if there are faults on the battery or any part of the systems. KES also utilizes part of the service fee to pay their running expenses. As a way of subsidising the indigent communities, municipalities contribute a portion of the R89.00 service fee, from the Free Basic Electricity (FBE) fund. Once a municipality has contributed its portion from FBE, the beneficiary pays the difference. In the case of Msinga beneficiaries were paying R55 instead of R89.00. However, the FBE allocation differs, across the differing municipalities – i.e. the difference paid by the beneficiaries in Msinga Local Municipality will not be the same in another municipality.
2.1.2 Briefing by Ukukhanya Energy Services (KES)
KES indicated that DoE has already covered most of what the project is about. However, the presenter, Mr Ngcobo, added that the installation in Msinga started in 2002. Currently, Msinga is the biggest Municipality in terms of people who have SHSs. More than 7 000 people in Msinga received SHSs, about 70 percent are still paying for the system, while others have stopped paying – therefore their systems have been disconnected.
KES has two offices in Msinga. In the two offices, KES has employed about 40 people on a permanent basis – mostly to do maintenance. People employed are from Msinga, including 8 women, who were identified by the municipality.
Mr Ngcobo explained that, the system is designed in such a way that if one is not paying it switches off automatically. KES confirmed that Msinga Municipality contributes (from the FBE) R34 and the beneficiaries pay the difference. KES noted that they are also exploring other alternative energy sources that can be rolled out in the future – not just SHSs.
2.1.3 Input by Mayor Sikakhane of Msinga Local Municipality
After KES’s presentation, the Mayor of Msinga added that Msinga Municipality has a huge backlog in terms of service delivery, generally. The Mayor welcomed the SHS programme indicating that “it is better to get half a loaf of bread than nothing”. However, the Mayor pleaded that the grid electrification programme be accelerated.
The Mayor acknowledged that there are areas that are pipelines for grid electricity – emphasising that he did not mean that the department is not doing anything. The Mayor also highlighted that water is the main challenge and the main need in the Municipality – much more important than electricity.
After presentations, members of the community as well as Members of Parliament were invited to contribute or respond to presentations. The following key issues were raised, particularly by the Community Members:
* A concern regarding payment of grid electricity in Emahlabathini area was raised. A community member indicated that when he bought electricity for R100 it was utilized quickly. The resident contacted Eskom and was given a number to key into the system, resulting in the resident recovering half the amount of electricity he has purchased. This was a general problem in Emahlabathini. The Emahlabathini community was then advised by Eskom to report the matter to the Councillor, who would take up the matter with the Municipality. The feedback was never received from the Councillor – the current situation is that grid electricity is available but not working.
* Adding to what Mayor Sikakhane said: As much as the community appreciates the SHSs, they would like to get grid electricity from Eskom.
* There were complaints that the payment method used by KES is problematic. The beneficiaries of the solar home system are required to pay the monthly fee at the Post Office. The issue highlighted is that “old people spend more than an hour in the queue in the post office when wanting to pay for the KES solar. There is one queue for everything.” A dedicated line for those paying for KES services was recommended.
* An issue was raised about a community/village member that resides near an existing grid connection but was told supply to his village will come from the side that has non-grid electrification. Residents were concerned about this process.
* A concern was also raised about the fact that the KES systems are designed in such a way that supply gets disconnected when one has not paid for the KES services. The main issue though, was that even though one is disconnected, the monthly service fee still has to be paid. The community needed clarity on how one pays for a service that is not being used.
* The limited capacity of the solar home systems was highlighted as a concern. The fact that one cannot cook or connect a fridge was regarding as very limiting in light of the fact that residents are far from the towns – preferable they would like to buy bulk food and store it in the fridge.
* Clarity was sought as to what happens “if the solar panel was stolen, would KES replace the system?
* KES appreciated the feedback regarding queues at the post office and indicated that they would try to work with the Post Office in ensuring a dedicated line for KES Customers. The method of paying at the Post Office was done because of robbery at KES offices. KES customers were requested to pay at the Post Office and bring slips to KES. KES pleaded with the communities to report to KES on issues relating to payments problems at the Post Office. Old people can still be assisted at KES offices; however, younger people are encouraged to pay at the Post Office.
* On the point of paying for the service while disconnected – KES indicated that when the SHS was installed – it was installed in a manner that one rents the system – hence paying for it even though it is disconnected (in other words one pays for “having the system”).
* When a system is stolen, the owner has to report the stolen system to the police. With such evidence KES would be able to replace the system; however, there will be a fee involved.
2.1.1 Site visit
The delegation visited a household in a deep rural village and was able to appreciate the significance of the SHS in a poor rural environment.
2.2 28th January 2014 - Ndwedwe Local Municipality
2.2.1 Briefing at the Ndwedwe Council Chamber
The first part of the meeting was held in Ndwedwe Local Municipal offices in the morning, on the 28th of February 2014. The meeting in Ndwedwe was attended by the Members of the KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Legislature (members of the Provincial Committee on Social Development, including the Deputy Chair of Chairs), PCE Members, City Councillors, the Acting Municipal Manager, the Mayor of Ndwedwe and the officials of Ndwedwe Local Municipality. The second part of the meeting, the same day, was with the Ndwedwe community in Hosiyana village.
In the first meeting the acting Municipal Manager chaired the meeting as requested by the Mayor (Mr Hadebe). The Mayor welcomed all present and thereafter, a round of introductions was done.
The Chairperson of the PCE, Hon Sisa Njikelana, outlined the purpose of the visit indicating that one of the roles of Parliament is to conduct oversight over any department. He explained that the PCE was aware that the DoE was rolling out SHSs. So, as part of the PCE oversight work, the Committee requested DoE to identify areas that the Committee could visit, and KZN was identified as the main province where there was substantial rollout. Furthermore, it was explained that the KZN municipalities were selected as a sample as it was impossible to visit all areas that are rolling out SHSs. The Chairperson thanked the Members of the KZN Provincial Legislator for attending – indicating that energy issues are cross cutting.
2.2.2 Briefing by the Department of Energy
Presentations were similar to those done at Msinga Local Municipality – details of which are summarised below.
Similarly to above, the DoE gave an overview of the Non-grid Electrification Programme indicating that the project started in 2001 and the DoE is responsible for the project. The Department highlighted the following regarding the project in Ndwedwe:
* The non-grid electrification programme started in 2001. The intention was to provide some form of electricity to the areas which could not be electrified through grid electricity. Areas identified were those that were not earmarked for electrification in the medium and long term.
* The system has the capacity to connect 2 – 6 lights, black and white television as well as the charging of cells phones. The system does not provide for heating and cooking. DoE appointed a service provider (KES) on a 20 year maintenance contract. Reason for the 20 year contract was to ensure sustainability of the project until grid installation.
* The Ndwedwe Local Municipality works hand in hand with KES. The Municipality is responsible, amongst other things, for identifying the indigents and introducing KES to the Councillors and the community. If the Municipality is not involved, implementation becomes a challenge. With regards to the financing of the project one has to apply for the SHS and pay an application fee of R110.00. On a monthly basis, one pays a service fee of R89.00 and as explained above, part is subsidised by the Municipality from the FBE funds.
* The cost of the solar home system opted for (by the DoE) is equivalent to the cost of grid connection. Due to the drop in SHS prices, the specifications of the systems have since been revised to provide for more, like a colour TV. At the moment, this is work in progress.
2.2.3 Briefing by the Ukukhanya Energy Services (KES)
KES also delivered a presentation adding to the points raised by the DoE. The following was highlighted:
The project in Ndwedwe started in 2005, however installations started in 2006. However the project stopped after 300 installations as there was a conflict on the appointment of KES as the service provider. Lack of cooperation from the community led to a low number of installations.
The DoE, in 2009, gave KES another budget, where KES came back to Ndwedwe for project implementation. This also did not solve the problems as the office in Ndwedwe had to be closed because only about 40 to 50 customers were paying for the system and this was not sustainable for the KES offices. It was possible that certain households were illegally using the system.
There is only one person at KES offices in Ndwedwe – responsible for complaints. Others have lost their jobs.
* The MPL’s appreciated the invitation by the PCE and also noted the educative nature of the engagement.
* A concern was raised that, the power supplied by the system is limited – it was argued that, the system should also support a refrigerator.
* The system does not address energy poverty as women still have to continue collecting wood for heating and cooking. Therefore, it was urged that the DoE upgrade the system.
* Regarding the issue of conflict on the appointment of KES and the closure of the project: It was indicated that the community was not happy with the system, they preferred grid electricity. It was suggested that the budget must be increased from DoE to accelerate electrification.
* With regards to the issues on payment of the system, it was indicated that poor people cannot afford to pay for the system – it should be free. The provincial legislators undertook to discuss this issue independent of the PCE.
* The main issue in Ndwedwe seemed to be around the acceptance of the non-grid technology – perhaps education and awareness raising on alternative energy sources needs to be intensified.
* The Mayor’s contention was that Ndwedwe Municipality is 80 percent electrified.
* The Department of Energy has to review the policy on non-grid electricity system including budget allocation as well as the technology to accommodate increase of power.
* The “Island Syndrome” was raised quite sharply i.e. the SHS was not installed in certain households within area where installations were made.
2.2.5 Site visit
A site visit to a household where a SHS had been installed was made. However, this did not happen as the system had been stolen in the said house.
2.2.6 Public meeting at Hosiyana Village in Ndwedwe
A second meeting was held with the community at Hosiyana village in Ndwedwe... The meeting was facilitated by the Mayor of Ndwedwe.
Hon Njikelana explained the purpose of the meeting and requested that community members share experiences, challenges and opportunities regarding the non-grid electrification programme. The Community raised the following issues:
* The community experienced challenges with crime. SHSs are problematic because they are easily stolen.
* Members of the community would prefer grid electricity, as the SHS does not fulfil all their requirements. Heating and cooking also needs to be considered when installing the system.
* The area is in the process of being electrified – some members of the community emphasized that they would rather wait for grid electricity.
* Some appreciated the fact that could at least light their houses with solar. However, a concern was raised that solar is not reliable – when it is raining the system does not work.
* There was a concern raised that if homes have a SHS, this would prevent households from being grid-electrified
* A whole host of other service delivery issues were raised viz.:
> Lack of potable water – Note: This was strongly emphasised!
> Lack of roads
> Need for houses
* In terms of the capacity of the system, KES clarified that the system is determined by the DoE not KES. KES is the implementing agent. Issues relating to the limited capacity of the system should be directed to the DoE.
* In response to this, the DoE indicated that the system is currently being upgraded (work in progress) – the new system could be installed in two houses instead of one. However, the new system still does not address the issue of energy poverty as it does not provide for cooking and heating.
2.3 Issues for consideration
* Increasing the capacity of the solar home system is essential – as a way to address poverty issues, particularly to provide for cooking and heating as well.
* The absence of electricity and the impact thereof on schools was noted by the PCE.
* The absence of water, although not a mandate of the Energy Department was noted but was indicated that it would be referred to the relevant Department (Water and Environmental Affairs).
* The good relationship that KES had with the Doe together with the Msinga Municipality and the Post Office was commended and it was emphasised that such relations should continue.
* It was indicated that the whole drive for the SHS was to eventually upgrade to grid electricity. It is an interim measure. Education and awareness raising on alternative energy sources is essential.
* Different municipalities appear to have differing policies on the deployment of the FBE policy and hence recipients of non-grid electrification are receiving differing amounts (to pay the service fee) depending on where they live.
* A socio-economic impact study of the programme needs to be conducted
* The DoE and Eskom, to in future, come to the municipality and/or communities to explain the electrification process.
3 Visit to Letsatsi Power (Free State) - 29th of January 2014
On the 29th of January 2014, the Committee visited a Solar Photovoltaic Park (SPV) – a project that is part of the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers Procurement Programme (REIPPPP). The Committee has been getting updates and reports from DoE on how the REIPPP is doing. The Committee thought it would be useful to get a sense of what is happening on the ground in terms of implementation. The description of the project is provided below.
Solar Reserve SA, Intikon Energy (Pty) Ltd, Kensani Capital Investments (Pty) Ltd, Old Mutual Insurance Company of South Africa and GCL-Poly Energy Holdings Limited, jointly developed and submitted the SPV project, which was awarded to the preferred bidder on 07 December 2011.
The project entails the development, design, construction, financing and operations of Solar Photovoltaic Park 50km North-West of Bloemfontein in the Free State, with an installed name plate capacity of 75 MWDC and which will deliver circa 64 MWAC into a 132 kV distribution line. The project is being designed, constructed, operated and maintained by the consortium comprising of ACS Cobra, GranSolar and Kensani EPC.
The total project cost is estimated at circa R2.4 billion. The Project is financed on a non-recourse project finance basis, with approximately 75 percent of the project funded through senior and junior debt arranged and underwritten by Rand Merchant Bank. The shareholders are funding all the equity in the Project by ordinary shares and shareholder loans. Intikon Energy, SolarReserve and Kensani (the developers), have been developing the Project since the fourth quarter of 2009.
Prior to the Committee visiting the site, a presentation providing an overview of the project (including the background above) was delivered by the project partners. Key issues emanating from presentations are as follows:
* The project is ranked amongst the top 10 ten in the world in terms of its scale.
* Letsasi Power started construction work on the 6/7th of January 2013. Project covers about 150 hectares and 227 000 PV modules have been installed. 1200 km of cables have also been installed.
* Construction is now completed and Letsasi Power officially notified DoE on 28 January 2014 for the completion. They officially requested from NERSA permission for early power generation. Letsatsi Power planned to connect to the grid on 9th and 15th of February officially, instead of the contract date in May 2014.
* About 400 locally people have been employed on the project
* In terms of economic develop (which is a high priority), targets have been exceeded. For example, in terms of job creation, women participation, enterprise development etc.
* Letsatsi Power adopted a high school at Tokologo Municipality and created a vegetable garden. The garden is feeding about 20 to 30 families per week. The aim is to expand the garden. The next phase is to train the community on how to harvest and sell the vegetables for profit.
* The company employed local people who had no skills and these people were trained
* Letsatsi also appointed a Transformation Manager, ensuring compliance with the DoE requirements. For example compliance with the local content of the materials, use of SA companies, employing black people within the 50km radius, and helping to understand what has to do with compliance requirements.
* Letsatsi Power worked with the Municipality in terms of identifying workers in the area.
* Some sub-contractor was not found in the area, but they trained the local workers.
* Furthermore, a needs analysis study of employees was done. Workers were trained in the following areas: safety and 1st aid, construction and water, electrical. Realised that local people were willing to do the training. Money was sourced – and training was conducted for 60 to 70 people. They were issued with SETA accredited certificates. Of the 250 assessed, 50 fell off as they were not interested, but 190 were interested. Letsatsi looked at their current level of education and identified 4 types of programmes; Healthy and Safety, Electrical Works Installation, First Aid and Construction.
* The training programme started in October 2013 with about 67 people and they fully completed and at the time of the site were due for the exams. 80 start next week. Letsatsi now has 120/130 SETA accredited workers. This was not part of the contract and can be look at as pro-activeness from the developers.
* Durban University of Technology was also adopted by Letsatsi Power. It was difficult for the University to identify project for the students’ in-service training project as there are few opportunities in the solar industry. There are 70 students in total and the ultimate goal to run a solar manufacturing plant in Somerset West. Letsatsi wanted them to learn what it means on the practical point of view.
* It was also noted that women owned companies were difficult to find e.g. doing electrical installation work. This was a huge problem across the project.
* The PCE expressed its utmost appreciation of the achievements and commended Letsatsi Power for going beyond the contract obligations
* Strong cooperation between the company and Dealesvile Local Municipality was also appreciated – specific reference was also on the utilisation of the personnel that was trained by Letsatsi Power and was to be transferred the municipality on a similar project.
* Cooperation and coordination which included the provincial offices of DoE, local Energy Information Centre and local FET College and some universities was noted
* An academic from the University of Free State – who was invited as an expert – was encouraged to explore and set a joint initiative with Letsatsi Power for students in future
NOTE: Dr. Ntwaoabarwa – an academic from University of Free State – was part of the delegation at the invitation of the Chairperson.
4 Oversight visit to Ivory Park, Johannesburg - 31st January 2014 -
The PCE visited Ivory Park SWH project on the 31st January 2014. Due to heavy rains no site visit was conducted. However a briefing meeting, at the local community hall, was held with the local Councillors, members of Ward Committees, academics from UJ (at the invitation of the Chairperson), Eskom and DoE to discuss the successes and challenges identified.
The Chairperson welcomed everyone and thanked them for their attendance.
Clr. JP (Big Joe) Mhlanga (Ward 78) welcomed everyone on behalf of the City of Johannesburg and thanked the PCE for taking the time to visit the area. With him were Clr. Petros Zitha (Ward 79) and Clr T.M. Mabotja (Ward 77). The three wards make up part of Ivory Park in the City of Johannesburg.
4.1 Briefing by ESKOM
Mr. M. Dlamini presented the project where it was explained that the scope of work was the supply, delivery, installation and maintenance of 16000 solar water heaters to the Ivory Park area. It started on the 11th October 2010 and was completed in 30 April 2012. A total budget of R101.76 million was allocated to the project. Three main contractors were used for the installation Genergy, Thunzi Consulting (Pty) Ltd and Machite Engineering cc. In terms of employment 292 local people were employed on the project as Data Capturers, Community Liaison Officers, Installers and Installer assistants. Roshcon was employed to conduct random audits to selected areas and the SANAS 10106 specification was used to develop a checklist for technical audits. Eskom indicated that there was a 5 year after sales service and maintenance programme and all SWH’s have a 5 year guarantee and within this period all the installed geysers will be replaced and/or maintained depending on the defects.
Eskom listed the following issues/challenges identified from their side;
* The community was not properly informed on the employment processes followed resulting in work stoppages
* Some of the SWH developed leaks as the unit are designed for a maximum of six bar pressure and the water pressure in the area fluctuated above and below this.
* A lack of capacity from suppliers resulted in stoppages
* Eskom needs to ensure that proper planning is done and that the municipality and Councillors are involved.
* There were some technical problems with units
* The high content of calcium carbide in the water also resulted in damage to units
* There needs to be feasibility studies done to assess the challenges that lay ahead
* There also needs to be an assessment of the roof structures as some cannot hold the weight of the units
* Eskom needs to re-engage with the DoE for cost of maintenance of geysers
Finally Eskom noted that these projects must involve the communities and communication is critical
4.2 Comments from the Department of Energy
Mr X. Mabusela presented a more overhead view of the project and indicated that of the planned target of one million SWH installed, Eskom and Municipalities have installed 390 000 so far. The implementation of the projects should be under the management of the Municipalities.
Further, in terms of the actual units, currently there is a 70% local content threshold but originally most of the units were imported. Currently some tubes are imported and the units should have a 5 year warranty.
4.3 Comments from the City Councillors
Clr Mabotja responded on behalf of the Councillors and indicated that the community was well informed, there was clear communication and public meetings. There were also clear employment arrangements made with meetings held every Monday and Thursday.
In terms challenges identified;
* Some units were delivered but not installed hence it cannot be claimed that the project was completed
* The quality of the geysers was low
* The community were to be trained for maintenance but so far this is not happening
* There was a lot of poor workmanship and this has resulted in a lot of leaks
* Eskom is not responding to the concern of the Councillors
Clr Zitha further indicated that the project employed a lot of people and they were happy. The project was transparent and there was regular communication. There are benefits as people have hot water and save on paraffin used to heat water.
In his Ward there is only one trained person to maintain the geysers and the work load is too high for him as they break regularly. Further he has a problem obtaining parts for defective geysers. Additionally he indicated that some people have removed their geysers to other provinces without permission.
Clr Mhlanga indicated that there was never a handover from the Contractors to the Councillors. Further he indicated that there needs to be a roll out of geysers in those areas without it. Clr Mhlanga ascribed the work stoppages to problems between the contractors and sub-contractors. He also indicated there were problems with installations in his area.
4.4 Response from Members
* The Members requested that the DoE follow-up with these issues and check why there was no sign over to the community.
* The five year maintenance must be looked at and honoured.
* The DoE was requested to look at the quality of work and of the products as well. There should be a “happy letter” signed by the residents when a unit is installed.
* There must be further investigation into installing SWH in houses where the roof structures are not secure as people could get injured with the help of UJ.
* The removal of SWH must be investigated and managed as this could be a criminal issue.
* It was further recommended that the parties involved in this issue work together to solve the problems with the DoE coordinating such efforts
* The Members acknowledged that there is positive in everything e.g. the community is saving on paraffin costs.
In conclusion The Chairperson strongly suggested that a Project Steering Committee be established to deal with the outstanding issues. The Chairperson further indicated that standards for quality should not be compromised as the SABS is there to assist in inspecting the equipment.
Finally, ESKOM, City of Johannesburg and the DoE were requested to meet and address all concerns and challenges raised in the meeting and report to the Chairperson within two weeks, indicating what action steps have been taken to deal with the issues.
* Policy reviewal on non-grid electricity system including budget allocation as well as the technology to accommodate increase of power be initiated as matter of urgency.
* The Department of Energy to upgrade non/off-grid systems and also make them scalable to accommodate those who may express additional need and appropriately address energy poverty
* The Department of Energy to explore “ permanency” or long term approach on the non/off-grid electricity system in the rural areas
* Strong coordination between various stakeholders especially Department of Energy, ESKOM, and the municipalities be addressed as a matter of urgency
* Intensive public education and mass communication with the help of SABC, GCIS, local community media especially community radio stations and municipal communications units on non/off-grid electricity system including Solar Home Systems
* Grid electrification programme be accelerated in both Msinga and Ndwedwe Municipalities
* Address the huge backlog in terms of general service delivery in Msinga Municipality
* Improve customer care especially for the sickly and elderly particularly at pay points
* Explore micro-insurance arrangements for damaged or stolen equipment
* Department of Energy to explore jointly with the Department of Basic Education introduction of appropriate electrification of schools
* Integration of FBE and municipalities to be consistent in their allocation of subsidy – such be done through the support of SALGA
* A socio-economic impact study of the programme to be conducted
* Issues below be referred to relevant departments and/or spheres of government for their consideration:
o Lack of potable water NOTE: Water is the main challenge and need in Msinga Municipality
o Lack of roads
o Need for houses
* The Department of Energy, ESKOM, the municipalities visited – together with their district municipalities to arrange follow-up meetings to address issues raised with the aim of working solutions
* Such follow-up meetings include municipalities of Nquthu and Maphumulo as a compensation for not visiting them
* The involvement of experts during oversight visits be promoted even in future as it had proven to of benefit to members
* ESKOM, City of Johannesburg and the DoE were requested to meet and address all concerns and challenges raised in the meeting and report to the Chairperson within two weeks, indicating what action steps have been taken to deal with the issues.
* The Minister of Energy be requested to investigate the allegation of the “Island Syndrome” in the Ndwedwe area and take the appropriate action where necessary.
Report to be considered.
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9. Report of the Committee on the Auditor-General on Proposals for the remuneration of the Auditor-General of South Africa
1.1 Section 193(4) of the Constitution, 1996 (hereinafter the “Constitution”) provides, amongst others, that the President, on recommendation of the National Assembly, must appoint the Auditor-General. On 11 September 2013, the National Assembly [Third Session, Fourth Parliament] adopted a resolution recommending that Mr Thembekile Kimi Makwetu (hereinafter the “nominee”) be appointed as Auditor-General in accordance with section 193(5)(b)(i) of the Constitution.
1.2 This report contains the recommendations of the Standing Committee on the Auditor-General (hereinafter the “Committee”) to the President pertaining to the intended conditions of employment, including the salary, allowances and other benefits of the nominee in terms of section 7 of the Public Audit Act 25 of 2004 (hereinafter the “Public Audit Act”).
2. Determination of remuneration
2.1 The relevant provisions of section 7 of the Public Audit Act read as follows:
7. Conditions of employment.—(1) The oversight mechanism must consult the person recommended in terms of section 193 of the Constitution for appointment as Auditor-General and make recommendations to the President for the determination of the conditions of employment of that person, including an appropriate salary, allowances and other benefits.
(2) The salary, allowances and other benefits of a person appointed as Auditor-General must—
(a) take into account the knowledge and experience of the prospective incumbent;
(b) be substantially the same as those of the top echelon of the judiciary; and
(c) be paid from the funds of the Auditor-General.
(3) The conditions of employment determined in terms of subsection (1) may not be altered by the President during the incumbent’s term of office without the incumbent’s written consent or to the incumbent’s detriment.
2.2 Section 189 of the Constitution provides that the Auditor-General must be appointed for a fixed, non-renewable term of between five and ten years.
2.3 The Committee took into account the finding in the Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Appointment of the Auditor-General, dated 10 September 2013 (ATC, 10 September 2013, p. 3377) that the nominee showed:
* knowledge and understanding of management of public finances and auditing in the public administration;
* displayed strong leadership qualities;
* good interpersonal skills; and
* high integrity.
2.4 An updated benchmark exercise was undertaken by Alexander Forbes and used as a basis for the determination of the salary, allowances and benefits of the current Auditor-General.
2.5 Upon scrutiny, the Committee found that the calculation from Alexander Forbes was flawed based on the following reasons:
* Wrong inclusion of R60 000 p/m taken as equivalent to the rental amount of the house occupied by Chief Justice in Bishopscourt. Upon enquiry with the Department of Justice, the Committee found that there is no house in Bishopscourt occupied by Chief Justice. The Committee established that the housing allowance for the Chief Justice is regulated in terms of the Ministerial Handbook and hence the R60 000 p/m is not applicable. Thus, the Committee resolved to apply the appropriate amount stipulated in the Ministerial Handbook.
* Alexander Forbs use basic salary of R2 525 200 per annum paid to Chief Justice. However, the Committee could not establish such an amount upon reading a letter sent by the President to the Speaker, dated 03 January 2014, regarding the determination of remuneration of Constitutional Judges and Judges.
2.6 The latter reason, in particular, prompted the Committee to procure services of an actuary to review the updated benchmark exercise undertaken by Alexander Forbes. Following the parliamentary procurement processes, Old Mutual Ltd was recommended as a preferred service provider to execute such task. Thus, a report from Old Mutual was used as the basis for the determination of the current salary of Auditor-General.
3. Recommendations on remuneration
3.1 The Committee recommends:
3.1.1 Mr Thembekile Kimi Makwetu, receive a total remuneration package of R3, 889,391.00 per annum commencing 1 December 2013, to be adjusted in line with the annual adjustments to the Chief Justice’s salary, commencing in 2014.
3.1.2 Mr Makwetu is not entitled to an annual performance bonus, as this could compromise his constitutional independence, but should receive a termination bonus on the successful completion of his term calculated as follows:
30 % × average term compensation × years of the fixed term appointment.
3.1.3 The total remuneration package is structured by Mr Makwetu according to the parameters and guidelines as are generally applicable to the Office of the Auditor-General.
3.1.4 Membership of a medical fund is not required.
3.1.5 Contributions to a pension fund are allowed only as part of the total remuneration package of Mr Makwetu.
3.1.6 Other conditions of service are in accordance with the parameters and guidelines applicable to the Office of the Auditor-General.
4. Term of appointment
4.1 The recommendations of the Committee are based on the fact that the President has appointed Mr Makwetu for a 7 year non-renewable period.
10. REPORT OF THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES ON THE OVERSIGHT VISIT TO THE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (ARC) AND THE ONDERSTEPOORT BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS (OBP) IN PRETORIA, GAUTENG PROVINCE, DATED 11 MARCH 2014.
The Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, having undertaken an oversight visit to the ARC and OBP in the Gauteng Province from 4 to 5 February 2014, reports as follows:
The Agricultural Research Council (hereinafter referred to as ARC) and the Onderstepoort Biological Products (hereinafter referred to as OBP) are public entities that reports directly to the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (hereinafter referred to as the Department). The ARC was established in terms of Section 2 of the Agricultural Research Act, 1990 (Act No. 86 of 1990). It is the principal agricultural research institution in the county that provides agricultural research and technology development to support the agricultural community. The OBP was established in terms of the Onderstepoort Biological Products Incorporation Act, 1999 (Act No. 19 of 1999) and its mandate is to manufacture veterinary vaccines and related products to prevent and control animal diseases that impact on food security, human health and livelihoods.
For the past two financial years, i.e. 2011/12 and 2012/13 the Portfolio Committee observed that there was little collaboration between the ARC and OBP on research activities on livestock diseases and vaccine improvement; and the Committee was particularly concerned with outbreaks of diseases of economic importance that sometimes lead to the banning of South African products in some export markets, e.g. foot-and-mouth disease, avian influenza, citrus black spot, etc. The Committee also observed that both entities, the OBP being a national key point, were also not getting sufficient Government funding to address challenges associated with outbreaks of diseases. Based on these observations, the Portfolio Committee recommended that the Department ensures that there is collaboration between the ARC and OBP on livestock disease-related programmes; and to consider increasing funding for the ARC and OBP, particularly for the refurbishment of research facilities and aged infrastructure.
1.1. Objective of the Visit
Part of the oversight responsibilities of the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries over the work of the Department and its entities is to examine the Strategic Plans and associated Annual Performance Plans (APPs), as well as budgets of the Department and its six entities. In the 2010/11 financial year, additional funding was allocated to the ARC for the establishment of a state of the art foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) Facility for research on, and the manufacturing of, FMD vaccines. In 2012/13, the OBP received funding from National Treasury for upgrading and modernising the vaccine manufacturing facilities. The Committee took a resolution to undertake an oversight visit to the ARC and OBP to oversee progress in the establishment of the FMD Facility at the ARC, the vaccine manufacturing facilities at OBP and further progress regarding other Committee recommendations as outlined in the Committee’s 2011/12 and 2012/13 Budget Review and Recommendation Reports (BRRRs).
The delegation of the Committee composed of Mr M Johnson, ANC (Chairperson and Leader of the delegation); Ms NM Twala, ANC; Ms RE Nyalungu, ANC, Ms ME Pilusa-Mosoane, ANC and Ms A Steyn, DA. The delegation was supported by Ms A Kakaza, Committee Secretary; Ms N Mgxashe, Content Advisor, Ms N Qwabe, Committee Researcher (Agriculture and Forestry) and Ms N Diya, Committee Assistant.
2. ENGAGEMENT DURING OVERSIGHT VISIT
The Agricultural Research Council (ARC)
The following officials were in attendance: Agricultural Research Council (ARC): Dr SR Moephuli, Chief Executive Officer; Dr MS Jeenah, Executive Director: Research and Technology Development; Dr L Heath, Programme Manager; Dr P Majiwa, Programme Manager (ARC-OVI); Dr BA Lubisi, Project Manager-Virology (ARC-OVI); Dr J Rees, Head: Biotechnology Platform (ARC-OVI); Dr M Mulumba, Research Institute Manager (ARC-OVI); Isaac Ntshauba, Public Relations Officer (ARC-OVI); Edzani Nephalela, Public Relations Intern (ARC-OVI); Benjamin Molefe, Financial Manager (ARC-OVI); Dr M Maila, Research Institute Manage: Institute for Soil, Climate and Water (ARC-ISCW); Dr D Turner, Programme Manger (ARC-ISCW; Dr M Tsubo, Programme Manager (ARC-ISCW); Dr GJ Chirima, Acting Programme Manager (ARC-ISCW); Dr E Mwendera, Programme Manager (ARC-ISCW); Mr J Malherbe, Researcher (ARC-ISCW); Christien Engelbrecht, Researcher (ARC-ISCW); Dr B Greyling, Programme Manager: Beef Cattle Improvement: Animal Production Institute (API); Prof M Scholtz, Specialist Researcher: Animal Production Institute (API); Mr H Weepener, Programme Manager (ARC-ISCW); Dr M Moeletsi, Programme Manager (ARC-ISCW); Dr A Magadlela, Research Institute Manager (ARC-API); Dr S Venter, Programme Manager (ARC-API), Dr I du Plooy Programme Manager: Vegetable and Ornamental Plants Institute; Dr P Adebola, Programme Manger: Vegetable and Ornamental Plants Institute; Mr D Motiang, Manager: ARC-API; Prof TL Nedambale, Programme Manager (ARC-API); Dr B Nengovhela, Senior Researcher (ARC-API); Dr N Maiwashe, Programme Manager (ARC-API); Moks Mothobela, Manager (API). National Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF): Dr BM Modisane, Chief Director: Animal Production & Health (APH); Dr S Mkhize, Director: Provincial & State Owned Entities (SOEs) Performance Monitoring; Mr MJ Mamabolo, Director: Animal Production; Ms Dikeledi Mabogoane, Monitoring and Evaluation Officer; Mr S Kgatla, Principal Communication Officer; Ms N Mafani, Parliamentary Coordinator: Office of the Director-General.
Overview of the Agricultural Research Council (ARC) and Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (OVI)
The delegation was welcomed by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Dr SR Moephuli. After a brief introduction the CEO gave a background on the ARC including its mission and vision, as well as the OVI. Dr Moephuli mentioned that the ARC-OVI does needs-driven research, technology transfer and also provides diagnostic services. He highlighted that there is no competition between OVI and OBP but the two institutes work in collaboration. The OVI does vaccine development research and also manufactures a limited number of vaccines as part of its research activities. He mentioned that the ARC-OVI strives to be a world-class veterinary research institute in providing scientific support to the South African agricultural sector.
2.1 The overview of the ARC - Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (OVI) activities, achievements and challenges
Dr L Heath, the Programme Manager for OVI presented the overview of the ARC-OVI activities, achievements and challenges. He mentioned that the research focus areas of the Institute are on new generation vaccine development; molecular epidemiology and diagnostics; food, feed and veterinary public health; transboundary animal diseases and parasites, vectors and vector-borne diseases.
He mentioned that some of the challenges experienced by the ARC are increased competition from private commercial diagnostic companies; recruitment and retention of technical staff; maintenance and expansion of infrastructure; as well as increased requirement for specialised infrastructure (e.g. mad cow disease laboratories and keeping the Biological Safety Level 3).
Dr Heath highlighted the development of the foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccine factory as one of the achievements. He said the ARC’s vaccine facility at Ondertepoort was built in the early 1980s as a national strategic facility for the production of vaccines, diagnosis and research on transboundary animal diseases. He mentioned that the FMD vaccine production declined over the past decades and was suspended in 2005. In 2010, the National Treasury approved funding of R220 million to establish a new state-of-the-art FMD vaccine factory. The project has three objectives, namely:
* The development of a production process based on suspension cell culture technologies;
* The design of a vaccine factory to accommodate the production process; and
* The construction of a new factory.
Dr Heath reported that to date a production process has been developed that is capable of consistently producing FMD vaccine antigens that will be used in the formulation of the FMD vaccine. He further reported that the design of the new factory is underway with construction anticipated to commence in July 2014. He said the ARC has established a training programme to develop the Human Resource (HR) capacity that is required in operating the new facility and eight students were enrolled in the programme during 2013; and the ARC is planning to develop downstream processing capabilities to maximise vaccine output. Future activities include the production of FMD vaccine that will be supplied to the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) for use in the 2015 national vaccination campaign. The construction and validation of the new factory is expected to be completed in 2016 and the new factory will have sufficient capacity to meet the national and regional vaccine requirements.
Veterinary Diagnostics at ARC-OVI
Dr P Majiwa, the Manager for Molecular Epidemiology and Diagnostics Programme at ARC-OVI explained that the purpose of the diagnostic services is to improve and apply routine and novel diagnostic tests as required by clients. The tests reveal the presence of an agent that is responsible for a particular disease in an animal, identify if an animal has been exposed to an agent responsible for a particular disease, and reveal presence of contaminants in food or food products derived from animals. Dr Majiwa reported that approximately 270 different tests are done by competent technical staff under professional supervision on different sample types; and the exact numbers of tests vary with seasons throughout each year. He mentioned that some of the industries that are supported by the Institute are the red meat (beef, mutton, and embryos), poultry (chickens and ostriches), pigs, wildlife and tourism (buffalo relocation etc.), as well as companion and work animals (horses, dogs and cats).
Overview of the Biotechnology Platform
Dr J Rees, the Head of the Biotechnology Platform gave a brief overview of the Biotechnology Platform. The presentation focused on the services provided and the research facilities model that includes the unit, core services, development group, research teams within the Platform and research teams at Institutes. Dr Rees mentioned that the ARC’s Biotechnology Platform at OVI has the biggest DANA Sequencer in Africa that has the ability to sequence data for 10 human genomes every 6 days. However, the equipment will be sequencing livestock and plant genomes including livestock pathogen genomics and plant pathogen genomics.
The delegation was taken for a tour of the ARC-OVI facilities. The facilities tour also included visits to the largest tick museum in the world, the Gertrude Theiler Tick Museum and the Monument of Dr Jotello Soga, who was the fourth son of Reverend Tiyo Soga. Dr Jotello Soga was the first black veterinarian in South Africa and a pioneer in veterinary research.
2.2 ARC - Institute for Soil, Climate and Water (ISCW)
Dr M Maila, the Research Institute Manager (RIM) from ISCW welcomed the delegation and gave an overview of the Institute. He mentioned that the vision of the Institute is to promote the sustainable management and optimum use of agricultural natural resources, soil, climate and water through basic and action oriented research; technology development; technology transfer and scientific services. He mentioned that programmes and scientific services to facilitate the mission of the ARC-ISCW mission include Agro climatology, Geo Informatics, Soil and Water Sciences as well as scientific services such as climate monitoring and advisories, analytical services and advisories and land suitability studies. Dr Maila reported that the ARC-ISCW is responsible for the country’s climate and crop modelling and is managing 600 weather stations throughout the country.
He reported that the activities of the ARC-ISCW’s Agro climatology Programme include climate monitoring, climate and crop modelling, weather dissemination (through radio, television, cellular phones) and scientific advisories, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission monitoring and climate change adaptation and mitigation. He mentioned that the ISCW has been given the responsibility by DAFF to do research on climate adaptation. He reported that the Institute’s Geo Informatics Programme is involved in using satellite imagery to predict crop yields, disease or pest outbreaks, crop stress, early warnings, water quality and land/crop suitability.
Dr Maila further reported that the ARC-ISCW’s Soil Science Programme is involved in providing soil information and doing land evaluation for a variety of clients ranging from commercial to small-scale farmers. The Institute’s Water Science Programme is involved in water quality management in agro-ecological systems, efficient utilisation of water in rainfed and irrigated agricultural systems, forestry and livestock production systems, sustainable management of water resources in wetlands to enhance ecosystem health and functioning, assessment of climate change impacts on water and agro-ecological systems. He also reported that the ARC-ISCW has an Analytical Services Laboratory for soil and plant analyses, water analyses and specialist inorganic/biological analyses.
Dr Maila mentioned that challenges and major internal constraints at ISCW are:
* human capacity i.e. lack of critical mass of scientists to deliver on focus areas;
* lack of funding to effectively run the climate monitoring infrastructure;
* updating and maintenance of the soil information system;
* maintenance of analytical services laboratory infrastructure;
* lack of land and buildings; and
* limited funding for research.
Agricultural Geo-referenced Information System (AGIS)
Dr George Chirima, the Acting Programme Manager for AGIS explained that AGIS is a collaborative computer system initiative between DAFF, provincial Departments of Agriculture and the ARC. The purpose of AGIS is to provide vast amounts of agricultural information to the farmers such as soils, weeds, locust outbreaks, invasive plants, etc. He reported that AGIS also provides information through dynamic maps to the general public, the agricultural sector and decision makers via the internet. The reported key challenges of the system were that it has become a large project that needs continuous effort to keep it up to date; limited funding from DAFF; and several private companies also setting up parallel systems. He concluded that despite the challenges, there is a need for an enhanced and collaborative Government-funded system, as rural and developing farmers may never get access to expensive privately-owned information systems.
Soil Science Programme: Land Use and Mapping
The Programme Manager, Dr Dave Turner briefed the delegation on the Soil Science Programme and field applications. The presentation focused on soil classification, soil suitability assessments, soil databases (soil profile information system, land type information system, text and spatial maps, detailed digital map information, derived products applications, etc.). Dr Turner also highlighted the land type maps inventory such as spatial and property components, and inventory based descriptions with soils of different potentials in one area. He made an example of application products from soil and land information in the Eastern Cape Province. Dr Turner also mentioned the Agricultural Master Plan, which is a soil mapping of agricultural land project, through which they run the Agri-Parks Project that is commissioned by the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform in five provinces, namely, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North West (14 District Municipalities in total).
The following challenges and future needs in the Soil Science Programme were reported:
* Progressive soil coverage of high potential agricultural land at detailed scales.
* Revitalisation of the ARC-wide Natural Resource Information Systems (soil, climate).
* Revised Business Model with Parliamentary Grant and External Income
* Revised perspective on Intellectual Property and Information Accessibility to the public.
* Succession Planning and Training of staff in soil science and information system applications.
Soil and Water Management
Dr Emmanuel Mwendera, the Programme Manager for Soil and Water Management reported that the key national water issues and challenges in the country include limited water quantity, increasing and competing demand for water, water pollution, food insecurity, wetland degradation, impact of climate variability and change and water governance issues. He said the impact of climate change in the country result in increased water demand, reduces water availability, reduces agricultural production and food security. He highlighted some agricultural water management projects that have been developed to address the water through the Conservation Agriculture and Rainwater Harvesting for Improved Productivity and Food Security Programme. He mentioned that through the programme, rainfall water that is normally lost through runoff is now collected and used productively for crop production. He reported that more than 1 400 households in 42 rural communities in the Free State, 8 rural communities in the Eastern Cape and 19 rural communities in the Limpopo Provinces have improved their food security by adopting the Rainwater Harvesting technology.
Climate Change and Communities
Dr M Tsubo, the Programme Manager for Climate Change and Communities reported about a case study that is funded by DAFF on mitigation and adaptation to climate variability and change in the Thabo Mofutsanyane District Municipality in eastern Free State. He said the main objectives of the project are to introduce and encourage agricultural practices that are potentially capable of mitigating climate change and adapting to adverse effects of climate change, to raise awareness and conduct training on climate variability and climate change in rural agricultural communities and to introduce and encourage farmers to shift to conservation agriculture practices with the emphasis on minimal mechanical soil disturbance and diversified cropping. He reported that approximately 25 youth from surrounding project areas were trained and hired to install the biodigester systems for the project.
Dr Tsubo mentioned that the Project assisted farmers to reduce the impact of agroclimatological risks on their productivity through the use of agrometeorology information. The Project also assisted ISCW to develop a mechanism for the dissemination of weather and climate forecasts to farmers to support their daily activities and to advise farmers on the day-to-day management of their fields based on the weather and climate information. A Climate Awareness Campaign was also held in secondary schools in the Free State Province to improve learner understanding of weather and climate as they are taught in Geography. A range of jobs and other economic developing opportunities were created through the project such as the use of local labourers for biodigester installation; procurement of local caterers during project gathering and events, use of local tractors and equipment, use of local communities to maintain Project trials (for example, with weeding) and use of local labour in fencing the trial plots.
Drought Management and Monitoring
Mr Johan Malherbe, a researcher at the ARC-ISCW reported that the ARC supports regional drought monitoring initiatives through the maintenance of a network of climate monitoring stations, maintenance of the database of coarse resolution data and management of the development of drought monitoring tool for the South African Development Community (SADC). He reported that the ARC-ISCW’s Drought Management and Monitoring Group produces situation maps and present them to the National Disaster Management Committee and also contributes to the National Agrometeorological Committee. He mentioned that information is also disseminated via newsletters to users in Agriculture, Hydrology and the Insurance business.
2.3 ARC - Animal Production Institute (API)
Dr MA Magadlela, the Research and Technology Manager for the ARC-API, welcomed the delegation. He mentioned that the API conducts basic and applied research in focal areas such as animal nutrition and pasture science, animal breeding and improvement (conventional and biotechnological tools to assist reproduction), product processing (meat and milk) and food safety. He mentioned that the API’s strategic research focus is informed by the strategic goals of the ARC and national priorities. He reported that the API is also a custodian of certain national assets and services such as the National Data Bank for stock and game identification.
Kaonafatso ya Dikgomo
Mr Dan Motiang, the Manager for Kaoanafatso ya Dikgomo (KyD) Project reported that the project aims to accelerate access of smallholder livestock farmers to the mainstream industry. He reported that 40% of the project’s herd is owned by smallholder farmers with 1 200 participants from 2011/12 financial year. He reported that from January 2014, there were approximately 5 772 participants in the project including women and youth. He highlighted the 2013 Project Award Winner who started with 10 cattle and now owns a herd of 150 cattle and has improved the herd’s calving rate from less than 50% to 88%. Mr Motiang reported that the ARC, with assistance from Provincial Departments of Agriculture, assists farmers to hold village livestock auctions. He mentioned that the KyD project aims to provide experiential learning to communities surrounding projects; and expand livestock trade for exportation.
Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)
Professor Lucky Nedambale, the Programme Manager for Assisted Reproduction Technologies (ART) reported that the objective of the ART project is to introduce genetically superior cattle through ART technology, introduce a model which is meant to empower individual rural farmers to participate in the existing modern beef industry value chain, to support rural farmers in managing animal health (to reduce mortality and improve fertility), to use deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to verify parentage and identification (to deter stock theft and for recording and improvement schemes) and to build capacity and skills of farmers and professionals who support emerging farmers. He also highlighted that the focus of the Project is on the Nguni cattle breed, which is an indigenous hardy breed.
Poultry Enterprise Development
Dr Baldwin Nengovhela, the Project Manager, reported that the ARC-API jointly with the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform have established an integrated community-based and community-owned poultry value chain for rural households in all nine provinces. He said the Project started on the 1st April 2013 and has a life span of 36 months and its objectives are to:
* Help establish new village broiler and layer value chains;
* Document experiences in village broiler and layer value chains;
* Contribute in the improvement of rural livelihoods and entrepreneurship, as well as economic growth in rural areas;
* Conduct training in hatchery, rearing, feed manufacturing and abattoir management within village systems;
* Improve financial risks of village broiler farming and the rest of the value chain in South Africa;
* Help establish and refine new village broiler-abattoir models;
* Ensure complete production cycles for the continuous supply of the market;
* Organise the groups into cooperatives or any legal business entity;
* Pilot vertical integration by smallholder entities;
* Create a sustainable support system and platform for solving problems for the beneficiaries of the projects through training and mentorship; and
* Create job opportunities for para-professionals and NARYSEC.
Dr Nengovhela reported that the Project targets poor and unemployed people in the Comprehensive Rural Development Programme (CRDP) sites. The total number of beneficiaries was reported as 1 368 consisting of 1 008 rural and military veterans, 180 para-professionals and 180 National Rural Youth Service Corps (NARYSEC). He further reported that there is currently one site in each province and the plan is to expand the project to 73 sites per province. He mentioned that the project’s concept is to establish in each community, a feed mill, layer houses (egg production), broiler houses (meat production), a hatchery and an abattoir with an outlet shop.
Livestock Genomic Research Selection
Professor Norman Maiwashe, the Programme Manager for Livestock Genomic Selection commented that as the number of people that need to be fed is increasing and the natural resource base is deteriorating, the only solution is to increase the output per unit of production; meaning more beef from fewer cattle. He explained that an increase in output can be done through identification (selection) and breeding of fertile and high producing animals (adaptation). He further explained that the identification of superior breeding stock is done through Conventional Selection (CS), in which the ARC played a prominent role in the research that led to its successful implementation in the country. He said the other option is Genomic Selection (GS), which is done through the selection of breeding animals through their DNA. Prof Maiwashe reported that the Genomics Programme in the ARC is still at its infancy and presents a new opportunity for accelerating efficiency of animal production. He said although the ARC is investing heavily in Genomic Research and capacity development, the Programme is expensive and needs substantial funding. He further stated that support from public and private institutions is essential for successful implementation of Genomic Selection for the benefit of South African livestock farmers. He concluded by stating that South Africa cannot afford not to invest in Genomic Research since that might have a negative impact on the country’s global competiveness.
The Animal Improvement Schemes
Dr MA Magadlela, the Research and Technology Manager at ARC-API reported that the Animal Improvement Schemes Project has been under the stewardship of the ARC since the 1st April 1995. The Project utilised the ARC’s research and development and technology transfer products, which have resulted in improved productivity and ability of livestock farmers to monitor and even control the production processes of their herds and flocks due to a greater understanding of principles needed for sustainable production. He said participation in the Improvement Schemes has thus enhanced efficiency of farm animal production while promoting sustainable resource use to improve the general competitiveness of the whole livestock industry in the country. Dr Magadlela also mentioned that the research conducted by the ARC in support of the animal recording and improvement schemes has been highly successful. He also noted that no successful animal recording and improvement system can exist without sound research and development closely linked to the transfer of technology that is derived from such research.
2.4 ARC – Vegetable and Ornamental Plants Institute (VOPI)
Sweet Potato Research Programme
Dr P Adebola, the Programme Manager for the Sweet Potato Research Programme at ARC- Vegetable and Ornamental Plants Institute (VOPI) informed the delegation that the mandate of VOPI, which is based at Roodeplaat (Pretoria), is to carry out needs-driven and environmentally friendly research, technology development and technology transfer of commercial vegetables, African/traditional/indigenous vegetables, medicinal plants and indigenous bulbous plants. He further reported that the primary aim of the Sweet Potato Research Programme is the breeding of improved varieties; promotion of the orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) for addressing malnutrition; establishment of nurseries for vine dissemination and establishment of small-price enterprises. He mentioned that the sweet potato is one of the seven major staple crops of the world and feeds millions of people in the developing world. He said in South Africa the sweet potato is a popular crop amongst resource-poor farmers and is also grown commercially for the fresh and export markets. He further explained that the crop is adaptable to a broad range of agro-ecological conditions and can therefore, be grown in all provinces in South Africa and in some areas throughout the year.
Indigenous / Traditional Vegetables and Crops
Dr I du Plooy, the Programme Manager for Crop Science commented that contribution of local foods to reduce health risks has always been recognised as part of indigenous knowledge and part of the cultural system. He said growing recognition globally on the role of local nutraceuticals and functional foods in improving the health of people and the growing nutraceutical market worldwide has made it more important to identify, investigate and extract natural food additives and health promoting substances from local traditional food crops. He reported that the ARC is collaborating with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and other relevant stakeholders to develop nutraceuticals and functional foods as products from crops traditionally used by rural communities in South Africa.
Training and Support Model for Smallholder Farmers
Dr SL Venter, the Research and Technology Manager for the ARC - VOPI gave an overview of VOPI’s Training and Support Model for Smallholder Farmers Programme. She reported that models and strategies were developed and implemented for sustainable livelihoods in support of smallholder farmers and rural development, these include:
* Sustainable livelihoods model;
* Enterprise development and Agri-village models and strategies;
* Training and knowledge transfer models including training courses;
* Demonstration trials, demonstration production system, on-farm training;
* Support and multiplier models, high value crops and niche market models;
* Small-scale agricultural production models and decision making support models;
* Food, nutrition and crop based models;
* Urban agriculture model and strategy;
* Production and technology transfer manuals and information brochures; and
* Information and farmers’ days’ model.
She mentioned that all models include community mobilisation, situation analysis, baseline surveys, integration of new adapted technology and knowledge, monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment phases.
Visit to the Onderstepoort Biological Products (OBP)
The following officials were in attendance: Onderstepoort Biological Products (OBP): Dr ST Cornelius, Chief Executive Officer (CEO); Mr B Nthangeni, Chief Scientific Officer; Dr T Smit, Chief Operations Officer; Ms Z Mobeng, General Manger: Legal, Compliance & Company Secretary; Pieter M Pieterson, Quality Executive; Ms Mpume Ramutle, Human Resource Executive; Mr M Gololo, Chief Financial Officer and Mr P Pieter, Quality Executive. National Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF): Dr BM Modisane, Chief Director: Animal Production & Health (APH); Dr S Mkhize, Director: Provincial & SOEs Performance Monitoring; Mr MJ Mamabolo, Director: Animal Production; Ms Dikeledi Mabogoane, Monitoring and Evaluation Officer; Mr S Kgatla, Principal Communication Officer; Ms N Mafani, Parliamentary Coordinator: Office of the Director-General.
2.5 Overview of the Onderstepoort Biological Products (OBP)
The Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Dr ST Cornelius gave a historical background on the establishment of the OBP and an overview of the Institute’s mandate. He mentioned that OBP was part of the Onderstepoort Veterinary Research Institute (OVRI), which was established in 1908 and included the ARC’s OVI and the OBP. He reported that the animal vaccine manufacturing facility at the then OVRI was established in 1968. In 1992, vaccine manufacturing was separated from the Research Institute, which later became the ARC’s OVI and the OBP was launched as an SOE responsible for animal vaccine manufacturing. He said the OBP remains the only manufacturer of animal vaccines in the country and other suppliers import vaccines. In his presentation, Dr Cornelius mentioned that OBP has very old and outdated infrastructure and equipment, which constraints the entity’s ability to meet the demand for vaccines. He reported that a presentation has been made to DAFF and the National Treasury for additional funding to manufacture orphan vaccines (i.e. the vaccines that OBP has to manufacture at their own cost for public good). He further reported that OBP needs approximately R1.2 billion to upgrade and modernise its facilities and have been allocated R492 million by National Treasury for the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF) period.
Dr Cornelius mentioned that the OBP’s product portfolio constitutes bacterial vaccine products, viral vaccine products and other products such as frozen infective blood that is manufactured in conjunction with the ARC-OVI and antiserum diagnostic reagents such as dourine and rose Bengal. The following threats and constraints were reported by the CEO:
* Negative perception of the OBP brand (RVF);
* Products not available due to equipment breakdown and old outdated production processes, which causes unreliable supply;
* No innovation meaning that OBP cannot afford new technology to develop new products;
* Budget constraints – limited market and growth potential;
* OBP is a commercial entity but also carries within its portfolio, products that are earmarked for public good and product availability to fulfil orders is a major constraint mainly due to technology and equipment constraints;
* Factors affecting production and sales (market share and sales revenue), which are also factors affecting the activities within the company; and
* Non-GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) status – currently operation under ISO (International Standards of Operation).
For quality and safety of vaccines, the CEO informed the delegation that the development, production, testing and supply of all vaccines produced by OBP is based on accepted laboratory practices established by International Standards of Operation (ISO 9001:2008) and Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) guidelines, and in accordance with specific guidelines and regulations that are established by the office of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). He mentioned that in addition, vaccines are developed, produced and supplied to comply with the legislative requirements for the registration of these products in South Africa as stated in the Fertilisers, Farm Feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act, 1947 (Act No. 36 of 1947), as amended. He further mentioned that to achieve the quality objective in a reliable manner, the company has comprehensively designed and correctly implemented a Quality Management System that includes quality control and quality assurance.
Dr Cornelius also presented proposals to strengthen OBP, which include:
* Upgrading of facilities, equipment and processes as a matter of urgency;
* Improved production efficiencies, cost reduction and competitiveness;
* Access to more markets;
* Support by Government to ensure sustainable vaccine supply for the benefit of the country (i.e. annual transfer payment);
* Increased collaboration, technology transfer and technology acquisition (locally and internationally);
* Increased product range to offer more combination vaccines; and
* Recognition of OBP by DAFF as an important role player in terms of disease management and control, training and improved access of products to smallholder/emerging farmers.
Dr Cornelius concluded that in order for OBP to be able to effectively and efficiently carry out its mandate (animal vaccine manufacturing to prevent and control animal diseases that impact food security and public health) and to remain a viable and sustainable business entity, the following is required:
* Investment into upgrading and /or establishing new facilities.
* Stronger relationships need to be built with provincial and national Government.
* Vaccination/health programmes driven by provinces and private veterinarians.
* Improved communication and interaction between all role players.
* Contingency plan for vaccine reserves to be considered and supported.
The delegation was taken to a tour of OBP facilities and laboratories.
3. Committee Observations
The Committee made the following observations during the oversight visit:
* While the ARC is doing some work on smallholder farmers, due to lack of research funding from Government and the apparent need for more focus on smallholder farmers, most of the ARC’s research activities are still focused at the commercial sector as it is able to pay for the services.
* The OBP, as a National Key Point company, was not getting sufficient funding from Government to sustain itself.
* The OBP is not just a profit making company; it also provides services to farmers in the country and manufactures orphan vaccines (i.e. those vaccines that are produced by OBP at their own cost for the public good).
* Some provincial departments and local governments do not fully support OBP by exclusively buying their vaccines for distribution to respective farmers in provinces.
* Both the ARC and OBP do not have restraint of trade policies that form part of their personnel retention strategies to prevent loss of expertise.
* The Committee supported the OBP’s initiative of having a day’s workshop to ensure that vaccines are available to farmers when they need them.
The Committee recommends that the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) ensures that:
* Extra funding is allocated to the ARC for the development of research infrastructure.
* Additional funding is allocated to the ARC to do an analysis of the country’s agricultural research needs, which will further inform the funding of needs-driven research by the Department.
* The ARC provides feedback to the Portfolio Committee on sweet potato vine growers in the country.
* All the pieces of legislation that govern the OBP are fast-tracked for review and that OBP as a National Key Point company is fully funded by Government.
* The ARC and OBP strengthen their retention strategies and include restraint of trade policies that will ensure that the entities prevent loss of expertise.
* It collaborates with other relevant Departments including the private sector to look at water harvesting technologies that will benefit agriculture.
* It establishes preferential procurement policies for local products and encourages provincial departments and local governments to source vaccines from the OBP.
Report to be considered.
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