Oversight responsibility of Mineral Resources and Energy Portfolio Committee
The Mineral Resources and Energy Portfolio Committee is responsible for oversight of the Department of Mineral Resources and Energy as well as the following statutory entities:
Committees conduct their business on behalf of the House and report back on matters referred to them.
Learn more about the work of this Committee: Legacy Reports
The role and functions of Committees in Parliament (provided by Parliament)
In accordance with the powers given to it by the Constitution, the National Assembly establishes a range of committees with assigned powers and functions. The committees are required to report regularly on their activities and to make recommendations to the House for debate and decision. A large part of the Assembly’s role in the law‑making process happens in committees and much of its oversight over the executive is also done through committees, particularly the portfolio committees.
There is a portfolio committee for each corresponding government department. The composition of the committees reflects, as far as is practicable, the numerical strengths of the parties represented in the Assembly. That committee will deliberate on bills covering that department’s area of jurisdiction and scrutinise and report on its annual budget and strategic plan. As the people’s representatives, members of the committees determine whether government departments are delivering on what they promised and whether they are spending the public money they receive in a responsible manner. As part of their oversight work, committees may also do site visits where they find out directly from the people at ground level whether the government is delivering on its promises.
If a committee reports on a matter and makes certain recommendations, that report will be debated in a full sitting or plenary to give other members of the House an opportunity to engage with the content of the report. Once the report has been debated, the House decides whether to adopt the committee’s recommendations. The House may also decide only to note the report or it may refer the report back to the committee with an instruction to do further work
Broadly speaking, the mandates of Committees are to consider and process legislation referred to it; exercise oversight over the Department and entities reporting to it; consider international agreements referred to it; consider the budget vote of the Department and its entities; facilitate public participation in its processes; and to consider all other matters referred to it in terms of legislation and the Rules of Parliament
Working in Committees allows Parliament to:
-Increase the amount of work that can be done
-Ensure that issues can be debated in more detail than in plenary sessions
-Increase the level of participation of Members of Parliament (MPs) in discussions
-Enable MPs to develop expertise and in-depth knowledge of the specific Committee's area of work
-Provide a platform for the public to present views directly to MPs, something which is not possible in a plenary sitting of Parliament
-Provide an environment for Parliament to hear evidence and collect information related to the work of a specific Committee
Rule 167 of the National Assembly Rules (9th Edition) say that for the purposes of performing its functions committee may, subject to the Constitution, legislation, the other provisions of these rules and resolutions of the Assembly –
-Summon any person to appear before it to give evidence on oath or affirmation, or to produce documents
-Receive petitions, representations or submissions from interested persons or institutions
-Permit oral evidence on petitions, representations, submissions and any other matter before the committee
-Conduct public hearings
-Consult any Assembly or Council committee or subcommittee, or any joint committee or subcommittee
-Determine its own working arrangements
-Meet at a venue determined by it, which may be a venue beyond the seat of Parliament
-Meet on any and at any time, including –
- On a day which is not a working day
- On a day on which the Assembly is not sitting
- At a time when the Assembly is not sitting, or
- During a recess
-Exercise any other powers assigned to it by the Constitution, legislation, the other provisions of these rules or resolutions of the Assembly
Committee membership is distributed among the parties roughly in proportion to the seats they get in Parliament, so if a party wins 20% of the seats, its MPs will occupy about 20% of committee positions.
The NA Rules Committee agreed that all Committees will be comprised of 11 Members: ANC – 6; DA – 2; EFF – 1; other parties – 2.
Where it is practicably possible, each party is entitled to at least one representative in a Committee.
Committees in Practice
With the agreement of members, the Committee staff sets the dates and times of committee meetings. The frequency of committee meetings is determined by a committee’s work programme but it is normal for a committee to meet weekly. From time to time, committees can meet more than once a week if they work programme so demands.
Section 59(1)(b) of the Constitution requires that the National Assembly and it’s committees conduct their business in an open manner and hold their sittings in public. Section 59(2) states that the National Assembly may not exclude the public or the media unless it is ‘reasonable and justifiable to do so in an open and democratic society’. Rule 184(2) of the Rules of the National Assembly further require that any decision to exclude the public from a committee meeting or part thereof must be taken ‘after due consideration’ by that committee
Who attends Committee Meetings?:
MPs (those assigned to the committee and if they so wish, any other MP)
Committee Staff: Committee Secretary, Committee Assistant, Researcher, Content Advisor
Departments, entities, organizations, individuals and experts who are invited by the Committee to speak and be questioned
Parliamentary Legal Advisor (from time to time)
THE DIFFERENT COMMITTEES OF PARLIAMENT
The National Assembly (NA) appoints from among its members a number of Portfolio Committees to shadow the work of the various national government departments.
The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) appoints from its permanent members a number of Select Committees to shadow the work of the various national government departments and to deal with Bills.
Because only 54 of the 90 NCOP Members are permanent delegates compared to the 400 of the NA, the Select Committees oversee the work of more than one national government department.
Public Accounts Committees
The National Assembly Standing Committee on Public Accounts acts as Parliament's watchdog over the way taxpayers' money is spent by the Executive. Every year the Auditor-General tables reports on the accounts and financial management of the various government departments and State institutions.
Heads of government departments and institutions are regularly called by this committee to report and account for expenditure. The Committee can recommend that the National Assembly takes corrective actions if necessary.
The National Assembly has a number of internal committees that deal with matters affecting the running of Parliament. The Committees normally consist of senior Members of Parliament. The Rules Committee and its sub-committees deal with House rules. There are structures to deal with support for Members, internal arrangements, disciplinary matters and powers and privileges of members. Other internal Committees are the Programme Committee that plans the work of the Assembly, the Disciplinary Committee, and the Committee of Chairpersons.
The National Council of Provinces also has its own domestic Committees. The Rules Committee and its subcommittees deal with the NCOP rules. There are structures to deal with support for Members, internal arrangements, disciplinary matters and powers and privileges of members. The Programme Committee plans the work of the NCOP and the Committee of Chairpersons make recommendations about the functioning of Committees and other NCOP forums.
Ad hoc Committees
Parliament or one of its Houses may appoint an ad hoc (temporary) Committee when a special task must be done. When the task is complete, the Committee is dissolved.
The National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces together appoint a number of joint committees.
There are six Joint Committees:
- Constitutional Review Committee
- Joint Standing Committee on Intelligence
- Joint Standing Committee on Defence
- Committee on Multi-Party Women’s Caucus
- Joint Standing Committee on Financial Management of Parliament
- Joint Standing Committee on Ethics and Members’ Interests
The committees play a very important role in the process of building democracy and involving the public in the processes and activities of Parliament.
|NW2325 by Prof C T Msimang - What measures has his department adopted in...|
|NW2524 by Mr B N Herron - (1) Whether, with reference to his reply to...|
|NW2266 by Mr B N Herron - (1) Considering that there is an urgent need...|
|NW2408 by Ms P Madokwe - What (a) role has he played to ensure that the...|
|NW2494 by Ms N N Chirwa - With reference to the numerous mines that have...|
|NW2143 by Prof C T Msimang - Whether, given that the President, Mr M C...|
|NW2464 by Mr T A le Goff - (1) With reference to the replies to question...|
|NW1988 by Mr M K Montwedi - What (a) social responsibility programmes have...|
|NW2409 by Ms P Madokwe - Given his familiarity with the history of the...|
|NW2104 by Ms P Madokwe - Notwithstanding the settlement agreement that...|
|NW2095 by Ms P Madokwe - (a) What are the reasons that he withdrew the...|
|NW2077 by Prof C T Msimang - In light of the fact that the contract awarded...|
|NW1955 by Ms P Madokwe - In light of the fact that after lengthy and...|
|NW1832 by C Phillips - (1) Whether, with reference to his reply to...|
|NW1642 by Ms A M M Weber - (1) Whether, considering that the National...|
|NW1895 by Prof C T Msimang - Whether the Government will subsidise rooftop...|
|NW1408 by Ms P Madokwe - Given that mining communities in the Mokopane...|
|NW1702 by Mr W F Faber - Whether he will furnish Mr W F Faber with a...|
|NW1899 by Ms O M C Maotwe - What (a) is the current energy availability...|
|NW1896 by Pro C T Msimang - Whether the incentive-based (R/MWh) demand...|
|NW1757 by Ms B Mathulelwa - Given that the Republic’s energy grid relies...|
|NW1416 by J R B Lorimer - Whether he intends to rescind his decision not...|
|NW1415 by Mr J R B Lorimer - By what date does he envisage that he will...|
|NW1400 by Mr M G Mahlaule - Considering that the Integrated Resource Plan...|
|NW1406 by Prof C T Msimang - Considering the fact that it was noted at the...|
|NW1467 by Ms P Madokwe - Considering that petroleum remains in the...|
|NW1550 by Mr F Essack - What is the current breakdown in terms of...|
|NW1177 by Ms P Madokwe - What (a) steps has his department taken to...|
|NW1265 by B N Herron - (1) In view of recent data that shows that the...|
|NW1060 by Mr K J Mileham - (1) What is the rand value of (a)(i) diesel,...|
|NW829 by Prof C T Msimang - With reference to the imbizo organised by his...|
|NW1125 by Prof C T Msimang - Whether his department has planned any...|
|NW1059 by Mr K J Mileham - (1) Whether the policies of PetroSA have...|
|NW1124 by Prof C T Msimang - Whether, considering that it was reported in...|
|NW1004 by Ms P Madokwe - With reference to fuel prices that are still...|
|NW963 by Prof C T Msimang - Whether, in view of the fact that the...|
|NW839 by Mr A M Shaik Emam - What plan does his department have to mitigate...|
|NW972 by Mr D F Mthenjane - Whether, noting how illegal mining usually...|
|NW970 by Mr D F Mthenjane - What long-term plans of intervention has his...|
|NW944 by Prof C T Msimang - Whether his department has any plans to...|
|NW497 by Prof C T Msimang - Whether, noting that his department listed...|
|NW853 by Mr K Ceza - What intervening measures has he taken against...|
|NW851 by Ms P Madokwe - (1)What is the status of the request that his...|
|NW606 by Ms A M van Zyl - (1)Whether, with reference to illegal sand...|
|NW816 by Prof C T Msimang - What are the details of the (a) origin and (b)...|
|NW643 by Ms P Madokwe - What (a) steps are being taken to hold mining...|
|NW514 by Mr J Engelbrecht - What (a) is the salary of each (i) chief...|
|NW683 by Prof C T Msimang - Whether, (a) following reports of concerns...|
|NW67 by Mr K J Mileham - (1) What are the reasons that his department...|
|NW235 by Mrs V van Dyk - (1)Whether, with reference to his reply to...|
|Bill name||Date introduced||Number||Status|
|National Nuclear Regulator Amendment Bill||25 Aug 2023||B25-2023||Under consideration by the National Assembly.|
|Electricity Regulation Amendment Bill||23 Aug 2023||B23-2023||Under consideration by the National Assembly.|
|Upstream Petroleum Resources Development Bill||01 Jul 2021||B13-2021||Under consideration by the National Assembly.|
|Gas Amendment Bill||29 Apr 2021||B9-2021||Withdrawn|
|Independent Electricity Management Operator Bill||23 Oct 2019||B14-2019||Under consideration by the National Assembly.|
|Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Amendment Bill||31 May 2013||B15-2013||Lapsed|
|Geoscience Amendment Bill||14 Jun 2010||B12-2010||Act commenced|
|Mine Health and Safety Amendment Bill||19 Jun 2008||B54-2008||Act commenced|
|National Energy Bill||18 Jun 2008||B52-2008||Act commenced|
|National Radioactive Waste Management Agency Bill||12 Jun 2008||B41-2008||Act commenced|
|Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Amendment Bill||03 May 2007||B10-2007||Act commenced|
|Electricity Regulation Amendment Bill||05 Sep 2006||B20-2006||Act commenced|
|Electricity Regulation Bill||18 Nov 2005||B29-2005|