ATC130829: Report of the Portfolio Committee on Social Development on The 2011/12 Annual Report of the Central Drug Authority (CDA) dated 20 August 2013

Social Development


The Portfolio Committee on Social Development having considered and deliberated on the 2011/12 Annual Report of the Central Drug Authority (CDA or Authority) on 04 June 2013, wishes to report as follows:

1. Introduction

The Committee’s mandate as prescribed by the Constitution of South Africa and the Rules of Parliament is to build an oversight process that ensures a quality process of scrutinising and overseeing Government’s action and that is driven by the ideal of realising a better quality of life for all people of South Africa.

The Committee, as part of exercising its oversight function received a briefing from the CDA on its 2011/12 Annual Report. This report presents some of the key achievements and challenges encountered by the CDA in meeting its set strategic objectives. It will also highlight the observations made by the Committee.

2. Presentation by the Central Drug Authority on its 2011/12 annual report

The CDA is a statutory body, established in terms of the Prevention and Treatment of Drug Dependency Act, Act No 20 of 1992 as amended. The CDA consists of 12 appointed members from the private sector, who are experts in the substance abuse field, 14 representatives of the national government departments, and three national government entities nominated by their respective Ministers. Currently, the authority is composed of nine Provincial Substance Abuse Forums (PSAF) and 238 Local Drug Action Committees (LDAC).

It serves as an advisory body to the Minister of Social Development for a period of five years. Its functions are to give effect to the National Drug Master Plan (NDMP), advise the Minister on any matter affecting the abuse of drugs referred to the CDA by the Minister for advice and may advise the Minister on any matter on which the CDA considers it necessary and it may plan, co-ordinate and promote measures relating to the prevention and combating of the abuse of drugs and the treatment of persons dependent on drugs in accordance with the National Drug Master Plan. The CDA also arranges conferences/summits relating to the combating of substance abuse in South Africa. It oversees and monitors the anti substance abuse activities of the 16 national departments and entities. It also ensures that there is effective liaison between the Provincial Substance Abuse Forums and the Local Drug Action Committees.

The overall goal of CDA is to ensure that there is measurable reduction in the substance abuse. The impact of this, is to see reduction in the substance abuse and related social ills such as poverty, HIV/AIDS, sex work, crime etc. The outcome of this goal is to ensure that there is improved quality of life through integrated Departmental and Provincial Drug Master Plans and reports.

3. Target set for 2011/12

The authority set itself the following targets to achieve during the year under review:

• Review the National Drug Master Plan;

• Improve access to substance abuse information, interventions, including treatment;

• Reduce demand for illicit and licit substances of abuse;

• Reduce supply of illicit and licit substances of abuse;

• Reduce harm caused by substances;

• Conduct research;

• Conduct capacity building of service providers; and

• Develop policy and legislation.

3.1 Achievements on set targets

The following achievements were reported:

3.1.1 National Drug Master Plan

The Authority consulted with the relevant stakeholders on the new NDMP and all inputs were factored into the document which resulted into the updated and refined Draft NDMP 2013 – 2017, which had been finalised.

3.1.2 Improvement of access to substance abuse information and effective


A national clearinghouse was established and it was functional. The Resource Directory was updated. The helpline was sustained and it reached 14 871 people. The SMS line was also sustained and it reached 31 078 people.

3.1.3 In c rease capacity building to provincial forum members and the LDAC

The CDA conducted capacity building workshops in Mpumalanga, Gauteng, Northern Cape, Free State, North West, KwaZulu Natal and Eastern Cape.

3.1.4 Development of policy and legislation

The Department of Health drafted the legislation on alcohol advertising, sponsorship and promotion. It also finalised the Detoxification Policy.

The Department of Social Development finalised and gazetted the Regulations of the Prevention of and Treatment for Substance Abuse Act (No.70 of 2008). The Department of Home Affairs developed an integrated policy and drafted guidelines for combating substance abuse.

3.1.5 Reduce demand for illicit and licit substances of abuse

The Department of Health implemented the Departmental Drug Master Plan and the Department of Community Safety through the Moral Regeneration programme. The department also conducted the screening and limited interventions for alcohol use disorders among TB patients. The patients were integrated into three health districts and two primary health facilities.

The Department of Correctional Service’s Moral Regeneration Programme known as Heart lines reached 19 468 inmates. The department procured a Youth Resilience Programme and 7 290 youth were enrolled in the programme.

The Department of Basic Education reached 105 231 learners through a Life Skills programme. It also developed a national strategy for the prevention and management of substance abuse among learners. A total of 10 350 schools were linked to the police stations.

The Department of Social Development developed an Integrated Anti-Substance Abuse Programme of Action and evaluated the Ke Moja programme. A monitoring and assessment tool for substance abuse services was developed and a Community Based Model was implemented in all the provinces. The department also developed a treatment model and capacitated all provinces in the implementation of norms and standards for outpatient services. It monitored four treatment centres.

The Department of Sports and Recreation implemented an anti-doping programme to combat doping in all 86 sporting codes. It also implemented a Registered Testing Pool programme in all 86 sporting codes.

The South African Police Services (SAPS) conducted 52 940 inspections on liquor premises and 27 416 illegal premises were closed. A total of 1 093 069 036 litres of illegal liquor, including home brewed beer, were confiscated.

The Department of Trade and Industry Compliance inspections and investigations were conducted by at provincial and national levels. The department ensured that liquor industry set aside 1% of its annual turnover for anti substance abuse interventions.

The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development implemented a Departmental Drug Master Plan. It also established drug courts in the Western Cape province. The national department conducted a special project to determine the link between HIV and substance abuse in schools.

4. Achievements of Provincial Substance Abuse Forums

4.1 Reduce supply for illicit and licit substances of abuse

A total number of 1 869 people were arrested in the Free State by the SAPS on drug related crimes and 63 964 604 grams of dagga was confiscated. About 6 800 inspections were conducted at liquor outlets and 34 404 litres of alcohol were confiscated from illegal traders and 182 licensed liquor premises were charged.

In 2012, the Western Cape province implemented the Liquor Act and liquor tribunal members were appointed. SAPS made 70 000 drug related arrests.

4.2 Reduce demand for illicit and licit substances of abuse

The Authority through the Ke Moja programmes reached a total number of 1 916 youth and it established 218 Teenagers Against Drug Abuse (TADA) progra mmes in schools.

Free State

The province trained 79 master trainers on the Ke Moja programme which was implemented in 71 schools. A total of 7 381 learners were reached through this programme. A total of 1 108 schools implemented a ‘Adopt a Cop Programme’ in partnership with the SAPS. The provincial Department of Basic Education held drug testing workshops to 227 educators in 100 schools. The province established 1 083 school safety committees.

Gauteng Province

The province developed an anti substance abuse strategy. Five (5) regional action committees and 23 LDACs were sustained. The Ke Moja prevention programmes were established and they reached 5 592 beneficiaries. Approximately 1 000 people were trained on the prevention campaign in Mamelodi and Hammanskraal. Educators from 15 districts were capacitated on prevention and awareness campaigns. A total number of 5 000 people were reached through the aftercare programmes. A total number of 2 935 million people were reached through media campaigns. Eight thousand young people attended the Future Leader’s conference in July 2011. The province established 22 LADCs.


Thirty two (32) LDACs were established in five districts and 65 members of the LDACs were trained on the effects of drugs on the human body. Nine (9) Community Based Organisations (CBOs) were established and training was provided to 40 social workers on puppets prevention and learner support programme.

The province also conducted 12 community mobilization campaigns. Awareness and information talks were given to 27 schools. The province also held a youth indaba and a provincial liquor conference.


The province managed to sustain 18 LDACs and three districts action committees during the year under review. Awareness campaigns were conducted in three districts, reaching 55 272 learners. A Provincial Master Plan was developed and launched.

Northern Cape

Approximately 20 500 youth people were r ea ched through the youth campaigns and 248 Department of Social Development personnel were capacitated to render substance abuse prevention services.

Three (3) NPOs were funded to deliver services on substance abuse and a total of 28 111 adults and children were made aware of the effects of substance abuse.

North West

A total number of 60 Provincial Substance Abuse Forum (PSAF) members were capacitated on aftercare programmes and 19 were orientated on NDMP. Advocacy and awareness programmes were conducted and they reached about 2 500 people.

The Community Mobilization Campaign reached a total of 2 723 people and 42 000 people were reached through the Ke Moja Anti-substance Prevention Strategy.

Western Cape

A full directory of substance abuse services was developed in each district. The early intervention, screening, assessment, brief interventions and referral services continued to be delivered in partnership with the Department of Social Development, Department of Health and the Department of Basic Education.

4.3 Reduce harm caused by illicit and licit substances of abuse

Free State

A total number of 3 628 offenders were reached through the treatment services. Forty five (45) non-government organisations (NGOs) were funded to render anti substance abuse intervention services and 878 service users were reached through the individual counselling and pre-admission services by social workers. Capacity building in 31 CBOs was provided in the SANCA centres.


Sixty seven (67) beds were purchased from six (6) NPOs that run in-patient treatment centres to ensure that the treatment services were accessible. Six hundred and fifty three (653) beneficiaries were treated at in-patient treatment centres managed by the not-for-profit organisations (NPOs). The province registered four private treatment centres.


Two (2) inpatient treatment centres were funded and that two (2) NGOs were funded to render treatment services to children.


The province has one in patient private treatment centre for adults and six NPOs were subsidised by government.

Northern Cape

A total number of 48 clients were referred to in-patient treatment centres outside the province while 445 people received out-patient treatment in their communities. A total of 45 people received aftercare services.

Western Cape

The province has two public treatment centres and six private treatment centres. The Department of Social Development introduced urine testing as a requirement for all drug treatment programmes funded by the department.

Eastern Cape

The province has five funded treatment centres and 738 admitted clients accessed their services.


The province intensified its substance abuse prevention and awareness initiatives. The Department of Health held a provincial mental health and substance abuse conferences.

5. Challenges

The authority reported that it had encountered the following challenges:

· The impact of the CDA and the NDMP on the quality of life of communities in South Africa was yet to be measured;

· The Departmental Drug Master Plans and reports from the national and provincial departments responsible for drug abuse counteraction continued not to be submitted on time;

· The Provincial Substance Abuse Forums had to be put on both the public and political agenda of the provinces;

· The Local Drug Action Committees (LDACs) had to be established in all 238 Municipal Areas in order to combat substance abuse at local level; and

· There was a shortage of public treatment centres to deal with a large number of people who are addicted to harmful substances.

6. Observations

The Committee expressed dissatisfaction over CDA’s late submission of its annual report over the past two years. It emphasized the importance of the CDA’s compliance to the deadline set for submission of annual reports to Parliament, which is 30 September each year. It noted the CDA’s undertaking that it would submit the 2012/2013 annual report on time.

The Committee noted with serious concern the lack of support and reporting by government departments and other agencies such as the National Youth Development Agency, responsible for the fight again substance abuse, to the CDA. This has resulted in the CDA not meeting the deadline of submitting its annual report to Parliament on time.

The Committee also noted with great concern the shortage of rehabilitation centres in the country and the inadequate assessment of the existing centres. The committee raised this as worrying factor as communities are faced with enormous problems of substance abuse. It recommended that necessary measures should be taken to establish state funded rehabilitation centres in all provinces.

It noted the explanation provided by the CDA that the delays in the finalisation of the cannabis paper had been due to the ever changing ingredients used to manufacture this drug. This made it difficult for scientists to develop an appropriate therapeutic treatment to be used.

It expressed concern over the delays by the CDA in finalising the revised National Drug Master Plan. It felt that this plan should have been approved long time ago. The absence of the revised master plan made it difficult for the stakeholders in the sector to operate.

It felt that the Ke Moja programme is not being optimally implemented in schools. This is an important programme and an effective intervention in the fight against substance abuse. It is therefore critical that it be rolled out to all the schools across the country. It requested a copy of a draft report on the assessment of the Ke Moja programme.

The Committee emphasised the vital role played by the Faith Based Organisations (FBOs) in the fight against substance abuse. It felt that these organisations are doing a significant job in the fight against substance abuse.

It was not satisfied with the content and structure of the annual report. It felt that the report lacked content. It only reported on figures without any narrative to further explain the achievements and the impact analysis of the programmes.

7. Recommendations

The Portfolio Committee on Social Development, having considered the annual report of the CDA, makes the following overall recommendations:

The Minister of Social Development should ensure that:

· The tabling of the National Drug Master Plan to Cabinet for finalisation is treated as a matter of urgency.

· The CDA develops a plan to address any challenges or obstacles that had resulted in minimal involvement of Faith-Based Organisations (FBOs) in the CDA programmes.

· The Department of Social Development is encouraged to expand the anti-substance abuse model it used in Eldorado Park to other communities in the country.

· The CDA prioritises the impact assessment of its programmes in provinces. This is very critical.

· The CDA develops a standardised reporting template that would be used by the provinces when reporting on their anti-substance abuse programmes so as to improve the CDA’s annual reporting to Parliament.

· The National Department of Social Development and the Provincial Department of Social Development in collaboration with the National Treasury should take necessary measures to ensure that the state funded rehabilitation centres are established in all provinces and monitoring and evaluation is conducted in the existing centres.

Report to be considered.


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