ATC130308: Report of the Portfolio Committee on Transport on its Oversight visit to the South African Maritime Safety Authority (Samsa), dated 19 February 2013.
REPORT OF THE
PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORT ON ITS OVERSIGHT VISIT TO THE SOUTH AFRICAN
MARITIME SAFETY AUTHORITY (SAMSA), DATED 19 FEBRUARY 2013.
The Portfolio Committee on Transport, having undertaken an oversight visit
to the South African Maritime Safety Authority (Samsa), reports as follows.
The Portfolio Committee on Transport undertook an oversight visit to the
South African Maritime Safety Authority (Samsa), an entity of the Department of
Transport. The purpose of the visit was to interact with Samsa on challenges
faced by the entity in terms of its mandate and operations. As part of the
visit the Committee visited the Samsa Centre for Sea Watch and Response, the
ship building company Southern Winds, the ports of Ngqura and
During the Strategic Planning workshop of 30 to 31 March 2011 that the
Committee had with the Department of Transport and its entities, Samsa raised
some of the issues faced by
In response to this meeting, the Committee decided to conduct an
oversight visit to Samsa from 2 to 5 August 2011 to respond to Samsas request
to be exposed to the potential that
training facilities and placement opportunities offered in the maritime
Site visits to the training facilities, shipyards and ports.
COMPOSITION OF THE
The multiparty delegation consisted of Hon NR
Bhengu (Chairperson and leader of the delegation): ANC, Hon DE Dlakude (ANC),
Hon N Duma (ANC), Hon M Manana (ANC), Hon S Farrow (DA) and Hon EJ Lucas (IFP).
The Committee was accompanied by the following support staff: Ms Valerie
Carelse (Committee Secretary), Mr Sifiso Ngesi (Researcher) and Ms Claudine
Adams (Committee Assistant). The Committee was also accompanied on the visit by
OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN MARITIME SAFETY AUTHORITY
Samsa was established on 1 April 1998 in terms of
the South African Maritime Safety Authority, Act 5 of 1998. Samsa is governed
by a Board made up of the Chief Executive Officer and six non-executive
members, including the Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson, as appointed by the
organisations objective is to lead and champion
primary responsibility of Samsa is:
Participating in the development and implementation of national and
international Maritime safety and marine environment protection standards;
Enforcing technical and operational standards for all shipping operations
in South African waters and for South African ships anywhere, to promote
responsible operations in terms of seaworthiness, safety and pollution
Enforcing training standards and competency of seafarers;
Managing the national capability to respond to marine pollution incidents
and other maritime emergencies;
Operating the Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre to coordinate maritime
assistance services and to detect, and coordinate the location and rescue of
people in maritime distress situations throughout the internationally agreed
South African Search and Rescue Region;
Overseeing the provision of maritime distress and safety communications
services to discharge
In addition to these
responsibilities, Samsa also investigates maritime casualties and delivering
related services including. It further raises public awareness and education in
marine safety and pollution prevention, administers
Samsa Act mandate is divided into two broad and distinct areas, namely to
the United Nations conventions in
regard to safety and pollution at sea and to attend to the nations
developmental challenges as they affect our oceans and inland waters.
The first area was achieved by ensuring
safety of life and property, as well as
marine environmental protection
, within the South African waters and
beyond. This was done through search and rescue services, salvage tug services
to protect the marine environment, port state control ship surveys, coastal
state control and qualification and certification of seafarers.
INSTITUTIONAL RISKS AND CHALLENGES FACED BY
There is a
shortage of seafarers worldwide. There was currently 1, 5 million seafarers
globally of which
aim was to train 1200 cadets in 4 years. 153 cadets are trained in this financial
year. All cadets with Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for
Seafarers (STCW) tickets were employed.
was a backlog in maritime-related legislation due to a lack of capacity in the
Department of Transport to process the legislation. The Board of Samsa
expressed its frustrations about the situation and a meeting was subsequently
held with the Director-General of the Department of Transport to discuss the
matter. A joint legislation committee was established to process draft
legislation. Samsa said that the first draft legislation would be ready for
processing in six months time.
was ongoing liaison with the Directors-General from other government departments
regarding the legislation on issues that cut across the sectors.
South African Maritime Safety Authority Act was outdated.
Over 34 pieces of maritime legislation and
regulations have been found to be outdated.
There was a need for legislation
to deal with maritime disasters, such as pollution at sea. There was no
contingency funding mechanisms for major wreck removals and maritime disasters.
underfunded government mandates were crippling Samsas delivery capacity.
Skills shortage in key maritime technical
areas remained a key risk.
The ratification of international instruments into domestic law was a
strategic focus for Samsa in the current financial year. The International
Labour Organisations Maritime Convention which came into force requires
country to have updated seafarers documentation.
strategic direction for the maritime industry was not coherent and the support
form the Committee was needed in order to establish a coherent policy. Samsa
said that there was an anomaly in how maritime was structured in the
SITE VISIT FINDINGS
Visit to the Centre for Sea Watch and Response
The Committee visited the Samsa
Centre for Sea Watch and Response, based in Plattekloof in
The Committee was shown the implementation
systems for maritime surveillance, identification, monitoring and tracking of
vessels within South African territorial waters, the SAR region extending to
had the response capability to assist vessels in difficulty to prevent
pollution or grounding, and to cooperate with other departments with respect to
maritime incidents. The centre could, in conjunction with other relevant
national agencies, respond to oil pollution at sea.
Visit to Southern Winds
The Committee visited
Southern Winds Shipyard, a shipbuilding facility based in Athlone,
The Committee was given a
tour of the assembly which consisted of four production departments for
carpentry and internal fitting, engineering and steel and deck hardware as well
as the lamination section. During the site visit the Committee noted the skills
Ports and PetroSA
As part of the oversight visit, the Committee visited the
ports of Ngqura (Coega) and
the deepest container terminal in
The employment figures presented to the Committee
showed that 2 350 contract workers
were employed per day during the construction of
Ngqura construction, of which 98% were
of which 99% were from the region.
The challenges faced by
Ngqura were securing appropriately skilled mariners in terms for engineering.
Transnet had 102 cadets trained for decks and the engine rooms and a decision was
made to double the number of cadets to 204. The same applied to the open licence/pilot
training. Transnet cadet training was done internally and the entity had a challenge
to attract candidates from previously disadvantaged groups.
The entity was in the process of introducing new
players in the marine industry with a focus on value for money and
The development of a
maritime school in the
is the busiest multi-product port in
During its visit the
Committee noted the congestion of trucks on the busy roads outside the port
entrance due to delays at the container terminal.
Committee visited PetroSA to understand the importance of the mandate and
operations of Samsa in relation to PetroSA.
Their offshore platforms
are serviced by ships with foreign flags. The vessels used are not used in
The mandate of the
Portfolio Committee on Transport was to oversee all four modes of transport.
All four modes of transport have a responsibility to social and economic
development. The integrated development of road, rail, air and maritime
transportation formed the basis for positive economic growth, job creation and
About 95% of
With the decision to
sell the national fleet in 1993, South Africa was left with no ships on its register
and pays over R36 billion in maritime transport services to foreign owners and
operators resulting in a negative affect on the balance of payments and job
creation and it exposed South Africa to geo-political risks.
expressed its concern that, although Samsa repeatedly raised the issue of a
backlog in legislation, no draft maritime legislation has been forwarded to the
Committee for processing.
There have also
not been debates on urgent maritime legislative issues such as legislation that
would address pollution in the marine environment.
The Committee noted
the challenges faced by Samsa to place cadets for training due to a challenge
to find ships to place these cadets for training. The Committee further noted
that the placement of young cadets on foreign ships has lead to some of the
cadets being subjected to hardships because they were not protected by South
African labour laws.
The Committee noted
the congestion of trucks entering the
In the light of these findings, the Committee recommends that the
Minister of Transport
explored to increase
The institutional arrangements
that currently existed between the Departments of Public Enterprises, of Environmental
Affairs, of Defence and Military Veterans and of Transport are addressed to formulate
a coherent maritime policy.
The development of
An efficient and reliable
maritime industry is crucial to
Report to be considered.
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