ATCX200604: Report of the Portfolio Committee on Human Settlements, Water and Sanitation on Budget Vote 33: Human Settlements, and on the Strategic Plan for the coming Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) period and Annual Performance Plan 2020/21, dated 29 May 2020.
Report of the Portfolio Committee on Human Settlements, Water and Sanitation on Budget Vote 33: Human Settlements, and on the Strategic Plan for the coming Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) period and Annual Performance Plan 2020/21, dated 29 May 2020.
The Portfolio Committee on Human Settlements, Water and Sanitation, having considered Budget Vote 33: Human Settlements, and the strategic plans for the MTEF period and the annual performance plans of the Department of Human Settlements (later referred to as the Department) and its entities, referred to it, reports as follows:
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (1996) places an obligation on the State to provide access to adequate housing to its citizens. As the custodian of the housing sector, the Department derives its core mandate and responsibilities from section 3 of the Housing Act (1997), which allows the Department, in collaboration with provinces and municipalities, to establish and facilitate a sustainable national housing development process. The Department does this by, determining the national policy, national norms and standards for housing and human settlements development, setting broad national housing delivery goals, and monitoring the financial and non-financial performance of provinces and municipalities against these goals, building the capacity of provinces and municipalities and promoting consultation with all the stakeholders in the housing delivery chain, including civil society and the private sector.
In order to ensure the progressive realization of its mandate and the goal of sustainable and integrated human settlements, the Department has subsequently developed strategies, policies and programmes. The comprehensive plan for the development of sustainable human settlements, approved in 2004 and the revised Housing Code, published in 2009, mark a conceptual shift away from the mandate of providing shelter, to supporting the residential property market. The Housing Code allows for access to housing and services for low-income families and ensures greater choice in quality, location and ownership. Subsequently, chapter eight of the National Development Plan (NDP) provides a roadmap for the achievement of sustainable human settlements in South Africa by 2030. Consequently, the Department has strategically aligned its plans with the NDP.
To ensure its oversight role, the Committee received briefings from the Department and its entities on their strategic plans, budgets and annual performance plans. The Department was also requested to present the business plans from nine Provincial Departments of Human Settlements. The briefing by the Department took place on 5 May 2020. The Committee received briefings from the entities on 7, 10 and 11 May 2020.
2. Department of Human Settlements
2.1 Aim and mandate of the Department
The mandate of the Department emanates from Section 26 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, which provides that everyone has the right to have access to adequate housing. It is also incumbent that the state must “take reasonable legislative” and other measures, within its available resources, to achieve the progressive realization of this right and no one may be evicted from their homes, or have their home demolished, without an order of court.
The mandate of the National Department is further embedded in Section 3 of the Housing Act of 1997 as amended which provides for the National government acting through Minister to determine national Policy. Such policy should include norms and standards in respect of housing Development. The National Sphere of government should amongst other functions set broad national housing delivery goals and facilitate the setting of provincial and where appropriate, local government housing delivery goals. The Comprehensive Plan for the Creation of sustainable human settlements adopted by Cabinet in 2004 presented a shift in mandate from providing housing to providing sustainable human settlements. In Chapter Eight of the National Development Plan 2011, it further directed measures are taken to ensure the transformation to eliminate the apartheid spatial geography to create settlements where people can work, play, and have access to social and economic amenities.
The Department mandate is derived from Chapter 2, the Bill of Rights, Chapter 3 and 6 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act No. 108 of 1996). In terms of Section 26 of the Bill of Rights:
- Everyone has a right to have access to adequate housing.
- The State must take reasonable legislative measures, within its available resources, to achieve the progressive realization of this right.
- No one may be evicted from their home, or have their home demolished, without an order of court being made after consideration of all the relevant circumstances. No legislation may permit arbitrary eviction.
2.2 National Development Plan (NDP)
The NDP expresses the need for a systematic response to South Africa’s entrenched spatial patterns that exacerbate social inequality and economic inefficiency. Priority 4 (spatial integration, human settlements and local government) of government’s 2019‐2024 medium‐term strategic framework is aimed at addressing this need. To give effect to these guiding policies, the Department of Human Settlements will focus on four priority areas over the medium term: facilitating the development of integrated human settlements, upgrading informal settlements, providing affordable rental housing, and providing affordable housing finance. As a result of Cabinet‐approved budget reductions of R14.6 billion over the MTEF period, the department’s allocation is set to decrease at an average annual rate of 1.1 per cent, from R33.9 billion in 2019/20 to R32.8 billion in 2022/23. These reductions are largely effected on conditional grants to provinces and metropolitan cities for the development of housing and related infrastructure due to government’s broad imperative to reduce public spending.
2.3 Medium Term Strategic Framework 2019-2024
There are seven priorities identified by government, guiding the Medium Term Strategic Framework 2019-2024 (MTSF), as the medium term plan to systemically achieve the overarching vision of the NDP. These priorities are:
- Economic transformation and job creation.
- Education, skills and health.
- Consolidating the social wage through reliable and quality basic services.
- Spatial integration, human settlements and local governments.
- Social cohesion and safe communities.
- A capable, ethical and development state.
- A better Africa and world.
Human Settlement planning and development is prioritized in targeted Priority Development Areas as a catalyst for spatial transformation and spatial justice. Prioritize the release of land and rezone 100% of acquired land in PDAs. Delivery through specific housing programmes:
- 450 000 units through the Subsidy mechanism
- 300 000 serviced sites
- 30 000 social / rental housing units
- Upgrade 1500 informal settlements to Phase 3
- Registration of title deeds:
- Pre-1994 backlog of 45 535
- 1994-2014 backlog of 500 845
- Post 2014 backlog of 346 842 and
- New – 300 000
- Contribute to the development of the District / Metro One Plan.
The Department has referred to the following focus areas in line with the MTSF and NDP:
- Responsive policies and programmes.
- Coordinating and ensuring that the upgrading of informal settlements programme is accelerated,
- Ensuring that all beneficiaries are provided with security of tenure over the medium-long term.
- Ensuring that the establishment of the Human Settlements development bank is completed.
- Adopt an outcomes orientated finance and funding model.
- Realign the human settlements organizational structures to support strategies.
2.4 Revision of Legislative and other mandates
The planned policy initiatives include:
- The refinement of the upgrading of Informal Settlements Programme.
- The refinement of Integrated Residential Development Programme (IRDP).
- The drafting of a Comprehensive Rental Policy.
- The crafting of the Affordable Housing Policy.
- The crafting of an Urban Land Reform Policy that supports housing and human settlements.
- The introduction of a revised programme of accreditation to address vertical and horizontal planning and improve budget planning and alignment across spheres of government.
Other specific constitutional, legislative and policy mandates of the Department including government policy frameworks are:
- Constitution of the Republic of South Africa.
- Housing Act, 1997 (Act No 107 of 1997).
- Comprehensive Plan for the Creation of Sustainable Human Settlements (BNG).
- The Housing Consumer Protection Measures Act, 1998 (Act No 19 of 1998).
- The Housing Development Agency Act, 2008 (Act No 23 of 2008).
- Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act No 1 of 1999-as amended by Act No 29).
- The Social Housing Act, 2008 (Act No 16 of 2008).
- The Division of Revenue Act, 2011 (Act No 6 of 2011).
- The Rental Housing Act, 1999 (Act No 50 of 1999).
- Home Loan and Mortgage Disclosure Act, 2000 (Act No 63 of 2000).
- Inclusionary Housing Bill.
- Sectional Titles Schemes Management Act (Act 8 of 2011).
- Community Schemes Ombud Service Act (Act 9 of 2011).
- Intergovernmental Relations Framework (Act No 13 of 2005).
- National Development Plan (NDP).
- Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013 (Act No 16 of 2013).
Relevant Court Rulings
A number of court rulings affect and impact on the operations of the human settlements sector. In instances the impact directly on the National Department, in so far as they relate to the mandate of the Department. In so far as they impact on Provinces and Municipalities, the Department may exercise oversight support to ensure to implement court decisions. These cases are but not limited to the following:
- Thubelitsha Homes, Minister of Housing and Minister of Local Government &Housing, Western Cape v Various Occupants.
- HLA 8/3/2/109 - 2014 CASE NO. 2011/19 The EMM had brought a joinder application in the Constitutional Court seeking to join the Department in the proceedings instituted by Bapsfontein Community.
- City of Cape Town and FirstRand Bank Limited: CCT 22/08 (eviction of 20, 000 residents of Joe Slovo Informal Settlements).
- City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality v Blue Moonlight Properties 39 (Pty) Ltd and Other Case CCT 37/11 (2011) ZACC 3: Eviction of unlawful occupiers from a private property.
- The Government of South Africa and Others v Irene Grootboom and Others.
Planned policy initiatives
The review of housing legislation, regulations, policies and the development of the new legislation, policies and programmes which respond to the need to transform the space economy is at the core of the government strategic agenda of creating sustainable Human Settlements. The following remain the key policy initiatives:
- Development of the Human Settlements Code: Various policy programmes were revised and would continue to be revised and new ones added in order to produce a responsive Human Settlements Code.
- Amendment of the Housing Act to Human Settlements Legislation: The Housing Act require repeal and aligned with the mandate approved by Cabinet to deliver sustainable human settlements in line with the Comprehensive Plan for the provision of sustainable human Settlements.
- Repealing the Housing Consumer Protection Measures Act: This Bill seeks to strengthen the regulatory function of the NHBRC.
- Drafting the Human Settlement Development Bank Bill: This Bill would serve as a key legislation to guide operations of the Consolidated Human Settlements Financial Institutions (DFIs) and contribute to access to credit to enable the provision of sustainable human settlements.
- Amending the Prevention of Illegal Evictions and Unlawful Occupation of Land Act Revision of the Social Housing policy and Regulations.
- Policy Review and Evaluations: Evaluations would be undertaken in partnership with DPME and in line with the key priorities of the Mandate paper. These would be used to strengthen work by the Department around macro policies including the appointment of a panel of experts and core working group that would review the key thrust as described in the 1994 Housing White Paper and the 2004 Breaking New Ground Strategy.
2.5 Outcome 8: Sustainable human settlements and an improved quality of household life
While the timeframe of targets stated in Outcome 8 ended in 2014, the Department is of the view that the policy approach and focus of the document remains relevant. The following targets apply:
- Accelerated delivery of housing opportunities with a focus on the upgrading of informal settlements and providing affordable rental housing stock.
- Access to basic services as part of the National Bulk Infrastructure Development Programme.
- More efficient land utilisation with a target of acquiring 6 250 hectare of State-owned land.
- An improved property market through the supply of affordable housing finance.
2.6 State-of-the-nation address (SONA) and the Budget Speech
In the State of the Nation Address (2020), the President focused on two key areas directly related to the human settlements sector, namely:
- The building of rental (social housing programme) housing for low-income families, which is at implementation stage. This could leverage as much as R9 billion in private investment in the construction of 37 000 rental apartments.
- A smart city is taking shape in Lanseria, which will become home to between 350 000 and 500 000 people within the next decade. The process is led by the Investment and Infrastructure Office in the Presidency, alongside the provincial governments of Gauteng, North West, and the cities of Johannesburg, Tshwane and Madibeng.
2.7 Departmental responses to the impact of Covid-19 pandemic.
The Acting Director-General briefed the joint meeting on Departmental responses to the impact of Covid-19 pandemic. The presentation was as follows: an overview of strategy and implementation plan in the upgrading of informal settlements; measures proposed through the current Informal Settlements Upgrading Programme (UISP) to immediately minimize the rate of Covid-19 infections spread at community level through improved living conditions and to enable households to observe physical and/or social distancing and self-isolation public health requirements.
The Acting Director-General indicated that the Settlements Upgrading Policy and Implementation Framework is contained in Chapter 13 of the Human Settlements Code. The ISUP is one of the bedrock programmes of government and forms part of the entire basket of housing and human settlements interventions available to provinces and metropolitan municipalities. The Framework includes the upgrading In-Situ; partial upgrading and relocation; full relocation. In the upgrading process, re-blocking takes place to ensure that there is compliance to the requirements of good planning practices. Thus re-blocking results in de-densification. The provinces and municipalities have developed business plans in order to prioritiseprogrammes in line with ISUP and Integrated Residential Development Programme (IRDP).
The Acting Director-General indicated that as a result of the poor performance targets, outputs and targets within both the informal settlements upgrading programme as well as provision of alternative accommodation to households living in backyards, and households on the waiting list, provinces and metropolitan municipalities have been encouraged to prioritiseprogrammes on ISUP; rapid land release programme within the IRDP focused on households living in backyards and on the waiting lists.
Following the announcement of the National Disaster (Covid-19), provinces and metropolitan municipalities were requested to put in place measures to improve access to water and sanitation in informal settlements; de-densification of the identified dense and overcrowded areas. This includes informal settlements, hostels, etc; taking reasonable measures in terms of the National Disaster Declaration to prevent, contain, treat and eliminate Covid-19; enhancing the implementation processes of projects currently underway with specific focus on informal settlements.
A National Human Settlements Command Centre (NHSCC) has been set up at the Housing Development Agency (HDA) under the helm of the Acting Director-General and Acting CEO of the HDA. All provinces and metropolitan municipalities are members of the NHSCC. A Panel of Service Providers were appointed for the delivery of Transitional Residential Units (TRUs); a Panel of Service Providers appointed for the delivery of shipping containers to use as mobile homes; and Consortium of patriotic black built environment professionals has volunteered their time and services in the roll-out of the TRUs.
Military Veterans have participated in the implementation of the Emergency Housing Programme, focusing on the areas such Beneficiary Administration; social facilitation; mediation and conflict resolution. The Metropolitan Municipalities of Buffalo City Municipality; City of Johannesburg; City of Tshwane and City of Cape Town are in the process of concluding protocols with the HDA.
In terms of the additional provincial and municipal measures in progress, the measures being implemented includes the provision of personal and household hygiene support. In the provinces where subsidized houses were in the process of being completed, the process is being expedited to allow for relocation of households out of informal settlements. In conjunction with Department of Social Development and local Community Based Organizations (CBOs), households are being assisted to access food relief and social grant assistance. In the metropolitan municipalities, suitable vacant buildings have been identified to accommodate people living on the streets. With the HDA and CSIR, areas of high vulnerability have been identified to ensure areas are targeted for screening and testing. A Ministerial Directive supplemented by Regulations, a moratorium has been placed on any eviction of households being carried out.
The Department has also drafted a terms of reference to draft a policy proposal for consideration with regards to legislative, regulatory, policy, technical and economic considerations. Various platforms of engagement including Civil Society Consultation (CSO) and Urban Knowledge Exchange have been setup by NUSP and CSIR, to facilitate inclusive and participatory discussions with civil society organizations, academia, community leaders, provinces and municipalities. These discussions have been fruitful to address and mitigate challenges on the ground. The Department engaged CSO’s in which fourteen (14) CSO’s jointly submitted proposals in the form of a partnership document “compact”.
2.8 Summary of the Strategic Plan
Department of Human Settlements, referred to the Department’s five-year (2019-2024) MTSF targets. The objectives of the DHS included delivering 300 000 serviced sites by 2024, 30 000 rental housing units delivered in priority development areas (PDAs), 12 000 community residential units (CRUs), and 1 500 informal settlements upgraded to Phase 3. The desired outcome was adequate housing and improved quality living environments. The Department aimed to register 1 193 222 title deeds in order to provide security of tenure. The departmental strategic impact statement was: “A spatially transformed integrated human settlements that ensures access to social services and economic opportunities in cities, regions and rural areas,” with the desired outcomes being:
- Adequate housing and improved quality living environments.
- Spatial transformation through multi-programme integration in priority development areas.
- Security of tenure.
- Functional, efficient and integrated government.
- Improved expenditure outcomes.
- Improved sector capacity.
- Improved programme performance projects.
- Responsive policies.
2.9 Updated Situational Analysis
This analysis is based on an assessment of both the internal and external factors and environment of the Department in line with the 2020-2025 Departmental Strategic Plan. It is important to consider both internal and external factors that have an impact on the Department towards meeting its strategic objectives which are currently framed as outcomes. As such, in the analysis of the relationship between strategic planning and business performance in the public sector, it is imperative for organizations to scan their environments due to high levels of possible challenges, uncertainties, and turbulence that affect the pace and quality of products that determine the achievement of constitutional mandates.
For the purpose of undertaking the situational analysis of the Department utilized, the SWOT (strength, weaknesses, opportunities, and treats) technique to assess the internal environment and the PESTEL (political, economic, social/cultural, technological, ecological/environmental and legal/ legislative) technique to assess the external environment of the Department.
The political environment has a direct and bearing on the work of the Department and the various spheres. At a provincial level and municipal sphere, the expectations of communities have in certain instances resulted in developments being delayed due to protests and work stoppages in development sites. The negative dynamism of political landscape in South Africa at times results in the housing and human settlements environment being conflictual and contested, and this is principally due to the fact that housing and human settlements services are core to the improvement of the quality of life of households and therefore occupies an elevated position in the electioneering process by competing political parties. Thus the political environment has to be carefully considered in the human settlements environment and this is particularly so in the planning and implementation of projects.
The Minister through the intergovernmental processes, on a continual basis attempts to reconcile and conciliate the negative political circumstances, to improve delivery performances. A matter which has received the attention of the Minister, is that the construction mafia. This is matter which is now receiving the attention of the Minister of Police.
The current economic landscape also has a substantial impact on the Department and its implementing agent, and delivery in the sector. The dwindling delivery figures over the past decade can also be attributed to the economic circumstances that the country finds itself in. The shrinking resources of the fiscus poses challenge to achieve the sectoral targets. Economic growth has been slow over the last few years. The National GDP figure has been revised downwards since 2018 due to fragile recovery in employment and weaker investment to 1.5% in 2019. GDP growth over medium term is expected to reach 2.1% in 2021 to support growth and to create jobs slowed. Economic growth has resulted in high rate of unemployment, increased indebtedness and weakening of the rand.
Economic growth is an important indicator of health of the economy. The biggest impact of long-term economic growth of a country is that it has either a negative or positive impact on the national income levels and the level of employment, which in turn increases the standard of living. Consequently, as the country’s GDP increases, it leads to more people being employed which increase the wealth of country and it population. The proposed economic growth is expected to reach 1.5% in 2019, rising to 2.1% by 2021. The following factors are expected to limit economic growth:
- The lack of bulk and infrastructure to allow for the downstream community benefit. An inadequate transport infrastructure thus makes transportation cost more expensive, which also then impacts on household consumption expenditure.
- Possibilities of a country investment grading.
- High borrowing and interest costs.
- Constrained government finances.
Socio-cultural issues are also a play in human settlements and housing delivery because a house is a socio-cultural assert of a household, and thus settling citizens within required parameters and has an impact on culture and the social make-up and human networks of a community/settlement. Another important social aspect that has a bearing on human settlements delivery towards achieving the targets in the issue of population growth.
Technologically, the human settlements sector has to respond and adjust to the global dictates of the fourth industrial revolution. The human settlements sector thus cannot afford to be oblivious of the technological advancements. Thus, alternative building technologies, among other innovative ways of delivery warrant augmented attention. The Department has provided opportunities for implementing agents to apply and use alternative technology must and will receive the attention of national policy.
The totality of living environment (ecosystem) has a bearing on the delivery of human settlements, and this accounts for the environment to be carefully analysed against the possibility of achieving the human settlements targets. Housing and human settlements delivery focus on the spatial management, thus the living environment in the sense of the ecosystem. There are topographic, climatic, and spatial conditions that determine conductivity for housing and human settlements delivery.
Thus the Spatial Land Use Management Act (SPLUMA) (2013) and the NDP (20110 emphasise spatial principles. The informal settlements upgrading programme is one among other human settlements programme that seeks to address environmental issues in respect to human settlements.
Legal and Legislative Analysis
Legal and legislative environments are also key to human settlements. In South Africa, the Constitution provides the overall mandate for housing delivery. International conventions and agreements on housing and human settlements delivery are also adhered to for housing delivery in South Africa. Thus changes applied at the United Nations Habitat level signifies changes in the manner in which principles are applied in South Africa because the country is a global and member state in various global commitments and trans regional agreements.
3. Budget analysis
The overall budget allocation decreased from R33.86 billion in 2019/20 to R31.32 billion in 2020/21. This represents a real percent decrease of 11.39%. Apart from considerations around the impact of inflation on the real value of the allocation, the budget reduction has been the primary driver of the lower than anticipated budget allocation. Programme 5 (Affordable Housing), being a new programme, has experienced the largest increase, from R233.6 million in 2019/20 to R447.5 million in 2020/21. This represents a nominal increase of R213.9 million, or a real percentage increase of 83.4%. Programme 2 (Integrated Human Settlements Planning and Development) experienced the largest decrease out of the programmes. The programme allocation reduced from R31.7 billion in 2019/20 to R28.9 billion in 2020/21. This represents a decrease of R2.87 billion, or a real percent decrease of 12.87%.Over the medium term, the budget allocation to the Department is anticipated to decrease in real terms by 1.1 % on average. It is projected that the total budget allocation for the 2021/22 financial year will be R31.8 billion and R32.8 billion in 2022/23. The total budget for Programme 1 has increased from R 469.3 million in 2019/20 to R506.4 million in 2020/21, representing a real increase value of 3.36 %.
8. Committee deliberations and observations
The Committee, having been briefed by the Department and its entities on its strategic plans, annual performance plans and budget, provincial business plans and the metropolitan municipalities, deliberated and made the following observations:
8.1. That there were no plans for the Finance Linked Individual Subsidy Programme (FLISP) which is an enabler for the middle income population to access housing opportunities.
8.2. That there was fruitless and wasteful in the Department.
8.3. That there was irregular expenditure in the Department which had a negative impact on service delivery.
8.4. That most critical positions were not filled and contributed to the instability within the Department.
8.5. That there was a lack of intergovernmental planning which resulted in misalignment between national priorities not being attended to in the local sphere of Government.
8.6. That adjustments to the fiscal framework to support the COVID-19 pandemic was likely to impact on the overall budget allocation to all Departments. This may require reprioritisation of some of the outcomes and targets in the MTSF.
8.7. That there was slow progress in the title deeds programme, land reform and informal settlement upgrading.
8.8. That most poor people were living in high density areas which is associated with the spread the COVID-19 virus.
8.9. That not enough was done to ensure spatial transformation.
8.10. That there were illegal land and home evictions taking place during the lockdown.
8.11. That the fourth industrial revolution has a direct implication to human settlements.
The Committee, having been briefed by the Department of Human Settlements on its strategic plans, annual performance plans and budget vote 33, recommends that the Minister of Human Settlements should ensure that the Department of Human Settlements:
9.1. Improve performance of the FLISP which is an enabler for the middle income to access housing opportunities. The Department must provide a report to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.2. Put punitive measures and consequence management for fruitless and wasteful and expenditure in the Department.The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.3. Eliminate the irregular expenditure that has incurred in the Department and entities. Provide clear plans to prevent irregular expenditure. Ensure compliance with the Public Finance Management Act (PFMA). The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.4. Fill all critical positions to ensure stability within the Department and entities. The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.5. Improve intergovernmental relations by ensuring that the planning and implementation plans of the Department are aligned to the District Development Model as launched by the President, as a method of improving the coherence and impact of government service delivery. Incorporate provincial business plans into the District Development Model. The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.6. Ensure that plans and budget allocation are adjusted towards COVID-19 response. The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.7. Ensure progress in the issuing of title deeds, land reform and informal settlements upgrading. Reduce the unnecessary administrative problems associated with those programmes. The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.8. Ensure de-densificationof high density areas in order to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.9. Ensure that the Department’s plansrespond to the spatial transformation agenda by ensuring priority development projects assist in addressing poverty, unemployment and inequalities. The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of July 2020.
9.10. Ensure everyone adheres to the directives by Government that all land and home evictions be suspended during the lockdown.A competent court should grant eviction orders provided that they are just and equitable. Report on the frequencies of evictions during the lockdown. The Department must provide a report or response to the Committee by the end of June 2020.
9.11. Continuously adjust to the global dictates of the fourth industrial revolution. Encourage the use of alternative technologies in the building of human settlements. The Department must continuously report to the Committee on its adjustments to the fourth industrial revolution.
Report to be considered.
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