ATC130506: Report of the Portfolio Committee on Economic Development on Budget Vote 28 and the Annual Performance Plan of the Economic Development Department for the 2013/2014 financial year, dated 30 April 2013
Report of the
Portfolio Committee on Economic Development on Budget Vote 28 and the Annual
Performance Plan of the Economic Development Department for the 2013/2014
financial year, dated 30 April 2013
The Portfolio Committee on Economic Development having
considered Budget Vote 28 and the Annual Performance Plan of the Economic
Development Department for the 2013/2014 financial year reports as follows:
The Department of Economic Development
(the EDD) was established in July 2009. Its vision is to create decent work
through meaningful economic transformation and inclusive growth. The EDDs
mission includes the following:
Coordinating the contributions of Government Departments, State
Owned Entities and Civil Society on Economic Development;
Contributing to efforts that ensure alignment between the
economic policies and plans of the State and its Agencies and Governments
political and economic objectives and mandate; and
Promoting Governments goals of advancing economic
development with decent work opportunities.
The EDD has tabled an Annual Performance Plan (APP)
for the 2013/2014 financial year which is based on the Strategic Plan tabled in
March 2012 and which has the following strategic outcome-oriented goal and goal
Promote decent work through meaningful economic
transformation and inclusive growth; and
Provide participatory, coherent and coordinated
economic policy, planning and dialogue for the benefit for all South Africans.
Mandate of EDD is integration, coordination and implementation of economic
development initiatives and interventions in order to ensure economic growth on
a new growth path that creates jobs and reduces inequality.
Policy Framework that has emerged over the nearly four (4) years of its life is
based on a hierarchy of policy documents which are the following:
State of Nation of
Address (SONA) annually;
National Development Plan
November 2012 (policy);
New Growth Path October 2010
National Infrastructure Plan
February 2012 (jobs driver);
Industrial Policy Action Plan 2
April 2013 (jobs driver);
Outcome 4, 5, 6, 7 delivery
Decent employment through inclusive economic growth;
Skilled and capable workforce to support
: Efficient, competitive and responsive infrastructure;
Outcome 7: Vibrant, equitable,
sustainable rural communities; and
Framework for South Africas
response to the international economic crisis.
EDD inherited a
the functioning of the entities that the Minister of Economic Development
Development Corporation Act, 1940, as amended; The Competition Act, 1998;
Amendment Act S16 (2008) s16 promulgated 2013; and
Trade Administration Act, 2002.
The Portfolio Committee on Economic Development (the
Committee) is seized with aligning its oversight mandate with government
imperatives of job creation, the reduction of income inequalities and
eradication of poverty. The New Growth Path is one of the instruments developed
to achieve the above stated goals.
The report compiled includes the budget vote and annual
performance plan of the EDD only. The report on the annual performance plans of
state owned entities will be done separately due to time constraints.
on the Annual Performance Plan of the Economic Development Department
Committee received a briefing from the EDD on its Annual Performance Plan
the 2013/2014 financial year on 16 April 2013. The Minister gave a detailed
presentation, contextualising the Annual Performance Plan of the EDD. The
Minister was supported by the Director General and the following is an overview
of the presentation.
Background to EDD Planning Framework
Minister outlined the planning framework of the EDD, indicating that it comprises
of the Strategic Plan and the Annual Performance Plan (APP). The Strategic Plan
is a multi-year framework within which the EDD operates. The Minister indicated
that the Strategic Plan is not normally revised annually and it is expected to
be tabled at the start of a new administration. The APP, on the other hand, is
an annual plan that sets out the performance indicators and budget that guides
the work of the EDD. These are broken down further into quarterly targets where
appropriate. The Minister indicated that he receives progress reports on
performance from the respective divisions within the EDD. Further reports on
EDDs performance against targets are reported to the National Treasury and
Economic Development Policy Context
EDD continues to promote decent work through meaningful economic transformation
and inclusive growth. It also continues to provide participatory, coherent and
coordinated economic policy, planning and dialogue for the benefit of all South
Africans. It was mentioned that integration, coordination and implementation
remains key in the EDDs policy mandate.
EDD operates within a set legislative and policy framework and this was
outlined in the presentation. It was indicated that the EDD was going to
introduce three (3) legislations for consideration by Parliament and this
includes the Infrastructure Development Bill, Amendments to Competition Act and
the International Trade Administration Act.
his explanation the Minister mentioned that within the context of the EDD, the
NDP is a broad vision for overall economic and social development. It is also
an integrator to connect the various elements of public policy and
implementation capacity. The NGP is an economic strategy designed to shift the
trajectory of economic development, including through identified drivers of job
creation and achieving the NDP economic vision. The IPAP guides the
re-industrialisation of the South African economy and gives effect to the NGP
manufacturing jobs driver. The National Infrastructure Plan gives effect to the
NGP infrastructure driver.
was indicated that the EDD works with a range of other departments and agencies
to support common priorities and initiatives and this includes collaboration
through the Economic and Employment Sector Cluster and the Economic Development
(MinMEC). The EDD will also continue to provide support to the Presidential
Infrastructure Co-ordinating Commission (PICC), especially as the Minister is
the head of the PICC Secretariat. The EDD will monitor and ensure
implementation of the already signed Accords. The Minister also indicated that
since the Cabinet decision to conclude a Youth Employment Accord to address
high levels of joblessness among young people, the EDD had been requested to
coordinate work on the Accord.
Overview of progress made
Minister gave an overview of the progress made during the period October 2010
to December 2012. In terms of jobs, it was indicated that there had been an
increase of 603 000 jobs and womens jobs had increased to 283 400.
African exports and trade with other African economies had directly generated
25 000 jobs and there was a labour intensity growth from 0.8% to 0.9%. The
biggest job gains were recorded in
Minister went further to indicate that during the period under review, Gross
Domestic Product of 3% a year had been recorded and capital stocks had
increased by 6.8%. The country had registered a significant decrease in
inequality during the period 2006 - 2011. Industrial Development Corporation
(IDC) funding of R30 billion had been approved and a R4 trillion infrastructure
plan had been adopted. Manufacturing productivity was up and factories were
using more capacity. International tourism was up two times above the global
rate and new film studios and film productions had been registered. There had
been new investments for the BMW 3-series, Ford Ranger, C-class Mercedes Benz
and African Taxi production. The Minister indicated that despite all these
achievements, more was still to be done especially on key plans outlined by the
President in the State of the Nation Address (SONA) and the National
Infrastructure Plan (NIP). Examples of some of the key plans highlighted were:
. The eighteen (18) Strategic
integrated projects covering the whole country;
000 construction jobs in state-led infrastructure projects monitored by the
of electricity transmission lines that were laid last year;
rail line, which is the first large new rail line laid by the state since 1986;
Hoop Dam together with the Mooi Mgeni Dam created a new water yield of 126
million cubic meters, which is significantly more than the water consumption of
the city of
Minister explained some of the challenges facing the economic development
sector and mentioned these as the:
Unemployment levels which were still
high and particularly youth unemployment
Need to improve effective
implementation of decisions
Worsening global environment, rising
electricity and other user costs and workplace and community conflicts.
The Role of EDD in general and in the
development of Infrastructure
major role of the EDD included the convening of meetings of the PICC Council,
the Management Committee and rendering Secretariat support. The EDD will
monitor and prepare quarterly updates, provide oversight of the 18 Strategic
Integrated Projects (SIPs). The quarterly reports will give update levels of
implementation, spending and jobs. The EDD will further coordinate information
to develop Skills Plans for every SIP and aggregate these into a National
Skills Plan. The EDD was also charged with working with the IDC on localisation
plans for every SIP; collecting and analysing data on quarterly infrastructure
spending by key Public Agencies, Provinces, Metros and National Departments for
Cabinet to consider. Most importantly, the EDD had to identify blockages in
implementation and make recommendations to the PICC and Cabinet. EDD monitors
worked to deepen the 20 year project pipeline by ensuring proposals were subjected
to feasibility processes and that the necessary timelines were developed.
significant function of the EDD is the support to the Minister of Economic
Development in relation to his oversight responsibilities in relation to the
following Entities reporting to EDD:
Development Finance Institutions:
Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) and Small Enterprise Finance Agency
Economic Regulatory Bodies: Competition
Commission, Competition Tribunal, International Trade and Administration
role and functions of these Entities were outlined as follows:
Commission and Tribunal:
input costs in the economy;
levels of competition;
mergers/acquisition approval promote public interest goals such as employment
and small business development; and
price-fixing and corporate collusion and take firm action.
Trade Administration Commission:
improved trade levels, with a focus on a developmental trade policy that
promotes industrialisation and jobs;
input costs for value-added products through lower tariffs or rebates of duty;
protection for industries as part of a plan to boost competitiveness and jobs.
The IDC, which
is the countrys largest Development Finance Institution:
the level of funding;
the time taken for approval of projects;
the cost of lending to local companies;
to key New Growth Path sectors; and
development outcomes: jobs, rural development.
is the new agency for small business funding:
the work and operations of the three merged groupings into an effective small
business funding machine;
the level of funding available;
the impact on SMMEs and cooperatives;
the capacity in rural areas and poorer provinces;
the work with other agencies and departments as well as provinces and local
training and communication projects to support small business: e.g. partnership
with South African Institute for Chartered Accountants (SAICA), launched on 18
The Minister in illustrating
the role of the EDD with regards to infrastructure and localisation gave an
example of the bus, train, taxi integrated transport project which connects
buses, trains and taxis to provide urban workers with a cheaper and quicker
means of travel.
Other examples alluded
to include the manufacturing of buses by Marco Polo plant in
has played a unique role in Government through the initiation and signing of
Social Accords between social partners around strategic New Growth Path
initiatives. The social partners of Government, Labour, Business and the
Community signed the following accords:
Basic Education Accord,
13 July 2011;
National Skills Accord, 13 July
Local Procurement Accord , 31
Green Economy, 17 November 2011;
Presidential Special Agreement
October 2012; and
Youth Employment Accord, signed 18
overview of the key phases of the EDDs work from the year 2009 to 2013 was
outlined. The Minister indicated that the work had happened in ten (10) phases
which started from the establishment of the Ministry up to the launch and
implementation of the infrastructure plan in 2013. The specific phases were
outlined as follows:
1: establish a Ministry for policy integration work (2009);
2: co-ordinate response to recession/global economic crisis (2009-11);
3: establish a functioning Department: EDD (2010-12);
4: transfer 6 public entities to EDD and begin process of mandate alignment on
5: complete development of a New Growth Path: NGP (2010);
6: align work in government to NGP; start implementing Outcome 4: Jobs and
Growth and launch work on infrastructure jobs driver (2011-12);
7: refocus the IDC and Competition and Trade Commission on jobs (2011-13);
8: dialogue to develop social accords on key NGP areas (2011-13);
9: consolidate small business entities (2012-13); and
10: launch and implement infrastructure plan and strengthen NGP focus on
industrial policy (2012-2013).
Minister indicated that the EDD had received unqualified audits since its
establishment and the necessary governance structures were in place. These
included internal audit structures, audit committee, bid adjudication
committee, supply chain management capacity and Human Resources (HR) related
committees. Staff numbers had increased by 14% over the past financial year and
146 posts was targeted to be filled in the 2013/14 financial year. The EDD was
expanding its premises to new offices on the DTI campus with 2056 square meters
of new space allocated during the past financial year.
Committee was also referred to the thirty eight (38) Key Performance Indicators
(KPIs) covering the four (4) programmes of the EDD which were contained in the
Annual Performance Plan. It was indicated that the number of indicators had
moved from forty one (41) in the 2012/13 financial year to thirty eight (38) in
the 2013/14 financial year, whilst the number of products had increased from
one hundred and forty eight (148) in the 2012/13 financial year to two hundred
and twenty eight (228) in the 2013/14 financial year.
respective KPIs and the number of outputs in the different categories were
outlined as follows:
dialogues and road shows;
actions including unblocking obstacles and policy
89 Reports and surveys
1 Industrial funding;
12 Capacity building and
3 Staff and administration targets;
is the total number of products.
In the 2013/2014 financial year the
of the EDD will shift from policy development and planning to greater emphasis
on implementation, providing for the following:
Reviews of progress on all the
Strategic Integrated Projects (SIPs) of the National Infrastructure Plan (NIP);
Unblocking obstacles to the
Minister further indicated that the following will be considered going forward:
The Entities will now be held
accountable for direct impact of their work on jobs and development.
A new indicator on jobs impact will
be introduced and consolidated on a quarterly basis.
The EDD will evaluate rulings and
outcomes of Economic Regulatory Bodies to strengthen and monitor developmental
Developmental assessments will be
done for Entities to assess their impact on jobs, Women, Youth and Rural
Additional funding of
R30 million has been allocated in the 2012/2013 financial year budget to
build capacity across Economic Regulators over next few years.
Action to promote African regional
integration will be an explicit KPI An amount of R5 billion will be targeted towards
financial commitments for targeted NGP sectors, small businesses and companies
in distress. This budget includes an additional allocation of R450 million
over the medium term for the capitalisation of the SEFA through the economic
competitiveness support package. Small business funding will be complemented by
other actions such as the promotion of the SAICA partnership on skills
The Small business entities will
have targeted road-shows and stakeholder sessions to communicate available
support facilities in government.
The observations and deliberations
of the meeting as raised by the Portfolio Committee Members (
and responded to by the EDD are summarized and classified accordingly as
Strategic Plan and Annual Performance
Committee acknowledged that
the EDDs mandate and scope is quite wide which poses a challenge,
however, it would be helpful if the EDD could identify and be more specific on
its projects and initiatives and clearly outline these in their APP. Thus the
Committee wanted to know as to what specific projects or initiatives the EDD
was going to focus on for the 2013/14 financial year.
The Committee raised concerns that
the EDDs indicators and most of its KPIs were not clear. The Committee also
requested the EDD to indicate as to which KPIs it ought to be measured or
assessed on and to also indicate progress on the Accords.
The Committee indicated that it will
need an opportunity to engage on the expenditure estimates and the budget
implications of EDDs work. The Committee therefore indicated that the budget
of EDD will have to be presented to the Committee at a later stage.
of NGP goals and initiatives
Committee indicated that with regards to KPI 11, (Sector interventions aligned,
evaluated and improved) the EDD with Government could do more in developing the
Committee observed and indicated to the EDD that they had since noticed that there
was a lot of duplication on the delivery of outcomes within Government
Committee mentioned that as much as all of the KPIs were important. It was
critical to ensure that the creation of jobs was of top priority and high on
the agenda of the EDD. It was also of critical importance to ensure that the
poorer communities got the necessary education on economic assistance and
opportunities. Thus the EDD was requested to indicate as to what it was doing
to ensure creation of jobs and that the poorer communities are developed.
was further indicated that it was important for the EDD to give specific and
measurable data on the creation of jobs and progress made with the various
EDD was also asked to indicate as to what it was doing to ensure the employment
and placement of youth after training.
Committee wanted to know which companies had benefited from the Distressed Fund
and whether it was possible for the EDD to give a report giving a breakdown of
the beneficiaries in terms of gender and race.
response to the above, the EDD indicated that KPI 11 defines what the EDD will
be doing and indeed it was planning to enhance its work on this KPI and ensure
that sector interventions are aligned. The EDD further indicated that what was
a major challenge was the issue of integration, as it is a cross cutting issue.
the issue of jobs, the EDD indicated that by the end of year 2012, there were
increases especially in the net new jobs. This was according to Statistics
South Africa (StatsSA). On targets, the EDD was focusing on African trade
within the context of the NGP and thousands of jobs were being created out of
just trade within
the issue of educating poorer communities, the EDD indicated that KPI 23 (
marketing the products of the Small Enterprise Finance Agency to SMMEs
as indicated in the strategy was the
main instrument used to educate poorer communities.
The EDD indicated that in its APP there needed
to be twelve (12) road shows to highlight the initiatives which government had
for SMMEs and smaller communities. It was also mentioned that an impact had to
be made in communities to assist in the education of poorer communities on
opportunities, thus this new KPI was developed.
regards to the Distress Fund, the EDD explained that the fund was for companies
in distress. There was a KPI which set a financial target for the outflow of
money from government to companies in distress, SMEs and NGP projects. It was
indicated that this money was coming from the IDC and SEFA. In 2012, the IDC
got a loan from the China Development Bank and a portion of the money was for
companies in distress. It was elaborated that the idea of companies in distress
came from a fund set up by the IDC to support companies which were affected by
adverse global economic situations and not ordinary cash flow problems. It was
not a grant but rather a loan and it was only given to companies whose distress
was as a result of global issues and the company had a viable business plan.
of Policies and policy initiatives
Committee wanted to know what and how the EDD was going to ensure that the differences
with regards to the NDP were not going to compromise the implementation of the
NDP which would have an impact on the achievement of the NGP.
Committee also wanted to know whether there was coordination of work between
staff that is assigned in the Provinces and those in National Office.
regards to the implementation of the NDP and whether there was consensus, the EDD,
indicated that there was consensus on many issues and that it should be taken
into consideration that the NDP and its implementation was an on-going
Projects and Initiatives
Committee highlighted that the interruptions at the Medupi Power Station were a
critical blockage to the economic development of the nation. Thus the EDD was
requested to indicate what it was doing to manage the blockages in the
advancement of this project and also ensure that the development of this power
station is not delayed by labour unrest.
response the EDD indicated that on the blockages of infrastructure projects,
the responsibility of government was to intervene and resolve crises and
blockages. On the Medupi project specifically, it was mentioned that the
Minister of Public Enterprises had led governments intervention and that had
been greatly publicized and was successful. The EDD indicated that it was
unfortunate that it would not know or be able to predict future blockages so it
could not cover this aspect of work in its strategic plan. However, when such a
blockage happens, the EDD moves in rapidly. Examples of such interventions were
common in the construction sector with shortages of cement, bitumen and other
building material. It was indicated that the unblocking of challenges in
infrastructure projects was one of the major duties of the EDD and .this
required cooperation from other departments.
Structure and Personnel issues
light of the revised strategy, the Committee indicated that it was of the view
that also the organogram of the EDD had to be reviewed and aligned to the
revised strategy, so as to ensure that the capacity challenges are addressed.
number of staffing issues were raised including the high staff turnover within
the EDD and the high vacancy rate. The Committee raised concerns about the vacant
posts and wanted to know what plans are there to ensure that the post are
filled expeditiously. It was indicated that the issue of vacant posts was
becoming a concern as it had been raised several times before and the major
concern being that this would adversely affect the EDDs capacity to deliver on
its mandate The Committee also raised concerns that there was no clear
information on staff compliment, the number of vacant posts and how the EDD was
planning to fill the posts. The EDD was requested to present its revised
organisational structure or staff establishment and the strategy on how it
planned to fill the vacancies.
In response to the above issues, the EDD indicated
regards to staffing issues there was a process to map the staffing against
budget programmes and this was reflected in the strategic plan. It was also
indicated that the EDD was currently aligning the filling of posts per budget
programme. The posts were going to be filled within the context of the current
The EDD indicated that there was a transitional structure that had been
approved and it had been funded across the Medium Term Expenditure Framework
(MTEF) to the value of 166 posts for three years. However, the evaluation was
that the EDD needed to move forward cautiously and that because of the planning
process the EDD was involved in the last quarter, it had set a target of 146 to155
vacancies, moving to an outer year of 166 vacancies.
The EDD also indicated that they were currently in the process of
finalising their operational plans. They were also looking at a spending plan,
which was the costing of those operational plans and the process of identifying
exactly which posts were being funded. Once they had this, they would be able
to move towards the filling of vacant posts.
undertook to report back to the Committee with its transitional structure by end
of May 2013. The EDD further indicated that it was in the process of hiring a
head hunting company that would assist in sourcing appropriate and the required
SMME Development, Youth and Rural
EDD was requested to indicate what it was doing about youth unemployment and to
also explain how far it was with the implementation of youth employment
Committee registered its concern that economic development was concentrated
mostly on the main Metro areas and big Provinces. The EDD was requested to
indicate what was being done about the development of rural areas and other
smaller and less developed Provinces.
Committee emphasised the need for an establishment of an institution that would
develop entrepreneurs. Thus the Committee suggested that the EDD should
consider advancing the idea of developing and establishing a college or
institution that will enhance the training and development of entrepreneurs.
response to the above the EDD indicated that:
regards to addressing youth unemployment, the management of EDD was working on
the Youth Employment Accord and it was going to give an update to the
Committee. The Minister agreed to the concern that the youth were having
problems getting placements after training.
youth employment, the EDD indicated that the signing of the Youth Employment
Accord was going to be signed by Thursday, 18 April 2013 and the Committee was
going to be updated on its implementation.
the development of rural areas, the
EDD is a
national department and does not interact extensively and directly with
communities. Much of EDD's work is done with other government departments
through which direct communications take place. The EDD ensures that the
appropriate levels of interaction, co-ordination and implementation take place.
For issues relating to provinces the EDD use the MINMEC and its technical
forums. SMME and micro funding support is provided through sefa via its
national and regional offices as well as through retail financial
intermediaries. It is the intention of sefa to roll out an average of nine (9)
branch offices per annum over the next five (5) years. Industrial lending is
provided via the IDC and its regional offices to industry and the business
Other strategic issues
light of the statement made by the Minister of Trade and Industry in support of
the Walmart and Massmart merger, the Committee wanted to ascertain what the EDDs
stance was on Mergers and Acquisitions.
that the EDD also does work on Regional Integration the Committee enquired as
to whether there were any new signed trade agreements and the purpose of those
agreements if there are. The EDD was further requested to notify the Committee
on any plans to sign further agreements.
response to the above the EDD indicated that:
Governments stance and policy on Mergers had not changed and that the ultimate
objective is to protect South African jobs, grow the economy and improve
infrastructure. It was explained that when Wal-Mart/Massmart merger was done it
had to be in terms of South African law. The EDD had to ensure that the merger complied
with the law. It was indicated that due process was followed and there has been
many positives since the merger took place and some of the positives are that
the employment standards and judicial issues were complied with. The court had ruled
that a particular amount of money be given by Wal-Mart for local
regards to trade agreements, there were no new agreements that had been signed
Based on the deliberations with the Economic Development Department, the
Portfolio Committee on Economic Development recommends the following:
The EDD should intensify its influence on narrowing the gap
between the economically advantaged and disadvantaged Provinces.
The EDD should identify priority areas, be more specific on
its projects and initiatives and clearly outline these in the Annual
Performance Plan (APP).
The EDD should come up with a monitoring tool to track
progress on all identified projects.
The creation of jobs is a top priority, thus the
EDD should give specific and measurable data on the creation of jobs, impact on
jobs and progress made in relation to the implementation of the NGP.
It is noted that emerging economies world-wide, grow mainly
by supporting SMMEs and Cooperatives. Thus the EDD is urged to maximise its
support for SMMEs and Cooperatives in order to speed up economic growth.
The Committee supports the Youth Employment Accord and
therefore urges the EDD to implement it as a matter of urgency.
The EDD should focus on Africa Trade, within the context of
the NGP in order to fast track job creation opportunities.
The EDD should review its strategic plan on an annual basis
together with its reviewed organisational structure. The organisational
structure should be presented to the Committee by end May 2013.
The EDD should provide a monitoring and evaluation tool that
will measure the impact of its projects and programs.
The EDD should enhance its oversight role over the Economic
Regulatory Bodies and ensure transformation of their work to also enhance SMME
The EDD should focus on the implementation of all the 18
strategic infrastructure projects, especially those directed at the 23 poorest
districts in the country.
The EDD should strengthen interventions on addressing
monopoly pricing and monopoly value chains and ensure that investigations on
Anti-competitive behaviour are expedited.
considered the budget vote and the annual performance plan of the Economic
Development Department, the Portfolio Committee on Economic Development
recommends that the House endorse the
2013/14 Budget Vote 28 of the Economic Development
Report to be
No related documents