The Committee hosted a delegation from the Finland Housing and Environment Committee delegation. The two Committees shared experiences and challenges during their interaction. After a briefing from the Department of Human Settlement’s policy unit, the Finns asked questions about the provision of the subsidised housing. They wanted to know about the ownership guarantees to the housing recipients and what happened to property when owners moved to another town. They also wanted to know whether the 40 square metre was enough to accommodate large number of people in all households. Members concerns were mostly around the enormous challenges faced by the Government to provide services such as housing, electricity, water, sanitation, education and health to poor people.
The Chairperson said that there had been a lot of policy and legislative reforms since the dawn of democracy in 1994. Before 1994 the majority of South African citizens were excluded from owning property due to the apartheid policy. The current Government had inherited a huge housing backlog. There were a large number of people who were living in informal settlements. Government had undertaken to upgrade and reduce densification in those informal settlements. President Jacob Zuma had changed the name of the Department of Housing to Human Settlements, because he identified a need to provide sustainable human settlements.
The Chairperson asked Members to introduce themselves and then asked the delegation about the purpose of their visit to
Mr Juha Vatainen, Chairperson of the Finnish Committee on Housing and Environment explained that his Committee discussed issues as equals with the sole purpose of benefiting the whole country. The delegation was in
Ambassador Tiina Myllyntausta, Finnish Ambassador to
Department of Human Settlements (DHS) briefing
Mr Martin Maphisa Deputy Director-General: Policy, Research and Monitoring, DHS, went through the policy approaches relating to housing in
Norms and Standards
Mr Maphisa mentioned that the Department made sure that the quality and the durability of the houses adhered to norms and standards. The National Home Builders Registration Council (NHBRC) was a regulatory body of the home building industry. It ensured that the houses could withstand extreme weather elements.
2,3 million houses had been built since 1994, accommodating 11 million people. The expenditure on housing had increased to R26,6 Billion from R22 billion the previous year. That budget was meant to address the backlog of 2.1 million people that were on the housing waiting list.
The housing subsidy was the primary assistance measure for the National Housing Programme. It was R55, 706 for households earning from R3 501. Those households that earned from R3 501 to R15 000 could apply for a subsidy linked to loan agreement with a financial institution. The government also offered the basic social services package for the poor including free water, free refuse removal, sanitation and 100 kilowatts of free electricity.
The City planning was the responsibility of local municipalities, and the planning systems were democratic and inclusive of civil society. The Integrated Development Plans (IDP) required that all municipalities prepare them diligently, and these IDP’s were based on inter sector co-ordination.
The Expanded Publics Works Programme (EPWP) was aimed at providing training and employment to the unemployed. These people were provided with skills and on the job training when they were building the houses, and could be used for purposes of qualification and job seeking.
The human settlements were planned around sound environmental guidelines. The settlements had to be energy efficient and north facing to absorb more sunlight. The units also shared walls to provide insulation and prevent heat loss. Water efficient designs ensured that houses were built with correct layout of plumbing system that complied with norms and standards of water drainage.
A Finnish Member of Parliament asked whether the people who occupied the houses owned them, and whether they had any certification that proved that the houses belonged to them.
Ms M Borman (ANC) replied that housing recipients owned the property and they had title deeds. She added that the owners were eligible to sell their houses only after they had lived in them for eight years.
The Chairperson explained that when the economic situation of the owner had improved significantly to be able to buy a better house, then s/he could hand over the property to the municipality.
Mr Vatainen enquired about measures used to ensure that the 40 square metre house was enough to accommodate the number of people in a particular family. He also asked what happened when the property owner migrated to another city.
The Chairperson replied that South Africans tended to live in extended families. The Government did not regulate the number of people who lived in a single property. When the owner moved to another part of the country, the property could be rented out or left with members of the extended family.
A Finnish Member asked how foreign nationals were accommodated within the subsidised housing scheme.
Mr Maphisa explained that naturalised foreign nationals i.e. those who were South African citizens qualified for state subsidy.
The Chairperson replied that the Constitution stipulated that any person legally living in
Ms M Njobe (COPE) concurred with the Chairperson regarding the number of people who could live in a particular household. Some household owners sometimes hosted relatives from rural areas who came to the cities and towns looking for work. She recommended that the Committee and the Department should look at the issue of the number of people per household.
Mr Maphisa explained that there were lots of families that were living in the backyards of the other people’s properties. Some people lived in backyards because the number of people exceeded the capacity of the house to accommodate them. Utilities like water, sewerage and electricity were therefore unable to cope with the large numbers of users. In the rural areas the problem was the non existence of infrastructure. The President had mentioned in the 2012 State of the Nation Address that rural infrastructure development would be a priority.
The Chairperson mentioned that
Mr Vatainen thanked the Committee for sharing their experiences and mentioned that
The Chairperson promised the Finns that her Committee would undertake a study tour of
Ms Njobe mentioned that she had visited
The meeting was adjourned